Khatm e Nabuwat
Khatme nabuwat, finality of the prophet of sayyidunah hazrat muhammad (sallaho alahi wasallam).
Risalah or belief in prophethood is one of the seven articles of faith. Prophethood is the channel of communication between God Almighty and humanity, this is the medium through which the human being is able to understand the reason for creation, and realise the will of the creator. Through this medium the humans understand and comprehend the magnitude of benefit in applying the will of the Lord and severity of detriment in neglecting it. As Muslims God has ordained for us to believe in all prophets from Adam to Jesus, culminating in the belief in Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) as the messenger to all mankind regardless of colour, race, tongue or ethnicity. The belief in the Prophethood of The Beloved, The Most Noble Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) is incomplete, deficient and curtailed unless one believes that he is the Final Prophet of God and there is to be no Prophet after him. The slightest denial or defiance of this fundamental is sufficient to cast one out the fold of Islam and throw one into the camp of kufr and apostasy.
This brief article wishes to provide the reader with adequate proof for belief in the finality of the prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) and show that He is the final and the last Prophet of Allah and there is to be no new prophet after him.
As this is a matter of aqeedah (dogma), we must begin with highlighting the sources of law, which are acceptable when determining aqeedah qatiya (belief which is certain and necessary in order for one to be classified as a Muslim). Therefore the mutakalimun (dialectics) say that aqeedah can only be formulated from a source that is Qat’i-ul-thabut (definite in text) and Qat’i-ud-dalalah (definite in meaning).
This means that there must be certainty that the source of the belief is from Allah or his Messenger, hence definite in text. Secondly the source must be unequivocal, unambiguous and explicit in what is being said. An example of this is the belief in tawhid, the oneness of Allah. It is mentioned amongst other places, in Surah Ikhlas, (Say, He is Allah) states in Almuhkam that the words Khatim and Khatamah with regards to everything means its end and its termination. This verse is an unequivocal statement from the Qur’an, which states that Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) has concluded the line of prophets, and that he is the last and final Prophet of God.
Finality of Prophethood and Coming of Jesus in the Last Days:
A question arises here, we all believe that in the lasy days before doomsday, Jesus Christ Peace be upon him will descend to the World again, lead the Muslim army aggainst the Kuffar and Dajjal, Kill Dajjal the Antichrist and bring all misguidance to an end. The question is, does the reappearance of Jesus Christ, who was a prophet to the Israelites, negate the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam).
This question has been raised and answered by numerous exegesists of the Quran, hence Allamah Zamahshari the great Muttazilite Scholar and a grand lexicon states in his Tafsir Kasshaf: Imam Baydhawi raises the same question and states: The answer to the above objection in light of the scholars is that the Holy Prophet Muhammad’s being the last prophet means that nobody would be appointed as a prophet after him; it does not imply that somebody who was appointed a prophet earlier and prior to the birth of Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) would be dismissed from his prophethood or that such a prophet would not be able to return to this world. It is well known that Christ was appointed a prophet 600 or so years prior to the birth of our noble prophet.
Furthermore when Christ, peace be upon him, does return for the reformation of the Ummah of the Holy Prophet, he will carry out the reform and revival in accordance with the laws and the teachings of the holy Prophet. and would not bring down or implement a new law alien to the Sharia of Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam), as if he is actually an ummati one. Now this is a verse from the Quran, therefore it is certainly from Allah; hence it is definite in text. Also it is unequivocal or uncertainty with regards to the meaning. Now if anyone were to believe in more that one God would automatically step out of the fold of Islam, as this would be denial of a fundamental belief that is proven by a definite text that is definite in meaning. Hence belief of the above mentioned type an only be proven by a clear verse of the Holy Prophet of Islam, (a statement of the Prophet narrated by such a number of companions and narrators through the generations that it would be impossible for them to all agree on a lie). All other types of evidences which do not measure up to the above criteria can however be used in a supportive capacity. Having set the scene, let us now analyse the belief that Prophet Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) is the last prophet of Allah and there is to be no other Prophet after him.
Proof from the Qur’an that our Prophet, Hazrat Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) is the final Prophet of Allah:
Surah 33 Verse 40
”Muhammad is not a father of any of your men, but he is a messenger of Allah and the last of the prophets”.
In this verse the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) has been mentioned as Khatam ul Nabiyeen, translated as last of the Prophets. There are two ways to read the word Khatam, Imams Hasan and Asim read the word as Khatam whereas other leading scholars read it as Khatim. The meaning remains the same in both cases, that is the last of the prophets’. In both the cases the word means the last as well as the seal. The meaning of the seal is also the last because the seal is applied to something when it is intended to be closed. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) has been called the seal of the prophets because the process of sending prophets has come to an end on his advent.
All the famous lexicons of the Arabic language have affirmed the fact that the words, Khatim and Khatam carry the same meaning in this sentence. Hence Ibn Sidah or follower of Hazrat Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam). As a final statement on this verse we quote Hafiz Ibn Kathir who states:
‘ Allah has told us in His Book, and His Messenger has told us in the Mutawatir Sunnah, that there will be no Prophet after him, so that it may be known that everyone who claims this status after him is a liar and fabricator who is misguided and is misguiding others. Even if he twists meanings, comes up with false claims and uses tricks and vagaries, all of this is false and is misguidance as will be clear to those who have understanding. This is what Allah caused to happen in the case of Al-Aswad Al-Ansi in the Yemen and Musaylimah the liar in Al-Yamamah whose false miracles and nonsensical words showed everyone who was possessed of understanding that they were liars who were leading people astray; may the curse of Allah be upon them both. This is the case with every false Prophet until the Day of Resurrection, until they end with Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal (the Antichrist).
Each of these liars is given by Allah signs which show the people of knowledge and the believers that his message is false which is part of the perfect kindness of Allah towards His creation. These liars do not enjoin what is good, nor forbid what is evil, unless they do so by coincidence or because it serves an ulterior purpose. They are the utmost in falsehood and immorality, in all that they say and do, as Allah says: Shall I inform you (O people!) upon whom the Shayatin descend They descend on every lying, sinful person.) (26:221-222) This is in contrast to the Prophets – may blessings and peace be upon them – for they are the utmost in righteousness, truthfulness, wisdom, uprightness and justice in all that they say and do, command and forbid. In addition to this they are supported with miracles and clear and obvious proof. May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon them always, as long as heaven and earth remain. From this verse 40 of surah 33 the entire Ummah has unanimously understood that Prophet Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) is the last Prophet of Allah and there will never be a Prophet after him ever.
Finality of the Prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) from Hadith:
The above mentioned statement of Ibn Kathir conveniently brings us to analysing the Finality of Hazrat Muhammad’s Finality from the hadith literature. Muslims Scholars have compiled books listing over 200 statements from the Prophet, which unequivocally state that he is the Final Prophet of Allah and there is to be no Prophet after him. We will only mention a few of the ahadith for the benefit of our readers.
The Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) said ‘ The example of all the Prophets before me and of myself is like a man has built a very strong and well decorated house in one corner wall of which a space has been left vacant for one brick; people roam about in the house to see it and admire the construction but all of them say why did not the builder put a brick in that space also which would have completed the construction. I am that last brick (of the palace of prophethood). In some versions he said ‘I have filled up that vacant space and thus completed the palace of Prophethood’. (Narrated By Bukhari, Muslim and Tirmizi From Jabir Bin Abdullah Ansari. Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal and Tirmizi From Ubai Bin Ka’b. Imam Muslim and Ahmad Bin Hanbal from Abu Saeed Khudri).
The gist of this eloquent smile is that prophethood is like a grand palace composed of Prophets. This grand palace was complete in all respects before the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) except for the placement of one brick. The Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) completed this grand palace by filling up the vacant space for one brick. Now there is no more space for any Prophet or Messenger in the palace of Prophethood. Any additional brick to a magnificently constructed buliding would be considered an eyesore just as one brick less would be considered a matter of surprise.
Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal recorded that Anas Bin Malik said that the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) said: ‘Messengership and Prophethood have come to an end, and there will be no More Messengers or Prophets. This worried the people, then he said: But there will be Al-Mubashshirat. They said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, whar are Al-Mubashshirat’ He said, the dreams of a Muslim man, and they are one of the parts of Prophethood’. Tirmizi also records this Hadith.
Abu Hurairah said that the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) said: ‘I have been given preference over the other Prophets in six ways: I have been given the ability to speak concisely; I have been aided by fear (cast into the hearts of my enemies); the spoils of war have been made permissible for me; the entire earth has been made a Masjid and a means of purification for me; I have been sent to all of mankind; and the Prophets end with me’. This was recorded by Musim, Tirmizi and Ibn Majah; At-Tirmizi said, ‘It is Hasan Sahih’.
Jubayr Bin Mut’im, may Allah be pleased with him, said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: I have several names: I am Muhammad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam), and I am Ahmad (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam), I am Al-Mahi (the eradicator) through whom Allah will erase disbelief; I am Al-Hashir (the gatherer) at whose feet mankind will gather; and I am Al-Aqib (the final one) after whom there will be no Prophet. Narrated By Bukhari and Muslim.
The above mentioned statements of the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) have shown beyond certainty that He (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) is the Final Prophet of Allah and there is to be no Prophet after him. Therefore belief in any new Prophet after the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) would amount to apostasy. In fact The Prophet himself has foretold us that there will false claimants to prophethood after him and we, as Muslims must reject every single one of them. Hence the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) stated: Thawban said that the Holy Prophet said, ‘In my ummah there shall be 30 liars, each will claim prophethood, and I am the Final Prophet, there is no Prophet after me’. Narrated by Ibn Mardwaih. It does not therefore surprise us that every now and then a liar rises and claims prophethood in some shape or form, for it has been foretold by one who has been given the knowledge of ma kaan wa ma yakoon (Knowledge of what is and what is to be) by his Lord Almighty, one who has never uttered a lie nor gone astray (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam).
The Muslim Community has overwhelmingly rejected every such claim of prophethood after our noble Prophet, for such a claim, or belief in it, is contrary to the fundamental Islamic belief that our noble Prophet is the last Prophet of Allah, as has been shown by the clearest evidence. We have and always will consider such claimant to be apostates, outside the fold of Islam, for they deny that which is proven by the most definite, clear and explict method, There is no ambiguity uncertainty with regards to the authenticity and necessity of this belief, hence there no hesitation in pronouncing one who rejects it in any form or shape, a Kaafir. In order to ensure conciseness we have left out numerous verses and ahadith of the Noble Prophet (Sallaho Alahi Wasallam) on this subject, at the same time we have not used other sources of evidence such as Ijma (consensus), analogical reasoning and statements of great scholars on this subject. May Allah make this effort as source of guidance for All. Aameen Bijahi Habibihil Kareem.
Question No.3 Many Ayahs and the Ahadiths prove ‘Khatm-e-Nubuwwat’. Explain any three of these Ayahs and Ahadiths here.
Answer: Ayahs concerning Khatm-e-Nubuwwat
“It is He SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the religion of truth, that He may uplift it above every religion.”
Note: The only way to be higher than other religions is only through the fact that God has made it obligatory to believe in the ‘revelation’ and Prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam and believing in the revelations and Prophethood of other Prophets is subordinate to it, and it was possible only if the apostleship of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam should be the last one and believing in Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam should also include believing in all the previous prophets. Suppose, if there had been any other prophet after Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam , it would have been obligatory to believe in him. In this case believing in the Revelation and Prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o- Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam would have been subdued. Moreover, in spite of having faith in the Prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o- Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam if a person does not believe in this new Prophet (after Hazrat Muhammad SAW) he would be considered an infidel. This new Prophet will be the Prophet of the time and not Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam (May God forgive)
“And when God took compact with the Prophets: ‘That I have given you of Book and Wisdom; then there shall come to you a ‘Messenger’ confirming what is with you – you shall believe in Him and you shall help Him.”
The Ayah explains clearly that Annunication of the Holy Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam will be the last one. In the Ayah two words are worsh-noting- “ “and “ “. The first word reveals that a promise has been taken by all the Prophets concerning Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam . The second word, ‘ ‘ is used when there is a thing that will happen later and there is distance of time between a particular time and the time of the occurring of the thing that will happen in future. It means that the Annunication of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam will the last of all the Prophets and that will be after some internal that is why the age before Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam is called ‘Fatarat’:
4 - “Say: ‘O mankind, I am the messenger of God to you all”
(Kinzul Amal v.11 p.404. Hadith No.31885. Kharaise Kubra p.88 v.2)
“I am God’s messenger for him to whom I find in my life and for him also who is born after me”
Therefore, these Ayahs show that there cannot be any other Prophet after Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam and that till dooms Day He SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam is the Prophet of the time. Had there been any other Prophet after Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam , it would have been obligatory to have faith in his revelation and to consider him a God-sent messenger, otherwise salvation would not have been possible (May God forgive)
“We have not sent you, save as a mercy unto all beings”
Note: It means that to have faith in Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam is enough for everyone’s salvation so, if there had been another Prophet after Him SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam it would have been obligatory for his ummah to have faith in the new Prophet’s revelation and Prophethood, with this faith the salvation would have been impossible. But all this is contradictory to ‘mercy for all beings’, because in this case Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam does not remain the prophet of the time. (May God forgive)
(Sura Maida: 3)
“Today I have perfected your religion for you, and I have completed my blessing upon you, and I have approved Islam for your religion”
Note: Every Prophet brought religious commandments keeping in with his age, before Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam , the situation and demands of time were changing rapidly. That is why all the Prophets gave good tidings of the coming Prophet, till the appearance of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam . The religion was completed with the Revelation. So, believing in the revelation and Prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o- Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam includes also belief in all the previous Prophets. That is why it has been said, “I have completed my blessing upon you”. So there cannot be any other Prophet, nor there can be Revelation. That is why a Jew said to Hazrat Umar ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) that “If this Ayah (verse) had been revealed on us, we would have declared the day as Eid day.” (Al-Bukhari). The Holy Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam remained alive for 81 days after the revelation of this Ayah (Maurifal Quran p.41 v.3) and during this time nothing was revealed concerning ‘Halal’ and ‘Haram’ (lawful and unlawful) He SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam is the last Prophet and the book revealed to him SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam is the complete and last one.
O believers, believe in God and His Messenger and the Book He has sent down on His Messenger and the Books which He sent down before”
Note: This Ayah proves explicitly that we have been ordered to believe in the Prophethood and revelation of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam and the revelation and Prophethood of all the other Prophets before him SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam . If there had been another Prophet after Him SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam , it would have been obligatory to believe in him. So, there cannot be another Prophet after him.
(Sura Baqara 4-5)
“Who believe in what has been sent down to you and what has been sent down before you, and have faith in the hereafter; those are upon guidance from their Lord and those are the ones who prosper”.
(Sura Nisa : 162)
“But those among them who are well-grounded in knowledge, and the believers, believe in what has been revealed to you and what was revealed before you”
Note: Both the Ayahs and dozens of such Ayahs in the Holy Quran reveal clearly that we have been ordered to have faith in the revelations on and Prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam along with faith in the revelation and Prophethood of the Prophets who appeared before Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam and in these commandments there is no reference of any future prophet.
“It is We Who have sent down the remembrance, and We watch over it”
Note: In this Ayah God has promised. He Himself would take care of the Holy Quran. No one can make addition and deletion of even a single dot in the Holy Quran till the day of Judgment. In the same way all the commandments will hold and there will be no ‘Shariah’ (religious law) that cancel it. In short, the promise of the safety of the words and meaning of Quran has been made. It proves that there will not be any Prophet after him SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam .
Note: These Ayahs that prove ‘Khatm-e-Nubuwwat’ have been presented as a proof, otherwise there are hundred such Ayahs that prove ‘Khatm-e-Nubuwwat’. For more detail can be seen “Khatm-e-Nubuwwat Kamil” by Hazrat Maulana Mufti Muhammad Shafi (Rahmatullah Alaih).
The Hadith concerning Khatm-e-Nubuwwat.
(Sahih Bukhari: Kitabal Munaqeb p.501 v.1) (Sahih Muslim p.248 v.2)
“Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) relates that Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said”
“The example of me and the example of Prophets earlier those me is like the example of a most beautiful palace constructed by a man. The man left the blank space for a brick in one of its corners. People went around it and were surprised to look at its matchless beauty and exclaimed that why the brick was not inlaid in there. The Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said: “I am that (cornor’s last) brick and I am the last of the Prophets”
(Sahih Bukhari, p.633, v.2)
“Hazrat Saad bin Abi Waqas ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) relates that Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said to Hazrat Ali ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) ‘you have the same relation with me as Haroon Alaih-i-Salam had with Moses (Peace Be Upon Him), (but the difference is that) there will be no Prophet after me” and there is a tradition in Muslim which says “there is no Prophethood after me”
“One of the ‘Matwater’ Hadith (the Hadith that is transmitted by an unbroken chain of reliable narrators) says that the Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said to Hazrat Ali ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) “you had the same relation with me as Haroon Alaih-i-Salam had with Moses Alaih-i-Salam . ( Azalatul Khafa, v.5,p.444)
(Sahih Bukhari, v.1, p.491)(Sahih Muslim, v.2, p.126)(Masnad, v.2, p.297).
“Abu Hurairah ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) relates that Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said that Prophets themselves led Bani Israel. After the death of a Prophet, another Prophet took his place. But there shall be no prophet after me. However, there shall be Prophets and they shall many”
Note: ;Gher Tashreei Prophets (Prophets without a new ‘Shariat’) were sent down that revised the Shariat of Moses Alaih-i-Salam , but there are no such Prophets after Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam .
(Abu Dawood, v.2, p.127)(Tirmizi v.2, p.45)
“Hazrat Thauban ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) relates that Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said, ‘there shall appear 30 liars in my Ummah. Each one of them will say that he is a prophet. The fact is that I am the last of all the Prophets. There shall be no Prophet of any kind after me.’”
(Tirmizi, v.2, p.51)(Masnad, v.3, p.267)
“Hazrat Ans ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) relates that Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said: ‘Risalat’ and ‘Nubuwwat’ have been terminated; so, there shall be no ‘Rasool nor a ‘Nabi’ after me.”
(Sahih Bukhari, v.1, p.120)(Sahih Muslim, v.1, p.282)
“Hazrat Abu Hurairah ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) relates that Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said: ‘We are the last (Ummah) but will precede all on the day of Judgment. The difference is that the Book was given to them before us.”
(Tirmizi, v.2, p.209)
“Uqba bin Aamir ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) relates that Allah’s messenger SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said, ‘if there could ever be a Prophet after me, Umar bin Khatab ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) would have been such’”
“Hazrat Jubair bin Mutam ( Razi Allah-o-Anho ) says that the Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam said, ‘certainly there are some names for me; I am Muhammad, I am Ahmad, I am Mahi, the obliterator as God shall blot out infidelity through me, and I am ‘Hashir’, the gatherer of people who shall be resurrected at my feet and I am Aaqib, the last to come as there shall be no Prophet after me.”
In this Hadith there are two wards that prove his SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam being the last Prophet. One is ‘Al-Hashir’ (gatherer of people). Hafiz Ibn Hair writes:
(Fathul Bari, v.6, p.557)
“This is a reference towards the fact that there shall be neither any Prophet nor any ‘Shariat’ after him SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam . So, when there is no Ummah after his Ummah, and no Prophet after Him, therefore, resurrection has been related to Him and resurrection shall certainly be held after his arrival.”
The Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam second name is Al Aaqib (the last to come). The word is explained in the Hadith itself (no Prophet after Him SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam .
“I and resurrection have been sent like these two fingers”
These ‘Ahadith’ reveal that the arrival of the Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam is a sign that the resurrection is near and that there shall be no Prophet till the resurrection. Imam Qartabi (Rahmatullah Alaih) writes:
(Al-Tazkirah fi Ahwal-ul-Mauta, p.711)
“And Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam says that ‘I and Resurrection have been sent like these two fingers’. It means that ‘I am the last Prophet and there shall be no Prophet after me; there is resurrection after me; just as the forefinger is next to the middle one with no finger between them….. similarly no Prophet shall come between me and the resurrection”
Allama Sindhi (Rahmatullah Alaih) writes in Hashia Nasai
(Hashiah Sindhi on Nasai: v.1, p.234)
“The simile brings out the fact that just as there is no finger in between the two, in the same way there is no Prophet in between Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam and the Resurrection.”
Consensus of Muslim opinion on Khatm-e-Nubuwwat.
Imam Ghazali (Rahmatullah Alaih) says in “Al Iqtasad” that:
(Al-Iqtasad Fe Al ataqad, p.123)
“Certainly there is consensus of Muslim opinion in the meaning of the work Khatam-un-Nabiyeen – that it means that neither there will be any Nabi (Prophet) nor any “Rasool” (Messenger) after Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam . There is consensus that there is no need of elucidation and reinterpretation of the word and the denier of this “Ijma (consensus) is in fact denier of Ijma.”
Hazrat Mulla Ali Qari (Rahmatullah Alaih) writes”
(Sharah Fiqqah Akbar, p.202)
“To claim Prophethood after Hazrat Muhammad SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam is infidelity by ‘Ijma’ (consensus of Muslim opinion)
Tawatur (having numerous chains of narrators) on Khatm-e-Nubuwwat
While explaining the Ayah Khatam-un-Nabiyeen Hafiz Ibn Kaseer writes:
(Tafseer Ibne Kaseer: v.3, p.493)
“There is ‘Ahadith Matwatra’ of the Holy Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam narrated by large number of Sahaba (Razi Allah-o-Anhum Wa Razu An) (The companions of Holy Prophet SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam )”
Allama Syed Mehmood Aaloosi writes in Tafseer Roohul Maani:
(Roohul Maani, v.22, p.41)
“Holy Prophet’s SallAllah-o-Alaihi Wa Aalihi Wasallam being the ‘Khatam-un-Nabiyeen’ (the last of the Prophets) is a fact over which the Quran is positive and the Hadith has clarified them beyond doubt and on which there is consensus of Muslim opinion. So, the person who believes contrary to it will be declared an infidel; if he insists, he should be given capital punishment”
So it is clear now that the verses from the Holy Quran and the unbroken chain of ‘Matwater’ Ahadith prove ‘Khatm-e-Nubuwwat. Moreover, there has been consensus of Muslim opinion on it in every age.
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Khatm e Nabuwat - 172 Books in English, Urdu and Arabic
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Uploaded by nabeel.musharraf on August 25, 2014
SIMILAR ITEMS (based on metadata)
- The Finality of Prophethood
Important References about Khatam-e-Nabuwwat
- Sura An-nisaa’ (4), Verse 70/71.
- Sura Al-a`raaf (7), Verse 35/36.
- Sura Aali-`imraan (3), Verse 81/82 and Sura Al-aHzab (33), Verse 7/8.
Opinion of Muslim Scholars
Hazrat sheikh ahmad farooqi.
‘The rising of prophets after the Khatamar Rasul Hazrat Muhammad, the Chosen One, peace and blessings be upon him, from among his own followers and as a heritage, does not in any way run counter to his status as the Khatamar rasul. Therefore, O reader, do not be among those who doubt.’ ( Maktubat Imam Rabbani, Hazrat Mujaddid Alf Thani )
Hazrat Imam Mohiyyiud Din ibni Arabi
‘From the study and contemplation of the Darud we have arrived at the definite conclusion that there shall, from among the Muslims, certainly be persons whose status, in the matter of prophethood, shall advance to the level of prophets, if Allah pleases. But they shall not be given any book of law.’ ( Fatuhati Makiyyah: Vol 1. pg 545 )
Hazrat Imam Abu Ja’far Sadiq
‘Hazrat Abu Ja’far, while discussing the Quranic verse: “For verily We granted the Book to the children of Abraham…,” said that God vouchsafed to the children of Abraham, Messengers, Prophets and Imams. But what is ironical is that people believe in what God blessed the children of Abraham with and yet they deny this blessing for the progeny of Muhammad.’ ( Al-Saafi Sharah Asool Al-Kaafi, Part 3, Pg. 119 )
Hazrat Imam Abdul Wahhab She’raani
…prophethood has not been abolished and it is only law-bearing prophethood that is abolished. (Al Yawaaqeetu Wal Jawaahir: Vol. 3 pg. 35)
Allama Qummi (Shia Scholar)
Hazrat shah wali ullah.
The Muhaddith of Dehli, Hazrat Shah Wali Ullah subscribed to this opinion and stated:
‘The meaning of the Holy Prophet being the Khataman Nabiyeen is that there shall not now appear a person whom God may appoint with a new Law for mankind, that is to say, there shall be no prophet who shall come with a new Law.’ (Tafheemati Ilahiyyah pg. 53)
The Hakim ul Millat in fact gave credence to the opinion that prophets within the Ummah may arise when he stated:
‘There cannot be an independent prophet after the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, who is not his follower and his adherent.’ (Al Khairul Katheer: pg 111)
Sheikh Abdul Qadir Al-Kurdustani
Hazrat maulana abul hasanat abul hayee.
Hazrat Maulana Abul Hasanat Abul Hayee, a distinguished scholar of the Sunni sect shared this opinion and stated:
‘After the demise of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, or even during his own lifetime, it is not an impossibility for someone to be exalted to the position of a simple prophet. But a prophet with a new Law is, indeed, forbidden.’ (Dafe ul Waswas: pg 16)
Hazrat Mazhar Jan Janan Naqshabandi
‘No perfection, except the perfection of prophethood bearing Law has ended. With respect to the other beneficences of God Almighty, He is neither miserly nor niggardly.’ (Maqamati Mazhari: pg 88)
Hazrat Sayyed Abdul Karim Jilani
Hazrat Sayyed Abdul Karim Jilani, the renowned mystic of the 8th century Hijra was of the opinion that:
‘The coming of the Law bearing prophets, after the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings on him, has ceased as he has been exalted to be the Khataman Nabiyeen because he brought with him such a perfect law as no other prophet had brought before him.’ (Al Insanul Kamil: Vol 1. Ch 36. Pg 68)
Hazrat Sheikh Baali Afandi
Hazrat maulana abdul hayee faranghi mahal.
Hazrat Maulana Faranghi Mahal, an eminent scholar of the Ahle Sunnat also discussed the significance of the expression Khatamae Nubuwwat and on behalf of the Sunni Scholars, he declared:
‘The divines of the Sunni sects believe in and expound the fact that in the course of the Ministry of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, there cannot appear a law bearing prophet and his prophethood extends to the end of days. A prophet who appears during his ministry shall necessarily be the follower of the Law of Muhammad.’ (Majmu’ah Fatawa: Vol. 1, pg 144)
Hazrat Maulana Jalal-ud-Din Room
The great saint, Hazrat Maulana Room (Rehmatullah Alaihi) writes:
“Make such plans to perform righteousness in the way of God that you attain prophethood within the Ummat (religious community)” (Mathnavi Maulana Room, Daftar I, pg. 53)
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