business plan sample for dairy farming

Dairy Farm Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

dairy farm business plan

Dairy Farming Business Plan

Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 500 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans to start and grow their dairy farming businesses. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning. We will then go through a dairy farming business plan template step-by-step so you can create your plan today.

Download our Ultimate Business Plan Template here >

What Is a Business Plan?

A business plan provides a snapshot of your dairy farm as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategy for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.

Why You Need a Business Plan

If you’re looking to start a dairy farm, or grow your existing dairy farm, you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your dairy farm in order to improve your chances of success. Your dairy farming business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes.

Sources of Funding for Dairy Farming Businesses

With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a dairy business are personal savings, credit cards, bank loans and angel investors. With regards to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to confirm that your financials are reasonable, but they will also want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business. Personal savings and bank loans are the most common funding paths for dairy farming businesses.

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How to write a business plan for a dairy farming business.

If you want to start a dairy business or expand your current one, you need a business plan. Below we detail what should be included in each section of your dairy farming business plan:  

Executive Summary

Your executive summary provides an introduction to your dairy farming business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of dairy farm you are operating and the status. For example, are you a startup, do you have a dairy farm that you would like to grow, or are you operating dairy farming businesses in multiple markets?

Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan. For example, give a brief overview of the dairy farm industry. Discuss the type of dairy farm you are operating. Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers. Provide a snapshot of your marketing plan. Identify the key members of your team. And offer an overview of your financial plan.  

Company Analysis

In your company analysis, you will detail the type of dairy farm you are operating.

For example, you might operate one of the following types of dairy farming businesses:

  • Freestall dairy farm : this type of dairy farm provides plenty of ventilation for ultimate comfort for the cow as well as freestall barns which allow the cows more freedom to eat, drink, and rest wherever they like.
  • Drylot dairy farm: this type of dairy farm is suitable for drier climates and cows are given access to shade and shelter on a large dry-dirt ot for relaxation. The cows have plenty of room for feed and water and free reign to eat and drink as they please.
  • Pasture-based dairy farm: this type of dairy farm is a more traditional setup where cows receive an “all access pass” to green pastures to graze and rest when they are not being milked in the milking parlor. This type of dairy farm also provides cows feed and water in the barns and provide enough cover for inclement weather when needed.

In addition to explaining the type of dairy farm you will operate, the Company Analysis section of your dairy farming business plan needs to provide background on the business.

Include answers to question such as:

  • When and why did you start the business?
  • What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include the number of customers served, number of positive reviews, reaching X amount of customers served, etc.
  • Your legal structure. Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.

Industry Analysis

In your industry analysis, you need to provide an overview of the dairy farm industry. While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.

First, researching the dairy farm industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating. 

Secondly, market research can improve your strategy, particularly if your research identifies market trends.

The third reason for market research is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.

The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section of your dairy farming business plan:

  • How big is the dairy farm industry (in dollars)?
  • Is the market declining or increasing?
  • Who are the key competitors in the market?
  • Who are the key suppliers in the market?
  • What trends are affecting the industry?
  • What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
  • What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential market for your dairy farm? You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your local population.

Customer Analysis

The customer analysis section of your dairy farming business plan must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.

The following are examples of customer segments: grocery retailers, families, and individual buyers. 

As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of dairy farm you operate. Clearly, families would respond to different marketing promotions than grocery retailers, for example.

Try to break out your target customers in terms of their demographic and psychographic profiles. With regards to demographics, include a discussion of the ages, genders, locations and income levels of the customers you seek to serve.

Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can understand and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.  

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Competitive Analysis

Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.

Direct competitors are other local dairy farms. 

Indirect competitors are other options that customers have to purchase from that aren’t direct competitors. This includes grocery stores, farmers markets, milk alternatives (vegan), etc.

With regards to direct competition, you want to describe the other dairy farming businesses with which you compete. Most likely, your direct competitors will be dairy farms located very close to your location.

For each such competitor, provide an overview of their businesses and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as:

  • What type of dairy farm are they?
  • What areas do they serve?
  • What types of customers do they serve?
  • What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
  • What are they good at?
  • What are their weaknesses?

With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.

The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:

  • Will you provide dairy farm products that your competitors don’t offer?
  • Will your cows be raised in a better facility?
  • Will you provide better customer service?
  • Will you offer better pricing?

Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.  

Marketing Plan

Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a dairy farming business, your marketing plan should include the following:

Product : In the product section, you should reiterate the type of dairy farm that you documented in your Company Analysis. Then, detail the specific services you will be offering. For example, in addition to dairy farm products, will you provide a petting zoo, cheese making training, and any other services?

Price : Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your marketing plan, you are presenting the services you offer and their prices.

Place : Place refers to the location of your dairy farm. Document your location and mention how the location will impact your success. For example, is your dairy farm located in a rural setting, on the outskirts of a metropolitan area, the countryside, etc. Discuss how your location might be the ideal location for your customers.

Promotions : The final part of your dairy farm marketing plan is the promotions section. Here you will document how you will drive customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:

  • Advertising in local papers and magazines
  • Commercials
  • Social media marketing
  • Local radio advertising
  • Word-of-mouth

Operations Plan

While the earlier sections of your dairy farming business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.

Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your dairy farm, including cleaning and maintaining the dairy farm and cows, milking the cows, bottling of milk, cheese production, marketing, etc.

Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect to obtain your XXth customer, or when you hope to reach $X in revenue. It could also be when you expect to expand your dairy farm to a new location.  

Management Team

To demonstrate your dairy farm’ ability to succeed, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company. 

Ideally you and/or your team members have direct experience in managing dairy farms. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.

If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act like mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in managing a dairy farm or a large profitable farm.

Financial Plan

Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statements.

Income Statement : an income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenues and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.

In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you start with X number of cows or will you expand your cow inventory slowly ? And will sales grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.

Balance Sheets : Balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. While balance sheets can include much information, try to simplify them to the key items you need to know about. For instance, if you spend $50,000 on building out your dairy farm, this will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a bank writes you a check for $50,000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.

Cash Flow Statement : Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and make sure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and business owners don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt. 

In developing your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a dairy farm:

  • Cost of dairy farm construction and barn build-out
  • Cost of dairy farm supplies, cows, and equipment
  • Cost of marketing the dairy farm
  • Payroll or salaries paid to staff
  • Business insurance
  • Taxes and permits
  • Legal expenses

Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your list of products your dairy farm will offer, types of customers you will be targeting, and the areas your dairy farm will serve.  

Putting together a business plan for your dairy farming business is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. You will really understand the dairy farm industry, your competition, and your customers. You will have developed a marketing plan and will really understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful dairy farm.  

OR, Let Us Develop Your Plan For You

Since 1999, Growthink has developed business plans for thousands of companies that have gone on to achieve tremendous success.

Click here to see how a Growthink business plan writer can create your business plan for you.

Dairy Farming Business Plan FAQs

What is the easiest way to complete my dairy farming business plan.

Growthink's Ultimate Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily complete your dairy farming business plan.

What is the Goal of a Business Plan's Executive Summary?

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of dairy farming business you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, do you have a dairy farming business that you would like to grow, or are you operating a chain of dairy farming businesses?

Other Helpful Business Plan Articles & Templates

Business Plan Template & Guide For Small Businesses

StartupBiz Global

Starting Dairy Farming Business Plan (PDF)

dairy farming business plan

Milk and its products are cardinal parts of many people’s diets. This is what makes dairy farming such a lucrative livestock farming business idea. Dairy farming is a scalable business with projectable financial outlooks. It is a somewhat technical venture which requires specialized knowledge and skills. That is not a big problem though because you can always acquire the relevant knowledge and skills.  Dairy farming involves breeding cows, milking them, and selling the milk. To build a profitable, sustainable milk dairy farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently keep the milk cows, good business management skills, and a good dairy farming business plan. This article will outline how to start the dairy farming project, and the dairy farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

Dairy farming is a lucrative business, providing income for many farmers, but there are some essential things you need to do before you venture into the dairy milk production business. You have to decide on the size of your dairy farming project (how many dairy cattle will you keep?); location of the milk dairy farming business, and your target market. These choices will be affected by the amount of capital you have, and the size of your target market. If you do not have a lot of capital, you can always start small and grow your milk dairy farming project overtime. You also need to carry out market research (Who are you going to sell the milk to? At what price?) and write a dairy farming business plan before you start the dairy farm project.

Land for Dairy Cattle Farming Business

A substantial portion of land is need for dairy farming. This is because there are several things that must be accommodated. On average, between 1.5 and 2 acres must be available per cow and calf grazing. You also need a number of dairy farm structures for different purposes. For instance, you need dedicated areas for watering, waste management, equipment storage, milking processes, milk storage, feed storage, and maternity, amongst others. These can be self-contained in separate stalls, barns, or rooms, actual buildings. If there are dairy farm workers and they have to stay onsite, living quarters for them would be needed. Put all that together and factor in the number of cows to have a good idea of the total land size you would need for your dairy farm business.

Another consideration is the general climate of a chosen area. An ideal place would be where the climate promotes the growth of rich pastures. The land should have good water drainage. The soils should have good drainage as well. Those elements are critically important for infrastructural development on the dairy farm. The cattle dairy farm location should not be too close to public spaces e.g. residential areas. It is also important to ascertain that the land in question can be used for dairy farming business. Generally, there are procedures and regulations to be adhered to. Checking with the relevant local authorities is a must. Consider availability of quality and consistent water supply, the size of the land, quality of grass and grazing pasture and the soil type is it affects pasture quality.  Other factors include availability of already made infrastructure like good road network, milk facilities, dependable electricity, pens, sheds, buildings. Constructing buildings for a dairy farm is expensive, so it would be an advantage if some buildings are already there. 

Housing For Dairy Farm Business

To be successful in the dairy farming business, it’s important that you provide good and adequate housing for the dairy cows. Housing for dairy cows is required for several reasons: protecting the dairy cattle from adverse weather conditions, confining the milk cows when they are not grazing, and to allow easier management and control of the dairy milk herd. The best dairy design depends on the local climatic conditions, budgetary constraints and availability of bedding materials. When designing housing for the dairy milk herd, take into consideration the need to provide adequate space, feed & water facilities, milking facilities, waste management and livestock handling features.  There are many different structures which can be used for a dairy milk farm, and these include free-stall, tunnels, composite barns, dry lots, tie-stall facilities and dairy sheds. Other dairy milk cow structures include milking parlour, sick/isolation pens, calving boxes, crowding pens, sorting corrals, working chutes & gates, and squeeze gates. However the necessity of the structures depends on the size of the dairy farming business. 

The housing needs for dairy farming business are informed by the different production stages. The dairy milking herd needs to be housed in its own area. They can be housed in stalls or barns which come in different designs. For instance, if you have a small dairy herd you can set up tie stalls. Typically many dairy farmers start off with what are called bedded-pack barns. These are basically enclosed sheds where there is no flooring but just the basic earth. It is usually from this that many, over time, transition or upgrade to more sophisticated dairy farm housing. When it comes to dairy cattle heifers, the hoop barns are the most common housing. Age-wise we are looking at cows between 6 months and heifers. Dairy hoop barns have different designs. One type of hoop barns has a dome-shaped roof. Another type is like a shed, one-sided with a single slope roof. There can be variations to the dairy housing depending on the size of the heifers. More tweaks become necessary as the heifers grow in size. Dairy calves can be housed in hutches. The hutches can be placed outdoors, which is typical. However, adverse weather conditions can make it necessary to place them indoors. The best indoor environment can be barns. From weaning till they are around 6 months old, you can use simple sheds. Just as long as you can provide the pasture they need. Alternatively, you can use hoop sheds. To control and streamline their feeding you can install headlocks. This will ensure they feed orderly without tussling with each other. The dairy farm also requires good fencing, so as to contain the milk cows and manage their grazing. Dairy farm fencing can be by barbed wire, high tensile smooth wire or electric fencing. The dairy milk farm business plan should include the costs of constructing the housing.

Dairy Farm Equipment

There is a wide range of equipment needed in dairy farming business. What you will need depends on your scale or production i.e. number of dairy cows. The other factor is the level of sophistication of your dairy farming operation. At the most basic you need protective clothing such as overalls, boots, gloves, and the like. For day to operations you need equipment such as tractors, trailers, ropes, chains, and loaders. You also need feeders and drinkers – these can be items or in the form of mechanized or digitized systems.

Tags or a tagging system is needed for the dairy cows. Specialized cutters or grinders for hay (or straw) come in handy. You can also have specialized cutters or grinders for green fodder. Ventilation equipment is of importance and so is waste management equipment e.g. manure pits. Milking equipment is obviously required. You will need milk cans or tanks; depends on your capacity. Milking machines, pasteurizers, and homogenizers also come in. The cost of buying the equipment should be included in the dairy cattle farming business plan. 

Breeding Stock for Dairy Farming Business

To start a dairy milk production business, you require the dairy breeding stock: bulls (male cattle) and milking cows (female cattle). A dairy farm can also be operated without bulls, by using artificial insemination for breeding the milking cows. The cows should breed every year, as milk production only happens after the cows have given birth to calves. The decision of which dairy breed to use is important, and affects the success of your milk production business.

The breeds you choose will affect the milk production potential of your dairy farming business. Some breeds are better than others at producing good milk quality. The quantity of milk produced also varies depending on the breed of the milk cow. Other characteristics which vary among breeds include breeding age, productive lifespan, adaptation to different environmental conditions & climates, calving ease, feed conversion, diseases resistance, and average birth weight. When choosing breeding stock it is usually wise to look for purebreds. Purebreds normally have detailed information available on their breeding and ancestry history. Some of the most common breeds used in the dairy farming business are Holstein, Red and White, Jersey, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn. Other noteworthy breeds are Kerry, Dutch Belted, Dexter, and Milking Devon. The dairy farm business plan should include the costs of acquiring the dairy cattle breeding stock.

Feed And Nutrition

Feeds for dairy cattle come in two broad forms namely concentrates and forages. There are also dairy supplementary feeding options that can be considered. Concentrates (usually grain-based) are important because of their high energy and protein content. Forages are essential for the dairy cows as they are good sources of fiber and are typically legume or grass-based. Supplementary feeding of dairy cattle fills gaps that can be there nutrition-wise. For example, molasses is calcium-rich, amongst other essential nutrients. There are 3 common feeding approaches that are used. These are feeding using total mixed ratios, component feeding, and using pastures. Total mixed ratios entail proportionately mixed all-in-one meals. Component feeding as the name suggests involves feeding component by component e.g. forages, concentrates, and so on. Using pastures is by the commonly known paddocking system.

The success of your dairy milk production business is affected by the feeding system that you use. The feeding program of the dairy farming business should ensure that adequate nutrition is provided to both the cows and calves at all growth stages and during all seasons. This should be done while keeping an eye on the feed costs, as they greatly affect profitability of the dairy milk farming business. Dairy cattle need a daily supply of all nutrients required for maintenance and production: milk, meat, growth and pregnancy. Failure to provide adequate feeding for the milk cows and calves results in low milk production, poor reproductive performance, poor growth of the calves and poor disease resistance. These factors all lead to reduced revenues for the dairy milk production business, thus lower profits. The common feeding programs of dairy farming business are usually based on pasture grazing, in combination with supplementary feed. The supplementary feed for dairy cows include concentrates, hay, corn, fodder, salts & minerals, silage, commercial dairy cow feeds and grains. The feed costs should be included in the dairy farming business plan.

milk cow farm business plan

Capital for Dairy Farming Business

The amount of capital required for the milk dairy farming business depends on the size of the project. When starting a dairy milk production business, most of the capital goes to acquiring the land, building infrastructure, and buying the dairy cows & bulls. You can get a loan from the bank, or funding from investors, to use as capital to start your dairy farming business. If you plan to raise capital from investors and a loan from the bank, you need a good dairy farming business plan. If you don’t have access to investors and bank loan, you can use your personal savings and start small, and grow your dairy farming business overtime. Dairy cattle farming is very profitable, so if you reinvest the profits you get, you can grow over time. Even if you are not planning to get a loan, you should still get a dairy farming project plan to guide you in starting and operating the business. It is essential for you to have a dairy farming business plan before you venture into the dairy milk production business, so that you know all the costs involved and you make an informed decision.

Market for Dairy Milk

Milk is often regarded as being nature’s most complete food because it provides many of the nutrients which are essential for the growth of the human body. Being an excellent source of protein and having an abundance of vitamins and minerals, particularly calcium, milk can make a positive contribution to the health of a nation.

The market for milk is very huge and is ever increasing, annual milk global demand exceeds 800 million tonnes. Your dairy farming business can sell raw or processed milk. The market for dairy milk includes supplying to milk processors, grocery stores, schools, companies, individual households, organisations etc. It’s important for the dairy farming business plan to include a proper marketing plan to use in your milk dairy farming business.

Pre-Written Dairy Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel): Comprehensive Version, Short Funding/Bank Loan Version and Automated Financial Statements

For an in-depth analysis of the dairy farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive dairy farming business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the dairy cattle production business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the dairy milk production business, how to keep the dairy cows, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.

The StartupBiz Global dairy business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your dairy cattle farming business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the milk cows farming business.

Uses of the Dairy Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The milk cows farm business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your milk cows farming business
  • As a dairy farming business proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the dairy milk production business
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

Contents of the Dairy Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The dairy farming business plan include, but not limited to:

  • Marketing Strategy
  • Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
  • Risk Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • Market Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to keep the dairy cattle, feed requirements etc)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some people in dairy farming business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your dairy milk farm business

The Pre-written dairy farm business plan package consists of 4 files

  • Dairy Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive Version – 124 Pages)
  • Dairy Cows Farm Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive Version – 124 Pages)
  • Dairy Cattle Farming Business Plan Funding/Bank Loan Version- Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan/funding – 52 pages)
  • Dairy Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel File)

The business plan can be used in any country and can be easily edited. The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of dairy cattle, selling price of the milk etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change.

Click below to download the Contents Page of the Dairy Farming Business Plan (PDF)

dairy farming business plan pdf

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Testimonial 5

I was able to understand the business side of farming because of your business plan. You did extensive research; the business plan was well prepared and fully detailed.  It made everything clear, and I have somewhere to start now. I am confident that I am going to succeed in my business because of the guidance from your business plan.

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Testimonial 1

StartupBiz Global provided a very professional and comprehensive business plan which I used for my business. The business plan was easy to edit, and I was able to get the funding which I wanted. I highly recommend their business plans.

Testimonial 2

Many thanks for your incredibly efficient service and thorough business plan. I am very impressed with the business plan. Before I bought the business plan, I tried to do my own business plan – it was such a nightmare and it turned out badly, also not to mention the stress it caused me. I wish I knew about your website earlier!

Get the Dairy Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

Click Buy Now  below to purchase using Paypal, Credit Card, or Debit Card. After you have purchased, you will immediately see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. You will also immediately get an email with the business plan download link. The Pre-written business plan package (PDF, Word, and Excel) costs $30 only!

milk cow farm business plan

If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once then click here: Business Plans Store.

The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on [email protected] and we will assist you.

We wish you the best in your dairy farming business! Check out our collection of business plans  , and more business ideas .

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Formal Dairy Farm Business Plan

Formal Dairy Farm Business Plan

What is  a dairy farm, 1. create a business plan and conduct a swot analysis, 2. consult the professionals, 3. establish a crop and feeding program, 4. develop a waste management strategy, 5. build your equity over time, 6. farming of dairy cows is a biological systems, 1. select a product to create, 2. acquaint yourself with the ins and outs of your product, 3. determine your financial situation, 4. purchase your property, 5. plan & strategize, share this post on your network, you may also like these articles, 27+ sample individual learning plan in pdf | ms word | google docs | apple pages.

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Dairy Farming Business Plan Guide

Table of contents, for frequently asked dairy farm questions: read here., for green fodder production: read here., for silage making process: read here., dairy farming business plan guide:.

Dairy Farming Business Plan.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Introduction to Dairy Farming:- No matter what the season is and no matter what the place is “There is always a great demand for milk” in India. Due to the population increase and consumption of milk tremendously increasing day by day. The rising unemployment and people who are looking for starting a dairy farm in recent years are almost doubled. Milk production in India is expected to grow at about 3 to 4% every year. There are many people who want to get into the small-scale or large-scale dairy farming business. However, due to lack of knowledge and initial investment involved they are unable to set up a dairy unit. We advise you not to get into this dairy business unless you dedicate your effort and time on your farm round the clock. You are not necessarily starting a dairy farm on a commercial scale; you can start on a small-scale business and expand it to a large scale once you are aware of ins and outs of dairy farming.

Before starting a dairy farm, makes sure to follow these:

  • Dairy Farming Business Plan #1- However as a beginner, you should definitely get some professional training from Agriculture Universities or Training centers of the Animal Husbandry Department or Krishi Vigyan Kendras or any private training dairy consultancies.
  • Dairy Farming Business Plan #2 – Visit local dairy farms and talk to the management so you can get an idea of managing the farm. Always question them about “problems” and ask how they are overcoming them.
  • Dairy Farming Business Plan #3 – Read any dairy magazines, online dairy blogs, and YouTube videos to get an overall idea of farming.
  • Dairy Farming Business Plan #4 – If you don’t have capital investment and want to get a subsidy and loan the dairy farm, visit your local agriculture/co-operative banks for more information.
  • Dairy Farming Business Plan #5 – As feed or fodder is the main component of dairy farming that directly impacts the profits; you must have good knowledge of green fodder cultivation practices and silage-making procedures. You can study the feed and fodder market in your region to find out the feasible and economical fodder solution.
  • Dairy Farming Business Plan #6 – Initially, you must visit some cattle markets to observe animals on sale and talk with persons engaged with purchasing animals to get an idea of the best breed, animal prices, and milk yield of animals. You can also learn some negotiation skills.
  • Dairy Farming Business Plan #7 – You should learn good labour management skills.

To encourage the rural agriculture sector and increase the milk production as per demand, NABARD (National Bank For Agriculture & Rural Development) helping farmers by providing subsidies on dairy farms and dairy farming loans through approved banks. One can avail of this by visiting your nearest commercial or co-operative or rural agriculture banks. One can get decent profits in dairy farming under good dairy management practices. In the following write-up, let us talk about the “Dairy Farming Business Plan” in detail. Let us take an example of 15 dairy cow farming.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Requirements of Dairy Farming in India:- There are some components of dairy farming you should be aware of before setting up a dairy farm.

  • Land – You must have some cultivated land for growing green fodder crops for your cattle on the farm. The land area depends on the number of animals (cows or buffalo’s). Usually, 2 acres of land is sufficient to feed about 15 cows.
  • Shed – There must be a proper and covered secured shed in place before getting cows into your farm.
  • Water – Clean and abundant water facility is required for both cattle and to grow the green fodder.
  • Fodder – As cows need three types of fodder for best milk yield and high-fat content, you must have good fodder management from growing fodder to feeding fodder on daily basis. Dry fodder, green fodder, and feed concentrate (for extra nutrition) are required to feed the cows in your dairy.
  • Breed Selection – Selection of a good breed of cows that yield more milk is essential in dairy farming. Good milk yielding cows such as “Jersy”, “Red Sindhi” “Holstein Friesian (HF cows)”, “Sahiwal”, “Gir”, “Deoni” and “Ongole” etc.
  • Labour – Labour is a major task in dairy farming, the selected labour should be very good at handling the farm activities including growing green fodder. It is better to give one or two days of training so that they can understand the routine activities of dairy.
  • Vaccinations – To control diseases and protect cow health, you must have a proper vaccination schedule. For this purpose, you can hire a veterinary doctor for routine checkups and medication of cows. For the vaccination schedule, see the vaccination schedule table at the bottom of this article.

HF Cow.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Shed Construction:- Well ventilated and the spacious shed is required for dairy farming. Hygienic conditions are very important in the shed for cattle health. When it comes to space, it is recommended to have 8 feet x 12 feet area for 1 cow. So total space required for 15 cows is about 120 feet x 12 feet. However, this area is not fixed and depends on cow size. Cow feeders should be constructed in between with a separation wall so that the cows can be fed from both sides facing head to head each other; this is what is called a “Head to Head arrangement”.

Care should be taken while constructing the dairy shed. The selected location should be elevated to prevent any water stagnation around the shed and it also provides well ventilation (sunlight and air). The dairy shed roof should be made with asbestos sheets and the floor should be made of either bricks or cement with enough inclination. This can provide good drainage for cattle urine and excrete. The shed should be cleaned daily to maintain hygienic conditions. Collect the manure on daily basis and store it somewhere outside of the shed. You can also make an outlet to the shed so that whenever the shed is cleaned the cow urine any leftover manure can flow into the field. All electrical fittings and water supply requirements should be fully filled as per need in hot areas, it may need to have fans and coolers for cows, especially in summer.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Fodder Management:- Fodder management is very important in dairy farming. The daily milk yield of a cow depends on the type of fodder and the nutritional facts of the given fodder. High-yielding cows should be given 1 kg of concentrate along with mineral mixture to get 2.5 liters of milk yield. For example, if a cow yields 15 liters of milk daily then these cows should be given 6 kg of concentrate with a mineral mixture.

There are three types of fodder that can be provided under dairy fodder management practices.

  • Dry fodder: wheat hay, kutti (rice / pady straw), chokar (wheat bran),
  • Green fodder: Any leguminous crops which are good in protein supplements. For example Any gram crop, barseem, maize/corn, masoor, and hybrid grass-like CO-3 and CO-4, niper grass etc.. These green fodder crops can be utilized to make silage. This silage is very nutritious and milk yield will be increased. Silage making is very important and especially it is needed in dry periods. The link will be given at the bottom of the article about “steps in involved in silage making or how to make silage for cattle”. Generally, 2 to 3 acres of fertile land enough to grow green fodders for 15 cows. However, the yield of green fodder depends on many factors.
  • Concentrate and Mineral Mixture: Mineral mixture:- It is necessary to provide concentrate feed along with a mineral mixer on regular basis to prevent cows from mineral deficiency. All three types such as dry green and mineral mixture should be accurate proportions for best milk yield.

Note: The cost of feed may depend on the animal milk capacity. On average, the feed may cost about 200 to 250 rupees/day/cow.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Water Supply:- Clean water supply is required for drinking and cleaning purposes of the shed. Arrangements can be done by providing overhead tanks on the shed.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Selection of Dairy Breeds:- Successful dairy farming requires a good breed selection of cows. Select the dairy cow/cattle breed that is suitable for your climatic conditions and high milking capacity. You can visit your local farms and can observe the different breed types that are suitable. A crossbreed of HF cows (Holstein Frisian) with Indian Sahiwal. Or Jersey with Sahiwal or Jersey with Red Sindhi is preferable for the good milk yield. It is preferred to select the breed which produces milk of 20 to 25 liters/day. Artificial insemination plays a major role to cross with high-yielding breeds.

Jersey Cow.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Cow and Calves Management and Care:- Artificial insemination or mating of cows should be carried out after every 3 months (90 days) of calving. Indian cattle breeds take 3 years in reaching the maturity phase whereas high yield  Jersey crossbreed or HF cows reach maturity at 16 to 18 months and they will be ready for mating. In general, for every 13 months, cows should be calving. The lactation period of cows should be 300 days and the service period should be 90-120 days. The gestation period of cows is going to be 266 days. More attention and care are needed in the case of pregnant cows as they need more nutrition during this stage. Concentrate & mineral mixture should be given during the gestation period of cows and this feed intake should be increased as time passes to ensure proper growth of calves and their udder.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Vaccination Program in Dairy Cow Farming:- Before giving any vaccination in dairy, deworming should be done to get better results. However, deworming should be carried out frequently and the veterinary doctor is your point of contact for this. The following table is the typical vaccination schedule in dairy farming.

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Vaccination Schedule in Dairy Farming:

Dairy Farming Business Plan – Bottom Line:- The above write-up can be assumed for Dairy Farming Business Plan in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, and other states of India. However, the labour cost, Cow breeds, feed cost, or green fodder production cost and inputs may slightly vary from region to region. You can expect excellent profits with proper dairy management practices, perfect planning, and dedication completely to the farm 24/7.

In case if you are interested in this: Quail Farming Business Plan .

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Hello, my name is Anuj purwar, I am a student. And want to start organic farming with two members team MAYANK SHINHA and rishab pandey. We planned for a loan by the bank and use hydraulic solar panels energy for electricity which help us in earning money because of this electricity were given to our nearly farmers who use petrol, diesel water pump by which we decrease less use of pratrol. We are 17-19 year old and planed for this. We need your support to prove ourselves and promote the organic forming and start online sale of our crops from us to customers directly.

I am not sure about your question. You say solar and talk about Organic.

Read here about : Organic Farming .

Selling electricity to anyone except the government is prohibited in india. Please make sure you are not breaking any law.

GUPTA DAIRY FARM KARNAL Supplying Pure Breed and vaccinated Murrah Buffalo, Sahiwal Breed Cattle, Jersey Cow, Dairy Cow, Cow Heifer, Buffalo Heifer, Australian Cow, American Cow, and other types of Cows and Buffaloes…

We don’t sell any livestock or agriculture produce.

we don’t call or have personal support. You can post comments and get reply.

Respected Concerned person/ / Can you deliver the cows and buffalos throughout india?

Dear sir, I want to open new dairy farm in Jhabua (MadhyaPradesh). I have required 10 Buffalo with good quality and can give 10-15 litre milk per day. please send me the details about buffalo , price, purchasing locations , transportation etc.

regards dinesh bhayal

We don’t sell any cattle/buffaloes.

You must be an adult for eligibility of the loan for dairy farming.

hi i want to set up dairy farm, kindly suggest me the details in pdf, want to do at odisha. if u have, [email protected]

Soon we will introduce farming or agriculture pdf’s to download.

Hello, Can any one suggest the process of dairy loan. I will start dairy farming immediately.

For Dairy farming subsidy and loan, read this: Dairy Farming Subsidy .

You mean for dairy shed construction and design?

Above article is really helping. I have around 7 Bigha land in Kotdwar-Uttarakhand and looking to get in to dairy farm business, Can I expect a professional help from you ? like in Planning the dairy farm, loans and subsidy, good milk yielding cows and buffalo.

Glad the information is helping at least some people. We don’t have personal consulting support at this point in time. However, you talk to NABARD branch in your city for qualified agriculture/farming loans.

Hai, my name is Mohith and I from Telagana state, I want to start Cow farm. Please guide me.

Well, Mohith Dairy farming needs investment, patience and hard work along with dedication. You can not trust the third person in this business as feed management and care is utmost priorities of dairy cow farming. From, NABARD you can get a subsidy and loan for setting up a dairy cow farm. Here is some information which may be helpful: Dairy Farming Subsidy .

Dairy Cow Farming Project Report t .

Sir, I am from Odisha. I am interested to start a Dairy Farming In Odisha where can I get assistance? and necessary help. Please advise.

NABARD is your point of contact for any livestock subsidy. You can read >DAIRY FARMING SUBSIDY .

Hi, I am Prashant Deshmukh. I really interested to start a new Dairy farm business in Maharashtra. How to start, please guide me.

Well, to start a dairy farm, you must have proper planning, dedication. It requires your hard work. First, decide which dairy breed, you would like to go for. Feed management is very important in dairy farming. Make sure you have enough laborers to handle the farm. Our advice is to start with less number of cows and start increasing as you get more experience. Apart from this marketing is another factor for your dairy products. Here is some information which may help you. Read: DAIRY COW FARMING PROJECT REPORT .

Hello Sir, I am Rohidas Sapke and looking to start my own dairy farm business. Can you advise me is there any private institute who gives training on How to handle dairy farms/animal care/business related things and all?

Very soon, we will update training and consulting services addresses.

I am exploring possibility of dairy farming near Raipur in Uttarakhand.The subject is new to me as I am not a professional from this field.I would like to see a viable business plan,if you have one,for a midsized investment. Regards

It is really a resourceful information on every aspect. Thank you Can you please write on financial breakups, for shed, cows , fodder cost etc all occurring expenses. just as a template it will give an idea for us on financial planning.

Check these:

Dairy Farming FAQ .

How To Get NABARD Subsidy and Loan .

Dairy Shed Design and Construction .

Dairy Cow Farming Project Report .

Sir, I am 37 yrs old from Barshi, in Solapur district. We have some farm land and wish to start a dairy business from scratch. How can I start?

Read this: Dairy Farming FAQ .

Dear Sir, I really appreciate the guideline for my knowledge I am an MBA qualified. I hate jobs, I love business have a full plan to start a dairy farm business I have 5 acre land in one place 4 acre land in other areas which are in a part. Anyhow, I made a contact in our area and there is no a single dairy farm. This would be a great opportunity for me. But need knowledge of this business.

Umar Saood from pakistan currently working in UAE

Dairy farming is not simple as you think. However, with proper planning, dedication and hard work defiantly will pay you off. You cannot depend and trust third person.

To have complete idea. You better read all the dairy farming articles.

Read: Dairy Farming Information .

I am Mahesh and I want to know whether Coorg, Karnataka is best suited for HF breed cows, since we have 2 to 3 acres of land is coorg but due to heavy rain during June to October, we are still worried whether we can go-ahead for dairy farming with HF breeds. Your guidance and suggestions will help us further.

Hi I am a pure science graduate and I have interest in polyhouse and hydroponic agriculture. I want to start cultivation of vegetables in a small area like 1000 sq.m for commercial purposes..n establish my career on it. I like to spread it through out my state working as a professional consultant too. For this, I need proper training and guide and financial resources. Now plz help me to know all about high tech poly house, hydroponics that can help me to build my financial path as a grower and as a consultant too. Plese, help me show me the way. Thank u.

Dear sir new dairy farming business open in my village Bila gujarat so plz help me loan and ideas 7778014786 my WhatsApp number

hello sir, i am 20 yrs old and i want to open dairy farm. can you tell me about problems we face in this field.

Hello Mr. Reddy, Thanks for your effort to put this content in internet, it is very much informative. I am very much interested to start a dairy farm, but need proper guidance to set up this. I’m gathering information from youtube channels and some blogs like your. I may contact you to get some information.

Thanks Sahoo

very useful information sir Thank you

Hello sir, Iam r kanaka raj Ex-Servicemen Army I live from andaman and nicobar Islands. I want to open dairy farm. Can you tell me about problems we face in this field.

Please suggest the training institutes for dairy farming short courses.

Regards Mahesh

Subject: New Dairy Farm

This is Harish (farmer) from Telangana state, I’m really interested to start to start new dairy farm in my village I am having 5 acres land, Hence pls could you advice that from where to get the good livestock’s and what is the cost per cow. Pls could you share with me the shed diagram how to build for at least 10-12 cows.

Kind regards: Harish

Hi, Can you explain this business in financial terms….like cost of animals…on average how much they can produce milk….cost of milk….animal maintenance cost etc…if you can provide a table then it will be very useful

Dear sir I have plan to start up a dairy farm but I don’t have any idea I need some guid line to start up I need some ideas can u tell how can help me on this can u help me on this

My name is Obeng Kingsley an M. PHIL student at University of Ghana pursuing Agricultural science. I am currently rearing sheep but facing challenges in the housing system. I need advise on housing management system. thanks

Dear sir, I want to open new dairy farm in CUMBUM (Andhra Pradesh). I have required 10 Buffalo with good quality and can give 20-30 litre milk per day. please send me the details about buffalo , price, purchasing locations , transportation etc. is it supporting goverment like subsidy and any extra allowance.let me know sir,i donot have any me your phone number sir.i need to talk to you..ok sir.


Hi, Do you have any worksheet to make business plan? I need to calculate EBITDA for my Dairy Venture.

Thanks in advance.

thanks so much for such relevant information that will guide us in our development in business.

hi, I want to set up a dairy farm, kindly suggest to me the details in pdf, want to do it at Haveri.

can you please inform me about loans from centre govt subsidy and financial loans ?

i want starting small scale from kerala . please suggest to me rules and regulations

can you suggest names high feeding cows ?

I want to start Cow farming. How much amount will be required for 15 number Cow farming inclusive of Construction, feeder, medical treatment and labour cost etc.

How much monthly income i get with 15 cows?

Hi everyone I am planing for Dairy farming.can any one tell about the cost and land requirements & government rules

nice information

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Many people consume dairy as part of their staple food to consume almost daily. Products with dairy such as milk, yogurt, cheese, butter, and other dairy products came from cow’s milk To obtain the milk from these cows, dairy farms are established to milk them and then sell their milk to manufacturers who use cows milk to produce food products such as mentioned above. If you have the capacity and interest to start a dairy farm, one of the things you need to prepare is a business plan. A business plan will serve as your guide to running your business efficiently. Read the article to know how to make a dairy farm business plan.

Dairy Farm Business Plan

5+ dairy farm business plan samples, 1. dairy farm business plan template, 2. dairyman farm business plan, 3. dairy farm business plan, 4. dairy farm expansion business plan, 5. dairy farm small business plan, 6. dairy milk farm business plan, what is a dairy farm, how to make a dairy farm business plan, 1. begin with an executive summary, 2. provide a business overview, 3. describe your operations details, 4. provide details regarding your staff members, 5. lay out your marketing plan, 6. describe your financial plan, how much do you need to start a dairy farm, how much profit does a dairy farm have, how many dairy farms are there in the u.s..

dairy farm business plan template

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dairyman farm business plan

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A dairy farm is where female livestock , particularly cows but also including goats, buffalo, donkeys, and other livestock, are raised to produce milk to use to produce dairy products such as cheese, butter, yogurt, ice cream, and milk. Their milk is also used for non-food purposes too. Farmers who work in dairy farms do the following activities almost daily:

  • Milk the cows
  • Feed the cows
  • Help mother cows give birth to baby calves

The first page of your business plan is your cover page where you write down the name of your business, the address of your business, your name as the owner, and the date when the business plan is completed.

The next page, which also serves as the first section of the business plan, is your  executive summary . This section must give an overview of every section of your business plan without exceeding more than one page. It should highlight your business’ mission statement, the legal structure of your business, the scope of work, goods or services you offer, your requested amount of funding from investors or lending companies, your financial investment in the business, and your long-term goals.

Describe your  business  by including comprehensive details such as the location of your dairy farm, its business entity, the products or service you sell or offer, the size of your business, the history of the whole business your mission, values, and goals statements, and the nature of your business. Describe your dairy farm’s location such as its topography and zoning details.

Transition then to describe your target market, the purpose why your business exists, and your competitive advantage against your competition. Attach all the permits, certifications, and licenses you acquired that let you operate your business legally and ethically.

Describe your everyday tasks and operation in your dairy farm. You can use a process map to make it easier to understand your processes and procedures. Don’t forget to describe your productivity rate, and the equipment, vehicles, tools, fixtures, furniture, and other inventory items that are required to run your business.

You also need to include details of  risk management  and assessment. This is important to include in your business plan since your risk management prevents your business from falling apart.

Describe your organization using an organization chart where you list down the names of each of your staff and their responsibilities in the dairy farm. List also their background information. Include information about your contractors such as your suppliers who provide you equipment or other products that you will need for your farm.

Write down the details of your marketing strategies. Your marketing strategies are crucial processes to successfully bring customers to your farm. Describe how your strategies can bring you profit and attract your target market.

Your financial plan should describe your 3 or 5-year  financial statement . It must include your income statement, the current capital, profit and loss statement, balance sheet, and projected cash flow statements.

Your costs of starting a farm depend on the location and size of the farm, the number of animals you have, the food and water that you will feed to them, and the equipment and gear you use to till the land and create a barn and milking system to house and milk your cows.

The profit a dairy farm earns depends on the size and the number of cows they have. Large farms earn more than $270 while farms with less than 200 cows earn around $160 or even less.

According to the  Census of Agriculture , there are 54,599 dairy farms in the United States in the year 2017.

Once you’re done writing your business plan, make sure to review it and revise any errors and inaccuracies you’ll spot. Make sure your business plan not only looks professional but also it is clear and comprehensible enough for your readers to understand it right away. To help you get started on making a business plan for your dairy farm business, download our free sample templates provided above!

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Dairy Farm Business Plan Template

Dairy farm business plan.

You’ve come to the right place to create your Dairy Farm business plan.

We have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans and many have used them to start or grow their Dairy Farms.

Below is a template to help you create each section of your Dairy Farm business plan.

Executive Summary

Business overview.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm is a startup dairy farm located in Cashton, Wisconsin. The company is founded by Jon and Susan Hartford, former managers of a corporate dairy farm business. Jon and Susan managed the production of milk, cheese and yogurt on ten farms within their former business and successfully grew the business in eight years from 1M to 4M in yearly revenue. They are known for their respectful, flexible and visionary management style.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will provide a fresh alternative to corporate dairy farming. Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will provide a one-stop shop for artisan cheeses, goat and cow milk, goat, sheep and cow cheeses, and a variety of garden fresh produce. All are organically processed and prepared for individual customers who are seeking the purity of organic, wholesome milk, cheese and produce.

Product Offering

The following are the products and services that Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will provide:

  • Organic cow and goat milk
  • Organic cream and half-and-half
  • Organic artisan cow, sheep and goat cheeses
  • Organic fresh daily produce from the Pleasant Hill garden
  • Garden and farm tours for guests
  • Event venue: garden and farm locations
  • Volunteer “Farmer for a Day” Program

Customer Focus

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will target all residents and visitors within the region. They will target consumers seeking artisan cheeses and vendors who sell the cheeses. They will target wedding planners and other party organizers. They will target volunteers for special programs that highlight the community importance of privately-owned farms.

Management Team

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will be owned and operated by Jon and Susan Hartford. They’ve recruited their former associate, Tom Watkins, to be their new Field Manager. In addition, they’ve recruited Sheila Watkins to be the Office Manager and caretaker of forms, filing and administrative tasks.

Success Factors

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will be able to achieve success by offering the following competitive advantages:

  • Friendly, knowledgeable, and highly-qualified team of Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm
  • Unique artisan cheeses, organic milks, fresh produce and other farm-fresh items.
  • Event venues for small or large parties and weddings, each with sunset views, garden patios and comfortable seating for guests.
  • Opportunities for consumers to experience small farming via “Farmer for a Day” and other introductory experiences.
  • Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm offers the best pricing in town. Their pricing structure is the most cost-effective compared to the competition.

Financial Highlights

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm is seeking $200,000 in debt financing to launch its Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm. The funding will be dedicated toward securing the office space and purchasing office equipment and supplies. Funding will also be dedicated toward three months of overhead costs to include payroll of the staff, rent, and marketing costs for the print ads and marketing costs. The breakout of the funding is below:

  • Office space build-out: $20,000
  • Office equipment, supplies, and materials: $10,000
  • Three months of overhead expenses (payroll, rent, utilities): $150,000
  • Marketing costs: $10,000
  • Working capital: $10,000

The following graph outlines the financial projections for Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm Pro Forma Projections

Company Overview

Who is pleasant hill dairy farm.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm is a newly established, owner-operated dairy farm in Cashton, Wisconsin. Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will be the unique, cost-effective, and engaging authentic dairy farm for visitors from the city and the surrounding communities. Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will provide a comprehensive menu of artisan cheeses, milks and product for all customers to purchase. Their unique approach includes an offer for visitors to become a “Farmer for a Day” to better understand the importance of private farming by families rather than large conglomerates.

  Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will be able to produce a variety of flavorful organic cheeses, organic milk from cows and goats, and a dairy selection of fresh produce from the farm. In addition, visitors can experience the joys of farming and get a “hands on” feeling for the occupation by becoming farmers for one day. The addition of offering event venues captures the beauty of the farm and will add to the revenue of the farm by maximizing the use of the land and natural beauty of the area. The team of professionals are highly qualified and experienced in dairy farming and the hospitality industry.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm provides exceptional artisan cheeses not to be found elsewhere and organic milks that consumers are searching for. The staff prides itself on delivering the best customer service as they engage with enthusiasm on behalf of their private farm-based business.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm History

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm was purchased in 2018 by Jon and Susan Harfford. They have grown the 20 acre farm and animal population to include 5 acres of farm produce available year round and livestock including 45 sheep, 22 goats and 35 dairy cows. The Hartfords built barns, tack rooms, offices and a small store to accommodate all that is necessary to provide and sell products to the general public. They also constructed event venue areas for special occasions to add to the revenue stream for their business. Their approach is that consumers will love the artisan flavors of organic cheeses and appreciate their organic milks. The produce sold will be fresh from their gardens every day, which is appealing to consumers.

Since incorporation, Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm has achieved the following milestones:

  • Registered Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm, LLC to transact business in the state of Wisconsin.
  • Has a contract in place for a 10,000 square foot office near the entrance of their farm Reached out to numerous contacts to include Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm as an event venue.
  • Contacted wholesalers with invitations to sell Pleasant Hill cheeses and milks.
  • Began recruiting a staff of six and office personnel to work at Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm Products and Services

The following will be the products and services Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will provide:

  • Uncured fresh artisan cheeses
  • Cured and aged artisan cheeses
  • Goat, sheep and cow yogurt
  • Fresh farm produce harvested daily
  • Farm tours for visitors
  • “Farmer for a Day” guest program
  • Event venues for weddings and parties

Industry Analysis

The dairy farm industry is expected to grow over the next five years to over $66 billion. The growth will be driven by consumers’ interest and consumption of organic dairy products and produce. In addition, the growth will also be driven by the consumers’ interest in sustainable farming methods. Many, if not most, consumers also look toward future farming practices that embrace advanced agricultural practices and technology, while at the same time minimizing the ecological footprint.

While some of the costs will increase due to the expense of livestock welfare requirements and farming supplies, including feed, the costs will decrease as artisan cheeses are introduced and consumers become familiar with the specialized, rich flavors of organic cheese, milk and yogurt products. Farms will become more valuable as land ownership shifts, however the farms that include a variety of uses for their farms, such as event venues, community outreach programs and other offers, will see appreciation for farms by consumers also grow.

Customer Analysis

Demographic profile of target market, customer segmentation.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will primarily target the following customer profiles:

  • All residents and visitors in the region of Cashton
  • Consumers shopping for organic produce and dairy products
  • Consumers shopping for artisan cheeses
  • Event organizers and wedding planners
  • Consumers seeking a farming experience or expanded knowledge of the land

Competitive Analysis

Direct and indirect competitors.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will face competition from other companies with similar business profiles. A description of each competitor company is below.

PureBloom Dairy Ranch

PureBloom Dairy Ranch is owned and operated by the Granger Corporation, a C-corporation based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The company includes over 100 employees, along with multiple ranch managers and field staff. PureBloom Dairy Ranch is owned in conjunction with 56 ranches within the corporation, where milk and milk products are derived from large herds of Holstein cows. The corporation sells the milk and milk products primarily to chain retail grocery stores within Wisconsin and several neighboring states.

PureBloom Dairy Ranch provides milk and milk products to grocery stores within the Cashton region and also provides milk to the school district and state government eateries under yearly contracts. The milk and milk products are the products of cows that have ingested antibiotics; the milk and milk products are not organic.

Evergreen Dairy Farm

Evergreen Dairy Farm is owned and operated by Tracy Hanson, who specializes in providing cheeses for aficionados around the nation. The cheese is made from the milk of goats and sheep and is often cured for over one year while ripening. Flavors of the Evergreen Farm cheeses include Blue River cheese, French Pastry Cream Cheese, and other select artisan cheeses. The cheeses sold by Evergreen Dairy Farm are offered at twice the price of Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm cheeses, due to long ripening times and the costs associated with creating small batch cheeses for ecommerce returns. The company was founded in 2018 and has a small, faithful following of cheese lovers from around the nation.

Townsend & Hatch Farms

Larry Townsend and Gerry Hatch formed the Townsend & Hatch Farms in 2015 to carry on their family tradition of dairy farming. The 126-acre farm holds sheep, cows, goats and llamas, all prized for their rich, creamy milk products. Townsend & Hatch Farms has a primary focus of providing high-end consumer goods to specialty providers within the US dairy industry. As such, they do not offer sales within the local area, but provide bulk orders of milk products to select customers in restaurants, upscale spas and resorts. Their pricing of products is generally 150% higher than that of other organic milk farmers. The reputation of Townsend & Hatch Farms has grown exponentially over the past eight years and the company has grown to a 3M enterprise with several ranch and field managers and office staff.

Competitive Advantage

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will be able to offer the following advantages over their competition:

Marketing Plan

Brand & value proposition.

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will offer the unique value proposition to its clientele:

  • Highly-qualified team of skilled employees who are able to provide pure, organic milks and milk products at reasonable prices.
  • Unique artisan cheeses available only at Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm
  • Opportunities for community learning and engagement via “Farmer for a Day” programs and guest tours of the farm
  • Farm fresh, organic produce offered daily
  • Event venues of weddings and other occasions located in serene, beautiful surroundings
  • Unbeatable pricing for their customers; they will offer the lowest pricing in the city.

Promotions Strategy

The promotions strategies for Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm are as follows:

Word of Mouth/Referrals

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm has built up an extensive list of contacts over the years by providing exceptional service and expertise in their former managerial roles. The contacts will follow Jon and Susan Hartford to their new company and help spread the word of Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm.

Professional Associations and Networking

Jon and Susan Hartford will join various community and trade associations. This will increase their visibility within the artisan and organic milk products market.

Print Advertising

Two weeks prior to launch, a direct-mail piece will be sent to all Cashton city and regional residents, inviting them to visit Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm to tour the farm. They will also be offered discounted pricing for milk, yogurt and artisan cheeses. During the launch, visitors will be offered taste-testings of cheeses to encourage purchases.

Website/SEO Marketing

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will fully utilize their website. The website will be well organized, informative, and list all the services that Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm provides. The website will also list their contact information and list their available products for sale. The website will engage in SEO marketing tactics so that anytime someone types in the Google or Bing search engine “organic milk” or “Dairy farm near me,” Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will be listed at the top of the search results.

The pricing of Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will be moderate and on par with competitors so customers feel they receive excellent value when purchasing their services.

Operations Plan

The following will be the operations plan for Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm. Operation Functions:

  • Jon Hartford will be the owner and President of the company. He will oversee all staff and manage client relations.
  • Susan Hartford will be the Vice President of the company. She will oversee the growth of the business in property development and herd growth. Jon and Susan have spent the past year recruiting the following staff:
  • Tom Watkins, their former Ranch Manager, will become their new Field Manager.
  • Sheila Watkins, a former associate, will become the Office Manager and caretaker of forms, filing and administrative tasks.


Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will have the following milestones completed in the next six months.

  • 5/1/202X – Finalize contract to build office space
  • 5/15/202X – Finalize personnel and staff employment contracts for the Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm
  • 6/1/202X – Finalize contracts for Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm wholesale clients
  • 6/15/202X – Begin networking at association and trade events
  • 6/22/202X – Begin moving into Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm office
  • 7/1/202X – Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm opens its doors for business

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm will be owned and operated by Jon and Susan Hartford. They recruited Tom Watkins to be their new Field Manager. In addition, they’ve recruited Sheila Watkins to be the Office Manager and caretaker of forms, filing and administrative tasks.

Jon Hartford and Susan Hartford were formerly employees of a large conglomerate dairy ranch company. Together, they managed fields and operations for eight years. During that time, they became convinced that dairy farms could operate more efficiently and produce better quality milk and milk products by becoming smaller and privatized, while concnetrating on organic farming methods. Together, they took certification courses at the University of Wisconsin in Organic Farming Practices and both won their certifications.

Jon and Susan Hartford recruited Tom Watkins, a former associate Field Manager, to become the Field Manager for their new business. Tom is known as an exemplary field manager, highly-knowledgeable about the livestock in the fields, and responsive to all requests and needs within his position.

Sheila Watkins was also recruited to become the Office Manager. She worked with Jon and Susan for eight years and is known for her honesty and highly-organized administrative skills.

Financial Plan

Key revenue & costs.

The revenue drivers for Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm are the fees they will charge to consumers for their products and services.

The cost drivers will be the overhead costs required in order to staff Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm. The expenses will be the payroll cost, rent, utilities, office supplies, and marketing materials.

Funding Requirements and Use of Funds

Pleasant Hill Dairy Farm is seeking $200,000 in debt financing to launch its dairy farm. The funding will be dedicated toward securing the office space and purchasing office equipment and supplies. Funding will also be dedicated toward three months of overhead costs to include payroll of the staff, rent, and marketing costs for the print ads and association memberships. The breakout of the funding is below:

Key Assumptions

The following outlines the key assumptions required in order to achieve the revenue and cost numbers in the financials and in order to pay off the startup business loan.

  • Number of Customers Per Month: 205
  • Average Revenue per Month: $30,250
  • Office Build Out Costs: $100,000

Financial Projections

Income statement, balance sheet, cash flow statement, dairy farm business plan faqs, what is a dairy farm business plan.

A dairy farm business plan is a plan to start and/or grow your dairy farm business. Among other things, it outlines your business concept, identifies your target customers, presents your marketing plan and details your financial projections.

You can easily complete your Dairy Farm business plan using our Dairy Farm Business Plan Template here .

What are the Main Types of Dairy Farm Businesses? 

There are a number of different kinds of dairy farm businesses , some examples include: Freestall dairy farm, Drylot dairy farm, and Pasture-based dairy farm.

How Do You Get Funding for Your Dairy Farm Business Plan?

Dairy Farm businesses are often funded through small business loans. Personal savings, credit card financing and angel investors are also popular forms of funding.

What are the Steps To Start a Dairy Farm Business?

Starting a dairy farm business can be an exciting endeavor. Having a clear roadmap of the steps to start a business will help you stay focused on your goals and get started faster.

1. Develop A Dairy Farm Business Plan - The first step in starting a business is to create a detailed dairy farm business plan that outlines all aspects of the venture. This should include potential market size and target customers, the services or products you will offer, pricing strategies and a detailed financial forecast. 

2. Choose Your Legal Structure - It's important to select an appropriate legal entity for your dairy farm business. This could be a limited liability company (LLC), corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship. Each type has its own benefits and drawbacks so it’s important to do research and choose wisely so that your dairy farm business is in compliance with local laws.

3. Register Your Dairy Farm Business - Once you have chosen a legal structure, the next step is to register your dairy farm business with the government or state where you’re operating from. This includes obtaining licenses and permits as required by federal, state, and local laws.

4. Identify Financing Options - It’s likely that you’ll need some capital to start your dairy farm business, so take some time to identify what financing options are available such as bank loans, investor funding, grants, or crowdfunding platforms.

5. Choose a Location - Whether you plan on operating out of a physical location or not, you should always have an idea of where you’ll be based should it become necessary in the future as well as what kind of space would be suitable for your operations.

6. Hire Employees - There are several ways to find qualified employees including job boards like LinkedIn or Indeed as well as hiring agencies if needed – depending on what type of employees you need it might also be more effective to reach out directly through networking events.

7. Acquire Necessary Dairy Farm Equipment & Supplies - In order to start your dairy farm business, you'll need to purchase all of the necessary equipment and supplies to run a successful operation. 

8. Market & Promote Your Business - Once you have all the necessary pieces in place, it’s time to start promoting and marketing your dairy farm business. This includes creating a website, utilizing social media platforms like Facebook or Twitter, and having an effective Search Engine Optimization (SEO) strategy. You should also consider traditional marketing techniques such as radio or print advertising. - The World's Leading Business Plan Template Directory

Dairy Farm Business Plan Template [Updated 2023]


Dairy Farm Business Plan Template

If you want to start a Dairy Farm or expand your current Dairy Farm, you need a business plan.

The following Dairy Farm business plan template gives you the key elements to include in a winning Dairy Farm business plan.

You can download our business plan template (including a full, customizable financial model) to your computer here.

Below are links to each of the key sections of your Dairy Farm business plan: I. Executive Summary II. Company Overview III. Industry Analysis IV. Customer Analysis V. Competitive Analysis VI. Marketing Plan VII. Operations Plan VIII. Management Team IX. Financial Plan

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Dairy Farm Business Plan Home I. Executive Summary II. Company Overview III. Industry Analysis IV. Customer Analysis V. Competitive Analysis VI. Marketing Plan VII. Operations Plan VIII. Management Team IX. Financial Plan

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