• Our company
  • Sustainability
  • Social impact

years of refreshing the world

The Coca‑Cola Company has been refreshing the world and making a difference for over 136 years. Explore our Purpose & Vision, History and more.

  • Purpose & Company Vision
  • The Coca‑Cola System
  • Our Board of Directors
  • Our Origins
  • Our First Bottle
  • Sustainability History
  • Advertising History

brands worldwide

We've established a portfolio of drinks that are best positioned to grow in an ever-changing marketplace.

From trademark Coca‑Cola to Sports, Juice & Dairy Drinks, Alcohol Ready-to-Drink Beverages and more, discover some of our most popular brands in North America and from around the world.

  • Coca‑Cola
  • + View More
  • Costa Coffee
  • Gold Peak Tea
  • Minute Maid
  • Fresca Mixed
  • Jack Daniel's & Coca‑Cola
  • Simply Spiked
  • Topo Chico Hard Seltzer


Our purpose is to refresh the world and make a difference. See how our company and system employees make this possible every day and learn more about our areas of focus in sustainability.

  • Water Stewardship
  • 2030 Water Strategy Key Goals
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Principles for Sustainable Agriculture (PSAs)
  • Sustainable Packaging
  • Collection Strategy
  • Packaging Design
  • Partnership
  • In Our Products
  • Sugar Reduction
  • 2022 Business & Sustainability Report
  • Sustainability & Governance Resource Center

We aim to improve people's lives, from our employees to those who touch our business to the many communities we call home.

  • Diversity, Equity and Inclusion
  • Leadership Council
  • Employee Groups
  • People & Communities
  • Women Empowerment
  • Project Last Mile
  • Human Rights Governance
  • Stories of IMPACT
  • Coca‑Cola Foundation
  • Partnerships
  • Supplier Diversity
  • Sports & Entertainment

We believe working at The Coca‑Cola Company is an opportunity to build a meaningful career while helping us make a real difference on a global scale.

  • Career Development
  • Work With Us
  • Early Career
  • Experienced Professionals
  • Accessible Workplace
  • Application Process
  • Coca‑Cola Company Jobs
  • Coca‑Cola System Jobs


Catch up on the latest Coca‑Cola news from around the globe - from exciting brand innovation to the latest sustainability projects.

  • Taste the Transformation: Coca‑Cola and Grammy-Award Winning Artist Rosalía Break Boundaries With Limited-Edition Coke Creation
  • Coca‑Cola Brings Together Iconic Andy Warhol Painting with Illustrious Roster of Master Classics and Contemporary Works in New Global 'Masterpiece' Campaign
  • A Deeper Look  at Coca‑Cola's Emerging Business in Alcohol
  • Coca‑Cola Zero Sugar Invites Fans to #TakeATaste
  • Simply Mixology Raises the Bar of the At-Home Mocktail and Cocktail Experience
  • Sprite, Fresca and Seagram's Tap Mark Ronson and Madlib to Create a 'Clear' Connection
  • View all news

2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K


The Leading Source of Insights On Business Model Strategy & Tech Business Models


Coca-Cola’s Business And Distribution Strategy In A Nutshell

Coca-Cola follows a business strategy (implemented in 2006) where it invests initially in bottling partners’ operations through its operating arm – the Bottling Investment Group.

As they take off, Coca-Cola divests its equity stakes and establishes a franchising model as a long-term growth and distribution strategy .

Table of Contents

The secret isn’t in the secret formula but in its distribution strategy .

The Coca-Cola Company’s business model is based on five large independent bottling partners.

In 2019, these five bottling partners represented 40 percent of the total unit case volume the company sold.

Coca-Cola has separate agreements with bottling partners for manufacturing and selling the company’s products.

As specified by Coca-Cola,

“The bottler’s agreements generally authorize the bottlers to prepare, package, distribute and sell Company Trademark Beverages in authorized containers in an identified territory. The bottler is obligated to purchase its entire requirement of concentrates or syrups for the designated Company Trademark Beverages from the Company or Company-authorized suppliers.”

Coca-Cola typically agrees to refrain from selling or distributing, or from authorized third parties to sell or distribute, the Company Trademark Beverages throughout the identified territory, to guarantee bottling partner exclusivity under that territory and product .

However, Coca-Cola typically reserves the right to manufacture and distribute its trademarked products and brands.

In exchange, Coca-Cola also participates in its bottling partners’ sales and marketing activities.

For instance, in 2019, Coca-Cola spent $4.4 billion in promotional and marketing programs with bottling partners.

Coca-Cola’s short-term chain, long-term franchise-model

Coca-Cola’s strategy for building, growing, and maintaining its distribution system is pretty fluid.

Indeed, in most cases, Coca-Cola leverages a network of independent bottling partners.

In some cases, Coca-Cola places strategic investments in some bottling partners’ operations.

It does that either to enable entry into a local market by leveraging Coca-Cola’s group resources or to maintain control of the bottling partner.

In the long-term, Coca-Cola will divest its stake as the bottling partner operations take off, thus enabling Coca-Cola to keep its capital requirements low while keeping a minor stake in the bottling partner, thus guaranteeing control and cooperation.

Therefore, the distribution system and the bottling partners are organized as a hybrid approach between chain and franchise.

Where in the short term, Coca-Cola acts as a chain of bottling companies. Long-term, it acts more like franchising, where bottling partners are kept mostly independent yet tied to the Coca-Cola brand .

This mixed distribution system of owned and non-owned bottling partners is the Coca-Cola system which sold 30.3 billion unit cases in 2019.

Trademark Coca-Cola accounted for 43 percent of U.S. unit case volume.

Re-franchising or “going franchise”

For instance, in 2019, Coca-Cola acquired controlling interests in bottling operations in Zambia, Kenya, and Eswatini.

As those bottling operations will become stable and established over time, Coca-Cola will re-franchise them.

Therefore, it will sell its controlling stake, having a franchisor-franchisee relationship with those bottling partners.

In some cases, it might keep a minor equity stake to keep more control over the operations.

In 2018, for instance, Coca-Cola had a few hundred million in proceeds as it re-franchised its Canadian and Latin American bottling operations.

This is how Coca-Cola keeps its CAPEX low while still keeping control of the bottling operations and enabling expansion and capillary distribution !

This is how Coca-Cola represents its system:


While in the directly owned bottling facilities, Coca-Cola sells directly, independent bottling partners manage distribution in the concentrate operations.

Therefore, Coca-Cola makes money by selling its concentrate to bottling partners ( they must place an entire order for the concentrate available in that territory as part of the bottling agreement ).

To handle those operations, Coca-Cola introduced 2006 the Bottling Investment Group, which managed the bottling operations’ acquisition, divestment, and re-franchising.

The graphic below gives a good picture of the overall process and strategy which has been implemented since 2006:


Coca-Cola vs. McDonald’s distribution strategy

Here we can draw the difference between Coca-Cola’s and McDonald’s distribution strategies.

Both companies have found an ingenious way to scale up operations while maintaining control over the business .

In the case of Coca-Cola, the company employs a franchained model , where the company first controls operations in the short term.

Once those have been established, it moves to a licensing/partnership/exclusivity model , where it can keep control of its bottling partners while making its overall organization lighter.

McDonald’s also employs an interesting model , which is a heavily franchised one.

Indeed, as of 2022, most McDonald’s restaurants are franchises.


Yet, to keep lousy control over the franchising operations, McDonald’s directly negotiate lease terms, and it’s usually the owner/or primary renter of the land where the franchising operations sit.

In this way, McDonald’s lessens the cost of owning and operating franchises directly, while still allowing franchise restaurants to follow the company’s policies via its lease operations.

In that respect, McDonald’s is more of a real estate company than a restaurant business .


Key takeaways

  • An ingenious distribution network and the system drive the Coca-Cola business model .
  • Beginning in 2006, Coca-Cola established the Bottling Investment Group, which invests initially in bottling companies by bringing them under the control and ownership of Coca-Cola.
  • As local operations are established, and marketing and distribution activities run efficiently, Coca-Cola divests its controlling stakes, thus forming a franchising relationship with its bottling partners.
  • Bottling partners keep an exclusivity agreement with other third-parties bottling companies to produce or distribute under the territories those bottling partners control. For the products they bottle up, Coca-Cola also reserves its right to manufacture and distribute its products.
  • Coca-Cola, in turn, sells concentrate to those bottling companies, which act as franchisees for the branded Coca-Cola products.

Related Visual Stories

Coca-Cola Business Strategy


Who Owns Coca-Cola


Coca-Cola Revenue


Coca-Cola Profits


Coca-Cola Revenue vs. Profits


Coca-Cola Mission Statement


Coca-Cola SWOT Analysis


Coca-Cola PESTEL Analysis


What Does Coca-Cola Own?


Coca-Cola Competitors


Coca-Cola vs. PepsiCo


What Does PepsiCo Own?


Pepsi Competitors


More Resources


About The Author

coca cola business plan 2018

Gennaro Cuofano

  • Business Engineer
  • 70+ Business Models
  • Airbnb Business Model
  • Amazon Business Model
  • Apple Business Model
  • Google Business Model
  • Facebook [Meta] Business Model
  • Microsoft Business Model
  • Netflix Business Model
  • Uber Business Model

Financial Information

Latest quarterly results, quarter highlights.

  • Global Unit Case Volume Was Even
  • Net Revenues Grew 6%; Organic Revenues (Non-GAAP) Grew 11%
  • Operating Income Grew 3%; Comparable Currency Neutral Operating Income (Non-GAAP) Grew 15%
  • Operating Margin Was 20.1% Versus 20.7% in the Prior Year; Comparable Operating Margin (Non-GAAP) Was 31.6% Versus 30.7% in the Prior Year
  • EPS Grew 34% to $0.59; Comparable EPS (Non-GAAP) Grew 11% to $0.78

For complete information regarding our financials, see our periodic filings .

View the Latest Financials

Balance sheet.

Includes Assets, Liabilities and Shareowners’ Equity

Income Statement

Includes Net Operating Revenues, Expenses and Earnings Per Share

Includes Cash Flows from Operating, Investing & Financing Activities

Non-GAAP Reconciliations and Supplemental Financial Information

View our Non-GAAP Reconciliations and Supplemental Financial Information documents

  • Email Alerts
  • RSS News Feed


  1. Coca Cola Objectives 2018

    coca cola business plan 2018

  2. 😀 Strategic business plan for coca cola company. Business. 2019-02-16

    coca cola business plan 2018

  3. The Coca Cola Company Objectives 2018

    coca cola business plan 2018

  4. A strategical analysis of the Coca-Cola Companys

    coca cola business plan 2018

  5. Strategic business plan for coca cola company. Business Strategy Plan

    coca cola business plan 2018

  6. Plan de Marketing de Coca Cola

    coca cola business plan 2018


  1. 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K

    brands worldwide. We've established a portfolio of drinks that are best positioned to grow in an ever-changing marketplace. From trademark Coca‑Cola to Sports, Juice & Dairy Drinks, Alcohol Ready-to-Drink Beverages and more, discover some of our most popular brands in North America and from around the world.

  2. Strategy :: The Coca-Cola Company (KO)

    Our franchise business model has enabled us to develop a strong global footprint with a local touch in markets around the world. Today, we have approximately 200 bottling partners across more than 200 countries and territories and sell our brands in more than 20 channels within approximately 30 million customer outlets globally.

  3. Growth Strategy :: The Coca-Cola Company (KO)

    RGM focuses on identifying revenue pools (where to play) and revenue growth strategies (how to win). It is a capability with different markets being at different points of the journey, and adjusts based on the business objective and changing landscape.

  4. Financials :: The Coca-Cola Company (KO)

    Financials Topline Growth. Our confidence stems from the fact that we operate in an industry that will enjoy growth for a long time... Margins. Driving Topline... ... Driving some level of margin expansion over time as implied by our long-term growth... Capital Allocation. Our capital allocation ...

  5. Understanding Coca-Cola's Business Model And Performance

    1) What Does It Offer? Coca-Cola Revenues (How Does Coca-Cola Make Money) are generated by the sale of a variety of beverages such as sparkling soft drinks; water, enhanced water and sports...

  6. Financial Information :: The Coca-Cola Company (KO)

    Quarter Highlights. Operating Income Grew 3%; Comparable Currency Neutral Operating Income (Non-GAAP) Grew 15%. Operating Margin Was 20.1% Versus 20.7% in the Prior Year; Comparable Operating Margin (Non-GAAP) Was 31.6% Versus 30.7% in the Prior Year. EPS Grew 34% to $0.59; Comparable EPS (Non-GAAP) Grew 11% to $0.78.