Published By Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center

Copyright ownership and transfers faqs.

When performing copyright research, you may have questions about copy­right rules or terminology. For example, you may uncover a registration indicating the work is “made for hire,” or you may find a document indicating that the copyright has been “reclaimed” by the author. Below are some answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) about copyright ownership and transfers.

Ignore Heading – Content

Ignore heading – sub heading content, ignore heading – sub table content, what is a work made for hire.

Usually, the person who creates a work is also the initial owner of the copy­right in the work. But this isn’t always the case. Under some circumstances, a person who pays another to create a work becomes the initial copyright owner, not the person who actually created it. The resulting works are called “works made for hire” (or sometimes simply “works for hire”). There are two distinct types of work that will be classified as made for hire:

  • a work created by an employee within the scope of employment, or
  • a commissioned work that falls within a certain category of works and that is the subject of a written agreement. (The types of works that qualify and other relevant requirements are explained in more detail in Chapter 15.)

If the work qualifies under one of these two methods, the person paying for the work (the hiring party) is the author and copyright owner. If you want to use the work, you should seek permission from the employer or hiring party, not the person who created the work. If in doubt, you may be able to determine work-for-hire status by examining the copyright registration.

What Is a Transfer of Title?

The person who owns a copyright is sometimes referred to as having “title” to the copyright. A “title” is the document that establishes ownership to property, like the title to your car or house. But even in the absence of an official document, the owner of a copyright is often said to have title to it.

Just like title to your car or house, title to a copyright can be sold or otherwise transferred. A person or company can have ownership (title) of a copyright transferred to it by means of an assignment (a sale in which all or part of a copyright is transferred) or through a will or bankruptcy proceedings. Since title to a copyright can be transferred, you may have to search copyright records to determine the current owner of a work you want to use.

There are two ways to determine if copyright ownership has been transferred: by reviewing the copyright registration certificate issued by the Copyright Office, or by locating an assignment or transfer agreement. By reviewing the copyright registration certificate, you can find out who currently claims copyright and on what basis. For example, if a publisher has been assigned copyright to a work, it will file a copyright registration in its own name and indicate on the registration that it acquired copyright through a legal transfer. Also, many companies file the agreement that establishes the assignment, license, or transfer with the Copyright Office. For example, if an artist assigned his work to a company, the company could file the assignment document with the Copyright Office.

What Is a Termination of a Transfer?

Sometimes an author transfers copyright to someone and then later the author reacquires it through a process known as “terminating a transfer.” Copyright laws provide a method by which authors can reclaim rights after a number of years. This termination and reclamation process is complex, and the rules differ depending on when the work was first published. As a very general rule, transfer terminations occur between 28 and 56 years after the first publication. Terminations are filed with the Copyright Office and can be located by researching Copyright Office records.

For more information on terminations of transfers, see Chapter 9 of The Copyright Handbook by attorney Stephen Fishman (Nolo).

What If More Than One Person Owns a Copyright?

A common question is whom to ask for permission if several people jointly own a copyright. Co-ownership of copyright can occur in various ways. 
For example, if:

  • two people jointly create a work
  • the author transfers portions of the rights to different people 
(for example, giving half to each child), or
  • the author sells a portion of the copyright to someone and keeps 
the remainder.

Co-owners of copyright have a legal status known as “tenants in common.” When a co-owner dies, his or her share goes to his or her beneficiaries or heirs, not to the other co-owner. Each co‑owner has an independent right to use or non exclusively license the work—provided that he or she accounts to the other co‑owners for any profits. What this means for our purposes is that if you obtain the permission of any one co-owner, you can use the work. However, there are a few exceptions to this rule, as explained in the next section.

You can determine whether there is co-ownership of a certain work by reviewing Copyright Office documents. For example, a registration for a song might indicate that a composer and a lyricist co-own a song.

When Must You Get Multiple Permissions?

There are several situations in which you must obtain permission from all the co-owners of a work instead of just one. All co-owners must consent to an assignment of the work (a transfer of copyright ownership) or to an exclusive license (an agreement granting rights solely to one person).

Is There a Difference Between an Author and a Copyright Owner?

The author is the first owner of copyright. The author is either the creator of the work or the person who employs someone to create the work (see work-for-hire rules discussed above). Many authors do not retain their copyright ownership; they sell or transfer it to someone else in return for a lump sum payment or periodic payment known as a royalty. In this way, the author and copyright owner (sometimes referred to as “copyright claimant”) may be two different people. Even if you do not know the name of the current copyright owner, knowing the name of the author will help you find the owner in the Copyright Office records.

What If a Work Does Not Contain a Copyright Notice?

It’s common to start copyright research by examining the copyright notice. However, in some cases, the notice may be missing from the work. One reason you may not find a notice is because notice is not required on works first published after March 1, 1989. In addition, for works published prior to that date, notice is required only on visually perceptible copies—that is, copies that can be seen directly or with the aid of a device such as a film projector. Printed books, paintings, drawings, films, architecture, and computer programs are all visually perceptible. However, some works are not visually perceptible, such as a song on a compact disc. But copyright notice would be required if the song lyrics were printed on the album cover.

Another reason that a work may not include notice is that the owner failed to affix it, which may result in the loss of copyright. For works first published before 1978, for example, the absence of a copyright notice from a published copy generally indicates that the work is not protected by copyright. The absence of notice on works published between January 1, 1978 and March 1, 1989 may or may not result in the loss of copyright, depending on whether the owner corrected the error within five years of the publication and met other copyright law requirements.

What If There Is a Copyright Notice for an Entire Magazine but Not for the Specific Article You Want to Use?

If a story or a photograph is used in a magazine, there may be a copyright notice for the magazine but not for the specific story or photo that you want to use. That’s because the owners of magazines, anthologies, or greatest hits collections in which many different copyrighted works are collected (referred to as “collective works”) can use one copyright notice to protect all the works in the collection. This does not necessarily mean that the magazine owns the copyright in all of the works. It may or may not, depending on the contract with the author or photographer. Copyright Office research may not necessarily help you locate copyright information for these works because they may not be listed separately by title in the records. You may be better off contacting the owner of the collective work directly. The principles for contacting copyright owners are explained in the chapters dealing with specific media (text, artwork, photographs, and so on).

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Copyright Transfer Agreement

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A copyright transfer agreement is a formal agreement widely used to protect a workpiece's originality and retain ownership of one party (producer) from another. It is an example of an assignment agreement , and the contract is legally supported and ensures a transfer between the author of a work and another party, who can be a publisher, producer, or distributor. It is an invaluable legal tool for sharing and disseminating creative and original pieces. This agreement mentions the parameters under which the owner transfers their rights to the other party. Let's look at this comprehensive blog on copyright transfer agreements.

Essential Elements of a Copyright Transfer Agreement

The copyright transfer agreement contains several key elements, including:

  • Facilitating Ownership Transfer: A copyright agreement allows an official transfer of ownership of the work from the owner to other parties. Therefore, this is its key element.
  • Defining Purview and Duration: The agreement mentions the purview of the transferred rights, such as constraints related to locations or restrictions on specific formats. In addition, it clarifies if the copyright transfer is provisional or permanent.
  • Ensuring Royalties and Compensation: Copyright agreements normally address the issue of monetary compensation. In exchange for transferring their rights, the agreement may mention royalties, advances, or other forms of compensation for the owner.
  • Including Termination Clauses : Copyright agreements usually contain termination clauses that define the conditions under which the agreement can end, or rights can revert to the owner.

Steps to Obtain a Copyright Transfer Agreement

Obtaining a copyright agreement follows certain steps. These steps are:

  • Create the Work. For copyright protection, the first step entails creating an original piece of work that needs protection. It may include literary, artistic, instrumental, and other works of creativity. The labor must be documented in a tangible format.
  • Protect Copyright Automatically. In most cases, in the U.S., a copyright is automatically applied when the original workpiece has been created. However, registering the copyright with the U.S. Copyright Office is recommended for enforcing the rights and acquiring extra-legal benefits.
  • Register the Copyright. Although registering your copyright with the U.S. Copyright Office is not mandatory, it is strongly recommended. It provides strong legal protection and creates a public record of your copyright ownership. For this, it is mandated to apply with a copy of the said work and the applicable fee to the Copyright Office to get registered.
  • Draft a Copyright Agreement. A copyright agreement involves transferring or licensing a copyrighted piece to a third party. This contract should openly lay out the transferred rights, the terms of compensation, the duration, and any other pertinent provisions. It is recommended to acquire legal counsel or use templates provided by legal professionals to ensure the validity and completeness of the agreement.
  • Execute and Document the Agreement. After drafting the copyright agreement, both parties must review and sign the document. It is imperative to keep copies of the signed contract to keep the records. The agreement plays the role of evidence of the copyright transfer and aids in overcoming future disputes.

copyright transfer explained

Types of Copyright Transfer Agreements

Copyright agreements are of several types. Depending upon the work that needs copyright protection, these types extend to the following common categories:

  • Transferring Copyright: This agreement involves a full transfer of ownership from the owner to the respective third party. With this transfer, the recipient of the copyright gains the right to use the work while the owner gives up those rights.
  • Exclusive License Agreement : In an exclusive license agreement, the copyright owner grants a specific party the exclusive right to use the protected work. No other party may exercise these rights without the licensee's permission.
  • Non-Exclusive License: The nature of this agreement is non-exclusive. It means the copyright holder can simultaneously grant access to the work to multiple parties. Similarly, the owner can sell the copyright to more than just one exclusive party.
  • Work-for-Hire Agreement: This agreement exists when the owner has produced work during unemployment or under some other contract. Instead of the owner, the employer or contracting party becomes the legal owner of the copyright in this agreement.
  • Joint Copyright Agreement: A joint copyright agreement can be formed when two or more people collaborate on creating a work. This agreement establishes a shared copyright proprietorship, with each co-creator having an equal share of the associated rights and responsibilities.

Benefits of Copyright Transfer Agreements

A copyright agreement serves the owner as well as the holder some benefits. These benefits cover the protection of rights to conflict resolution. The importance of these agreements are:

  • Safeguarding Ownership: It helps protect the exclusive rights of the owner, such as re-generating, distribution, public display, and adaptation, thereby preventing illegal use and infringement .
  • Validating Authorship: By engaging in a copyright contract, owners can establish and document their ownership of the protected work. It facilitates the formation of a legal record of ownership and provides evidence in cases of conflict.
  • Authorizing Usage and Monetization: These agreements define the license terms, such as duration, territory, and financial considerations, enabling owners to commercialize their works while retaining ownership of their intellectual property .
  • Securing Payment and Remuneration: Copyright agreements frequently include provisions regarding monetary compensation, ensuring that owners are compensated equitably for using their copyrighted works. These contracts mention the royalty rates, payment terms, and mechanisms for collecting royalties, allowing owners to monetize their works and receive the required compensation.
  • Addressing Conflicts and Disagreements: A copyright agreement proves useful in cases of conflict. It establishes clear terms and conditions , facilitating dispute resolution and enforcing rights through legal channels. A copyright agreement can strengthen the owner's position when defending their intellectual property rights .

Key Terms for Copyright Transfer Agreements

  • Legally Binding: In a copyright agreement, "legally binding" means that legal laws and regulations bind the whole contract.
  • Termination Clause: The termination clause mentions the conditions under which a copyright agreement may end, and the rights reverted.
  • Moral Right: Moral rights in a copyright agreement refer to the author's right to be credited and the protection of their work's integrity.
  • Royalty: A royalty is the payment or recompenses a copyright holder receives for the authorized use of their copyrighted work.
  • Commercialization: Commercialization refers to the potential of owners to license and generate revenue from their copyrighted works.

Final Thoughts on Copyright Transfer Agreements

Copyright agreements are indispensable for owners and users of copyrighted works. These agreements provide a legal set-up for protecting and managing intellectual property by outlining the terms of ownership transfer, the scope of rights, compensation, and other factors. Understanding copyright agreements is important for nurturing a fair and collaborative creative ecosystem while protecting the rights of all parties involved, regardless if the person is an owner of the work or a party seeking to use the copyrighted material.

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Meet some of our Copyright Transfer Agreement Lawyers

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Scott graduated from Cardozo Law School and also has an English degree from Penn. His practice focuses on business law and contracts, with an emphasis on commercial transactions and negotiations, document drafting and review, employment, business formation, e-commerce, technology, healthcare, privacy, data security and compliance. While he's worked with large, established companies, he particularly enjoys collaborating with startups. Prior to starting his own practice in 2011, Scott worked in-house for over 5 years with businesses large and small. He also handles real estate leases, website and app Terms of Service and privacy policies, and pre- and post-nup agreements.

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Trusted legal counsel and business advisor to businesses and executive teams in the software, financial, and technology industries. Practice areas include commercial transactions, licensing, SaaS/PaaS/IaaS delivery models, software product development, regulatory compliance, new business formation, employment matters, and general corporate matters.

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After receiving my undergraduate degree in economics from Stanford, and my law degree from UCLA, I practiced in California for eight years before moving to Oregon in 1991. I am primarily a trial lawyer with over 50 jury trials, emphasizing personal injury, professional malpractice, construction, and employment law, but in the course of that practice have reviewed and drafted hundreds of releases, indemnification agreements, employment agreements, and construction agreements.

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I am an attorney admitted in New York and New Jersey with 21 years of law firm and in-house, complex litigation, appellate, and counseling experience. I am admitted in the New York U.S. District Courts and several U.S. Courts of Appeals. I have handled white collar litigation and other complex litigation matters. I have extensive insurance coverage, antitrust, contract, and internal investigations experience, and securities law and financial-services litigation experience. I was a candidate for the U.S. Senate in New Jersey 2011.

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Wilberforce Agyekum is an attorney with 16 years of experience practicing in areas of contracts, immigration, and criminal law. Wilberforce received a Bachelor of Science degree from Washington Adventist University, and Juris Doctorate from Seattle University School of Law.

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The simplest definition of copyright is a property right given to authors that allows them to control, protect, and exploit their artistic works.

Today it is very easy to receive a copyright for your work. All it needs is to be original, a little creative, and fixed in a tangible medium of expression. So, as soon as you create something, it is probably copyrighted. You don't need to do anything else; you don't need to file paperwork with the federal government, pay any fees, publish, or do anything other than create.

The statutory basis of copyright is in Title 17 of the United States Code . However, be aware that the interpretation of various provisions of copyright law may differ depending on the judicial circuit .

The United States Copyright Office offers a number of guides for a general audience, called "circulars," about copyright law.

There are three basic elements that a work must possess in order to be protected by copyright in the US:

Originality : To get a copyright, a work must be the original work of the author. This doesn't mean it has to be "novel" in the way an invention must be to get a patent. Instead, it basically means the work can't be a copy of something else.

Creativity : The U.S. Supreme Court has said  works only need to have a "modicum" of creativity to be creative enough for copyright.

Fixation : For works to have copyrights, they cannot be purely ephemeral. You can't get a copyright just by speaking out loud. But, as soon as you record that speech in some way, then its "fixed" and you may have a copyright over it. Notably, courts have interpreted this to mean that something as temporary as being copied onto RAM memory can constitute fixation.

The bar to satisfy these three elements is very low and most works will easily do so.

Rather than being one right, it might be best to think of copyright as a bundle of rights which authors have over their artistic works. Those rights are:

  • right to reproduce
  • right to make derivative works
  • right to distribute copies of a work
  • right to perform a work publicly
  • right to display a work publicly
  • for sound recordings, the right to perform the work by digital audio transmission

— 17 U.S.C. § 106

As a creator, you can give your whole copyright away, or you can allow others to use some or all of these rights through licenses. The choice is yours.

The law creates eight categories of works that copyright protects . These are:

  • literary works
  • musical works, including accompanying words
  • dramatic works, including accompanying music
  • pantomimes and choreographic works
  • pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works
  • motion pictures and other audiovisual works
  • sound recordings
  • architectural works

— 17 U.S.C. § 102

Copyright does not protect :

  • methods of operation
  • short phrases

— 17 U.S.C. § 102 , Copyright Circular 34

This means, for example, that some charts, table, and graphs are not actually protected by copyright. For more information, see  Copyrightability of Charts, Tables, and Graphs .

In addition, copyright is not available to works of the US government (works "prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties").

—17 U.S.C. § 101 ,  § 105

The copyright status of works created by US states and territories is less clear: see the State Copyright Resource Center .

The default rule is that authors own the copyrights to their works as soon as they create them. Like so much in the law, however, there are several instances where ownership is not so simple. Joint authors, for instance, both own the whole work together, instead of each person owning the part they create. What is more, if employees create works that are within the scope of their jobs, the copyrights are owned by the employers as "works-for-hire."

Additionally, the law permits copyright owners to transfer their copyrights in whole or in part to other people, as well as allow others to use their works while retaining copyrights ownership through licenses.

Furthermore, the law specifically allows people to transfer their copyrights in part or in whole. Note: a transfer of copyright ownership is not valid unless it is in writing and signed by the owner.

— 17 U.S.C. §§ 101 , 201 - 205

Notably, copyright protects the expression of an idea, but not the idea itself. This should be intuitive: Copyright is designed to protect art not the ideas art is based on. So, just because copyright protects the Harry Potter stories does not prevent another person from writing a completely unique story about a boy wizard using magic to fight evil. The law protect's J.K. Rowling's specific telling of that story, but not all of the ideas that are contained within the story.

Importantly, there is a distinction between plagiarism and copyright. Plagiarism is the failure to give proper attribution to an original creator's work when another person uses the original creator's thoughts, words, or ideas in a secondary work. Whereas, copyright infringement is using some or all of a copyrighted work without the original creator's permission, or without an exception that allows one to use such a work.

While copyright infringement may overlap with plagiarism, the two concepts do not serve the same purposes. Indeed, simply providing attribution for a work's creator does not protect you from violating the author's copyright. Similarly, just because copyright law might allow you to make certain uses of another person's work does not mean that such a use would not be an instance of plagiarism.

So how do you avoid them both? The simplest solution is this: Always provide attribution for the source of a work and consider whether you have a right to use a work under copyright law. Both are important and one will not substitute for the other.

For more on the difference between copyright and plagiarism, read this post from Plagiarism Today .

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Terminate Copyright Transfers

All licenses or transfers (e.g., assignments) of copyrights executed by the creator of a copyrighted work on or after January 1, 1978 may be terminated by the creator who signed the agreement or his or her heirs regardless of the terms of the agreement. This provision in the copyright law is commonly referred to as termination rights. This right can only be exercised during a five-year window that opens on thirty-fifth year after the agreement took effect. (Similarly, all licenses or transfers executed by creators or certain of the creator’s heirs prior to January 1, 1978 covering copyrights secured before that date also are terminable but the window for doing so is at the end of the fifty sixth year after the copyright was secured.)

The reason this provision is included in the copyright law is because Congress wanted to give creators and their heirs a second opportunity to make money from their efforts because they are often forced to sell their works before the actual worth of the works is established.

Learn more about how to terminate copyright transfers, and copyright laws in general by joining the alliance —it’s free.

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17 U.S. Code § 203 - Termination of transfers and licenses granted by the author

The Problem in General. The provisions of section 203 are based on the premise that the reversionary provisions of the present section on copyright renewal (17 U.S.C. sec. 24 [section 24 of former title 17]) should be eliminated, and that the proposed law should substitute for them a provision safeguarding authors against unremunerative transfers. A provision of this sort is needed because of the unequal bargaining position of authors, resulting in part from the impossibility of determining a work’s value until it has been exploited. Section 203 reflects a practical compromise that will further the objectives of the copyright law while recognizing the problems and legitimate needs of all interests involved.

Scope of the Provision. Instead of being automatic, as is theoretically the case under the present renewal provision, the termination of a transfer or license under section 203 would require the serving of an advance notice within specified time limits and under specified conditions. However, although affirmative action is needed to effect a termination, the right to take this action cannot be waived in advance or contracted away. Under section 203(a) the right of termination would apply only to transfers and licenses executed after the effective date of the new statute [ Jan. 1, 1978 ], and would have no retroactive effect.

The right of termination would be confined to inter vivos transfers or licenses executed by the author, and would not apply to transfers by the author’s successors in interest or to the author’s own bequests. The scope of the right would extend not only to any “transfer of copyright ownership,” as defined in section 101, but also to nonexclusive licenses. The right of termination would not apply to “works made for hire,” which is one of the principal reasons the definition of that term assumed importance in the development of the bill.

Who Can Terminate a Grant. Two issues emerged from the disputes over section 203 as to the persons empowered to terminate a grant: (1) the specific classes of beneficiaries in the case of joint works; and (2) whether anything less than unanimous consent of all those entitled to terminate should be required to make a termination effective. The bill to some extent reflects a compromise on these points, including a recognition of the dangers of one or more beneficiaries being induced to “hold out” and of unknown children or grandchildren being discovered later. The provision can be summarized as follows:

1. In the case of a work of joint authorship, where the grant was signed by two or more of the authors, majority action by those who signed the grant, or by their interests, would be required to terminate it.

2. There are three different situations in which the shares of joint authors, or of a dead author’s widow or widower, children, and grandchildren, must be divided under the statute: (1) The right to effect a termination; (2) the ownership of the terminated rights; and (3) the right to make further grants of reverted rights. The respective shares of the authors, and of a dead author’s widow or widower, children, and grandchildren, would be divided in exactly the same way in each of these situations. The terms “widow,” “widower,” and “children” are defined in section 101 in an effort to avoid problems and uncertainties that have arisen under the present renewal section.

3. The principle of per stirpes representation would also be applied in exactly the same way in all three situations. Take for example, a case where a dead author left a widow, two living children, and three grandchildren by a third child who is dead. The widow will own half of the reverted interests, the two children will each own 16⅔ percent, and the three grandchildren will each own a share of roughly 5½ percent. But who can exercise the right of termination? Obviously, since she owns 50 percent, the widow is an essential party, but suppose neither of the two surviving children is willing to join her in the termination; is it enough that she gets one of the children of the dead child to join, or can the dead child’s interest be exercised only by the action of a majority of his children? Consistent with the per stirpes principle, the interest of a dead child can be exercised only as a unit by majority action of his surviving children. Thus, even though the widow and one grandchild would own 55½ percent of the reverted copyright, they would have to be joined by another child or grandchild in order to effect a termination or a further transfer of reverted rights. This principle also applies where, for example, two joint authors executed a grant and one of them is dead; in order to effect a termination, the living author must be joined by a per stirpes majority of the dead author’s beneficiaries. The notice of termination may be signed by the specified owners of termination interests or by “their duly authorized agents,” which would include the legally appointed guardians or committees of persons incompetent to sign because of age or mental disability.

When a Grant Can be Terminated. Section 203 draws a distinction between the date when a termination becomes effective and the earlier date when the advance notice of termination is served. With respect to the ultimate effective date, section 203(a)(3) provides, as a general rule, that a grant may be terminated during the 5 years following the expiration of a period of 35 years from the execution of the grant. As an exception to this basic 35-year rule, the bill also provides that “if the grant covers the right of publication of the work, the period begins at the end of 35 years from the date of publication of the work under the grant or at the end of 40 years from the date of execution of the grant, whichever term ends earlier.” This alternative method of computation is intended to cover cases where years elapse between the signing of a publication contract and the eventual publication of the work.

The effective date of termination, which must be stated in the advance notice, is required to fall within the 5 years following the end of the applicable 35- or 40-year period, but the advance notice itself must be served earlier. Under section 203(a)(4)(A), the notice must be served “not less than two or more than ten years” before the effective date stated in it.

As an example of how these time-limit requirements would operate in practice, we suggest two typical contract situations:

Case 1: Contract for theatrical production signed on September 2, 1987 . Termination of grant can be made to take effect between September 2, 2022 (35 years from execution) and September 1, 2027 (end of 5 year termination period). Assuming that the author decides to terminate on September 1, 2022 (the earliest possible date) the advance notice must be filed between September 1, 2012 , and September 1, 2020 .

Case 2: Contract for book publication executed on April 10, 1980 ; book finally published on August 23, 1987 . Since contract covers the right of publication, the 5-year termination period would begin on April 10, 2020 (40 years from execution) rather than April 10, 2015 (35 years from execution) or August 23, 2022 (35 years from publication). Assuming that the author decides to make the termination effective on January 1, 2024 , the advance notice would have to be served between January 1, 2014 , and January 1, 2022 .

Effect of Termination. Section 203(b) makes clear that, unless effectively terminated within the applicable 5-year period, all rights covered by an existing grant will continue unchanged, and that rights under other Federal, State, or foreign laws are unaffected. However, assuming that a copyright transfer or license is terminated under section 203, who are bound by the termination and how are they affected?

Under the bill, termination means that ownership of the rights covered by the terminated grant reverts to everyone who owns termination interests on the date the notice of termination was served, whether they joined in signing the notice or not. In other words, if a person could have signed the notice, that person is bound by the action of the majority who did; the termination of the grant will be effective as to that person, and a proportionate share of the reverted rights automatically vests in that person. Ownership is divided proportionately on the same per stirpes basis as that provided for the right to effect termination under section 203(a) and, since the reverted rights vest on the date notice is served, the heirs of a dead beneficiary would inherit his or her share.

Under clause (3) of subsection (b), majority action is required to make a further grant of reverted rights. A problem here, of course, is that years may have passed between the time the reverted rights vested and the time the new owners want to make a further transfer; people may have died and children may have been born in the interim. To deal with this problem, the bill looks back to the date of vesting; out of the group in whom rights vested on that date, it requires the further transfer or license to be signed by “the same number and proportion of the owners” (though not necessarily the same individuals) as were then required to terminate the grant under subsection (a). If some of those in whom the rights originally vested have died, their “legal representatives, legatees, or heirs at law” may represent them for this purpose and, as in the case of the termination itself, any one of the minority who does not join in the further grant is nevertheless bound by it.

An important limitation on the rights of a copyright owner under a terminated grant is specified in section 203(b)(1). This clause provides that, notwithstanding a termination, a derivative work prepared earlier may “continue to be utilized” under the conditions of the terminated grant; the clause adds, however, that this privilege is not broad enough to permit the preparation of other derivative works. In other words, a film made from a play could continue to be licensed for performance after the motion picture contract had been terminated but any remake rights covered by the contract would be cut off. For this purpose, a motion picture would be considered as a “derivative work” with respect to every “preexisting work” incorporated in it, whether the preexisting work was created independently or was prepared expressly for the motion picture.

Section 203 would not prevent the parties to a transfer or license from voluntarily agreeing at any time to terminate an existing grant and negotiating a new one, thereby causing another 35-year period to start running. However, the bill seeks to avoid the situation that has arisen under the present renewal provision, in which third parties have bought up contingent future interests as a form of speculation. Section 203(b)(4) would make a further grant of rights that revert under a terminated grant valid “only if it is made after the effective date of the termination.” An exception, in the nature of a right of “first refusal,” would permit the original grantee or a successor of such grantee to negotiate a new agreement with the persons effecting the termination at any time after the notice of termination has been served.

Nothing contained in this section or elsewhere in this legislation is intended to extend the duration of any license, transfer or assignment made for a period of less than thirty-five years. If, for example, an agreement provides an earlier termination date or lesser duration, or if it allows the author the right of cancelling or terminating the agreement under certain circumstances, the duration is governed by the agreement. Likewise, nothing in this section or legislation is intended to change the existing state of the law of contracts concerning the circumstances in which an author may cancel or terminate a license, transfer, or assignment.

Section 203(b)(6) provides that, unless and until termination is effected under this section, the grant, “if it does not provide otherwise,” continues for the term of copyright. This section means that, if the agreement does not contain provisions specifying its term or duration, and the author has not terminated the agreement under this section, the agreement continues for the term of the copyright, subject to any right of termination under circumstances which may be specified therein. If, however, an agreement does contain provisions governing its duration—for example, a term of fifty years—and the author has not exercised his or her right of termination under the statute, the agreement will continue according to its terms—in this example, for only fifty years. The quoted language is not to be construed as requiring agreements to reserve the right of termination.

2002—Subsec. (a)(2)(A) to (C). Pub. L. 107–273 , in subpars. (A) to (C), substituted “The” for “the” and, in subpars. (A) and (B), substituted period for semicolon at end.

1998—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105–298, § 103(1) , struck out “by his widow or her widower and his or her children or grandchildren” after “exercised,” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2)(D). Pub. L. 105–298, § 103(2) , added subpar. (D).

Copyright Explained

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Copyright is another one of the asset types in the intellectual property family that is important for the owner to identify and protect. The following brief introductions were excerpted from the US Copyright Office .

What Is Copyright?

Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U. S. Code) to the authors of “original works of authorship”, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works.

Who Can Claim Copyright?

Copyright protection subsists from the time the work is created in fixed form. The copyright in the work of authorship immediately becomes the property of the author who created the work. Only the author or those deriving their rights through the author can rightfully claim copyright.

Copyrightable Works

Copyrightable works include the following categories:

  • literary works
  • musical works, including any accompanying words
  • dramatic works, including any accompanying music
  • pantomimes and choreographic works
  • pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works
  • motion pictures and other audiovisual works
  • sound recordings
  • architectural works

These categories should be viewed broadly. For example, computer programs and most “compilations” may be registered as “literary works”; maps and architectural plans may be registered as “pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works.”

Copyright Notice

To show a copyright notice the following elements are needed:

  • The symbol © (the letter C in a circle), or the word “Copyright,” or the abbreviation “Copr.”; and
  • The year of first publication of the work. In the case of compilations or derivative works incorporating previously published material, the year date of first publication of the compilation or derivative work is sufficient. The year date may be omitted where a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work, with accompanying textual matter, if any, is reproduced in or on greeting cards, postcards, stationery, jewelry, dolls, toys, or any useful article; and
  • The name of the owner of copyright in the work, or an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of the owner.

Example: © 2008 John Doe or : © 2009 Rochester Institute of Technology

More Information

For more information please visit the US Copyright Office for :  

  • Copyright Basics  
  • Frequently Asked Questions  
  • Taking the Mystery out of Copyright

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A guide to copyright.

From: Canadian Intellectual Property Office

On this page

Protect your valuable creations.

  • Copyright: Definition and Applicability

Benefits of registration

Term of protection, works of crown copyright, applying for registration of copyright.

  • Corresponding with the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO)

Electronic services

  • Anonymity in Registration
  • Copyright Notice

Assignments and licences

Additional contacts and information.

  • Frequently Asked Questions

Understanding copyright — The basics

This guide is intended as an introduction to copyright and copyright registration. It is not a complete text on the law regarding copyright.

Please note that, if your particular situation requires specific legal advice, you should consult a lawyer specializing in intellectual property (IP) law, or a legal clinic focused on IP.

A poem, painting, musical score, computer program—all are valuable creations, although perhaps no one can measure their worth. Some works may earn a lot of money in the marketplace, while others earn none at all.

The purpose of the Copyright Act is to further the public interest by promoting the creation and dissemination of works of the arts and intellect, and to allow creators a just reward for their creations.

Regardless of their merit or commercial value, Canadian law protects all original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works, provided the conditions set out in the Copyright Act have been met. This means that if you own the copyright to a poem, song or other original work, you have rights but these rights are balanced with various conditions and exceptions to copyright which limit its length and applicability under certain conditions.

People sometimes confuse copyright with patents, trademarks, industrial designs and integrated circuit topographies. Like copyright, these are forms of IP and are covered in their own legislative acts. For more information on different types of IP, consult the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO)'s Understand the basics page .

Copyright: Definition and applicability

Copyright applies to original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works that are in a fixed material form (i.e., written, recorded) and means that a copyright owner has:

  • the sole right to produce or reproduce that work or a substantial part of it in any material form
  • the sole right to perform that work or any substantial part of it in public
  • if the work is unpublished, the right to publish it or any substantial part of it

Copyright protection applies to all original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works provided the conditions set out in section 5 of the Copyright Act have been met. Each of these general categories covers a wide range of creations, including:

  • literary works such as books, pamphlets, computer programs, software and other works consisting of text
  • dramatic works such as motion picture films, plays, screenplays and scripts
  • musical works such as musical compositions with or without words
  • artistic works such as paintings, drawings, maps, photographs, sculptures and plans

Copyright's balance means it is subject to certain exceptions, which are found throughout Part III of the Copyright Act . These exceptions allow copyrighted works to be copied without authorization or payment under certain conditions or for specific purposes (for example: educational purposes, shifting a work from an obsolete form to a modern form, or for accessibility purposes). For more information on exceptions within the Copyright Act and to determine if they are applicable to you, please consult a lawyer specializing in IP law, or a legal clinic focused on IP.

Copyright also applies to other subject-matter , as described below, though the associated rights may differ somewhat.

  • a performance of an artistic, dramatic or musical work, whether or not the work was previously recorded and whether or not the work's term of copyright protection has expired
  • a recitation or reading of a literary work, whether or not the work's term of copyright protection has expired
  • an improvisation of a dramatic, musical or literary work, whether or not the improvised work is based on a pre-existing work
  • sound recordings, meaning recordings consisting of sounds, whether or not a performance of a work, but excluding any soundtrack of a cinematographic work where it accompanies the cinematographic work
  • communication signals, meaning radio waves transmitted through space without any artificial guide, for reception by the public

For more detailed information about rights and exceptions relating to subject-matter other than works, please consult Part II of the Copyright Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42 or consult a lawyer specializing in IP law, or a legal clinic focused on IP.

The conditions for copyright

One of the conditions for copyright is that where the author of the work must have been, at the date of the making of the work, a citizen or subject of, or a person ordinarily resident in, Canada or a country with which Canada has certain treaty obligations. (A treaty country is defined as a Berne Convention country, a Universal Copyright Convention country or a World Trade Organization member.) For more information, please consult section 5 of the Copyright Act or seek assistance from a lawyer specializing in IP law or a legal clinic focused on IP.

Subject-matter other than works

For detailed information about how Canadian copyright law protects performers' performances, sound recordings and communication signals, please consult Part II of the Copyright Act , or seek the assistance of a lawyer specializing in IP law, or a legal clinic focused on IP.

The Copyright Act states that a certificate of registration of copyright is evidence that the copyright subsists and that the person registered is the owner of the copyright. This evidence may be challenged in a court proceeding.

In administering the Copyright Registry, CIPO does not verify or examine the claims made in applications for copyright registration. Likewise, it is not responsible for monitoring registered works and how people use them, and it cannot guarantee the legitimacy, ownership, authorship or originality of a work.

Generally, copyright lasts for the life of the author, the remainder of the calendar year in which the author dies, and for 70 years following the end of that calendar year. Therefore, protection will expire at the end of the 70th calendar year after the author dies.

Before December 30, 2022 , the general term of protection was 50 years after the death of the author. On December 30, 2022 , this term was extended to 70 years after the death of the author. The extension of this term does not have the effect of reviving copyright in works for which protection expired prior to January 1, 2023 .

There are some exceptions to the general term of copyright protection, including:

  • Crown copyright
  • works of joint authorship
  • works where the identity of the author is unknown
  • posthumous works, i.e., works that have not been published, performed in public or communicated to the public by telecommunication during the author's lifetime
  • subject-matter other than works (such as performer's performances, sound recordings and communication signals)

For more information, please consult the Copyright Act or seek the assistance of a lawyer specializing in IP law, or a legal clinic focused on IP.

Crown copyright applies to government works (prepared or published by or under the direction or control of the Crown). Copyright in these works lasts for the remainder of the calendar year in which the work is first published and for 50 years after that.

The Government of Canada has policies in place to facilitate use of Crown works as dissemination of these works is often in the public interest. The Reproduction of Federal Law Order allows reproduction of federal laws, regulations and court decisions under certain conditions. Federal websites and documents may have policies regarding the use(s) of such works that may be consulted to better understand allowable uses.

Find step-by-step instructions on preparing and filing your application for registration on our Registration of copyright page .

Visit CIPO's fees page for details on copyright registration fees or contact the Client Service Centre for additional information and guidance.

Corresponding with CIPO

Visit CIPO's correspondence procedures page for more information.

For information on how to correct errors with your copyright application or registration, please refer to the Requesting a certificate of correction page .

Visit CIPO's forms page to find out about services offered online and to access forms you can complete and send by regular mail or by facsimile.

Copyright information — Beyond the basics

Anonymity in registration.

If you are the author and owner of the copyright work and you wish to remain anonymous, you may use a pseudonym in place of your name when applying for copyright registration. Note that you must still include a complete mailing address.

If you have any questions about the use of a pseudonym, you should seek the services of a lawyer specializing in IP law, or a legal clinic focused on IP.

Copyright notice

Marking a work with the copyright symbol is not mandatory under Canadian copyright law but some other countries do require it. The copyright notice consists of the symbol ©, the name of the copyright owner and the year of first publication.

Including a copyright notice serves as a general reminder to everyone that the work is protected by copyright. You can use this symbol even if the work is not registered.

For information on assignments and licences, consult CIPO's Transfer ownership page .

Copyright Board of Canada 56 Sparks Street, Suite 800 Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C9 Tel.: 613-952-8621 Fax: 613-952-8630

The Copyright Board of Canada is the regulatory body that approves tariffs that establish royalties for the use of copyright works whose rights are managed by a collective society. The Board may also supervise agreements or licences between users and licensing bodies and issue licences where a copyright owner cannot be located.

Court orders

The procedure for obtaining court orders is outlined in the Federal Courts Rules , available through any local public library or bookstore selling government publications, and on the Department of Justice Canada website.

Library and Archives Canada

Under the Library and Archives of Canada Act and the Legal Deposit of Publications Regulations , publishers making publications available in Canada are obliged to send copies of their publications to Library and Archives Canada generally within 1 week of the date they are published.

For more information, please contact:

Legal Deposit Library and Archives Canada 395 Wellington Street Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N4 Tel: 819-997-9565 Toll-free number for Canada: 1-866-578-7777 Fax: 819-997-7019

Frequently asked questions

Copyright is a type of IP protection provided to original literary, musical, dramatic and artistic works. A copyright owner enjoys several rights including the right to prevent others from reproducing the owner's work or copying any substantial part of it. Copyright law also applies to performers' performances, sound recordings and communication signals.

Ideas, facts, short and 1-word titles, and works that are not fixed in a material form (i.e., works that have not been written down or recorded in a somewhat permanent format) are not protected by copyright. Additionally, works which are not "original" (i.e, works whose creation did not involve the exercise of skill and judgment) cannot be protected by copyright law.

No, a work is protected by copyright law the moment it is created and fixed in a material form. Registering your work with CIPO is voluntary, but can be beneficial. The certificate of registration is evidence that copyright subsists in the work and that the person registered is the owner of the copyright. This evidence may, however, be challenged in a court proceeding.

Please note that CIPO does not verify or examine the claims made in applications for copyright registration. Likewise, it is not responsible for monitoring registered works and how people use them, and it cannot guarantee the legitimacy, ownership, authorship or originality of a work.

Generally, copyright lasts for the life of the author, the remainder of the calendar year in which the author dies, and for 70 years following the end of that calendar year. Therefore, protection will expire at the end of the 70th year after the author dies.

When copyright protection expires, works fall into the public domain and are free to be used and enjoyed by anyone without the need to acquire permission. For example, William Shakespeare's plays are part of the public domain, and therefore everyone may produce or publish them without having to acquire permission or pay royalties.

No, Canadian copyright law does not require marking a work with the copyright symbol (©) for the work to be protected. Nonetheless, there are benefits to including a copyright notice on your work. For instance, it serves as a deterrent to unauthorized reproduction and as a reminder that copyright is claimed in the work. In case of a lawsuit, the copyright symbol could also be used as evidence against someone claiming to be an "innocent infringer". Additionally, since there are some jurisdictions that do require works to be marked, it may be prudent to include a copyright notice when putting them online or making them available in a foreign jurisdiction. For further information, please consult a lawyer specializing in IP law or a legal clinic focused on IP.

Generally, a copyright notice consists of the symbol ©, the name of the copyright owner and the year of first publication. For example, "© Jane Doe, 2019". The copyright symbol may be used even if the work has not been registered.

Copyright infringement occurs where a person does anything only a copyright owner is allowed to do, without their permission. Infringement may include acts such as copying, performing, selling/distributing or posting your work on the internet without your permission. CIPO does not offer advice as to whether a particular act constitutes infringement. For assistance with such issues please consult a lawyer specializing in IP law or a legal clinic focused on IP.

To register your copyright you must file an application accompanied by the appropriate fee with CIPO, a federal agency responsible for the administration and processing of IP rights in Canada, including the registration of copyrights.

You can file your application for copyright registration with CIPO electronically, by mail or by fax.

While there is no international copyright registration system, there are international treaties, such as the Berne Convention and the World Intellectual Property Organization Copyright Treaty, that extend copyright protection to foreign jurisdictions without having to register your copyright. These international agreements require member states to grant authors the same rights as if the work was created within the member's jurisdiction.

No, CIPO does not require a copy of the work for registration. CIPO does not accept copies of works submitted with copyright application forms at the time of filing, nor after registration. CIPO does not verify or examine the claims made in applications for copyright registration and it cannot guarantee the legitimacy, ownership, authorship or originality of a work.

However, under the Library and Archives of Canada Act and the Legal Deposit of Publications Regulations , Canadian publishers are obliged to send copies of their publications to Library and Archives Canada within 1 week of the date they are published. Note that depositing published materials with Library and Archives Canada does not constitute or convey formal copyright registration or protection.

To register an assignment, a copy of the original transfer agreement or a photocopy signed by both parties must be filed with CIPO along with the prescribed fee. You must also include the names or the registration numbers of the affected works. Requests may be submitted by mail, by fax or online.

Copyright law in Canada grants authors moral rights in addition to copyright in their works. Moral rights are concerned with the natural and inherent rights of a creator, and include the right of anonymity (the right of the author to remain anonymous); the right of integrity (to prevent distortion, mutilation or modification of the work); and the right of association (to be credited for the work).

Moral rights cannot be assigned or transferred, but can be waived. Even if an author decides to assign their copyright in a work, the author continues to hold the moral rights to the work, unless they formally waive their moral rights. By formally waiving moral rights, an author no longer has the rights outlined above. Once moral rights are waived, they cannot be reacquired.

If you have a question concerning copyright registration(s) and applications to register:

Please contact CIPO's Client Service Centre, where experienced information officers can answer your queries on copyright registration and applications to register.

  • Toll-free from anywhere in Canada and the United States: 1-866-997-1936
  • International calls only: 1-819-934-0544
  • TTY (cannot receive voice calls on this line): 1-866-442-2476

If you have a question concerning copyright tariffs and tariff proceedings:

Please contact the Copyright Board of Canada, a Government of Canada administrative agency which, among other things, sets the royalties to be paid for certain uses of works protected by copyright.

If you have any other general questions related to copyright:

Please contact the Copyright Policy Branch of the Department of Canadian Heritage, a Government of Canada department that promotes access to quality copyright information so that Canadians may better understand and apply the legislation, regulations and processes governing copyright.

  • Email: [email protected]
  • Telephone: 1-819-997-0055
  • Toll-free: 1-866-811-0055 (the toll-free lines have agents available to answer your questions, Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern Time)
  • TTY (cannot receive voice calls on this line): 1-888-997-3123

Please note that none of these organizations has a mandate to give legal advice to private persons, corporations or government agencies.

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You are currently viewing What is Copyright Transfer: A Complete Guide

What is Copyright Transfer: A Complete Guide

  • Post author: G.Durghasree B.A.B.L (Hons)
  • Post published: February 20, 2024
  • Post category: Copyright

Copyright is an intellectual property right that offers literary and artistic work creators rights. The Copyright prevents others from misusing the work in various ways without their knowledge or permission. An exclusive right to use and spread their original work is given to the creators by legal protection, which is known as Copyright .

Section 13 of the Copyrights Act 1957 Provides Copyright protection to literary works, dramatic works, musical works, sound recordings and cinematographic films, among others. At the same time, Section 14 of the Act grants the Copyright owner exclusive rights, such as adapting, reproducing, publishing, translating, and communicating the work to the public.

In today’s digitally connected world, many businesses and companies seek to utilize the properties (software or Copyright) for their betterment, so they must ensure that the seller possesses rightful ownership of the chosen assets. The upcoming contents will provide a complete guide regarding the Copyright Transfer.

Copyright Transfer

Copyright transfer refers to transferring the exclusive right to any individual or third party from the owner of such Copyright. By transferring Copyrights, the delegate will enjoy all the rights associated with the Copyright of the mentioned work. Under section 14 of the Act discussed above, the owner of the copyrighted work has been given the right to transfer the work. According to the Indian Copyright Act of 1957, a prospective copyright owner of a future work may also assign his rights partially or wholly to a third party through Copyright.

In the unfortunate event of the assignee’s demise before the work is created, the legal representatives of the assignee are entitled to the benefits of the copyright transfer.

Ways to Commence Copyright Transfer

Initiating a copyright transfer in India is the process through which the creator and authors can grant their rights to third parties for mutual benefit. These rights include exclusive control over the use of such work, its distribution, reproduction, and publication throughout India. Understanding the different methods of affecting a copyright transfer is essential for creators and recipients.

The Copyright exists with the original owner or author of the work for the entire span of his lifetime plus sixty years from his death. As discussed below, the rights can be transferred at any point within this duration. Section 19 of the mentioned Act deals with the mode of Copyright transfer.

1. Copyright Licensing

Copyright licensing deals with the transfer of complete or partial rights of a Copyright owner. The Licensing Agreement should be signed by both parties with their consent. The main aim is to qualify the licensee to utilize the copyrighted work for financial benefits and share the same with the owner.

Types of Copyright Licenses

The Copyright License can be voluntary or compulsory, as explained below.

Voluntary License:

A Voluntary License is voluntarily signed by two parties, the licensor and licensee. It contains the following details.

  • Rights authorized and nature of the work.
  • Geographical degree of the license.
  • Agreements connecting with the termination, revision, and extension of the license.
  • Total sum of amount to be paid in return of the permit

Compulsory License:

The Copyright Board will give the necessary permit to the outsiders without the consent of the Copyright proprietor when such proprietor won’t make the work accessible in open space.

2. Copyright Assignment

The Copyright Assignment mechanism allows a protected work’s proprietor to give privileges to another individual. The Assignment permits the chosen individual to practice the selective freedoms related to the Copyright, such as reproducing, distributing, and publicly displaying the copyrighted work.

To relegate a copyright, an Assignment Agreement must be endorsed between the assignor and the assignee and drafted correctly.

  • The terms & conditions regarding the revision and termination of the Assignment should be clearly explained.
  • The total amount of royalty paid for the Assignment should be mentioned.
  • The copyrighted work and the rights assigned should be mentioned clearly.
  • The copyright owner (assignor) should write and execute the assignment agreement.
  • If the Assignment term is not mentioned, it can be considered five years from the date of Assignment by default. If the geographical limit is not stated, then it is assumed to the extent within India.

3. Copyright Transmission

If the original author working on a manuscript of dramatic, literary, artistic, or musical work dies, the rights will be transferred to the individual specified in the deceased’s will.

4. Copyright Relinquishment

Copyright relinquishment refers to the intentional surrender or abandonment of all or explicit rights vested in the creator of a protected work. The proprietor of such Copyright should notify the Registrar of Copyrights in the endorsed structure. When the registrar gets the notification, he will distribute such notification in the authority Periodical or, in all likelihood, he can distribute it as he considers fit.

5. Copyright Transfer by Operational Law

Suppose there is a will; ownership transfers to the personal owner’s representative upon death. As per section 20 of the mentioned Act, the transfer of Copyright by operation of law in the event of the Copyright owner’s demise is discussed below.

1. Copyright Passing to Personal Representative

If no will is executed, the copyright is passed to the person’s representative as part of their estate.

2. Inheritance of Copyright under Bequest

If an individual is entitled to Copyright through a bequest (inheritance) and the work has not been published before the testator’s death, the Copyright shall be considered to have been transferred to that individual. This assumes that the testator was the Copyright owner immediately before their demise.

This also ensures a smooth transition of copyright ownership in the case of the original owner’s death.

Copyright transfer plays a crucial role in intellectual property rights, especially for the creators of the work. The Copyright Act of 1957 provides various provisions regarding intellectual property. Copyright transfer refers to the process by which the copyright owner, typically the creator of a creative work, transfers their exclusive rights to another individual or entity while the Copyright is still in its validity period.

We hope our article regarding copyright transfer was informative and valuable, as it is provided in a simple way that can be understood. Also, we provide the information that meets your expectations, and experts offer all this information for your guidance to enhance the reputation. Contact   executives for further requirements.

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For those looking for a simple savings account with a higher-than-average APY, the Capital One 360 Performance Savings account could be an excellent choice. It doesn’t have a monthly maintenance fee, nor does it have a minimum balance requirement. 

Interest is compounded and credited to the account monthly.

The account offers basic convenience features common among major banks, including: 

  • Mobile check deposits
  • Electronic transfers to other accounts
  • Automatic transfers into savings

One standout feature that Capital One offers is the ability to create multiple savings accounts. You can use separate accounts to save for specific goals, such as designating one for your emergency fund, one for future travel expenses, and one to save for a down payment for a house. Because there is no fee to open and maintain accounts, this feature can be a convenient way to track your progress toward several goals.  

Like most banks, Capital One permits no more than six transfers from a savings account to a third party or another Capital One account per statement cycle. However, Capital One stated that it’s currently not enforcing the transfer limit on any of its savings accounts. If that changes, the bank will notify customers.

The Capital One Kids Savings Account is a parent-controlled savings option for young children. It has no minimum balance requirement or monthly fees, making it a useful starter account for kids. 

Children under the age of 18 are eligible for the Kids Savings Account; there is no minimum age requirement, so you can open an account for a new baby and start saving on their behalf. 

The account has several benefits: 

  • Electronic transfers: Parents can connect their bank accounts to the savings account to electronically pay their children’s allowances or make regular contributions. 
  • Multiple accounts: Like the 360 Performance Savings account, the Kids Savings Account allows users to create multiple accounts to save for several goals. For example, your child can have an account to save for college and another to save for a new tablet. 
  • Parental controls: Children can check their balance online at any time, but they’ll need to have their parents or guardians help them transfer money. Transfers can only be completed after the parent or guardian signs in with their information.  

However, the APY on the account is relatively low. You can find other savings accounts for children that have significantly higher APYs from other banks or credit unions, but they may require a higher minimum deposit. 

Capital One was founded in 1994, and it offers a variety of banking and credit products, including bank accounts, credit cards, and loans. It’s known for its fee-free account options, especially for checking and savings accounts. 

Capital One is primarily a digital bank, though it does operate some banking cafes and branches in select states. Those looking for a bank with convenient brick-and-mortar locations may find that Capital One isn’t a good match for them, but Capital One does have a network of partner ATMs where you can make withdrawals. 

Besides its savings accounts, Capital One also offers certificates of deposit (CDs) . Its CD terms are quite flexible, and CDs have higher-than-average APYs with no account minimums.  

Although CDs often have higher APYs than savings accounts, be aware that there are penalties for withdrawing money from a CD before it reaches its maturity date. With Capital One, the penalty is three to six months of interest.

In the News

In the News: Savings account rates reached higher in 2023 than we’d seen in more than 20 years, pushed up by the Federal Reserve’s rate-hike campaign that began in March 2022 to tame decades-high inflation. For its last three meetings, however, the Fed has held the federal funds rate steady, and in its Dec. 13 rate announcement, Fed Chair Jerome Powell indicated the committee’s rate-hike cycle is  most likely complete . Further, most Fed members project that two to four rate cuts will occur by the end of 2024. Because savings account yields closely follow the fed funds rate, the Fed’s current holding pattern has caused savings rates to plateau, and declines should be expected once it appears the Fed is ready to make its first cut.

Pros and Cons of Capital One Savings Accounts

Capital One 360 interest rates are competitive across all balances 

No monthly fees or minimum deposit 

No limit on monthly withdrawals

Low APY on Kids Savings account

Few physical branch locations

Easy access to savings can be tempting

Pros Explained

  • Capital One 360 interest rates are competitive across all balances: The Capital One 360 Performance Savings account interest rate is typically much higher than the national average, with no minimum balance required. Interest is compounded and credited to your account each month. But Capital One’s rates usually aren’t as good as the best high-yield savings accounts available.
  • No monthly fees or minimum deposit: The 360 Performance Savings account doesn’t charge monthly fees or require a minimum deposit to open.    
  • No limit on monthly withdrawals: While Capital One previously limited savings account withdrawals to six per month, it’s not currently enforcing this restriction. The bank will notify you if it chooses to re-impose this rule.

Cons Explained

  • Low APY on Kids Savings account: Capital One offers a Kids Savings account for those who are under the age of 18. While this account doesn’t charge monthly service fees, it typically has a relatively low APY. See the best savings accounts for kids for some more profitable options.
  • Few physical branch locations: Capital One only has a few physical locations, so most customers will be limited to online and phone banking.
  • Easy access to savings can be tempting: You may see no monthly withdrawal limits as a good thing, but having such easy access to your savings can tempt you to spend that money. A bank with withdrawal limits may make it easier to stick to your savings goals .

Alternatives to Capital One Savings Accounts

High-yield savings account.

While Capital One offers a relatively high yield on its Performance 360 Savings account compared to many other banks, you can likely still find better rates elsewhere. Check out the best high-yield savings accounts from a variety of banks and credit unions to find the right account.

Checking Account

A savings account is a good spot to park your extra money, but a checking account is better for regular spending and paying your bills. These accounts come with a debit card so you can spend at stores and take out cash at the ATM, and some even offer some interest. See the best high-interest checking accounts to find a good companion to your savings account.

Money Market Account

A money market account (MMA) offers a hybrid of a checking and savings account. It may come with a higher-than-average APY, as well as check-writing abilities and an ATM card. Watch out for higher fees or minimum balance requirements, though. 

Certificate of Deposit

If you don’t need to access your cash for a while, you could invest it in a CD. Certificates of deposit offer a guaranteed return on your investment, but you’ll pay a penalty if you withdraw your cash before the CD matures. Browse the best CD rates available today to see if one might be right for your savings strategy.

To protect your savings against inflation, you could consider investing in I bonds from the U.S. government. I bonds may have better rates than CDs , but you can’t withdraw your cash until a year has passed.

Is Capital One 360 a High-Yield Savings Account?

Capital One’s 360 Performance Savings account is a high-yield savings account , offering a much higher-than-average APY with no minimum deposit and no monthly fees.

Is Capital One Good for Savings?

Unlike other banks that charge monthly fees and require minimum deposits of $500 or more, Capital One’s savings accounts have no minimum deposit or monthly fees. Capital One is a good choice for those looking for a basic savings account to save for their goals . 

How Often Does Capital One 360 Pay Interest?

With the Capital One 360 Performance Savings account, interest is compounded and credited to the account on a monthly basis.

Does Capital One Offer Other Savings Accounts?

Capital One has two savings accounts, the 360 Performance Savings Account and the Kids Savings Account. But Capital One also offers CDs for those who want to lock in a higher APY.

Can You Open Just a Capital One Savings Account?

Yes, you can open just a Capital One 360 Performance Savings account. To open your account you’ll need to provide some personal information, such as your contact information, driver’s license number, Social Security number, and date of birth.

Keep in mind that Capital One savings accounts don’t come with a debit or ATM card . You’ll need to open a checking account if you want the option of spending from the account or withdrawing cash at an ATM. 

How Do You Get Money Out of a Capital One Savings Account?

You can withdraw money from a Capital One savings account by transferring cash to another account, such as your checking account at Capital One or another bank. You can request a withdrawal from your account online, in person at one of Capital One’s branches, or by calling the bank’s customer service team.

How Long Does It Take to Transfer Money Out of a Capital One Savings Account?

If you transfer money out of your Capital One Savings account to another Capital One bank account before 5 p.m. ET, the transfer will take place that day; if the transfer is made after that time, it’ll be made the following day. If you’re transferring the money to another bank, the transaction may take one to three business days to clear.

If you transfer money to an external account right before the weekend or a federal holiday it may take longer to process, since these days are not considered business days.

Does Capital One 360 Savings Come With a Card?

No, the Capital One 360 Performance Savings account doesn’t come with a debit card. Capital One bank accounts that come with a debit card are the 360 Checking, MONEY Teen Checking, Total Control Checking, and Simply Checking accounts.

Federal Reserve. " Large Commercial Banks ." 

Capital One. " 360 Performance Savings ."

Capital One. " Kids Savings Account ." 

Capital One. " 360 CD Account & Rates ." 

Capital One. " Electronic Fund Transfers Disclosure ." 

Capital One. " 2022 Annual Report - 10-K ."

Federal Reserve System. " Open Market Operations .”

Capital One. " Account Disclosures ."

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. " National Rates and Rate Caps ." 

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copyright transfer explained

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Palworld: Transfer Items Between Bases [Explained With Images]

Discover efficient ways to transfer items between bases in Palworld, optimizing your gameplay and strategy.


Transferring Items Between Bases

There are several methods of transferring items between bases in Palworld; some methods that I recommend opting for are:

  • Using the Grappling Gun (Recommended Method)
  • A Non-Traditional Method (Grappling Gun not Required)

Just to give a brief overview of each of the methods, the Grappling Gun method is highly recommended for transferring items between bases in Palworld, particularly for its efficiency and ease of use. This innovative tool becomes accessible to players who have reached level 12 and have accumulated enough Ancient Technology points.

For players seeking an alternative to the Grappling Gun, Palworld offers a non-traditional method of item transfer that relies on ingenuity and game mechanics rather than advanced technology. This method is particularly appealing to players who either have not yet unlocked the Grappling Gun or prefer a more creative approach to problem-solving.

  • Items are currently transferable between the bases in Palworld by two means.
  • The first method is by opting for a grappling gun; the second method is rather peculiar.
  • The Grappling Gun can be unlocked at level 12 using Ancient technology points.
  • The “Peculiar Method” does not require a grappling gun to transfer items/resources between the bases in Palworld.

Using Grappling Gun (Recommended Method)

Unlocking the Grappling Gun will enable you to transfer the items between the bases more efficiently, these are the steps that I took to transfer resources between my bases in Palworld:

  • Gathering the Resources: first, gather all the resources you want to transfer. Don’t worry about being overburdened as this method will still work.

Moving resources from Chest to the inventory

  • Using the Grappling Gun:  Unlock the grappling gun after reaching level 12 using the Ancient Technology points. With your resources, use the Grappling Gun to move to the Palbox quickly. This is crucial because the Grappling Gun allows you to move at high speeds despite being overburdened.

Level-12 Grappling Gun

  • Fast Travel to the New Base : Once you’ve reached the Palbox, use it to fast-travel to the base where you want to transfer your resources.

resources to the New Base in Palworld

  • Unloading the Resources: After arriving at the new base, use the Grappling Gun again to move to your storage chests and unload all the items.

copyright transfer explained

  • Repeating the Process: Repeat this process as needed to transfer all your desired resources between bases.

The key to this method is ensuring that all necessary items, like the Palbox and storage chests, are within close range for easy access with the Grappling Gun. This method is much more efficient than manually carrying items between bases, especially when overburdened.

Non-Traditional Method (Grappling Gun Not Required)

If you don’t want to go for the grappling gun method, you can opt for this method. I adopted this method when moving items from the grappling gun became tedious; this is how you should be able to incorporate it:

  • Placing the Containers: First, place two Large Containers beside each other, as I have shown in the image below.

Two Large metal containers placing in Palworld

  • Crafting a Wooden Foundation: After that, craft a wooden foundation at a height above the metal container; this step is essential as it will ensure that the Palbox can be placed on top of the Large container.

copyright transfer explained

  • Placing the Palbox: Now, build a wooden foundation, climb over it, and build a Palbox on top of the container as shown. 

copyright transfer explained

  • Disassembling the Wooden Foundation and the Container: Finally, disassemble the wooden foundation and the metal container after crafting the Palbox.

copyright transfer explained

  • Transferring the Items Between Bases: After that, you are now set to transfer items between your bases without the use of a Grappling Gun.

copyright transfer explained

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, both methods offer efficient ways to transfer items between bases in Palworld, catering to different player preferences and situations. The Grappling Gun method provides speed and mobility, which is especially useful for those who prioritize agility and have access to the grappling gun.

On the other hand, the Non-Traditional Method offers a creative workaround for players who find the grappling gun tedious or prefer a different approach. Experiment with both methods to determine which best suits your gameplay style and resource management needs. While you are at it, consider checking out what’s the best way to level up fast in Palworld to get your hands on the Grappling Gun as soon as possible. Also, check out what are the best settings in Palworld for those sweet FPS.

  • Palworld: How long is a Day
  • Palworld: Best Gathering Pals
  • Palworld: How To Get Robinquill Terra
  • Palworld: How To Get Honey

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Wise Personal Account Review: Pros And Cons

The journalists on the editorial team at Forbes Advisor Australia base their research and opinions on objective, independent information-gathering.

When covering investment and personal finance stories, we aim to inform our readers rather than recommend specific financial product or asset classes. While we may highlight certain positives of a financial product or asset class, there is no guarantee that readers will benefit from the product or investment approach and may, in fact, make a loss if they acquire the product or adopt the approach.

To the extent any recommendations or statements of opinion or fact made in a story may constitute financial advice, they constitute general information and not personal financial advice in any form. As such, any recommendations or statements do not take into account the financial circumstances, investment objectives, tax implications, or any specific requirements of readers.

Readers of our stories should not act on any recommendation without first taking appropriate steps to verify the information in the stories consulting their independent financial adviser in order to ascertain whether the recommendation (if any) is appropriate, having regard to their investment objectives, financial situation and particular needs. Providing access to our stories should not be construed as investment advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any security or product, or to engage in or refrain from engaging in any transaction by Forbes Advisor Australia. In comparing various financial products and services, we are unable to compare every provider in the market so our rankings do not constitute a comprehensive review of a particular sector. While we do go to great lengths to ensure our ranking criteria matches the concerns of consumers, we cannot guarantee that every relevant feature of a financial product will be reviewed. We make every effort to provide accurate and up-to-date information. However, Forbes Advisor Australia cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness or timeliness of this website. Forbes Advisor Australia accepts no responsibility to update any person regarding any inaccuracy, omission or change in information in our stories or any other information made available to a person, nor any obligation to furnish the person with any further information.

Updated: Feb 21, 2024, 4:30pm

Reviewed By

Wise, formerly known as TransferWise, is a UK-based financial services company specialising in foreign exchange. It was founded in 2011 and, as of 2024, provides its global users with three main products—the Wise Personal Account (also known as the Wise Account), Wise Business, and Wise Platform.

“We have three products and the target market for each varies slightly, but at our core we’re working to build the best way for both people and businesses, big and small, to move and manage money around the world,” Tristan Dakin, ANZ country manager at Wise tells Forbes Advisor Australia.

For the purpose of this review, Forbes Advisor Australia is solely analysing the Wise Personal Account.

  • 40+ currencies to spend in
  • Local account details in nine currencies
  • No subscription fees
  • Fees for conversions, transfers and sending money
  • Limited ATM transactions per month
  • No cash deposits


Table of Contents

What is wise, how much does a wise account cost, features of a wise personal account.

When Australians speak of Wise, they are commonly talking about the Wise Account and associated Wise Debit Card, as this is the company’s most popular offering. In fact, there are 16 million users worldwide.

As Dakin explains, the Wise Account and its attached debit card allows people to transact in more than 40 currencies within the one account and “spend like a local wherever they are, in the local currency”.

It also works in a similar manner to a more traditional bank account, allowing account holders to set up direct debits, access virtual cards to connect to Apple and Google Pay, and earn interest on their balances.

A key feature of the account is the ability to register local account details in nine different currencies, meaning you can get paid and send money in a different currency than your place of residence, if need be.

Related: Wise Vs Revolut (2024 Comparison)

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Direct debit, wire transfer, debit card, credit card & Apple Pay

Opening a Wise account is free, as the company does not charge for a subscription. However, ordering your first card costs $10 with standard delivery included (replacement cards from thereon cost $6). There are also no monthly maintenance fees, which means the only fees you can expect are from ATM withdrawals, conversion fees, the aforementioned replacement card costs, and fees to add money to your account depending on how you choose to do so.

You can withdraw up to $350 AUD, twice a month, for free. Any amount above this figure, you will be charged a fee of $1.50 for any additional withdrawals, along with 1.75% of the transaction.

In terms of fees, Wise charges different rates depending on the currency. However, they all start at 0.42% of the transaction. For example, if you want to convert $1000 AUD to USD , you would be charged a fee of $4.68. The same fee would apply if you wanted to convert $1000 AUD to GBP .  However, transferring $1000 AUD into Euros would cost slightly less at $4.58.

These fees differ again when sending money, although they all begin at 0.42% of the transaction (excluding a conversion fee). Sending $1000 AUD to a UK bank account and transferring the Australian dollars to pounds would cost $5.18 AUD; while sending $1000 AUD to an Australian bank account costs only 0.57 cents.

Lastly, when adding money to your Wise account, you may also be charged a fee depending on how you choose to add the money. Wise offers users five options to add money to your account, some which will be fee-free and some of which won’t. They also differ in the time it takes to add money to your account.

To add money to your Wise account, you can choose to pay via:

  • Manual bank transfer;
  • Apple or Google Pay;
  • Debit card; or
  • Credit card.

Using the same $1000 AUD example, adding this figure to your account would cost:

  • $0 when using a manual bank transfer, which should take approximately 3-6 hours on a weekday;
  • $3.70 in fees when using a debit card from your phone’s wallet, and $13.80 if using a credit card. This will arrive in a matter of seconds;
  • $0 when using PayID, which will arrive in a matter of seconds;
  • $3.70 when using a physical debit card, which will also arrive in seconds; and
  • $13.80 if using a physical credit card which, again, will arrive in seconds.

The defining feature of a Wise personal account is the ability to send, hold, receive and convert money into more than 40 currencies, allowing you to spend the local currency across some 150 countries.

This may be ideal for travellers hopping between various nations, those sending money to family or friends abroad or those moving abroad permanently.

In addition, the Wise Debit Card also allows users to open a local bank account in nine countries without having a residential address.

Dakin says this features is designed to help those who, for example, may be moving to a new country and who need time to get set-up.

“This means you can share these account details with anyone to get paid like a local, in the local currency,” Dakin says.

The nine different currencies available to Australian Wise users are:

  • British pound (GBP)
  • The Euro (EUR)
  • New Zealand dollar (NZD)
  • Singapore dollar (SGD)
  • Hungarian forint (HUF)
  • Romanian leu (RON)
  • Turkish lira (TRY).

Even people who do not use Wise can send you money to these account details.

Dakin says the Wise Personal Account is also frequently used by online shoppers who are buying gifts for loved ones abroad, or who have found shopping deals online on a foreign website.

However, despite these advantages, there are still fees to be aware of, as well as the exchange rate when converting currencies. The exchange rate that Wise charges is the mid-market rate, being the midpoint between the buy and sell prices of two currencies at any time. It’s the same as what you see on Google, when you search for a currency conversion rate.

Dakin adds that customers can see exactly how much a transfer is going to cost them before committing, and while they charge a “tiny fee” now they hope to make this feature free in the future.

“In the meantime, customers can see exactly what a transfer is going to cost them in fees and how much their recipient will receive before they hit send,” he says.

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Additionally, Wise offers its customers access to three virtual debit cards within the Wise app, which can also be added to Apple Pay or Google Pay wallets. Virtual cards have different details than the physical Wise card, and can be frozen after each transaction.

“If you think your virtual card has been compromised, you can instantly replace your card details—this means it’s a safe and simple way to spend no matter where you are in the world,” Dakin says.

Virtual cards can also help Wise users manage their expenses, as different transactions can be allocated to each card.

Ultimately, Wise markets itself as “the most international debit card in the world”. Whether it is the right choice for you, will depend on your personal preferences, expectations and spending habits. As with any account or new financial product, it’s best to do your homework, research competitors and see if it suits your needs.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can i use wise as a bank account in australia.

Yes, Wise is not only a card for foreign transactions; it can also be used as a bank account right here in Australia. You will receive Australian bank details, allowing you to send and receive money just as you would from any other bank.

The difference is that Wise also allows you to hold 40 different currencies in your single account, and send money to 160 countries worldwide.

Is Wise safe to use?

Yes, Wise is safe to use. As ANZ Country Manager Tristan Dakin explains, because of the way Wise is licensed, customer funds are protected.

“This means that we look after your money, keep it separate from our own money and keep it available to you whenever you need it,” he says.

“In the unlikely event that something happens to Wise, customer funds remain safe and protected to ensure you can always access money.”

Wise Australia is regulated by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) and holds an Australian Financial Services Licence (AFSL). Wise is also regulated by the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) and has a limited authorised deposit-taking institution (ADI) licence as a provider of Purchased Payment Facilities (PPF).

Can I deposit and withdraw cash onto my Wise card?

While you can withdraw cash from your Wise card at an ATM just as you would with any other bank card, you unfortunately do not have the ability to deposit cash onto the card. Instead, to add money to your balance, you will need to do so online: via bank transfer, debit or credit card, or with PayID.

Sophie Venz is an experienced editor and features reporter, and has previously worked in the small business and start-up reporting space. Previously the Associate Editor of SmartCompany site, Sophie has worked closely with finance experts and columnists around Australia and internationally. Sophie grew up on the Gold Coast and now lives in Melbourne.

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Wise vs revolut (2024 comparison), how to send money to india from australia, how to send money overseas from australia.

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Persona 3 Reload Classroom Answers

Persona 3 Reload has you assume the role of a new transfer student as you go about your everyday life. This includes regular school responsibilities like taking tests and quizzes, so we’re here to help any and all players who don’t want to study to pass. The questions in this remake are different from the ones in the original game, so here are all the new class answers in Persona 3 Reload , organized by date.

Persona 3 Reload Class Answers


April Class Answers

May class answers, first semester midterm exam answers, june class answers, july class answers, first semester final exam answers, september class answers, october class answers, second semester midterm exams, november class answers, december class answers, second semester final exam answers, january class answers, up next: persona 3 reload ending explained, top guide sections.

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Say What? Chat With RTX Brings Custom Chatbot to NVIDIA RTX AI PCs

Chatbots are used by millions of people around the world every day, powered by NVIDIA GPU-based cloud servers. Now, these groundbreaking tools are coming to Windows PCs powered by NVIDIA RTX for local, fast, custom generative AI .

Chat with RTX , now free to download , is a tech demo that lets users personalize a chatbot with their own content, accelerated by a local NVIDIA GeForce RTX 30 Series GPU or higher with at least 8GB of video random access memory, or VRAM.

Ask Me Anything

Chat with RTX uses retrieval-augmented generation (RAG), NVIDIA TensorRT-LLM software and NVIDIA RTX acceleration to bring generative AI capabilities to local, GeForce-powered Windows PCs. Users can quickly, easily connect local files on a PC as a dataset to an open-source large language model like Mistral or Llama 2, enabling queries for quick, contextually relevant answers.

Rather than searching through notes or saved content, users can simply type queries. For example, one could ask, “What was the restaurant my partner recommended while in Las Vegas?” and Chat with RTX will scan local files the user points it to and provide the answer with context.

The tool supports various file formats, including .txt, .pdf, .doc/.docx and .xml. Point the application at the folder containing these files, and the tool will load them into its library in just seconds.

Users can also include information from YouTube videos and playlists. Adding a video URL to Chat with RTX allows users to integrate this knowledge into their chatbot for contextual queries. For example, ask for travel recommendations based on content from favorite influencer videos, or get quick tutorials and how-tos based on top educational resources.

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Since Chat with RTX runs locally on Windows RTX PCs and workstations, the provided results are fast — and the user’s data stays on the device. Rather than relying on cloud-based LLM services, Chat with RTX lets users process sensitive data on a local PC without the need to share it with a third party or have an internet connection.

In addition to a GeForce RTX 30 Series GPU or higher with a minimum 8GB of VRAM, Chat with RTX requires Windows 10 or 11, and the latest NVIDIA GPU drivers.

Editor’s note: We have identified an issue in Chat with RTX that causes installation to fail when the user selects a different installation directory. This will be fixed in a future release. For the time being, users should use the default installation directory (“C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Local\NVIDIA\ChatWithRTX”).

Develop LLM-Based Applications With RTX

Chat with RTX shows the potential of accelerating LLMs with RTX GPUs. The app is built from the TensorRT-LLM RAG developer reference project, available on GitHub . Developers can use the reference project to develop and deploy their own RAG-based applications for RTX, accelerated by TensorRT-LLM. Learn more about building LLM-based applications .

Enter a generative AI-powered Windows app or plug-in to the NVIDIA Generative AI on NVIDIA RTX developer contest, running through Friday, Feb. 23, for a chance to win prizes such as a GeForce RTX 4090 GPU, a full, in-person conference pass to NVIDIA GTC and more.

Learn more about Chat with RTX .

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Michael Owen explains why Rasmus Hojlund will score loads more than Darwin Nunez

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Former Liverpool and Manchester United striker Michael Owen has explained why Rasmus Hojlund will score loads more goals than Darwin Nunez .

Hojlund moved to Old Trafford in a deal worth £72m this summer but it took him 15 games to register his first goal in the Premier League .

The Denmark international striker has been in remarkable form since, though, producing seven goals across his last six top-flight appearances .

Liverpool forward Nunez, in his second season at Anfield after he joined from Benfica for £85m, has scored nine Premier League goals this term – two more than Hojlund – although the Uruguayan has played four more top-flight matches.

Speaking about Hojlund’s brace at Luton on Sunday, in which he rounded the goalkeeper for the first, Owen told Premier League Productions: ‘It’s probably easier to chip the goalkeeper from here [in comparison to Nunez’s goal against Brentford].

‘He has got another four or five yards to get the ball up and down, so it’s the easier finish but still not the right finish.

‘But what does he do? Much more efficiently, he goes around the goalkeeper, that’s what I am saying.

AFC Bournemouth v Liverpool FC - Premier League

‘That finish, whether you like slotting, dinking or going around like that – in the long term – you are going to score far more goals doing the right percentage finish each time and that’s what Hojlund has done.

‘There are no rights or wrongs in finishing in many ways. Apart from the Nunez one [against Brentford], it’s just wrong in many ways. You just can’t do that and score big numbers. It’s just incredible.’

Nunez has made 79 appearances for Liverpool to date, conjuring up 28 goals and 15 assists.

MORE : Arsenal can continue winning ways with comfortable victory at Porto in the Champions League

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  1. Transfer Copyright Ownership

    copyright transfer explained

  2. Business Illustration Showing the Concept of Copyright Transfer Stock

    copyright transfer explained

  3. Copyright 101: What do You Need to Know?

    copyright transfer explained

  4. Copyright Transfer and Granting Exclusive Rights

    copyright transfer explained

  5. Sample Copyright Transfer Statement

    copyright transfer explained

  6. 13 Copyright Terms to Know

    copyright transfer explained


  1. COPYRIGHT CLAIM easy to solve!!!

  2. Posting on copyright claim!

  3. Heat Transfer explained

  4. Great Generational Wealth Transfer EXPLAINED with ACTIONABLE SOLUTIONS!

  5. heat transfer explained by my friend #btech #explination

  6. How energy is transferred in pendulums of different lengths? Experiment & Demonstration #physics


  1. Transfer Copyright Ownership

    to Numerous Persons: Copyright ownership may be transferred to one or more persons. in Whole or in Part: The whole copyright in a work can be transferred in its entirety or the exclusive rights can be split up and transferred separately.

  2. Published By Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center

    A person or company can have ownership (title) of a copyright transferred to it by means of an assignment (a sale in which all or part of a copyright is transferred) or through a will or bankruptcy proceedings.

  3. What is Copyright?

    Copyright ownership can also come from contracts like assignments or from other types of transfers like wills and bequests. What rights does copyright provide? U.S. copyright law provides copyright owners with the following exclusive rights: Reproduce the work in copies or phonorecords. Prepare derivative works based upon the work.

  4. Who Owns and Holds the Rights to a Copyright

    In each case, the employer—or the hiring party in the case of an independent contractor—owns the copyright in the work. Technically, the employer or hiring party is treated as the creator for copyright ownership purposes. In other words, the employer or hiring party owns the copyright in the work the moment it's created—the employee or ...

  5. Assignment/Transfer of Copyright Ownership

    Yes. Like any other property, all or part of the rights in a work may be transferred by the owner to another. See Circular 1, Copyright Basics, section " Transfer of Copyright ," for a discussion of ownership. Do you have any forms for transfer of copyrights? There are no forms provided by the Copyright Office to effect a copyright transfer.

  6. PDF Recordation of Transfers and Other Documents

    w Recordation of Transfers and Other Documents Whether or not a copyrighted work has been registered with the U. S. Copyright Office, owners of these works often enter into agreements that affect their own-ership rights. For instance, owners may transfer copyright ownership to another person.

  7. Copyright Transfer Agreement: All You Need to Know

    A copyright transfer agreement is a formal agreement widely used to protect a workpiece's originality and retain ownership of one party (producer) from another.

  8. Exclusive vs Non-Exclusive Licenses

    A copyright exclusive license is one in which ownership in one or more rights is transferred by the copyright owner. A copyright nonexclusive license occurs when the owner retains ownership of the copyright and/or may license the same right to others.

  9. What is Copyright? Everything You Need to Know

    Updated: Jun 22, 2023, 9:03am Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations. Getty Table of Contents...

  10. Guides: Copyright Quick Reference Guide: Copyright Law Basics

    The three basic elements of copyright: originality, creativity, and fixation. There are three basic elements that a work must possess in order to be protected by copyright in the US: Originality: To get a copyright, a work must be the original work of the author. This doesn't mean it has to be "novel" in the way an invention must be to get a ...

  11. Copyright Definition, Types, and How It Works

    Copyright refers to the legal right of the owner of intellectual property. In simpler terms, copyright is the right to copy. This means that the original creator of a ...

  12. What is Copyright

    The copyright owner has the right to keep each "stick" for themselves, to transfer them individually to one or more people, or to transfer them collectively to one or more people. In short, copyright allows the owner to choose the ways his/her copyrighted works are made available to the public.

  13. Copyright

    A copyright is a type of intellectual property that gives the creator of an original work, or another right holder, the exclusive and legally secured right to copy, distribute, adapt, display, and perform a creative work, usually for a limited time.

  14. U.S. Copyright Office

    Section 203 of the Copyright Act permits authors (or, if the authors are not alive, their surviving spouses, children or grandchildren, or executors, administrators, personal representatives or trustees) to terminate grants of copyright assignments and licenses that were made on or after January 1, 1978 when certain conditions have been met.

  15. Copyright Transfer Agreement // Bytescare

    Transfer Price: This section discusses any financial considerations involved in the transfer, such as royalties, license fees, or compensation for the transfer of rights. Confidentiality: This section addresses the confidentiality obligations of both parties, ensuring that any sensitive information exchanged during the agreement remains ...

  16. Terminate Copyright Transfers

    All licenses or transfers (e.g., assignments) of copyrights executed by the creator of a copyrighted work on or after January 1, 1978 may be terminated by the creator who signed the agreement or his or her heirs regardless of the terms of the agreement. This provision in the copyright law is commonly referred to as termination rights.

  17. 17 U.S. Code § 203

    The provisions of section 203 are based on the premise that the reversionary provisions of the present section on copyright renewal (17 U.S.C. sec. 24 [section 24 of former title 17]) should be eliminated, and that the proposed law should substitute for them a provision safeguarding authors against unremunerative transfers.

  18. Copyright Explained

    University Services Center (Building 87), Room 2469 145 Lomb Memorial Drive Rochester Institute of Technology Rochester, NY 14623 Phone: 585-475-2986

  19. A guide to copyright

    In the simplest terms, "copyright" means "the right to copy." In general, copyright means the sole right to produce or reproduce a work or a substantial part of it in any form. It includes the right to perform the work or any substantial part of it or, in the case of a lecture, to deliver it.

  20. What is Copyright Transfer: A Complete Guide

    Copyright transfer refers to transferring the exclusive right to any individual or third party from the owner of such Copyright. By transferring Copyrights, the delegate will enjoy all the rights associated with the Copyright of the mentioned work.

  21. Man Utd news, gossip and rumours: 'Man Utd could blow £100m if they don

    Transfer Centre LIVE! Napoli sack boss Mazzarri after three months; Clattenburg's Forest role explained after Neville criticism; The Rashford-Barkley press which has gone viral;

  22. Capital One Savings Account Interest Rates: February 2024

    Cons Explained Low APY on Kids Savings account: Capital One offers a Kids Savings account for those who are under the age of 18. While this account doesn't charge monthly service fees, it ...

  23. Palworld: Transfer Items Between Bases [Explained With Images]

    Items are currently transferable between the bases in Palworld by two means. The first method is by opting for a grappling gun; the second method is rather peculiar. The Grappling Gun can be unlocked at level 12 using Ancient technology points. The "Peculiar Method" does not require a grappling gun to transfer items/resources between the ...

  24. Wise Review: The Pros And Cons Explained

    Our Verdict. Wise, formerly known as TransferWise, is a UK-based financial services company specialising in foreign exchange. It was founded in 2011 and, as of 2024, provides its global users with ...

  25. Persona 3 Reload Classroom Answers

    The questions in this remake are different from the ones in the original game, so here are all the new class answers in Persona 3 Reload, organized by date. Answering a question in P3R correctly ...

  26. Chat with RTX Now Free to Download

    Chatbots are used by millions of people around the world every day, powered by NVIDIA GPU-based cloud servers. Now, these groundbreaking tools are coming to Windows PCs powered by NVIDIA RTX for local, fast, custom generative AI.. Chat with RTX, now free to download, is a tech demo that lets users personalize a chatbot with their own content, accelerated by a local NVIDIA GeForce RTX 30 Series ...

  27. Michael Owen explains why Rasmus Hojlund will outscore Darwin Nunez

    Former Liverpool and Manchester United striker Michael Owen has explained why Rasmus Hojlund will score loads more goals than Darwin Nunez. Hojlund moved to Old Trafford in a deal worth £72m this ...