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How to Build an Egg Drop Project
Last Updated: January 21, 2022
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This project can be used by science students of various ages to complete a science fair project. These directions can be used to carry out directions and record results in a scientific fashion with accuracy to successfully complete an egg drop project.
- Buy a trifold presentation board Thanks Helpful 1 Not Helpful 0
- Use color pictures Thanks Helpful 1 Not Helpful 0
- Create a digital graph online to compare all three trials of the experiment Thanks Helpful 1 Not Helpful 0
- Before dropping the experiment make sure that no one is walking in the area you will drop the egg.*Wear gloves while handling the egg, so in case egg cracks you are not exposed to the raw egg contents. *Do not conduct the experiment if you are allergic to eggs. Thanks Helpful 3 Not Helpful 5
Things You'll Need
- Masking Tape
- 1 bag of cotton balls
- 2 boxes of facial tissue
- 1 carton of 6 eggs
- Presentation board
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- 20 oz drinking glass
- cardboard toilet paper roll
- Ice (optional)
- Space where your family is okay with you doing the experiment because you may crack a few eggs the first couple of tries
- Fill the glass with water
- Place a pie pan right side up on top of the glass
- Place toilet paper roll vertically in the middle of the pie pan
- Balance egg on top of the toilet paper roll so the egg is lying on it’s side
- Once everything is balanced on top of each other, with one swift and quick motion hit the side of the pie pan with your hand. This is a horizontal swing, not a vertical swing. This needs to be enough force to push it off the glass.
- Watch in amazement as your egg falls into the glass unbroken.
VIDEO COMING SOON BUT YOU CAN STILL ENJOY THESE AWESOME EXPERIMENTS!
How it Works:
It’s all about Inertia! Inertia says an object, the egg in this case, will stay at rest, unless an outside force acts upon it, your hand in this case. When you move the pie pan with your hand, gravity takes over and pulls the egg straight down into the glass of water.
- Try adding food coloring to the water, just for a fun effect.
- Try boiling the egg first, does it still work? Why or why not?
- Don’t use the toilet paper roll, does the experiment still work? Why or why not?
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Successful Egg Drop Ideas
Egg Drop Experiment Solutions Without a Parachute
Egg drop projects teach students to use logic and teamwork to protect their eggs from a fall. There are a variety of ways to conduct an egg drop. Begin by explaining the process and handing out eggs to the students. Set the parameters of your egg drop and a deadline when your students must be ready to drop their eggs or go bust.
Many successful egg drop designs use sturdy containers to protect the contents from the initial shock of the drop. These hard containers may be plastic food containers or cardboard boxes. But the hard container alone is not enough to protect the egg completely. The container needs padding inside. Styrofoam, sponges, cotton balls, bubble wrap or even wadded newspaper can all make good padding inside the container. Give your students time to practice with a variety of materials before dropping their eggs.
Straws have firm walls around an empty space. The firm walls act like the sturdy container, while the empty space provides shock absorption for the egg. Build a shape around the egg with the straws. Hold the straws in place with tape. Add padding between the straws and the egg. Another way to use straws is to design a framework that suspends the egg during the drop. The frame absorbs the shock, preventing the egg from coming in contact with the surface.
Plastic Bag Designs
A hard shell is not the only way to protect an egg during an egg drop. Plastic bags are less of a shell, but they provide a structure to hold padding material around the egg. Add padding such as foam, bubble wrap or packing peanuts between the egg and the side of a small plastic bag. Place the small bag into a medium-sized bag and add more padding around the small bag. Place both bags into a large plastic bag with additional padding around the medium bag.
Try limiting your class to specific groups of materials such as ensuring that all padding is edible. Try using cereals such as puffed rice or wheat as padding. Fruit is another option. Use grapes, cherry tomatoes or orange wedges between the egg and the side of the box or container. The fluid-filled cells work in a similar way to the air-filled bladders of bubble wrap. Consider that the egg must drop but is not required to hit the ground. Insert the egg into panty hose or attach an egg-protecting container to a bungee cord to prevent the egg from hitting the ground. Suspend your egg from a helium-filled balloon or build a glider to deliver your egg to the ground.
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- PBS Kids: Egg Drop
About the Author
Based in Nashville, Shellie Braeuner has been writing articles since 1986 on topics including child rearing, entertainment, politics and home improvement. Her work has appeared in "The Tennessean" and "Borderlines" as well as a book from Simon & Schuster. Braeuner holds a Master of Education in developmental counseling from Vanderbilt University.
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Successful Egg Drop Project Design with Paper Only – Paper Funnel
After we did the Egg Drop Challenge using Straws and Paper , we came up an idea for an Egg Drop Project design using paper only. The design principles is very similar, but it is a fun idea to add a more stricter limit on the design to make it a hard STEM challenge.
What is EGG Drop Design Challenge
How to Adapt the Egg Drop Challenge to Different Grade Levels
The beauty of the egg drop project is no matter the age and skill level, students can learn and enjoy the project. Teacher can adjust the project difficulty level by setting different success criteria and design restrains.
For example, teachers can set limits on materials students can use. One year we set the materials allowed to straws and tape only . Last year we limited the materials to paper and straw . Teacher can also set design restrains on the total weight or the total cost of the materials each design uses.
Another easy parameter that can change the project difficulty level is the height at which to drop the egg. For a quick and easy project, kids can drop the egg at 3 feet. Depending on the students, teachers can define the height up to 20 feet or even higher. All our egg drop projects were performed at about 15 to 20 feet height level.
Success Egg Drop Project Design with Paper Only
This is an extension of the egg drop design with straw and paper . The idea came up when we were testing the last successful design with straw and paper. We asked ourselves: can we achieve this result without the straws? After some brain storm discussion, we find a way to replace the straws with paper: we made two straws with paper. Here is how:
With the regular print paper, cut two strips off the sheet as shown in the picture below. You want to cut about 1 inch for each. This makes the paper left from the sheet still big enough to make a funnel to hold the egg.
After you cut the paper, start rolling one of the strips of paper, starting from a corner of the paper. I found it easier if you roll the paper against a pencil first. Once you feel you can start rolling the paper into a tube, you can take the pencil out. Tighten the tube so the hollow middle is about the same size of a straw, or smaller. Tape the end to make sure it would not loosen up. Once you make two paper straws, you can follow the rest of the design in the article where we explain the successful egg drop design with straw and paper step-by-step. In brief, you make a funnel with the paper to hold the egg, and you use the paper straws you just made to cross through the paper funnel on top of the egg to prevent the egg jump outside the funnel during the free fall. To be successful, you do need pay attention to the shape of the funnel, the egg location in relation to the funnel tip, and position of the paper straws. All these design details are in the article we published earlier: Successful egg drop project design with straw and paper .
Do you have a different idea for a paper only design for egg drop challenge? We have another idea. Stay tuned.
For more Egg Drop Project Design Ideas, check out Winning Egg Drop Design with Straws and Successful Egg Drop Design with Straws and Paper .
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It didn’t work 😞
It didn’t work for us until we tried and failed, and adjusted the design many times. I encourage you to take time to think about changes that may enable your design to work. Sometimes, it is just the size of the cup, the length and location of the paper tube going through the paper funnel. Engineering a device takes a lot of trial and error.
you don’t no me but it works
Egg drops were one of my favorite projects in school
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