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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP): Meaning, Components, and Examples

erp (enterprise resource planning) que é

What Is Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)?

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is a platform companies use to manage and integrate the essential parts of their businesses. Many ERP software applications are critical to companies because they help them implement resource planning by integrating all the processes needed to run their companies with a single system.

An ERP software system can also integrate planning, purchasing inventory, sales, marketing, finance, human resources, and more.

Key Takeaways

  • ERP software can integrate all of the processes needed to run a company.
  • ERP solutions have evolved over the years, and many are now typically web-based applications that users can access remotely.
  • Some benefits of ERP include the free flow of communication between business areas, a single source of information, and accurate, real-time data reporting.
  • There are hundreds of ERP applications a company can choose from, and most can be customized.
  • An ERP system can be ineffective if a company doesn't implement it carefully.

Investopedia / Joules Garcia

Understanding Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

You can think of an enterprise resource planning system as the glue that binds together the different computer systems for a large organization. Without an ERP application, each department would have its system optimized for its specific tasks. With ERP software, each department still has its system, but all of the systems can be accessed through one application with one interface.

What Does ERP Do?

ERP applications also allow the different departments to communicate and share information more easily with the rest of the company. It collects information about the activity and state of different divisions, making this information available to other parts, where it can be used productively.

ERP applications can help a corporation become more self-aware by linking information about production, finance, distribution, and human resources together. Because it connects different technologies used by each part of a business, an ERP application can eliminate costly duplicates and incompatible technology. The process often integrates accounts payable, stock control systems, order-monitoring systems, and customer databases into one system.

How Does It Work?

ERP has evolved over the years from traditional software models that made use of physical client servers and manual entry systems to cloud-based software with remote, web-based access. The platform is generally maintained by the company that created it, with client companies renting services provided by the platform.

Businesses select the applications they want to use. Then, the hosting company loads the applications onto the server the client is renting, and both parties begin working to integrate the client's processes and data into the platform.

Once all departments are tied into the system, all data is collected on the server and becomes instantly available to those with permission to use it. Reports can be generated with metrics, graphs, or other visuals and aids a client might need to determine how the business and its departments are performing.

A company could experience cost overruns if its ERP system is not implemented carefully.

Benefits of Enterprise Resource Planning

Businesses employ enterprise resource planning (ERP) for various reasons, such as expanding, reducing costs, and improving operations. The benefits sought and realized between companies may differ; however, some are worth noting.

Improves Accuracy and Productivity

Integrating and automating business processes eliminates redundancies and improves accuracy and productivity. In addition, departments with interconnected processes can synchronize work to achieve faster and better outcomes.

Improves Reporting

Some businesses benefit from enhanced real-time data reporting from a single source system. Accurate and complete reporting help companies adequately plan, budget, forecast, and communicate the state of operations to the organization and interested parties, such as shareholders.

Increases Efficiency

ERPs allow businesses to quickly access needed information for clients, vendors, and business partners. This contributes to improved customer and employee satisfaction, quicker response rates, and increased accuracy rates. In addition, associated costs often decrease as the company operates more efficiently.

ERP software also provides total visibility, allowing management to access real-time data for decision-making .

Increases Collaboration

Departments are better able to collaborate and share knowledge; a newly synergized workforce can improve productivity and employee satisfaction as employees are better able to see how each functional group contributes to the mission and vision of the company. Also, menial and manual tasks are eliminated, allowing employees to allocate their time to more meaningful work.

ERP Weaknesses

An ERP system doesn't always eliminate inefficiencies within a business or improve everything. The company might need to rethink how it's organized or risk ending up with incompatible technology.

ERP systems usually fail to achieve the objectives that influenced their installation because of a company's reluctance to abandon old working processes. Some companies may also be reluctant to let go of old software that worked well in the past. The key is to prevent ERP projects from being split into smaller projects, which can result in cost overruns.

Employing change management principles throughout the ERP life cycle can prevent or reduce failures that compromise full implementation.

Some familiar names are leaders in ERP software. Oracle Corp. ( ORCL ) originally supplied a relational database that integrated with ERP software developed by SAP ( SAP ) before entering the broader enterprise market in a big way in the early 2000s. Microsoft ( MSFT ) has long been an industry leader, with many customers using multiple software applications from the company.

As cloud-based solutions have grown in popularity in recent years, the traditional ERP industry leaders have seen challenges from upstarts such as Bizowie and Workwise.

ERP Examples

Fulton & roark.

Men's grooming product maker Fulton & Roark successfully implemented enterprise resource planning to better track inventory and financial data. Like many other businesses, the North Carolina company used spreadsheets to track inventory and accounting software to record financial data.

As the company grew, its processes lagged. Their antiquated inventory tracking system did not account for changing costs, and the accounting software could not record the metrics needed for key financial statements. These breakdowns created manual processes, which further compromised time and resources.

To eliminate unnecessary processes and centralize work, they chose the Oracle NetSuite ERP system. Immediately, Fulton & Rourk was better able to identify accounting errors related to inventory, eliminate costs from employing third parties to evaluate their financial records, and better report financial positions.

Cadbury, a global confectioner and maker of the popular chocolate Cadbury egg, also successfully implemented an ERP system. The company had thousands of systems but could not keep pace with its rapid growth and used ineffective warehouse management systems.

It implemented a system that integrated its thousands of applications, standardized processes, and restructured warehouse management systems—breaking down silos for seamless, integrated coordination of work.

What Is the Importance of Enterprise Resource Planning?

Enterprise resource planning software offers single-system solutions that integrate processes across the business. These applications allow users to interact within a single interface, share information, and enable cross-functional collaboration. They increase productivity, collaboration, and efficiency.

What Are the 5 Components of ERP?

The components of an ERP system depend on the organization's needs. However, there are key features that each ERP should include. Generally, packages include finance, human resource, logistics and manufacturing, supply chain management, and customer relationship management.

What Are the Types of ERP?

Generally there are three deployment options for ERP systems; Cloud-based, on-premise, and a hybrid of the two. Within these options, a business can choose from hundreds of types such as finance, supply chain management, and human resource management.

What Are the 2 Main ERP Applications?

Which ones are the main applications depends on the business and the industry it operates in. Most companies can benefit from supply chain management, logistics, and financial applications to help them streamline their operations and expenses.

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) manages and integrates business processes through a single system. With a better line of sight, companies can better plan and allocate resources. Without ERP, companies tend to operate in silos, with each department using its own disconnected system.

ERP systems promote the free flow of communication and sharing of knowledge across an organization, the integration of systems for improved productivity and efficiencies, and increased synergies across teams and departments. However, moving to an ERP system will be counterproductive if the company's culture does not adjust to the change and the company does not review how the structure of its organization can support it.

Oracle. “ Oracle for SAP Technology Update ,” Page 42.

Microsoft. “ Annual Report 2021 .”

Workwise. “ About Us .”

Bizowie. “ A Different Kind of Enterprise Software Company .”

Oracle NetSuite. “ Fulton & Roark .”

Oracle NetSuite. “ 3 Successful ERP Implementation Case Studies .”

Microsoft. “ Mondelēz International Moves to Microsoft Azure for Great SAP Performance and AI Innovation .”

SAP. “ How Does Support From a Dedicated Engagement Team Accelerate Digital Transformation? ,” Page 3.

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Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is a business management software system that is designed to manage and streamline an organization’s functions, processes and workflows with automation and integration.

A term coined by  Gartner in the 1990s  (link resides outside ibm.com), an ERP software system is designed to manage all parts of a business—finance, HR, manufacturing, supply chain, services, procurement,  supply chain management , product lifecycle management, project management and more—which makes it an essential part of an organization’s daily operations. ERP software consists of business applications that are all connected and share one common database, therefore decreasing the number of resources necessary to run the business end to end.

The business applications, known as enterprise modules, each focus on a specific business area but work together to meet the company’s needs. Since businesses range in size and needs and no two are alike, modules are not a one-size-fits-all approach. A company can pick and choose which modules are best suited for their business.

The best way an enterprise resource planning system can deliver the most value is when a company takes advantage of modules for each business function. By having a central location for all business data, ERP implementation cuts out the silos that complicate data collection and create data duplication challenges for many businesses. The new system (the ERP model) serves as a single-source-of-truth software solution.

ERP software systems come in three different forms:

- A cloud subscription model ( software as a service )

- A licensing model (on premises)

- A hybrid model

Read on for more detail on these three systems and the different modules commonly available with an ERP software management system.

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There are three types of ERP software systems: onsite systems, cloud-based systems and hybrid systems. They all differ from one another and have their advantages and disadvantages, depending on business needs and ERP approach. Any of these enterprise resource planning software systems can help a company in decision-making and profitability.

Onsite ERP:  This software, also referred to as on-premises ERP, is deployed onsite and is mostly controlled in-house, or by the company’s enterprise. A business would choose this option if the business wanted to be in total control of the ERP software and security. If you are to choose this ERP software option, it would require a dedicated IT resource on-premises to handle the technical and application maintenance.

Cloud-based ERP:  The cloud-based ERP system, often referred to as software-as-a-service or SaaS, means that a third party is managing the ERP software in the cloud. Using technologies such as  artificial intelligence  (AI) and  machine learning , this flexible option system can provide greater automation efficiencies and allow employees to search through organizational data on any device through the internet. IBM®, Infor, Microsoft, Oracle and SAP offer new ERP solutions.

This is a popular model for ERP software due to its scalability, agility and lower cost. The main disadvantage is the security risk that you take when trusting an ERP vendor. The data for your business is sensitive and requires careful handling.

Hybrid ERP:  This system is for companies looking for characteristics of both an onsite and SaaS model to meet their business requirements. In this model, some of the ERP applications and data will be on the cloud and some are on premises. This can sometimes be referred to as a two-tier ERP.

ERP systems are based on various different modules that are there to support specific business processes. There are a select number of modules that are foundational to an ERP system and there are third-party applications to access additional features. Some of the most popular modules are listed below and give you deployment options.

Finance and accounting:  The finance and accounting module is often most important to many ERP systems. The main purpose of this module is to help businesses understand their financial outlook and analyze the whole business. The main features of this module are tracking accounts payable (AP) and accounts receivable (AR), while also closing the books efficiently and generating financial reports and pricing. This module can automate tasks related to billing and stores crucial financial information for your business, such as vendor payments, cash management and account reconciliation. It also provides clear metrics to a company and can aid in production planning operations.

Procurement:  The procurement module, or purchasing module, helps businesses source materials and services they need to manufacture their goods. This module helps automate purchasing, along with tracking and analyzing any incoming quotes. With the procurement module, companies can maintain a list of vendors and tie suppliers to certain items, which can in turn forsters good supplier relationship.

Manufacturing:  The manufacturing module, often referred to as a manufacturing execution system, is a vital planning and execution component to ERP software. The module helps manufacturers plan out production and secures everything needed for production. A manufacturing module can update the status of goods-in-progress, along with providing real-time information for items in progress or finished goods. The module also typically includes material requirements planning (MRP) solutions, which was the original manufacturing system of toolmaker Black and Decker. 1

Sales:  The sales module is responsible for keeping an open line of communication to customers and prospective customers. It can use data-driven insights to increase sales and make targeted decisions and assist with invoicing when it comes to promotions or upselling opportunities. Other features, including supply chain solutions, offer helpful inventory management and order management include dashboards, greater business intelligence and Internet of Things (IoT) technology.

Customer relationship management:  The  customer relationship management  (CRM) module, or service module, helps companies deliver exceptional service. By storing customer information, such as previous calls, emails and purchase history, a business has the data it needs to better serve current and future customers. This module makes it easy for staff to access the required information when a customer comes in and sees that staff create a customer-specifc experience thanks to the data saved from the ERP software.

Human resources management:  The human resources module maintains basic capabilities, such as time, attendance and payroll. This module maintains data on all employees and stores documents that pertain to each of those employees, such as a performance review or job description. If a company wants, it can have an entire  human capital management  (HCM) suite and connect it to ERP to deliver even stronger HR functionality. 

While stand-alone accounting software and ERP software do present similarly, the two systems are different. It comes down to what each software system can do and cover. Accounting software typically covers financial reporting, accounts payable and receivable, banking and basic sales revenue information.

Meanwhile, modern ERP software includes a wide range of modules that can reach every aspect of your business. Accounting is just one module in a long list of other features that ERP technology can provide. The ERP software is built for industry-specific requirements and can be molded to fit almost any company’s needs.

Accounting software has other limitations in terms of sales, customer relationship management and real-time data accessibility. The ERP software has modules specific to sales management and isn’t siloed to what accounting software can do. ERP integrates all financial information into one database and can be done in the cloud for easy accessibility.

If your small business is expanding rapidly, it may outgrow traditional accounting software and the business may want to seek out accounting data in one software package, such as ERP. Having all its data centrally located is key for small and big businesses to gain insights and having a multitude of modules available through an ERP software can help you as your business changes.

The benefits of ERP are wide-ranging, with the most prominent being increased productivity, reduced operational cost, flexibility and integrated information. The business intelligence ERP deployment offers is much more substantial than traditional accounting software offerings.

The need for accurate, real-time data is essential to almost every business, no matter the industry. Here are some businesses that rely on ERP solutions.

Utilities:  A utility company is constantly reviewing its capital assets. Therefore, organizing such assets  without ERP  can be challenging. The ERP software can also help utility companies forecast demand for future services and replace aging assets.

Service companies:  Companies such as accounting, tax, engineering and other professional service firms require ERP software that is powerful and delivers real-time data when needed. Professional service businesses can’t afford to experience delays. ERP software helps them stay on schedule and reduce cost and resource utilization.

Wholesalers:  For most wholesaler and importer businesses, reducing distribution costs and increasing inventory are two key elements of success. The best way to keep a business in order and running efficiently is through ERP software with modules customized to its needs. With it, wholesalers can get a handle on inventory management, purchasing and general logistics for their business.

Retailers:  A lot of purchasing is done online thanks to e-commerce and other sales channels, which have changed the retail landscape substantially in recent years. Retail businesses are dependent on integrated data as they need ERP software to provide self-service options to customers. The ERP solutions can assist with purchase orders and warehouse management. Retailers can also benefit from ERP to boost their customer return rate and improve webite conversions.

IBM Consulting® helps you successfully migrate legacy ERP applications to the cloud, redesign processes to leverage data, AI and automation and transform finance into a competitive advantage within your business.

For nearly four decades, IBM is one of the most significant Oracle partners. IBM offers Oracle services and consulting to clients that includes a roadmap for each stage of their cloud transformation investment, from consulting to cloud implementation to management.

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IBM Consulting is the driving force behind your business transformation journey. Together with strategic partners and service providers, IBM Consulting helps businesses migrate legacy ERP applications to the cloud and redesign processes to use data, AI and automation, all to help clients meet their business goals.  

1   MRP, JIT, OPT, FMS?  (link resides outside ibm.com), Harvard Business Review, September 1985

What is ERP? A Comprehensive Guide

Ian McCue

Growing companies eventually reach a point where spreadsheets no longer cut it. That’s where enterprise resource planning software comes in: ERP systems collect and organize key business information and help organizations run lean, efficient operations, even as they expand. Most business professionals have heard the term “ERP,” but they may not know exactly what enterprise resource planning systems can do for their teams.

What Is Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)?

ERP is a category of business software that automates business processes and provides insights and internal controls, drawing on a central database that collects inputs from departments including accounting, manufacturing, supply chain management, sales, marketing and human resources (HR).

Every business has multiple stakeholders collaborating to make things work. However, it becomes challenging when critical information is scattered across disconnected systems. For example, the accounting and FP&A teams could each have different spreadsheets with different figures for expense tracking.

ERP systems centralize data, provide cross-departmental visibility, enable efficient analysis, resolve data conflicts, and drive process improvements. That translates to cost savings and better productivity as people spend less time digging for needed data.

Video: What Is ERP?

Key Takeaways

  • ERP is critical business software that collects information from various departments in a common database, enabling leaders to monitor the pulse of a company using a single vision of reality.
  • ERP systems unify critical business functions like finance, manufacturing, inventory and order management, customer communication, sales and marketing, project management and human resources. One major feature is detailed analytics and reporting on each department.
  • ERP can generate major time and financial savings by providing organization-wide visibility that spotlights inefficient manual processes and reveals growth opportunities.
  • There are several deployment models for ERP software, including on-premises, cloud and hybrid. While cloud ERP has become extremely popular in recent years, the best approach for any given company depends on its needs.
  • Businesses should ensure they understand the capabilities, implementation models, integration requirements and total cost of ownership of a short list of software providers before picking a winner.

ERP Explained

Enterprise resource planning — a moniker coined by Gartner in 1990 — can be confusing because ERP is not a standalone application. ERP is a category of business software, and ERP systems comprise various modules, each addressing a specific business requirement.

For example, products-based companies typically have modules for accounting, inventory and order management, customer relationship management (CRM) and, if they produce or assemble products, manufacturing. Services businesses may turn to modules for accounting, project management, professional services automation, and CRM.

Why Is ERP Important for Businesses?

ERP systems have become table stakes for businesses looking to use resources wisely. They can help leaders reallocate human and financial capital or build more efficient core business processes that save money without sacrificing quality or performance.

An ERP is also an asset when it comes to planning and coordination. Employees can see current inventory and customer orders in detail, then compare supplier purchase orders and forecast future demand. If necessary, they can adjust to prevent problems. ERP software also improves communication and collaboration because workers can check on the status of other departments to guide their own decisions.

As a comprehensive data source, an ERP system also provides reports and analytics that can be difference-makers for the business. Turning a vast trove of information into charts and graphs that clearly illustrate trends and help model possible results is an ERP capability executives find invaluable.

13 Components of an ERP System

An ERP comprises several modules — bundles of features tailored for various aspects of the business, including back- and front-office roles. This goes beyond financials and fundamental functions like supply chain management and customer communication.

While most companies find that modern ERPs support their businesses “out of the box,” some firms need to add to the extensive built-in functionality. If you have a lot of specialized processes, look for an extensible system that allows your integrator or IT staff to write code that adds needed features or that can integrate with homegrown or legacy solutions.

However, before going the custom route, take a close look at your processes — the prebuilt functionality and configurations modern ERP solutions support are based on best practices gathered from thousands of companies. Aim to minimize customizations.

Core ERP Modules

Financial Management:  A  finance module , the foundation of every ERP system, manages the general ledger and all financial data. It tracks every transaction, including accounts payable (AP) and accounts receivable (AR), and handles reconciliations and financial reporting.

Human Resource Management (HRM):  A  human resources management (HRM)  or human capital management (HCM) module is like a workforce management module. It keeps employee records with detailed information, like available PTO and performance reviews, and can tease workforce trends in various departments or demographics.

Supply Chain Management:  Supply chain management modules  enable companies to oversee the flow of goods from suppliers through manufacturing and into customers' hands. Keep production running smoothly by ensuring all materials are available and in the correct locations and accurately schedule machinery and labor resources.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM):  CRM is a popular module for businesses in various industries. It tracks all client communications, assists with lead management, and can enhance customer service and boost sales.

Additional ERP Modules

Manufacturing: Manufacturing can be complicated, and this module helps companies coordinate all the steps to make products. The module can ensure production meets demand and monitor the number of in-progress and finished items.

Inventory Management: An  inventory management module shows current inventory levels down to the SKU level and updates those numbers in real time. It also measures key inventory-related metrics. Any products-based company needs this module to optimize stock on hand based on current and forecasted demand.

Project Management: Services businesses often utilize a  professional services automation (PSA) or project management module to plan and track projects, including the time and resources spent on them. It can simplify client billing and encourage collaboration among staff members working on a project.

Ecommerce: An  ecommerce module allows retailers and brands to manage their online stores' back and front ends. With this application, they can change the site's look and feel and add and update product pages.

Marketing Automation: This module manages marketing efforts across all digital channels — email, web, and social — and enables organizations to optimize and personalize their messaging. A  marketing automation tool can boost leads, sales, and customer loyalty.

Procurement: The  procurement module manages raw materials or finished goods purchasing. It can automate requests for quotes and purchase orders and minimize overbuying and underbuying when linked to demand planning.

Order Management: This application monitors and prioritizes customer orders from all channels as they come in and tracks their progress through delivery. An  order management module can speed up fulfillment and delivery times and improve the customer experience.

Warehouse Management: A  warehouse management module directs activities like receiving, picking, packing and shipping. It can save time and cost in the warehouse by identifying more efficient ways to execute these tasks.

Workforce Management: A  workforce management (WFM) module keeps track of attendance and hours worked; some can also manage payroll. This tool can record absenteeism and productivity by department, team, and individual employees.

A unified system can organize your operations and improve processes to reduce obstacles. Over-reliance on email and spreadsheets to collate and share critical information indicates that you need ERP. Spreadsheets require frequent, manual updates, meaning they are often outdated. Sharing sensitive data via email poses real security risks and can make it difficult to find what you need. A lack of integration among systems indicates you’re ready for ERP – and having all the modules in one place simplifies your business. The system can eliminate manual data transfers and fickle connections by pulling information from all key business functions into one place.

ERP Integration and Data Sharing

Virtually every organization considering an ERP implementation will have systems in place that  could  be replaced by modules of the ERP under consideration. As such, part of adopting an ERP system involves determining which existing systems will be replaced, which must be integrated, and which will be left to stand independently.

Remember, the more information fed into the ERP, the more value you get from your investment, so avoid leaving systems to stand apart from the ERP. Deciding when to integrate existing systems with your ERP and when to replace those systems with modules from your ERP vendor comes down to three considerations:

  • Is the existing system doing the job you need it to do? If not, then there’s a good case to be made for using the relevant module offered by your ERP vendor.
  • If the existing system is a keeper, is there a connector available from the ERP vendor, the existing system vendor or a third party to get data flowing between the ERP and your existing system? And if so, how good is it? Data migration is complex. These connectors can do a decent job of integrating systems from different vendors, but quality and commitment to updates can vary. Remember: Upgrades to the ERP or the standalone system can break connectors or require rework. In the worst case, the lack of a new connector could derail upgrade plans completely.
  • If a connector exists, does it operate in real-time and keep all necessary data flowing to and from each system? Some connectors operate in real time, and others sync up systems daily or weekly. Some move a limited data set between systems, and some work in only one direction — from an inventory management system into the ERP. If your team has done extensive custom configurations, the connector might not know some data types.

These potential complications highlight the advantage of using modules from a single provider to manage different business functions. It’s a good idea to use one vendor to address your needs whenever possible. This avoids the entire issue of integrations as the provider builds these modules to work together. A unified ERP system not only prevents problems but can also encourage adoption by flattening the learning curve.

If you decide to keep best-of-breed systems and integrate them with your chosen ERP, realize that verifying the correct functioning of connectors will become part of every upgrade cycle and that extensive customizations can cause issues. If you aim to automate back-office functions with real-time updates, bidirectional operation is important. Ensure you have the expertise, either in-house or through a partner or supplier, to keep data flowing.

#1 Cloud ERP Software

12 Benefits of Implementing ERP Systems

Today’s ERP solutions  have rich feature sets  that bring countless benefits to businesses. This software has become universally adopted by almost all companies of a certain size because it drives real improvements. While what an individual firm sees as the greatest value of this technology will vary, here are key universal advantages ERP delivers:

1. Cost Savings

The biggest value proposition of ERP systems is that they can save your organization money in several ways. By automating many simple, repetitive tasks, you minimize errors and the need to add employees at the same rate as business growth. Cross-company visibility makes it easier to spot inefficiencies that drive up costs and leads to better deployment of all resources, from labor to inventory to equipment. And with cloud ERP, companies may quickly see incremental value from the software, over and above what they’re spending.

2. Workflow Visibility

With all workflows and information in one place, employees with access to the system can see the status of projects and the performance of different business functions relevant to their jobs. This visibility may be particularly valuable to managers and leaders, and it’s far faster and easier than searching for the right documents and constantly asking colleagues for updates.

3. Reporting and Analytics

Data is useful only if companies can analyze and understand it; an ERP helps with that. Leading solutions have impressive reporting and analytics tools that allow users to track KPIs and display any metrics or comparisons they can dream up. Since an ERP is all-encompassing, it can help a business understand how a change or problem with a process in one department affects the rest of the company.

4. Centralized Data

Because ERPs can access real-time data across the company, these systems can uncover impactful trends and provide extensive business insights. This leads to better decision-making by organizational leaders who now have easy access to all relevant data.

5. Regulatory Compliance

Financial reporting standards and governmental and industry-specific data security regulations change frequently, and an ERP can help your company stay safe and compliant. An ERP provides an audit trail by tracking the lifecycle of each transaction, including adherence to required approval workflows. Businesses may also reduce the chance of errors and related compliance snafus with automation. ERP software provides financial reports that comply with standards and regulations, and SaaS applications are well-equipped to help companies with PCI-DSS compliance.

6. Risk Management through Mobility

ERP technology reduces risk in a few ways. Granular access control and defined approval workflows can strengthen  financial controls  and reduce fraud. Additionally, more accurate data prevents mistakes that could lead to lost sales or fines. And finally, the ability to see the status of the entire operation enables employees to quickly handle risks posed by business disruptions.

7. Data Security

ERP providers understand that your system houses critical, sensitive data and take necessary steps to ensure it is secure. This diligence is more important than ever as the volume and scale of cyberattacks increase. Vendor-managed  cloud ERP software , particularly, uses cutting-edge security protocols to ensure your company doesn’t fall victim to a damaging attack.

8. Increased Productivity

Employees are most effective when they work together. ERP solutions make it easy to share information — like purchase orders, contracts, and customer-support records — among teams. It knocks down walls between departments by giving employees appropriate access to real-time data on related business functions.

9. Scalability

The right ERP system will be scalable and flexible enough to meet your company’s needs today and for the foreseeable future. Cloud systems adapt to minor and major operational changes even as the amount of data the organization captures and the demand for access increase.

10. Flexibility

While ERP software helps businesses follow best practices, it also offers the flexibility to support unique processes and objectives. The system allows administrators to build company-specific workflows and create automatic reports important to different departments and executives. An ERP enhances your organization’s innovation and creativity.

11. Customer Service and Partner Management

An ERP can strengthen a company’s partner and customer relationships. It can provide insights on suppliers, shipping carriers and service providers, with the cloud enabling even better, more convenient information exchange. Regarding customers, the solution can track survey responses, support tickets, returns and more so the organization can focus on customer satisfaction.

12. Forecasting

Finance and FP&A departments are pressured to develop accurate forecasts in response to evolving conditions. Such dynamic financial forecasting empowers organizations to quickly adjust plans based on real-time data and new insights. Seamless synchronization between your ERP and planning and budgeting systems empowers finance teams to easily seed actuals and information in daily planning and forecasts, eliminating the need for departments to coordinate and consolidate offline.

Regularly review your current technology and ask: Is our technology helping — or holding us back? When outdated or inadequate systems introduce inefficiencies, muddy the data waters or can’t support changes the business wants to make, it’s time to look for a new solution. Inaccurate data is another sign it’s time for your first or a new ERP system. If your data is unreliable, you can’t trust the reports and insights it produces — and that’s a big problem.

erp (enterprise resource planning) que é

Still don't know what modules you'll need? This guide will help you decide which ones to build into your implementation plan.

6 ERP Implementation Challenges

Despite all the value ERP brings, companies may encounter challenges in building the business case for a system or implementing it. It’s important to be aware of these potential roadblocks before you adopt a system so you can adequately prepare and temper doubts from stakeholders. At the same time, realize that many of these can be avoided by creating a detailed plan and selecting the right ERP vendor.

As you prepare for an ERP project, keep these concerns in mind:

1. Budget Considerations

Because they were expensive to purchase, implement and maintain, early ERP systems were accessible only to large companies. However, that hasn’t been the case for two-plus decades. While ERPs still require time and financial investment, the technology has become much more affordable thanks to both SaaS systems that charge a recurring fee and more solutions designed for small and midsize businesses entering the market. For instance, organizations can use tools to calculate estimated savings after one and three years to determine when returns will surpass costs.

2. Employee Training

Like any new tech, ERP has a learning curve. Anyone who will use the software — ideally, most or all of your employees — requires some training. Although there may be resistance at first, that should fade away as people realize how much the technology will help them. Newer systems that receive frequent updates are more intuitive and user-friendly, reducing training requirements and increasing adoption.

3. Data Conversion and Migration Challenges

When moving to a new ERP, you may need to convert some data into a format compatible with the new platform. This can lead to unexpected costs and delays, so review your databases, and work with your IT team or an integration partner to identify potential data compatibility issues early on. Then, you can factor conversion efforts into the  ERP implementation plan .

4. Resistance to Change

An ERP system is loaded with features that can be daunting to your workforce. However, the software available today is far easier to use than legacy systems because vendors have focused on improving the user experience. Additionally, employees need access to only the modules and dashboards required for their jobs, which can make them more approachable. Thorough training should temper concerns about complexity.

5. Dedicated IT Resources

In the past, maintenance was a large expense that deterred lower-revenue businesses from adopting ERP. Not only did a company need an IT staff to handle patches, security and  required system upgrades , it often had to pay the vendor or a third-party service provider for its expertise. This is less of a concern with a SaaS system because the provider takes care of all maintenance and regularly moves all customers to the latest version — and it’s all built into the subscription price. Companies concerned about maintenance should thoroughly vet a potential supplier to ensure it offers a true vendor-managed SaaS system.

6. Doesn’t Solve Process and Policy Issues

If you have error-prone or inefficient processes, an ERP won’t necessarily fix them, even though it may increase accuracy. It  can , however, uncover problems in your operations and help you brainstorm better ways to do business. The same goes for policies that hold the organization back — it’s up to you to adjust those and then configure the system to support better ways of doing business.

For business units, ERP software can automate many error-prone tasks, like account reconciliations,  customer billing  and order processing, and provide the information teams need to operate more efficiently.

But the real beauty of ERP is that it can give both a 10,000-foot view of the company’s health  and  detailed insights into a specific process or KPI by not only storing and organizing data, but identifying patterns and flagging anomalies that require investigation. Try that with a spreadsheet.

ERP Deployment Options

Various ERP deployment models address the needs of different organizations, and it’s important to understand the unique characteristics of each so you can identify the best option for your business. There is some nuance here, like multiple “cloud” deployment versions — it’s not just on-premises vs. cloud.

On-Premises ERP

With an on-premises system, the business runs the software on its servers and is responsible for security, maintenance, upgrades, and other fixes. Upkeep usually requires in-house IT staffers with the required expertise. For many years, on-premises ERP was the only option. Still, the popularity of this deployment model  has declined rapidly in recent years,  and market-watcher IDC predicts continued declines.

Cloud-Based ERP

Cloud-based ERP runs on remote servers managed by a third party. Users typically access a cloud ERP through a web browser, giving them greater flexibility — they can dig into information and reports from anywhere with an internet connection. There are multiple deployment options for cloud ERP, including hosted cloud and true cloud.

  • Hosted Cloud Solution: A company purchases a license but runs it on remote servers managed by a third party. The servers and other hardware are often rented from the hosting company. Your data is stored in a private cloud as a separate instance of the ERP used by just one company. Your infrastructure is not shared with other organizations, so this is sometimes called single tenant. This setup can give the client greater control over the software and allow for more customizations, but it also creates more work for the business. Think of it as a middle ground between on-premises and true cloud software.
  • True Cloud Solution: A true cloud deployment allows companies to pay a fee for access to servers and software they do not have to manage. SaaS ERP solutions are a popular version of a true cloud solution, as the vendor handles everything on the back end, including patches and upgrades. True cloud is also known as multi-tenant because multiple businesses use the same software instance and hardware. This reduces the need for an in-house IT team and ensures that the company always has the software's most up-to-date, secure version.

Hybrid ERP combines elements of on-premises and cloud deployments. One hybrid approach is two-tier ERP, where a corporation keeps its on-premises ERP in place at headquarters but employs cloud systems for subsidiaries or certain regional offices. These cloud solutions are then integrated with the on-premises system. Other companies may use cloud solutions for certain business needs while using their on-premises systems for other functions. Either way, the cloud systems must be linked to the on-premises platform to ensure a steady flow of information — often easier said than done.

Open-Source ERP

Like other open-source applications, open-source ERP is an inexpensive, sometimes free, alternative suitable for some companies. Many open-source ERP providers allow businesses to download their software for free and only charge a low annual fee if the customer wants cloud access. These solutions have improved, with more modern web-based interfaces and a growing number of modules, but companies need to understand what they’re taking on with an open-source ERP. Support from the provider will be minimal, and configurations and system improvements tend to fall on the client. That means you need technical staff with a deep knowledge of developing and configuring the software.

Cloud ERP has since taken off and fueled much of the innovation over the past two decades. This computing model has allowed companies to better collaborate among internal departments and with external partners, sparking new insights that save businesses time and money and push them forward.

The Future of ERP

Now that companies understand the tremendous benefits of an ERP, they’re looking for ways to up the game. Technology like artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain, augmented reality (AR), and the Internet of Things (IoT) are shaping today’s  ERP trends . Many of these technologies are already embedded within industry-leading ERP solutions.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in ERP

AI and machine learning, for example, can automate account reconciliations and flag transactions that call for a closer look. This saves the accounting team time and offloads a task most don’t look forward to. Machine-learning technology improves as it processes more transactions and can help develop more accurate forecasts.

Blockchain for Supply Chain Management

Blockchain packages data securely and can increase transparency among companies in a supply chain. Specifically, it can show the status of specific products in detail and create an in-depth audit trail of an item’s journey from raw material to finished goods. This also provides information from which the ERP can draw insights.

Augmented reality has gained a foothold in retail, allowing consumers to virtually place a rug or 3D image of a piece of furniture in their living rooms to get a sense of how it would look before purchasing. The ERP can store all the data points and images needed to make AR work.

Internet of Things (IoT) Integrations

Finally, more companies recognize the value of IoT devices, like sensors, scanners, and cameras, that can feed information back to the ERP. For instance, a sensor that monitors the performance of a piece of warehouse automation equipment could alert a manager when the machinery starts operating more slowly. That could be a sign the equipment needs repair, and the business can intervene before it breaks and disrupts operations. An IoT tracker on a delivery truck could show drivers taking inefficient routes and suggest they always use GPS.

Unified ERP System

Aside from these buzzy technologies, more businesses want to consolidate all their applications on a single platform. Recent research from Gartner reveals that 40% of services companies will unify core processes like financials, HR, order-to-cash, procurement, and operations in a single suite by 2026. As software providers expand their offerings and more businesses realize the value of a unified ERP system, this will become increasingly common.

How to Select the Right ERP System

NetSuite offers a unified, true cloud ERP system to help companies run their entire business in one place. Its offerings include applications for financials, inventory and order management, HR, professional services automation, omnichannel commerce and advanced analytics. All these applications are natively integrated, meaning there are no connections to manage, and users enjoy a common interface as they move between modules.

NetSuite was born on the cloud and has over 37,000 customers ranging from startups to multinational enterprises. It has robust reporting capabilities to deliver insights across your business and role-based permissions, so employees only have access to the necessary information.

1. Perform a Needs Assessment

The “right” ERP system for your company is the one that supports your needs now  and  is scalable enough to grow with your business, with modules and features that drive savings and help you capitalize on opportunities. This is a big decision, so take the time to evaluate all options thoroughly.

Purchasing and implementing an ERP platform used to be intimidating, even overwhelming. But the solutions available today allow companies to take it one step at a time and add what they need when they need it. Never has this software been within reach for more organizations, and leaders need to take advantage of that. An ERP has become table stakes for any company that wants the visibility and insights to compete and win.

2. Evaluate Vendors

An ERP is a critical business system that must mesh with how each company operates, so there is no one “best” platform. Required capabilities, preferred deployment model and company size will all affect your decision when  buying an ERP system . Look to established vendors with proven records of success working with companies in your vertical. Always ask for reference customers and check out success stories. Businesses should also consider the software provider’s roadmap for emerging technologies like IoT and blockchain.

3. Assess Customization and Scalability

Start with the modules foundational to your business and build from there. Companies often begin with a finance module to automate basic accounting tasks and allow leaders to easily view available cash and money flow into and out of the organization. Products-based companies typically want to digitize inventory and order management immediately because that can generate rapid and significant savings around procurement, storage, and shipping. An ecommerce application that plugs into the ERP is a priority for sellers that rely on this sales channel. On the other hand, service organizations may start with a PSA (professional services automation) application to simplify employee time, resource tracking, and project billing.

After that, a  CRM module is a prudent investment because it can improve customer communications, while supply chain management modules for manufacturing, procurement and/or warehouse management can better align purchasing and production with demand. A marketing automation solution integrated with the ERP to attract and retain customers through creative techniques may be another logical addition.

Businesses with many employees should add  human resources management (HRMS) /human capital management (HCM) systems sooner rather than later to improve the employee experience and earn a reputation as a great workplace.

4. Perform a Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Analysis

The cost of an ERP project varies widely depending on vendor, modules, and deployment model. ERP systems are priced with the target audience's needs in mind, so those built for emerging and high-growth businesses will be more affordable than those used by Fortune 500 enterprises.

Cloud-based ERP, and specifically SaaS options, usually have lower upfront costs than on-premises software because there’s no hardware to purchase nor system experts to hire. With on-premises software, companies purchase a perpetual license that’s more expensive, but it’s a one-time expense. A hybrid model could be even more expensive, as it requires many resources to support on-premises ERP and the subscription fees for cloud applications.

The costs of ERP go beyond licensing. When calculating the  TCO of various ERP solutions , factor in implementation and operating expenses related to customization, maintenance, training, upgrades and support.

ERP Case Studies

Fulton & Roark used to manage their inventory manually with spreadsheets, and they relied on Sage Live for financial data. When sales doubled annually for the men's grooming product retailer, they quickly discovered their outdated processes were causing duplicate entries. They adopted NetSuite ERP, which allowed them to catch inventory-related bookkeeping errors, eliminate external accountants, boost sales, and gain better insights into margins and inventory.

Two friends found major process inefficiencies when they transitioned their candy wholesale business into Green Rabbit, a company specializing in perishable goods logistics. Relying on QuickBooks, Excel, and email led to disconnected databases and IT delays. Green Rabbit adopted NetSuite ERP and implemented it within three months. Now, they can swiftly ship products across the country without inventory errors, manage orders without delays, and easily scale their order volume without system impact.

While ERP software was initially designed for enterprises — as the name indicates — today’s cloud-based  software-as-a-service (SaaS) ERP  offerings have lowered barriers to entry and helped countless emerging and midsize companies increase their efficiency, visibility and, in turn, profitability. Although there are costs that come with purchasing and deploying ERP software, it often delivers a quick return on investment.

Gain Control of Your Business Resources with NetSuite ERP

NetSuite’s Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System  stands out as the perfect choice for companies seeking immediate performance enhancements and sustained growth. Unlike many traditional systems, NetSuite was meticulously designed to be cloud-native, offering unmatched flexibility and scalability. This adaptability empowers companies to seamlessly adjust to shifting conditions and support evolving business needs. With NetSuite's real-time data and role-specific dashboards, decision-making becomes quicker and more informed across all levels of the organization. It's a game-changer for businesses looking to stay agile and competitive in today's dynamic landscape.

erp (enterprise resource planning) que é

We cover 9 easy steps to choosing an ERP that's perfect for you, including what to ask vendors and how to build a business case.

What does ERP stand for?

ERP stands for enterprise resource planning, a term research firm Gartner coined in 1990 to refer to the business management platforms enterprises had begun using.

What is ERP in simple terms?

ERP is software that businesses rely on to run and monitor the business performance of their daily operations. It stores data from across the company, from finance to supply chain to human resources, in a central repository and can analyze and report on all that information.

How does ERP work?

An ERP is an application that makes use of a central database that receives information from various departments within a company. The ERP includes integrated modules dedicated to functions like accounting, inventory management and CRM. An ERP gives companies a single place to store, view, manage and interpret data.

What is an ERP system?

ERP systems are comprised of modules that focus on certain business processes, such as accounting, manufacturing and CRM. These modules function using a central database, allowing access to real-time data, and give visibility into business performance across these departments while minimizing data duplication. A complete ERP system will help companies budget, plan, and report on financial results.

Why is ERP used?

Companies use ERP systems to connect data from multiple business functions within a centralized system, using the same data to maintain a “single source of truth.” This allows different departments to operate with the same results. Companies also save time and money by automating manual processes and reducing opportunities for errors.

Is ERP just for finance and accounting?

While financial management and accounting are key ERP functions, the system’s capabilities stretch far beyond this department. It can automate and better manage tasks related to purchasing, inventory and order management, manufacturing, project management, workforce management, sales and marketing and more.

Why do companies use ERP?

ERP software has become an invaluable tool for companies because it generates major time and cost savings. Beyond automating tasks, an ERP provides company-wide visibility and reporting that tells executives and managers where teams should focus their time and attention, which may mean addressing pressing problems.

What’s the difference between ERP and MRP?

An MRP, or material resources planning, system was a precursor to ERP used by manufacturers to better prepare for production runs. The manufacturing-related tasks MRP systems handled, like procurement and inventory tracking, are just one component of today’s ERP systems.

What is two-tier ERP?

Two-tier ERP is an approach that has gained traction among larger companies with subsidiaries, distinct business units or regional offices. Instead of forcing these business units or offices to use the legacy ERP, they run on a less-resource-intensive ERP — often a SaaS solution — that’s integrated with the Tier 1 system.

What are the advantages of cloud-based ERP?

Many of the advantages of cloud ERP fall under lower costs and fewer headaches. A cloud solution is usually cheaper and faster to implement, and post-implementation expenses may be lower because the vendor takes care of all maintenance and upgrades. A cloud-based system can also seamlessly support your growth, as the vendor manages all hardware.

erp features

12 Core ERP Features: Benefits and FAQ

Looking to make the finance team more efficient and improve business operations? Today's enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems integrate and automate essential financial and operational functions and provide a trove of data insights from sources including general ledger (GL), accounts payable…

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Qu'est-ce que l'ERP ?

Découvrez la solution cloud de planification des ressources d'entreprise (ERP) leader du secteur, qui assure une gestion intégrée des processus et des applications métier, vous fait gagner en résilience et en agilité et vous prépare pour la croissance.

erp (enterprise resource planning) que é

Planification des ressources de l'entreprise - Présentation

Définition de la planification des ressources d’entreprise (enterprise resource planning, erp), qu'est-ce qu'un système erp .

  • Quelle est la différence entre l'ERP et la gestion financière ?
  • Les fondamentaux de l'ERP
  • La valeur commerciale de l'ERP

Une brève histoire de l'ERP

  • Modèles de déploiement ERP : du système sur site au cloud

Cloud ERP - Un nouveau modèle de livraison ERP

  • 7 raisons de passer à une solution cloud ERP
  • Lancez-vous avec ERP

FAQ sur l'ERP

Un système ERP (Enterprise resource planning) est un type de logiciel que les entreprises utilisent pour gérer leurs activités quotidiennes telles que la comptabilité , les achats , la gestion de projets , la gestion des risques et la conformité , ainsi que les opérations de supply chain . Une suite ERP complète comprend également un logiciel de gestion de la performance (EPM) qui aide à planifier, budgétiser, prévoir et générer un rapport sur les résultats financiers d’une entreprise.

Les systèmes ERP relient une multitude de processus métier et activent le flux de données entre eux. En collectant les données transactionnelles partagées d’une entreprise à partir de plusieurs sources, les systèmes ERP rendent la duplication des données inutile et assurent l’intégrité des données avec une "source unique d’informations fiables".

Aujourd’hui, les systèmes ERP sont essentiels pour la gestion de milliers d’entreprises de toutes les tailles et de tous les secteurs. Pour ces entreprises, l’ERP constitue un élément aussi indispensable que l’électricité.

Téléchargez l'image miniature de la couverture du livre l'ERP pour les nuls

L'ERP Cloud pour les nuls

Lisez ce guide pour apprendre à :

  • Trouver le bon partenaire ERP cloud
  • Gagner en productivité et en flexibilité
  • Bénéficier d'une vision cohérente sur l'ensemble de votre entreprise
  • Obtenir les technologies et améliorations de nouvelle génération

Comment ces solutions peuvent-elles gérer les activités quotidiennes des organisations, telles que la comptabilité, les finances, les achats, la gestion de projet, la chaîne d'approvisionnement et la production.

Les systèmes de planification des ressources d'entreprise sont des plates-formes complètes et intégrées, que ce soit sur site ou dans le cloud, qui gèrent tous les aspects d'une entreprise de production ou de distribution. En outre, les systèmes ERP prennent en charge tous les aspects de la gestion financière, des ressources humaines, de la gestion de la supply chain et de la fabrication dans le cadre de votre fonction de comptabilité de base.

Les systèmes ERP assurent également la transparence de votre processus métier complet en suivant tous les aspects de la production, de la logistique et des finances. Ces systèmes intégrés agissent comme le centre névralgique de votre entreprise pour les workflows complets et les données, avec différents accès pour chaque service.

Les systèmes et logiciels ERP prennent en charge plusieurs fonctions au sein des entreprises et des PME, y compris des personnalisations en fonction de votre secteur.

Quelle est la différence entre l'ERP et les produits financiers ?

Bien que le terme "produit financier" soit souvent utilisé pour décrire les logiciels ERP, les applications financières et ERP ne sont pas identiques. Les fonctionnalités de gestion financière constituent un sous-ensemble de modules de l'ERP .

La gestion financière désigne les fonctions métiers associées au service financier d'une organisation, lesquelles incluent des modules de comptabilité générale, de comptabilité auxiliaire, du pôle comptabilité, de comptes fournisseurs et clients, de gestion des revenus, de facturation, de subvention, de gestion des dépenses, de gestion de projet, de gestion des actifs, de comptabilité de coentreprise et de collecte.

Le logiciel Financials utilise des fonctions de reporting et d'analyse pour se conformer aux exigences de reporting des organes dirigeants, tels que l'International Financial Reporting Standards Foundation ( IFRS ), le Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) pour les principes comptables généralement reconnus aux États-Unis (GAAP), ainsi que pour d'autres pays (HGB en Allemagne et PCG en France, par exemple).

Pour les organismes publics, les logiciels financiers doivent être en mesure de produire des états financiers périodiques pour les organismes de réglementation, tels que la Securities and Exchange Commission américaine ( SEC ) (avec des rapports tels que le 10-Q trimestriel et le 10-K annuel), l'Autorité européenne des marchés financiers ( ESMA ), etc. Pour ces types d'états financiers, un outil de reporting narratif est utilisé. La responsabilité finale de la gestion financière revient au directeur financier.

Alors que la gestion financière est axée sur un seul domaine de l'activité, l'ERP couvre un large éventail de processus métier, lesquels incluent les finances. Les logiciels ERP peuvent intégrer des fonctionnalités d' achats , de gestion de la supply chain , de gestion des stocks, de fabrication, de maintenance, de gestion des commandes, de gestion de projet, de logistique, de gestion du cycle de vie des produits, de gestion des risques , de gestion des performances de l'entreprise (EPM) et de gestion des ressources humaines/du capital humain .

Un ERP s'intègre également aux applications front-office pour offrir des vues exhaustives sur les clients, y dans les solutions de gestion de la relation client ( CRM ). En outre, les applications ERP sur le cloud sont souvent intégrées à des technologies de nouvelle génération, telles que l'Internet des objets (IoT), la blockchain, l'IA, le machine learning et les assistants numériques. Ces technologies évoluées fournissent des données et des fonctionnalités qui non seulement améliorent nombre de fonctions ERP traditionnelles, mais créent de nouvelles opportunités pour offrir une efficacité accrue, de nouveaux services et des informations plus pertinentes à l'échelle de l'entreprise. Comme les systèmes ERP fournissent des fonctionnalités exhaustives pour l'ensemble de l'entreprise, leur gestion implique souvent un partenariat avec le directeur financier, ainsi qu'avec le directeur informatique, le directeur des opérations et d'autres dirigeants clés.

Les applications ERP sur le cloud sont souvent intégrées à des technologies nouvelle génération, telles que l'Internet des objets ( IoT ), la chaîne de blocs , l'IA, l'apprentissage automatique et les assistants numériques.

Fondamentaux d'ERP

Les systèmes ERP sont conçus autour d’une structure de données unique et définie (schéma) qui possède généralement une base de données commune. Cela permet de s’assurer que les informations utilisées à l’échelle de l’entreprise sont normalisées et basées sur des définitions et des expériences utilisateur communes. Ces concepts fondamentaux sont ensuite interconnectés avec des processus métier pilotés par des workflows à travers les départements (par exemple, services financiers, ressources humaines, ingénierie, marketing et opérations), reliant les systèmes et les utilisateurs. Dit simplement, l’ERP est le moyen d’intégrer les personnes, les processus et les technologies dans une entreprise innovante.

Découvrez comment des analystes du secteur comparent Oracle Cloud ERP à d'autres fournisseurs de logiciels de gestion financière.

Prenez l'exemple d'un constructeur automobile qui achète ses pièces et composants auprès de plusieurs fournisseurs. Il pourrait utiliser un système ERP pour suivre la demande et l’achat de ces pièces et veiller à ce que chaque composante de l’ensemble du processus d’achat jusqu’au paiement utilise des données uniformes et propres liées aux workflows, aux processus opérationnels, au reporting et aux analyses de l’entreprise.

Lorsque l’ERP est correctement déployé chez ce constructeur automobile, un composant, par exemple les "plaquettes de frein avant", est identifié partout par son nom de pièce, sa taille, son matériau, sa source, son numéro de lot, son numéro de pièce fournisseur, son numéro de série, son coût et ses spécifications, ainsi que par une multitude d’autres éléments descriptifs et axés sur les données.

Etant donné que les données sont l'élément vital de toute entreprise innovante, les systèmes ERP facilitent leur collecte, organisation, analyse et répartition de l'information à toute personne où système la nécessitant pour accomplir au mieux leurs travail et responsabilités.

L’ERP garantit également que les champs et attributs des données soient répercutés au bon compte dans le grand livre de l’entreprise afin que tous les coûts soient correctement suivis et retranscrits. Si les plaquettes de frein avant étaient appelées « freins avant » dans un système logiciel (ou peut-être un ensemble de feuilles de calcul), « plaquettes de frein » dans un autre, et « plaquettes avant » dans un troisième, il serait difficile pour le constructeur automobile de savoir combien il dépense annuellement en plaquettes de frein avant, et s’il doit changer de fournisseur ou négocier pour obtenir un meilleur prix.

Un des principes clés de l’ERP est la collecte centrale de données dans le but de les diffuser plus largement. Au lieu de plusieurs bases de données autonomes avec un inventaire infini de feuilles de calcul déconnectées, les systèmes ERP mettent de l’ordre dans ce chaos afin que tous les utilisateurs - de la direction aux gestionnaires de comptes fournisseurs - puissent créer, stocker et utiliser les mêmes données dérivées par des processus communs. Grâce à un référentiel de données sécurisé et centralisé, tous les collaborateurs de l’entreprise peuvent être assurés que les données sont exactes, à jour et complètes. L’intégrité des données est assurée pour chaque tâche effectuée dans l’entreprise, du bilan financier trimestriel à un rapport ponctuel sur les créances, sans passer par les feuilles de calcul sources d’erreur.

Tendances de la finance moderne

L'environnement ERP s'est transformé avec l'évolution rapide des applications cloud Software as a Service (SaaS). En raison de l'avènement des plates-formes mobiles et du personnel décentralisé qui travaille en tout lieu et à tout moment, les systèmes ERP ne peuvent plus être assujettis aux applications back-office sur site du passé. Les solutions ERP de nouvelle génération modernes résidant dans le cloud soutiennent la dynamique du secteur tout en offrant la possibilité de réduire les délais de support pour permettre aux entreprises de réagir rapidement aux fluctuations des marchés et des tendances du secteur.

Valeur commerciale d'ERP

Il est impossible d’ignorer l’impact de l’ERP dans le monde professionnel actuel. Au fur et à mesure que les données et les processus de l’entreprise sont regroupés dans des systèmes ERP, les entreprises peuvent uniformiser des services distincts et améliorer les workflows, ce qui se traduit par d’importantes économies sur le résultat net. Voici quelques exemples de bénéfices métier :

  • Meilleure compréhension de l’activité à partir d’informations en temps réel générées par des rapports
  • Réduction des coûts opérationnels grâce à la rationalisation des processus métier et des bonnes pratiques
  • Collaboration améliorée des utilisateurs partageant des données dans des contrats, des demandes d’achat et des bons de commandes
  • Efficacité améliorée via une expérience utilisateur commune à travers de nombreuses fonctionnalités et processus métier bien définis
  • Infrastructure cohérente du back-office au front-office, avec toutes les activités de l’entreprise ayant la même apparence
  • Taux d’adoption par l’utilisateur plus élevés grâce à une expérience utilisateur et à une conception communes
  • Risques réduits grâce à une meilleure intégrité des données et des contrôles financiers
  • Réduction des coûts de gestion et d’exploitation à travers des systèmes uniformes et intégrés

Des fiches papiers aux appareils mobiles L' histoire de l'ERP remonte à plus de 100 ans. En 1913, l’ingénieur Ford Whitman Harris développe ce qui deviendra la formule du lot économique (ou formule de Wilson), un système basé sur papier ayant pour but de planifier la production. Pendant des décennies, la formule du lot économique est restée la norme en matière de production. Le fabricant d’outils Black & Decker a changé la donne en 1964 lorsqu’il est devenu la première entreprise à adopter une solution de planification des besoins en composants (MRP) qui combinait les concepts de formule du lot économique avec un ordinateur central.

La planification des besoins en composants était restée la norme de production jusqu'à ce que la planification des ressources de production (MRP II) soit développée en 1983. MRP II comportait des "modules" en tant que composante clé de l’architecture du logiciel et des composants de fabrication de base intégrés, dont les achats, les nomenclatures, la planification et la gestion des contrats. Pour la première fois, différentes tâches de production étaient intégrées à un même système. Le système MRP II offrait également une preuve convaincante de la manière dont les entreprises pouvaient exploiter les logiciels afin de partager et d’intégrer des données d’entreprise, tout en optimisant l’efficacité opérationnelle à travers une meilleure planification de la production, une réduction des stocks et une diminution des déchets (rebut). Avec l’évolution des technologies informatiques dans les années 1970 et 1980, des concepts similaires à MRP II ont été développés pour gérer les activités de l’entreprise autres que la production, à savoir la finance, la gestion de la relation client et les ressources humaines. En 1990, les analystes des technologies ont donné un nom à cette nouvelle catégorie de gestion d’entreprise : l’ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning, planification des ressources d’entreprise).

Modèles de déploiement ERP : du système sur site au cloud

Passé de l'ERP : des années 90 au nouveau millénaire Des années 1990 au début du XXIe siècle, l'adoption de l'ERP a été rapide . Au même moment, les coûts de mise en oeuvre des systèmes ERP ont commencé à grimper. Le hardware nécessaire à l’exécution du logiciel se trouvait généralement sur site dans l’entreprise, avec de grosses machines dans une salle de serveurs. Les licences hardware et software ont nécessité des investissements en capital et ont été amorties sur une période de 5 à 10 ans. En outre, les entreprises souhaitaient presque toujours personnaliser leurs systèmes ERP pour répondre à leurs besoins spécifiques, ce qui donnait lieu à des dépenses supplémentaires en consultants en logiciels et en formation.

Pendant ce temps, la technologie ERP évoluait et a pris en compte Internet, avec de nouvelles caractéristiques et fonctionnalités telles que l’analytique intégrée. Au fil du temps, de nombreuses entreprises se sont rendu compte que leurs systèmes ERP sur site ne pouvaient plus s'adapter aux exigences de sécurité modernes ni aux technologies émergentes comme les smartphones.

Software-as-a-service (SaaS) C'est là que le Cloud entre en jeu, en particulier le modèle de livraison Software-as-a-service (SaaS) pour l'ERP. Lorsque le logiciel ERP est accessible dans le cloud, il s’exécute sur un réseau de serveurs distants au lieu d’être installé dans la salle des serveurs de l’entreprise. Le fournisseur de cloud corrige, gère et met à jour le logiciel plusieurs fois par an, au lieu d’une mise à jour coûteuse tous les 5 à 10 ans avec un système sur site. Le cloud peut réduire à la fois les dépenses d’exploitation (OpEx) et les dépenses en capitaux (CapEx), car il épargne aux entreprises l’acquisition de logiciels et de matériel ou le recrutement de personnel informatique supplémentaire. Ces ressources peuvent plutôt être investies dans de nouvelles opportunités commerciales et l’entreprise est toujours à jour sur les logiciels ERP les plus récents. Les collaborateurs peuvent passer de la gestion des tâches informatiques à des tâches à plus forte valeur ajoutée comme l’innovation et la croissance.

7 raisons de migrer vers une solution cloud ERP

Pour les entreprises de toutes tailles, dont les petits aux moyennes entreprises , il est impossible d'arrêter tous leurs systèmes sur site pour migrer vers le cloud en une seule fois. Ou, du moins, ces entrepreneurs ne se sentent pas à l'aise à l'idée d'entreprendre une telle migration en une courte période de développement. Cependant, il n'est pas idéal de conserver un ERP sur site et d'ignorer tous les avantages des systèmes de planification des ressources d’entreprise dans le cloud. Pourquoi devriez-vous envisager d’utiliser des applications cloud pour remplacer ou compléter votre système sur site ?

1. Adopter rapidement les technologies SaaS innovantes et évolutives

Les technologies de nouvelle génération, comme l’intelligence artificielle (IA), aident les systèmes Cloud à améliorer rapidement leurs capacités sans nécessiter de mises à jour périodiques, contrairement à votre ancien système. Désormais, sans apport supplémentaire ou nouveau de la part de l’utilisateur final, les systèmes ERP deviennent beaucoup plus faciles à gérer et à utiliser.

2. Augmenter la valeur de votre système ERP existant

L’augmentation et l’intégration d'anciens logiciels avec des applications cloud peuvent compléter et améliorer des tâches importantes. Cette approche peut insuffler une nouvelle vie aux anciens systèmes ERP et offrir aux entreprises une excellente occasion de commencer à adopter les fonctionnalités du cloud.

3. Accéder aux nouvelles technologies

La recherche d’applications cloud pour compléter vos anciens modules logiciels ERP vous permet de bénéficier immédiatement des progrès rapides des nouvelles technologies et de l’amélioration des modèles utilisateur. Vous disposez ainsi de systèmes complémentaires qui offrent des capacités et une valeur métier immédiates, sans modification drastique de vos opérations.

4. Réduire les dépendances aux systèmes tiers

Le reporting et l'analyse des anciens systèmes nécessitent généralement la participation d’un fournisseur tiers pour générer une business intelligence opérationnelle. L’utilisation des applications cloud de votre ancien fournisseur ERP produit souvent la même voire une meilleure intelligence, sans recourir à une relation fournisseur supplémentaire.

5. Faire évoluer vos systèmes financiers

Les anciens systèmes n’ont jamais été conçus pour être des moteurs de reporting innovants. La technologie dans le cloud est née au cours de la dernière décennie et s’est développée, en tant que principe de base, avec un état d’esprit et une compréhension totalement différents non seulement de ce qui était possible, mais aussi de ce qui était nécessaire pour le succès des plates-formes ERP.

6. Des ressources de sécurité plus fiables

Les fournisseurs de services de solutions cloud disposent de grandes équipes à plein temps exclusivement dédiées à la surveillance proactive et à la veille concernant les problèmes et menaces de sécurité cloud, 24h/24.

7. Attirer les talents convoités

La nouvelle génération de jeunes actifs a grandi avec une technologie fonctionnelle, mobile, facile à utiliser et disponible en permanence. Aucune entreprise continuant de fonctionner uniquement avec la technologie sur site ne sera jamais en mesure de recruter les meilleurs talents, quel que soit leur âge.

Lancez-vous avec Oracle ERP

Les entreprises ont toujours lutté pour trouver un équilibre entre les coûts élevés et la complexité des ERP traditionnels et le besoin de disposer de fonctionnalités personnalisées et de flexibilité, tout en répondant aux exigences de l’entreprise. Découvrir comment Oracle Cloud ERP permet d'avoir des équipes connectées, des données unifiées et des analyses en temps réel pour vous aider, vous et votre équipe Finance, à prendre les meilleures décisions. Grâce à l'ERP accessible en tant que service dans le cloud, votre entreprise peut être prête pour l'avenir et être plus rapide que les changements.

erp (enterprise resource planning) que é

L’un des avantages du modèle SaaS est que le logiciel est tenu à jour avec les dernières fonctionnalités, propriétés et bonnes pratiques. Les fournisseurs cloud d'ERP déploient régulièrement des mises à jour (mensuellement, comme dans le cas d’Oracle). Cela signifie que les nouvelles technologies révolutionnaires en date, telles que l’IA, les assistants numériques, le machine learning, la blockchain, la réalité augmentée et l’Internet des objets (IoT), sont rendues accessibles aux abonnés à une cadence régulière.

Grâce à l’accès à ces nouvelles technologies, les entreprises peuvent rapidement améliorer leurs bonnes pratiques métier à mesure que le logiciel ERP évolue. Elles peuvent automatiser les processus qui nécessitaient autrefois une lourde intervention manuelle, tel que le rapprochement des comptes financiers. En outre, les utilisateurs acquièrent une compréhension complète et en temps réel des activités de l’entreprise, non seulement dans le front office, mais aussi dans les entrepôts, dans les usines et partout ailleurs dans l’entreprise. Cette connaissance est ensuite facilement disponible pour chaque collaborateur sur son terminal mobile, y compris sur leurs smartphones et tablettes.

Conçu pour l’ère du numérique, le cloud ERP d’aujourd’hui englobe les technologies mobiles, sociales, analytiques et les dernières innovations technologiques. Elles sont désormais indispensables pour aller de l’avant.

Qu'est-ce que l'ERP en termes simples ? L’acronyme ERP signifie Enterprise Resource Planning (planification des ressources d’entreprise). Il s'agit d'un système logiciel qui comprend tous les outils et processus nécessaires pour gérer au mieux une entreprise, notamment les RH, la fabrication, la chaîne logistique, la finance, la comptabilité, etc.

Quels sont les trois types courants d'ERP ? Les trois types d'ERP les plus courants sont les ERP on-premises, cloud et hybrides. Un système ERP on-premises tourne sur les serveurs locaux d'une entreprise, tandis qu'un ERP cloud fonctionne avec un serveur tiers distant. L'ERP hybride est un mélange des deux, souvent avec un ERP on-premises au siège de l'entreprise et des systèmes ERP cloud pour les filiales.

Quel serait un exemple d'ERP ? Un ERP peut, par exemple, être conçu spécialement pour un secteur afin de répondre aux exigences spécifiques des entreprises de ce secteur et offrir des fonctionnalités spécifiques au secteur telles que la planification des matériaux et la gestion des enregistrements de fabrication spécialisés. Étant donné que ces systèmes offrent de nombreuses fonctionnalités personnalisées, les entreprises n'ont pas à faire trop de personnalisation ni à s'intégrer à de nombreux autres outils externes.

En savoir plus sur Oracle Cloud ERP

  • Todos los productos
  • Planificación de recursos empresariales (ERP)

¿Qué es ERP?

Hombre usando software de ERP

  • Definición detallada de ERP

ERP son las siglas en inglés de "planificación de recursos empresariales", pero ¿qué significa ERP? La manera más simple de definir el ERP es pensar en todos los procesos de negocio centrales necesarios para operar una empresa: finanzas, RR. HH., fabricación, cadena de suministro, servicios, procurement, y otros. En su nivel más básico, el ERP ayuda a gestionar de forma eficiente todos estos procesos en un sistema integrado. A menudo es el sistema de registro de la organización.

Obtenga los conceptos básicos en nuestra guía de ERP

  • ¿Por qué es importante el ERP?
  • Beneficios del ERP

Ejemplos de ERP en diferentes industrias

¿cómo funcionan los sistemas de erp, módulos de erp comunes.

Tipos de implementación de ERP

Integración de ERP

El costo total del erp.

  • La historia  y el  futuro del ERP

10 cosas que buscar en un sistema de ERP

  • ¿Qué empresas necesitan un sistema ERP? 

¿Por qué es importante el sistema ERP?

A veces descrito como "el sistema nervioso central de una empresa", un sistema de ERP brinda la automatización, integración e inteligencia esenciales para ejecutar eficientemente todas las operaciones cotidianas de negocio. La mayoría o todos los datos de una organización deben residir en el sistema de ERP para brindar una única fuente de verdad en todo el negocio.

Las finanzas requieren un ERP para cerrar rápido los libros. Las ventas necesitan un ERP para gestionar todos los pedidos del cliente. La logística depende de un software de ERP que funcione correctamente para ofrecer a los clientes los productos y servicios adecuados a tiempo. La contabilidad de acreedores necesita un ERP para pagar a los proveedores correctamente y a tiempo. La gerencia necesita visibilidad instantánea del rendimiento de la empresa para tomar decisiones oportunas. Y los bancos y accionistas requieren registros financieros precisos, así que cuentan con los datos y análisis confiables que el ERP hace posibles.

La importancia del software de ERP para los negocios se ve ilustrada por la creciente tasa de adopción. Según  G2 , "se prevé que el mercado global de software de ERP alcance los USD 78.400 millones para el 2026, creciendo a una CAGR del 10,2% del 2019 a al 2026".

Descubra por qué un sistema de ERP es tan importante.

Seis beneficios clave del sistema ERP

Un buen sistema ERP ofrece muchas ventajas — que pueden variar en función de cómo se implemente el sistema—. Los  beneficios del ERP en la nube , por ejemplo, son diferentes de los on-premise. Dicho esto, hay seis beneficios principales que se aplican a todas las soluciones de ERP modernas:

  • Mayor productividad: optimice y automatice sus procesos de negocio centrales para ayudar a todas las personas de su organización a hacer más con menos recursos.
  • Información estratégica más profunda: elimine los silos de información, obtenga una única fuente de verdad, y obtenga respuestas rápidas a preguntas de negocio críticas.
  • Informes acelerados: agilice los informes financieros y de negocios y comparta los resultados fácilmente. Actúe en base a información estratégica y mejore el rendimiento en tiempo real.
  • Reduzca el riesgo: maximice la visibilidad y el control del negocio, garantice el compliance de los requisitos regulatorios, y proyecte y prevenga riesgos.
  • IT más simple: usando aplicaciones de ERP integradas que comparten una base de datos, usted puede simplificar la TI y ofrecerles a todos una manera más fácil de trabajar.
  • Agilidad mejorada: con operaciones eficientes y rápido acceso a datos en tiempo real, puede identificar rápidamente nuevas oportunidades y reaccionar a ellas.

Lo esencial para empresas en crecimiento

Explore tendencias, guías y consejos de expertos en esta miniserie sobre ERP.

Empresas de todas las industrias –desde la automotriz hasta la distribución mayorista– necesitan información precisa y en tiempo real y procesos de negocio eficaces para competir y prosperar. Sin embargo, las distintas industrias confían en su software de ERP por motivos algo diferentes. Estos son solo algunos ejemplos:

  • Los servicios públicos deben evaluar constantemente sus activos de capital, no solo para cumplir con la demanda de servicios futuros, sino también para reemplazar los activos antiguos. Sin un ERP, el esfuerzo por priorizar estas grandes inversiones en activos sería difícil y propenso a errores. El ERP también ayuda a resolver otro problema crítico de la empresa de servicios públicos: la previsión de repuestos. El hecho de no disponer de las piezas adecuadas durante una disrupción puede crear un significativo problema de servicio al cliente. Por otro lado, tener demasiados repuestos significa costos excesivos y stock desactualizado.
  • Para los mayoristas , importadores, la entrega directa a tienda, y las empresas 3PL/4PL, la entrega puntual es clave. Todas estas organizaciones quieren reducir los costos de distribución, aumentar la rotación de inventario, y acortar el tiempo del order-to-cash. Para lograr estos objetivos, necesitan integración de la funcionalidad para gestión de inventario, compras y logística, así como procesos automatizados que se adapten a sus necesidades.
  • Los fabricantes discretos, por lotes y de procesos continuos, todos confían en sistemas de ERP y de cadena de suministro para cumplir con los objetivos de calidad del producto, gestionar el uso de los activos, controlar los costos de horas extra, manejar las devoluciones de los clientes, y más. Los fabricantes también pueden obtener un control de inventario de punta a punta supervisando los movimientos de stock, identificando productos con alto y bajo rendimiento, y gestionando el procurement de manera más eficiente.
  • Las empresas de servicios –incluyendo las de contabilidad, impuestos, ingeniería, TI, legales, y otras empresas de servicios profesionales–, requieren una potente tecnología de ERP móvil en tiempo real para equilibrar los compromisos de prestación de servicios con la salud financiera. La clave para el éxito del servicio profesional es la capacidad de cumplir con los plazos y, al mismo tiempo, gestionar la rentabilidad del proyecto, el uso de recursos, el reconocimiento de ingresos, los objetivos de ingresos recurrentes, y las oportunidades de crecimiento.
  • El comercio minorista ha experimentado una transformación significativa ahora que el e-commerce se ha fusionado con otros canales de venta, así como con las operaciones físicas. La capacidad de brindar opciones por autoservicio para identificar, configurar, comprar y enviar productos depende de los datos integrados. Un ERP moderno también ayuda a los minoristas a reducir el abandono de los carritos, mejorar las conversiones en los sitios web, aumentar el valor promedio de los pedidos, y aumentar el valor del ciclo de vida del cliente.

Un  sistema de ERP  –también llamado "suite de ERP"– está compuesto por módulos integrados o aplicaciones de negocio que se hablan entre sí y comparten una base de datos común.

Cada módulo de ERP generalmente se enfoca en un área del negocio, pero todos trabajan juntos usando los mismos datos para cumplir con las necesidades de la empresa. Finanzas , contabilidad, recursos humanos , ventas, procurement , logística y cadena de suministro son puntos de partida populares. Las empresas pueden elegir el módulo que deseen y agregar y escalar según sea necesario.

Los sistemas de ERP también admiten requisitos específicos de la industria, ya sea como parte de la funcionalidad central del sistema o a través de extensiones de aplicaciones que se integran fluidamente con la suite.

El software de ERP se puede comprar usando un modelo de suscripción en la nube (software como servicio) o un modelo de licencia (on-premise).

El sistema de software de ERP que se muestra aquí ilustra los casos de uso de planificación de recursos empresariales para abastecimiento y procurement, al igual que ventas. Los módulos de ERP típicos también abordan las finanzas, la fabricación y la cadena de suministro, entre otras aplicaciones.

Los sistemas de planificación de recursos empresariales incluyen una variedad de módulos diferentes. Cada módulo de ERP brinda soporte a procesos de negocio específicos, como finanzas, procurement o fabricación, y proporciona al personal de ese departamento las transacciones y la información estratégica que necesitan para realizar su trabajo. Cada módulo se conecta al sistema de ERP, que ofrece una única fuente de verdad y datos precisos y compartidos entre los departamentos.

Componentes de un sistema de planificación de recursos empresariales

Los módulos de ERP más usados incluyen:

  • Finanzas:  el módulo de finanzas y contabilidad es la columna vertebral de la mayoría de los sistemas de ERP. Además de gestionar el libro mayor y automatizar las tareas financieras clave, ayuda a las empresas a realizar un seguimiento de las cuentas por pagar (AP) y por cobrar (AR), cerrar los libros de manera eficiente, generar informes financieros, cumplir con los estándares de reconocimiento de ingresos, mitigar el riesgo financiero, y más.
  • Gestión de recursos humanos:  la mayoría de los sistemas de ERP incluyen un módulo de RR. HH. que brinda funcionalidades centrales como horas, asistencia y nómina. Add-ons, o incluso suites completas para gestión de capital humano (HCM) , pueden conectarse al ERP y ofrecer funcionalidades de RR. HH. más sólidas –en todo, desde analíticas de fuerza laboral hasta gestión de la experiencia de empleado–.
  • Abastecimiento y procurement:  el módulo de abastecimiento y procurement ayuda a las empresas a adquirir los materiales y servicios que necesitan para fabricar sus productos, o los artículos que desean revender. El módulo centraliza y automatiza las compras, incluyendo solicitudes de oferta, creación de contratos, y aprobaciones. Puede minimizar las subcompras y las sobrecompras, mejorar las negociaciones con los proveedores con analíticas potenciadas por IA, e incluso conectarse fluidamente con redes de compradores.
  • Ventas:  el módulo de ventas realiza un seguimiento de las comunicaciones con prospectos y clientes –y ayuda a los representantes a usar información estratégica basada en datos para aumentar las ventas y dirigirse a los clientes potenciales con las promociones y oportunidades de venta ascendente adecuadas–. Incluye funcionalidad para el proceso de gestión de pedidos, incluyendo gestión de pedidos, contratos, facturación, gestión del rendimiento de ventas, y soporte para la fuerza de ventas.
  • Fabricación:  el módulo de fabricación es un componente clave de la planificación y ejecución del software de ERP. Ayuda a las empresas a simplificar los procesos de fabricación complejos y a garantizar que la producción se ajuste a la demanda. Este módulo generalmente incluye funcionalidades para planificación de requisitos de materiales (MRP), programación de producción, ejecución de fabricación, gestión de calidad, y más.
  • Gestión de logística y cadena de suministro:  otro componente clave de los sistemas de ERP, el módulo de cadena de suministro realiza un seguimiento del movimiento de bienes y suministros a lo largo de la cadena de suministro de una organización. El módulo brinda herramientas para gestión de inventarios en tiempo real, operaciones de almacenamiento, transporte, y logística –y puede ayudar a aumentar la visibilidad y resiliencia de la cadena de suministro–.
  • Servicio:  en un ERP, el módulo de servicio ayuda a las empresas a ofrecer el servicio confiable y personalizado que los clientes esperan. El módulo puede incluir herramientas para reparaciones internas, repuestos, gestión de servicios externos, y flujos de ingresos basados en servicios. También brinda analíticas para ayudar a los representantes y técnicos de servicio a resolver rápido los problemas del cliente y mejorar la fidelidad.
  • I+D e ingeniería:  los sistemas de ERP ricos en funciones incluyen un módulo de I+D e ingeniería . Este módulo brinda herramientas para diseño y desarrollo de productos, gestión del ciclo de vida del producto (PLM), compliance del producto, y más –de manera que las empresas puedan crear nuevas innovaciones de manera rápida y rentable–.
  • Gestión de activos empresariales:  los sistemas de ERP robustos pueden incluir un módulo de EAM –que ayuda a los negocios que tienen un uso intensivo de activos a minimizar el tiempo de inactividad y a mantener sus máquinas y equipamiento funcionando con la máxima eficiencia–. Este módulo incluye funcionalidades para mantenimiento predictivo, programación, operaciones y planificación de activos, medioambiente, salud y seguridad (EHS), y más.

Pueden implementarse modelos modernos de ERP de diferentes maneras: en una nube pública o privada, on-premise o en diferentes escenarios híbridos que combinen entornos. Estos son algunos de los altos beneficios de cada uno para ayudar a identificar la  opción de implementación de ERP  que tenga más sentido para su negocio.

ERP en la nube

En el  ERP en la nube , el software se aloja en la nube y se entrega por internet como un servicio al que usted se suscribe. Por lo general, el proveedor de software se encarga en nombre de usted del mantenimiento, actualización y seguridad habituales. Hoy, el ERP en la nube es el método de implementación más popular por muchas razones –incluyendo costos iniciales más bajos, mayor escalabilidad y agilidad, integración más fácil, y mucho más–.

ERP on-premise

Este es el modelo tradicional para implementar software en el que usted controla todo. El software de ERP habitualmente es instalado en su centro de datos en las ubicaciones de su elección. La instalación y mantenimiento del hardware y software son responsabilidad de su personal.

Muchas empresas están modernizando y actualizando sus sistemas de ERP on-premise a implementaciones en la nube. Esto requiere una cuidadosa planificación de la  actualización de su ERP , así como un proceso reflexivo de  evaluación del software de ERP  y  las opciones de implementación .

ERP híbrido

Para empresas que quieren una mezcla de ambos para cumplir con las necesidades de su negocio, está el modelo  de ERP en la nube híbrido .  En este, algunas de sus aplicaciones y datos de ERP estarán en la nube y otros on-premise. A veces esto se conoce como  "ERP de dos niveles".

Un ERP para finanzas puede ayudar a gestionar sus procesos diarios de contabilidad y cierre financiero de forma segura, independientemente de su enfoque de implementación.

Los sistemas de ERP de hoy brindan una enorme variedad de funcionalidades de negocio, pero todavía deben conectarse y sincronizarse con otras aplicaciones y fuentes de datos –como software para CRM y HCM, plataformas de e-commerce, soluciones específicas para la industria, e incluso otros ERP–. Con la integración de ERP , las empresas pueden obtener una visión unificada de la información de diferentes sistemas, aumentar la eficiencia de los procesos de negocio, mejorar las experiencias de cliente, y facilitar la colaboración entre equipos y socios de negocio.

Los sistemas de ERP modernos son abiertos y flexibles, y pueden integrarse fácilmente con una amplia gama de productos de software usando conectores o adaptadores personalizados, como las interfaces de programación de aplicaciones (API). Otros métodos para la integración de ERP incluyen ESB (bus de servicio empresarial) e iPaaS (plataforma de integración como servicio). La iPaaS, que ofrece un enfoque basado en la nube, es una opción muy popular para las empresas modernas.  Las plataformas iPaaS  pueden sincronizar rápido un ERP on-premise o basado en la nube con aplicaciones SaaS del mismo proveedor o de terceros. Por lo general, requieren poca o ninguna codificación, son flexibles y relativamente baratas, y ofrecen una gran cantidad de otros usos, como generación automática de API, integración de datos de machine learning, integración de redes de internet de las cosas (IoT), contenido preconfigurado, y más.

El costo de ERP depende del proveedor de software, los módulos seleccionados, y el método de implementación. En términos generales, el ERP basado en la nube tiene costos más bajos que el ERP on-premise porque no hay hardware que deba comprarse –y no es necesario contratar a costosos expertos internos de TI–. El proveedor gestiona el mantenimiento y le cobra al cliente una tarifa de suscripción anual o mensual, generalmente en función del número de usuarios.

Al  calcular el retorno de la inversión (ROI) y el costo total de propiedad (TCO)  de una nueva implementación de ERP, los costos iniciales y continuos de la fuerza laboral son tan importantes como los costos de elección e implementación del software. Con las opciones en la nube e híbrida, se deben evaluar nuevos factores. Por ejemplo, mantenimiento del software, instalaciones, capacidad informática, tiempo de inactividad, recuperación, seguridad, privacidad, y costos de personal de TI son consideraciones importantes. Como se mencionó, las opciones en la nube reducen significativamente los costos tanto de capital como operativos –mejorando tanto el ROI como el TCO–.

Historia del ERP: la rápida evolución del ERP

Las aplicaciones de negocio computarizadas nacieron en el mundo de la contabilidad y las finanzas en la década de 1960 usando computadoras centrales. Estas aplicaciones pioneras eran más rápidas y precisas que los procesos manuales –pero eran costosas, limitadas en funcionalidad, y aún lentas–. En poco tiempo, estas aplicaciones expandieron el desarrollo de soluciones dedicadas e independientes, como el procesamiento de pedidos del cliente y la planificación de necesidades de fabricación ( MRP ).

A mediados de los años ochenta, la competencia en el sector de la fabricación estaba explotando y se requerían nuevas herramientas. El nuevo software MRP II integró contabilidad y finanzas, ventas, compras, inventario, y planificación y cronogramas de fabricación –brindándole al fabricante un sistema integrado–.

Cerca del final de la década de 1990, se presentó el ERP. El ERP transformó el sector tecnológico atendiendo a una gama más amplia de industrias y combinando MRP II, recursos humanos, contabilidad de proyectos, e informes del usuario final.

En este corto lapso del siglo XXI, velocidades de internet más rápidas y nuevas herramientas de desarrollo han vuelto a revolucionar las suites de ERP. La presentación de software basado en navegadores allanó el camino para el  software de ERP en la nube , un avance que ha ampliado tanto el alcance como la funcionalidad de las soluciones de ERP.

Hoy –en la era de la transformación digital – los sistemas de ERP modernos aprovechan cada vez más nuevas tecnologías inteligentes como IA, machine learning, automatización robótica de procesos (RPA), IoT, procesamiento de lenguaje natural (NLP), y bases de datos in-memory. Ellos ofrecen a las empresas la capacidad de operar procesos aun más eficientes, aprovechar información actualizada al minuto de datos transaccionales y no estructurados y, en última instancia, seguir siendo competitivos en un momento de cambio sin precedentes.

El futuro del ERP

La transformación digital se está acelerando –y ERP está en el centro–. A medida que las empresas adoptan tecnologías digitales en todas las partes del negocio, están cambiando radicalmente su forma de operar.

Según  Gartner , uno de los principales aceleradores del negocio digital es “ahuyentar a los dragones” –en otras palabras, eliminar cualquier fuerza negativa que ralentice el negocio, incluyendo procesos y sistemas obsoletos–. Por lo tanto, no es sorprendente que las empresas ya estén exigiendo sistemas de ERP más sólidos.

A continuación están las tres tendencias principales que se basan en el impulso que vemos hoy:

  • Nube, nube, nube:  la preferencia por el ERP en la nube seguirá intensificándose a medida que más y más empresas descubran los beneficios –incluyendo acceso “en cualquier lugar”, costo reducido de hardware y soporte técnico, mayor seguridad e integración con otros sistemas, por nombrar solo algunos–. Según Panorama Research en su  informe de ERP de 2020 , “más de la mitad de las organizaciones están eligiendo software en la nube (63%) en lugar de software on-premise (37%)”. A medida que la velocidad del negocio sigue acelerándose, la nube se vuelve aun más esencial.
  • Integración vertical:  el tira y afloje entre las mejores soluciones de su clase y el ERP integrado ha terminado oficialmente. En el futuro, creemos que las empresas exigirán lo mejor de ambos mundos –un sistema de ERP totalmente integrado con extensiones verticales–. Esto les permite a las empresas obtener la funcionalidad específica que necesitan, sin problemas de integración dolorosos ni datos bloqueados en silos de información. También vemos el cambio hacia una flexibilidad cada vez mayor, ya que los procesos del negocio se adaptan a las necesidades individuales de la empresa.
  • Personalización del usuario:  el personal, los clientes y proveedores desean contenido y funcionalidad que coincida con sus necesidades o intereses específicos y los haga más productivos. Los cambios demográficos en la fuerza laboral, particularmente en industrias como la fabricación, también están impulsando el interés en plataformas low-code y no-code. Estas plataformas permiten a los usuarios obtener la experiencia que desean, en lugar de tener que adaptarse al software. Los usuarios también pueden esperar dashboards personalizados, búsqueda basada en IA, chat personalizado, y flujos de trabajo personalizados en todos los dispositivos.

Explore más  tendencias tecnológicas de ERP  –y conozca cómo evaluar sistemáticamente sus opciones, evitar obstáculos y comenzar con las innovaciones adecuadas para su negocio–.

Cualquier sistema de ERP moderno tendrá una larga lista de capacidades basadas en la industria que atienden y los módulos que ofrecen. Sin embargo, hay 10 características fundamentales que todos los sistemas de gestión de recursos empresariales deben tener:

  • Una base de datos en común:   información centralizada y una única versión de la verdad –que brinda datos consistentes y compartidos y una visión multifuncional de la empresa–.
  • Analíticas incorporadas:  herramientas incorporadas de analíticas, BI por autoservicio, informes y compliance que pueden brindar información estratégica inteligente para cualquier área del negocio.
  • Visualización de datos:  presentación visual de información clave con dashboards, KPI y analíticas point-and-click para ayudar en la toma de decisiones rápida y fundamentada.
  • Automatización.  Automatización de tareas repetitivas, así como la RPA avanzada impulsada por  IA  y  machine learning .
  • IU/UX consistente:  el mismo look and feel en todos los módulos –así como herramientas de configuración y personalización fáciles de usar para procesos, usuarios (incluyendo clientes y proveedores), unidades de negocio, ubicaciones y líneas de productos, por ejemplo–.
  • Integración:  integración fluida de procesos y flujos de trabajo de negocio, así como integración abierta y fácil con otras soluciones de software y fuentes de datos, incluso de terceros.
  • Nuevas tecnologías:  soporte para IA y machine learning, asistentes digitales,  IoT , RPA , seguridad y privacidad, y tecnología móvil.
  • Plataforma tecnológica:  un  stack tecnológico  rápido, probado y estable para esta inversión a largo plazo –incluyendo una plataforma de low-code/no-code, iPaaS, gestión de datos, y más–.
  • Soporte multinacional:  incluyendo idiomas, monedas, y prácticas y regulaciones de negocio locales –así como soporte técnico para servicios en la nube, capacitación, mesa de ayuda e implementación–.
  • Opciones de implementación:  en la nube, on-premise o híbrida.

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¿Qué empresas necesitan un sistema ERP?

El ERP no es solo para empresas globales. Las soluciones de ERP están diseñadas para empresas de todos los tamaños –pequeñas, medianas y grandes–. Usted también puede obtener funcionalidades específicas para cada industria y empresa para satisfacer las necesidades de negocio únicas. Independientemente del sector y tamaño de su negocio, usted querrá planificar su proyecto de  implementación de ERP  cuidadosamente, siguiendo las mejores prácticas.

ERP para pequeñas empresas

El software de ERP para pequeñas empresas  puede ayudar a ir más allá de las hojas de cálculo y gestionar de forma eficaz todos los aspectos de su empresa en crecimiento –desde ventas y relaciones con el cliente hasta finanzas y operaciones–. Las herramientas de ERP para pequeñas empresas típicamente están en la nube, son rápidas de instalar y están diseñadas para crecer con usted.

ERP para el mercado mediano

Hoy, el software de ERP diseñado para empresas y subsidiarias del mercado mediano ofrece analíticas incorporadas, implementación rápida y mejores prácticas para docenas de procesos de negocio diferentes –finanzas, RR. HH., gestión de cadena de suministro y más–.  Las herramientas de ERP medianas ayudan a las empresas en crecimiento a escalar y competir, incluso con recursos limitados. Los  sistemas de ERP empresariales basados en la nube  y modulares también son una opción popular para las empresas medianas que tienen procesos complejos, o planes de un crecimiento rápido.

ERP empresarial

Las grandes empresas con operaciones globales o subsidiarias necesitan un sólido sistema de ERP  líder en el mercado  con IA, machine learning y analíticas incorporadas –y automatización inteligente para transformar modelos procesos de negocio–. Los sistemas de ERP pueden implementarse on-premise, en la nube o en un escenario híbrido según la necesidad de negocio. Pueden integrarse con las bases de datos existentes o, idealmente, funcionar en  bases de datos in-memory más nuevas y poderosas.

Muchas empresas están modernizando y actualizando sus sistemas de ERP on-premise a implementaciones en la nube. Esto requiere una cuidadosa planificación de la  actualización de su ERP , así como una  evaluación del ERP  y de sus  opciones de implementación .

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Preguntas frecuentes sobre el erp.

¿Qué es un sistema de software de ERP?

Un  sistema de software ERP  es un conjunto de aplicaciones o módulos integrados para gestionar los procesos de negocio centrales de una empresa, incluyendo finanzas y contabilidad , cadena de suministro , RR. HH. , procurement , ventas, gestión de inventario y más. Las aplicaciones de ERP se integran en un sistema completo y comparten una base de datos para optimizar procesos e información en toda la empresa. Las empresas pueden extender el alcance de su ERP a medida que crecen.

¿Qué es el software de ERP en la nube?

El ERP en la nube es la implementación del ERP en la nube en lugar de on-premise. La nube brinda un entorno ideal para el ERP, ya que es una plataforma accesible, confiable, segura y altamente escalable para software de misión crítica. El verdadero software de ERP en la nube está específicamente desarrollado para implementación en la nube y saca provecho total del entorno de la nube. Conozca más sobre el ERP en la nube y opciones de implementación de ERP.

¿Qué es la contabilidad de ERP?

En contabilidad, ERP son las siglas en inglés de "planificación de recursos empresariales" –que es un tipo de software para gestión de negocios–.  Los módulos de finanzas del ERP  ofrecen muchas de las mismas funcionalidades que el software de contabilidad, tales como herramientas para cuentas por cobrar y por pagar, libro mayor, gestión de gastos, informes y análisis, y más. Además de finanzas, el ERP incluye módulos para diferentes líneas de negocio, tales como cadena de suministro o RR. HH., e integra todo en un único sistema.

¿Cómo sé que estoy listo para un sistema de ERP?

La mayoría de las empresas empiezan usando una variedad de herramientas simples e independientes para gestionar diferentes procesos –como QuickBooks o las hojas de cálculo de Excel–. Estos son cinco signos que indican que estas herramientas le quedaron chicas y que necesita un  sistema de ERP moderno.

  • Dedica más tiempo a actividades cotidianas.  Si le está llevando más tiempo gestionar actividades clave, como el cierre de libros, posiblemente sea por culpa de tener muchas aplicaciones dispares. El software ERP integra soluciones y datos en un único sistema con una interfaz común, lo que permite que las unidades de negocio se comuniquen con mayor facilidad y hagan su trabajo de manera eficaz.
  • Tiene muchas preguntas de negocio sin responder.  ¿Puede responder fácilmente preguntas importantes sobre su negocio como los ingresos por línea de producto o la cantidad de devoluciones? Si no puede hacerlo, es posible que los sistemas segregados y la falta de acceso a métricas y KPI lo estén deteniendo. El software para planificación de recursos empresariales está diseñado para abordar estos desafíos.
  • Tiene procesos de negocio que se le escapan.  ¿Hay áreas en las que sus procesos se le están escapando? Quizá sea más difícil para usted gestionar el inventario, satisfacer a los clientes o mantener los costos controlados. Si es el caso, es posible que sus procesos de negocio necesiten ser reestructurados para adaptarse al crecimiento o a prioridades cambiantes –una respuesta natural para el software de ERP–.
  • Tiene procesos manuales con múltiples data sets.  ¿La mayoría de sus departamentos están usando sus propias aplicaciones y procesos para hacer las cosas? Si es el caso, es probable que esté destinando demasiado tiempo a la captura de datos duplicados. Cuando la información no puede fluir entre los sistemas, la generación de informes lleva más tiempo, ocurren errores con frecuencia y la toma de decisiones se entorpece.
  • Se está perdiendo oportunidades que desaparecen rápido.  ¿Está destinando tanto tiempo a la gestión de su negocio que no puede perseguir nuevas oportunidades interesantes? Los sistemas de ERP más recientes incluyen funcionalidades avanzadas e inteligentes, como machine learning y analíticas predictivas, que simplifican la identificación y capitalización de nuevos proyectos rentables.

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ERP, enterprise resource planning: che cos’è e a cosa serve

L’ERP, Enterprise Resource Planning, è un sistema informatico integrato che consente la gestione ottimizzata dei processi aziendali: vediamo i diversi tipi di ERP, in cloud, on premise e hybrid ERP, i vantaggi per le aziende, i costi e come implementarlo

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L’ ERP , Enterprise Resource Planning, è uno strumento strategico che contribuisce a migliorare l’efficienza e la competitività delle aziende. L’ERP è un sistema gestionale integrato disponibile in cloud o on premise che permette una gestione integrata dei processi aziendali e offre vantaggi tangibili in termini di ottimizzazione delle risorse e controllo .

L’introduzione dell’ERP nelle organizzazioni rappresenta un passo avanti significativo verso la digitalizzazione dei processi interni, dalla gestione documentale alle applicazioni specifiche per il business. Un investimento necessario in un contesto sempre più complesso e competitivo dove l’agilità nell’accesso alle informazioni e la loro gestione diventano elementi chiave per il successo .

Firma digitale remota: come funziona, i vantaggi e i requisiti

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Che cos’è un ERP

L’Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) rappresenta un sistema informatico integrato utilizzato dalle aziende per gestire e ottimizzare le risorse disponibili . Questi sistemi automatizzano i processi operativi e strategici dell’azienda, dalla produzione alla logistica, dalla contabilità alle risorse umane, consentendo un flusso efficiente di informazioni tra i vari dipartimenti.

Definizione di Enterprise resource planning

Enterprise resource planning , acronimo di ERP, significa pianificazione delle risorse aziendali e indica una tipologia di sistema informatico gestionale.

A cosa serve un ERP

L’ERP ha la funzione di semplificare e rendere più efficiente la gestione aziendale . Il suo utilizzo consente di avere una visione olistica dell’azienda, migliorando il processo decisionale grazie alla disponibilità di dati in tempo reale. L’integrazione dei diversi settori aziendali in un unico sistema riduce gli errori dovuti a duplicazioni o discrepanze nei dati.

Come funziona un ERP

Un ERP è composto da un database centrale in cui raduna tutti i dati provenienti dai diversi settori dell’azienda . Questo database rappresenta il cuore dell’enterprise resource planning: il funzionamento dell’ERP si basa infatti sulla centralizzazione delle informazioni . Ogni dato inserito nel sistema viene reso immediatamente disponibile a tutti i moduli applicativi collegati.

Questo permette ad esempio al reparto vendite di conoscere in tempo reale lo stato delle scorte o al reparto produzione di pianificare le attività in base agli ordini ricevuti. L’ aggiornamento simultaneo dei dati garantisce coerenza e attendibilità delle informazioni.

I vantaggi di un ERP per le aziende

L’adozione di un sistema ERP comporta numerosi vantaggi per le imprese. I principali sono:

  • la riduzione dei tempi e dei costi operativi grazie all’automazione dei processi,
  • l’aumento dell’efficienza grazie alla riduzione degli errori
  • l’ottimizzazione della pianificazione
  • la possibilità di avere u na visione integrata e aggiornata dell’intera attività aziendale favorisce una migliore gestione strategica.

Quali sono i migliori ERP

Secondo Capterra , nella lista dei migliori ERP nel 2023 sono stati:

  • Microsoft Dynamics 365
  • ProShop ERP
  • JD Edwards enterpriseOne
  • Sage Intacct
  • Katana Cloud Inventory
  • Brightpearl
  • SAP Business One
  • Quickbooks Desktop enterprise

I diversi tipi di ERP

La scelta tra un ERP in cloud o on premise dipende dalle specifiche esigenze aziendali. Si può valutare anche un hybrid ERP .

ERP on premise

Un sistema on premise prevede l’installazione del software sui server interni dell’azienda ed è più adatto per chi necessita di personalizzazioni avanzate o ha particolari esigenze di sicurezza.

L’ERP in cloud, le cui applicazioni sono cioè gestite e ospitate sul cloud, invece, si trova su server esterni ed è accessibile tramite internet. Ciò lo rende più flessibile e scalabile rispetto alla soluzione on premise, oltre a ridurre i costi legati all’hardware.

A proposito di ERP in cloud, un sistema ERP SaaS permette di usare il software ERP in cloud, collegandosi a internet, senza dover installare nulla.

Un sistema hybrid ERP integra aspetti sia degli ERP on premise che in cloud . Alcune applicazioni sono ospitate in cloud, altre sui server aziendali. Questo permette un’alta personalizzazione del sistema secondo le esigenze aziendali: per assecondarle, la struttura flessibile del sistema permette anche la transizione delle applicazioni tra cloud e on premise a seconda delle necessità.

Cosa sono i sistemi ERP e MRP

MRP è acronimo di Material requirements planning e indica un software specifico per la gestione del materiale : quanto ne serve, quanto deve esserne usato o acquistato, evitando quindi sprechi. Un software utile ad esempio in ambito manifatturiero. L’ERP invece è un software che permette di gestire un più ampio numero di processi.

Cosa significa SAP ERP

SAP ERP è un software ERP specifico prodotto da SAP .

Le applicazioni ERP in azienda

Le applicazioni ERP trovano impiego in numerosi settori aziendali. Nel reparto produzione possono essere utilizzate per monitorare l’avanzamento delle lavorazioni e gestire il magazzino; nel reparto vendite possono supportare la gestione degli ordini ; nell’amministrazione possono semplificare la contabilità e le procedure fiscali . Inoltre, la funzionalità di Business Intelligence permette un’analisi approfondita dei dati raccolti , supportando la definizione delle strategie aziendali.

ERP e gestione documentale

Un aspetto fondamentale dell’ERP è la gestione documentale. Attraverso la digitalizzazione e l’automazione dei processi , l’ERP consente una maggiore efficienza nella gestione dei documenti aziendali, riducendo i tempi di ricerca e migliorando la tracciabilità. La possibilità di condividere in tempo reale le informazioni tra i diversi reparti garantisce inoltre un migliore coordinamento delle attività e una più efficace collaborazione tra le diverse funzioni aziendali.

Come scegliere un ERP

Il processo di selezione di un sistema ERP richiede una visione olistica e strategica dell’azienda . Tra i criteri fondamentali vi sono:

  • l’adattabilità del software alle esigenze interne,
  • la facilità d’uso per gli utenti finali,
  • la scalabilità in base alla crescita futura prevista,
  • la capacità di integrazione con altri strumenti già utilizzati nell’organizzazione e l’affidabilità del fornitore.

Fattori da considerare nella scelta di un sistema ERP

Per scegliere un sistema ERP, per prima cosa è necessario fare un’analisi dei processi aziendali per identificare le specifiche esigenze e poi confrontarle con le caratteristiche funzionali dei vari sistemi ERP disponibili sul mercato .

Oltre ai fattori tecnici , è importante valutare anche quelli economici e organizzativi. Il costo totale di possesso – TCO , che include non solo il prezzo d’acquisto del software ma anche i costi relativi all’implementazione, alla formazione degli utenti e alla manutenzione continuativa, deve essere sostenibile per l’azienda. Inoltre, l’impatto dell’introduzione del nuovo sistema sui flussi lavorativi interni e sulla cultura aziendale non deve essere sottovalutato.

Implementazione di un ERP

L’implementazione di un sistema ERP è una sfida complessa che richiede competenze tecniche ma anche gestionali. L’adozione di una metodologia di progetto strutturata, che prevede fasi ben definite di analisi, configurazione, test e avvio del sistema , è fondamentale per minimizzare i rischi e massimizzare i benefici dell’investimento. Un ruolo chiave è svolto dal team di progetto, che deve includere specialisti da diverse funzioni aziendali e coinvolgere sia esperti IT che utenti finali dei vari reparti aziendali.

Il costo di un ERP

Il costo di un sistema ERP può variare notevolmente in base a diversi fattori, come le dimensioni dell’azienda, il numero di utenti, le funzionalità richieste e la complessità dell’implementazione.

Tuttavia, oltre al costo iniziale del software e dei servizi correlati, è importante considerare anche i costi nascosti che possono emergere nel tempo : ad esempio quelli legati a eventuali personalizzazioni del sistema necessarie per adattarlo alle esigenze specifiche dell’azienda o quelli derivanti da problemi tecnici non previsti.

Il futuro degli ERP

Il futuro degli ERP si prospetta ricco di innovazioni grazie all’avvento delle nuove tecnologie digitali. La tendenza è verso sistemi sempre più integrati e connessi , capaci di elaborare grandi quantità di dati provenienti da diverse fonti e di trasformarli in informazioni utili per la gestione aziendale. Inoltre, l’adozione crescente del cloud computing permette alle aziende di accedere a soluzioni ERP potenti ed elastiche a un costo contenuto, consentendo anche alle PMI di approfittare dei benefici di questi strumenti.

Le prospettive future degli ERP sono legate alla capacità di questi sistemi di sostenere la trasformazione digitale delle imprese . Tra i principali vantaggi ci sono l’ottimizzazione dei processi interni, la riduzione dei costi operativi, l’incremento dell’efficienza produttiva e l’abilitazione alla presa di decisioni basate sui dati. Inoltre, un ERP può facilitare la collaborazione tra i vari reparti aziendali e migliorare il servizio al cliente attraverso una gestione più efficace delle informazioni.

L’impatto dell’intelligenza artificiale sugli ERP

L’AI sta rivoluzionando il mondo degli ERP, rendendo questi sistemi sempre più intelligenti e capaci di supportare le decisioni aziendali. Algoritmi di machine learning possono analizzare i dati raccolti dal sistema per identificare schemi e tendenze, prevedere scenari futuri e suggerire azioni ottimali.

Inoltre, l’IA può automatizzare molte operazioni routinarie, liberando gli utenti da compiti ripetitivi e permettendo loro di concentrarsi su attività a maggior valore aggiunto.


La scelta di un ERP rappresenta una decisione strategica per ogni azienda che desidera ottimizzare i propri processi e aumentare la propria competitività. Come abbiamo visto, sono diversi i fattori da prendere in esame, tra cui il costo e le modalità di implementazione. Tuttavia, è fondamentale non perdere di vista l’orizzonte futuro : l’avvento dell’intelligenza artificiale sta già modificando il panorama dei sistemi ERP, generando nuove opportunità ma anche nuove sfide. Le aziende devono quindi essere pronte ad affrontare tale evoluzione con una mentalità aperta ed elastica, consapevoli dei benefici che un corretto utilizzo degli ERP può portare alla loro crescita e al loro sviluppo nel lungo termine. Implementare un sistema ERP con consapevolezza e preparazione può condurre a notevoli vantaggi competitivi e operativi.

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  • D digital transformation
  • F formazione
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Intelligenza Artificiale

  • M Machine Learning
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erp (enterprise resource planning) que é

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