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Goat Farming in the Philippines: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

Table of contents, housing and fencing requirement for goat farming in the philippines, purchase required equipment for starting a goat farming, goat breeds available in the philippines, how to raise goats in the philippines, most profitable tips for raising goats in the philippines, is goat farming profitable in the philippines, care and health practices for goat farming.

Raising goats in the Philippines can be a great source of income and food for many farmers. However, it requires proper knowledge and management to ensure success. Goat meat is becoming increasingly popular among consumers due to its high protein value and low-fat content. Additionally, goat milk is highly nutritious and has medicinal properties that make it an excellent alternative for people who are lactose intolerant.

Goat Farming in the Philippines

  • Goat housing is an essential aspect of goat farming that requires proper planning and attention. When constructing a goat house, it’s vital to ensure that the goats have enough space for their comfort and safety.
  • The housing you choose for your goats depends on several factors, such as the breed, number of goats, cost, materials availability, climate, and terrain. You can choose from various options, like free-range housing or confinement systems.
  • One important consideration in designing a goat house is ventilation. Goats need good airflow in their shelter to prevent respiratory problems caused by poor air circulation. 
  • Fencing around the goat house should be sturdy enough to prevent predators from attacking your goats and allow them freedom of movement around the grazing area. Providing adequate shelter for your goats’ needs will help ensure successful breeding and growth with minimal stress.
  • Having the necessary equipment for starting a goat farming business is important. The required equipment can vary depending on the size and type of farm you plan to operate.
  • Feeding equipment such as hay racks or feeders will be crucial for your goats’ nutrition. Provide them a balanced diet to grow healthy and produce quality milk or meat.
  • Milking machines will come in handy if you aim to sell fresh goat milk. They help speed up the milking process while ensuring hygiene standards are met.
  • Hoof trimmers are vital for maintaining your goats’ foot health. Overgrown hooves can cause pain and infections, which could lead to costly veterinary bills.
  • Tools like buckets and shovels will also be necessary when cleaning out stalls or transporting food and water around the farm.
  • Protective gear such as gloves and boots should always be worn when handling animals or performing any task where injury is possible.
  • The Philippines is a diverse country with different types of goats for farming. The most common goat breed in the Philippines is Alpine Goat. 
  • Altai Mountain Goats are also popular in the Philippines because they are adaptable and can survive in harsh environments. They have strong immune systems that make them resistant to diseases.
  • On the other hand, Cashmere Goats produce cashmere wool used to make high-quality clothing items such as sweaters and scarves.
  • Anglo-Nubian Goats have unique characteristics like long ears, giving them a distinctive appearance.
  • Angora Goats are bred for their luxurious hair that can be spun into mohair yarn or woven into fabric.
  • Appenzell Goats have been bred specifically in Switzerland but were first introduced to neighboring countries, including the Philippines, during colonization times.

In case you missed it: Exploring the Art of Goat Farming in Kashmir Valley

Goat Farm Fencing

  • Goats are ruminants that require high-quality roughage, such as grasses or hay, fresh water, and minerals. Feeding them properly will help them grow healthy and improve their milk production.
  • Another important aspect of goat farming is proper housing. Goats need a clean and comfortable shelter to rest, stay dry during rainy days, and be protected from predators.
  • Aside from providing good nutrition and shelter, regular health checks should also be done to ensure your goats are disease-free. Vaccinations should also be given on schedule to prevent illnesses that could affect your herd.
  • It’s important to have a goat business plan in place before starting a goat farm. This includes identifying potential customers for your products, such as meat or dairy products, setting financial goals, and considering marketing strategies.
  • Raising goats can be profitable but requires proper care and management to succeed.
  • Breed selection is crucial in goat farming. Choose high-yielding goat breeds that are suited to your location and market demand. It’s important to consider factors such as milk production, growth rate, and disease resistance.
  • Provide adequate nutrition for your goats by offering them balanced diets of hay or fresh grasses and protein-rich supplements such as grains and legumes.
  • Ensure good health practices by regularly vaccinating your goats against common diseases like pneumonia and tetanus. Also, practice regular deworming to prevent parasites from affecting their productivity.
  • Maintain clean housing conditions for your goats and provide enough space per animal in the barn or shed to lie comfortably without being crowded together.
  • Goat farming in the Philippines is indeed a profitable business venture. 
  • One of the reasons why goat raising is highly profitable is because of its high demand in both local and international markets. From meat to milk, goats offer various products that can fetch good prices.
  • Moreover, compared to other livestock animals, goats require less space and feed, making them a cost-effective option for small-scale farmers who have limited resources but want to start their farms.
  • In addition to its profitability, goat farming also has social and environmental benefits. Goat manure can be used as fertilizer, reducing waste while increasing crop yield. 
  • Taking care of your goats’ health is crucial to ensure the success of your goat farming business. Proper sanitation and hygiene practices are essential to prevent diseases from spreading among your herd.
  • Regularly cleaning their shelter and providing clean water and food can help keep them healthy. Goats also need regular vaccinations, deworming, and other preventive measures like hoof trimming.
  • Monitoring their weight regularly is important because it could indicate any underlying health problems or malnutrition. If you notice unusual changes in their behavior or appetite, consult a veterinarian immediately.
  • One important aspect of goat care is providing them with the right nutrition. Goats need a balanced diet with hay, grains, minerals, and water. They also need access to pasture or browse plants for grazing.
  • Regular goat check-ups with a veterinarian can help detect any illnesses early on. Vaccinating your goats against common diseases such as pneumonia and tetanus is essential.
  • Proper care is imperative for healthy and productive goats. By ensuring your goats have nutritious food, clean living conditions, medical attention, when necessary, adequate exercise space, and grooming services like hoof trimming & deworming treatment, you will be able to raise happy & healthy animals that produce high-quality milk or meat products.

In case you missed it: Goat Breeding and Genetics for Improved Productivity and Disease Resistance

Goat Farming

Goats are adaptable animals that can survive in different environments. They also reproduce quickly, which means farmers can increase their herd size within a short period. Aside from being easy to raise, goats are also a good income source for farmers.

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10 COMMENTS

i would really aprreciatte your help, would you kindly let me know where I can purchase live Nubian or Boer goats in Illocos Sur. also would you kindly let me know what are the costs for these breeds of goat. we are planning to start a small Goat farm in Santa Lucia Illocos Sur

I am from Tanay Rizal, where can I find a Boer breeder near my place, and, what is the average price of these breeds? Thanks

Robert Sams

Do you know where I can find dwarf pygmy goats for sale?

Where can I buy a good breed or pair of goats nearest to Manila that I can ship to my home province in Oriental Mindoro so I can start raising/breeding and multiplying goats?

Sir, I like to plan and start small amount of goat farming.Is 1 hectare is good enough to raise goat farming

Would like to start raising goats with no or little technical knowledge. Where can we avail the required training relating to this plan? We are located in La Union, can you suggest the nearest location where we can purchase goats for raising?

im from butuan city, agusan del norte. may i know supplier of goat for breeding near my area,

I am beginner. May I know the schedule of deworming. Can it ba done during pregnancy period

I’m an Ofw and planning to build a large size goat farm in the Philippines soon. Will a commercial size goat farm need any business and environmental permit? Thank you for your help.

Are there any supplier of goat in Philippines?

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  • Sat. Feb 24th, 2024

Business Diary Philippines

Small business startup ideas and money making guide

How to Start a Goat Raising Business

Goats are very popular among Filipinos because they require low capital investment, fit the smallhold farm condition, and multiply fast. Culturally, goats are integral to every special occasion such as birthdays, baptisms, weddings, and fiestas. Hence, they command a higher price compared with other meats in the market.

goat raising business

Goats require low maintenance because they eat tree leaves, weeds, grasses, and agricultural by- products. They are not only a source of protein for Filipinos, but they also provide the much- needed income. In fact goats provide livelihood to about 15 million Filipinos across the country today.

As goat production requires low initial investment and small risks compared to other livestock species, it is thus an attractive undertaking among resource- poor families. Moreover, women and children can raise the species, making it a sound option to augment the country’s programs on livelihood.

At the moment, there is an increase in demand for goats. Although total goat inventory in the country is steadily increasing at 2% per year, still there is not enough supply to meet current demands. It is expected that this increased demand will last to 2020, the year when supply is projected to meet demand.

Considering these, goat production is indeed a promising venture and anyone interested to go into this business is expected to reap positive rewards.

How do I start my goat raising business?

To start a profitable goat raising business, one has to have the following production inputs:

For backyard operation:

a) Investment – Goat house – Breeding stock b) Operating Expenses – Veterinary Medicines – Vaccines – Concentrates – Additional feed supplements

For commercial or large- scale operation

a) Fixed Investment – Land – Goat house – Fences – Pasture area – Water pump – Feeding trough – Spade – Wheelbarrow – Ropes b) Stocks – Breeding does – Breeding bucks c) Operating Expenses – Veterinary medicines, drugs and vaccines – Feed supplements and goat rations – Labor: fixed and seasonal – Repair and Maintenance of goat house, fences, equipment, and pasture.

How much initial investment is needed and how much profit will I get?

Goat raising is highly profitable. With minimal initial capital investment of P67,250 for 25 doe level; P174,500 for 50 doe level; or P349,000 for 100 doe level, positive net income and return on investment (ROI) are realized, even as early as the first year. The ROI for 5 years is 67% from a 25 doe level operation semi-confinement scheme and 60% from 50- and 100- doe level operations under pure confinement system. Payback period is 2 years.

The projected income statement by the type of operation is plotted below:

1 Under semi- confinement scheme 2 Under pure- confinement scheme Note: Figures used in this material are based on 2006 data

Before investing on the enterprise, we advise to visit an actual goat farm near you.

For more information, please contact: Dr. Patricio S. Faylon Executive Director PCARRD, Los Banos, Laguna Tel Nos: (049) 536-0014 to 20; 536-5907 Fax Nos: (049)536-0016 / 536-7922 Email: [email protected] Website: http://www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph

The optimum potential of goat as one the main sources of milk and meat has not been fully tapped in the Philippines. The goat is popularly known as the poor man’s cow because children and old folks who cannot afford cow’s milk prefer drinking goat’s milk. Aside from being cheap, goat’s milk is more digestible compared to cow’s milk.

Goat raising is undertaken commonly by small farmers or backyard raisers. A farmer raises an average of one to two head goats. Only a handful of commercial-scale goat farms can be found in the country.

Kinds of Goat

Anglo nubian.

Basically a tropical breed that was successfully adapted in the western countries. Its distinguishing features include drooping and pendulous ears, and a brown hair or a combination of brown and black. It has a long body that usually weighs 70-90 kilograms at mature age and produces 1-21 liters of milk daily.

A meat type breed with distinct white body color and usually black or reddish brown from rear legs to the head. The goat weighs an average of 90 kilograms at mature age.

Originated from Switzerland, is a pure white to off-white in color. It holds the distinction as the highest milk producer (1.8 liters daily), and weighs an average of 70 kilograms.

Also from Switzerland, have distinct white markings on the face, legs and tail and an erect ears like the Saanen. Milk production averages 1.5 liters daily.

This duck assumes very erect normal postures which are almost straight neck. The back is long, straight and narrow. An adult weighs about 2.10kg while an adult duck weigh about 1.8 kg. The egg production characteristics of this breed resemble that of the Khaki Campbell.

Also of European breed has a color that ranges from off-white to red, to black. An alert breed of medium to large size, it weighs 70 kilograms at mature age. It posses upright ears and straight face, the breed produces 1.5 liters of milk daily.

The breed are small, stocky and low-set. Colors range from red, white or black or a combination of these colors. Milk production is just enough for its kids. It weighs 20 to 30 kilograms at mature age.

Goat Housing

Whether on range or confined feeding, housing provisions are necessary. A goat house or shed must be built to provide shelter. Goats are afraid of rain and wetness as these make them prone to pneumonia. They also prefer sleeping in elevated flat forms like a stair type arrangement. It must be well ventilated and drained and easy to clean. Feeding racks (silage, water, mineral and concentrate) should be accessible to both animals and caretaker, preferably in the front of the aisle. Flooring should be provided and elevated at least 15 degrees to facilitate cleaning and drainage.

Separate pens should be provided for lactating and dry does, kids, growers and bucks. The buck pen should be visible to breeding does yet far enough to avoid transfer of the typical goat smell especially to lactating does when milk is to be sold.

A fenced loafing area beside the goat house must be provided (100 to 150 sqm/250 head), complete with feeding racks and water troughs to allow animals to loaf freely. Flooring of the area must be cemented to facilitate drying. Cogon and nipa as roof materials are preferred in hot and humid areas.

Ventilation is of outmost importance. Majority of pneumonia cases can be traced to excessively warm and humid interior and sudden changes in temperature. Allow a 0.5 to 1 feet clearance between floor to wall and wall to beam to create an adequate circulation and to lower draft. It is desirable to maintain an interior temperature of 28 to 30°C. It has been established that above 30°C ruminants are inhibited from eating.

Lighting may also be provided in the barns during the night. Goats consume up to 30% of the day’s intake during the night when light is provided.

Nine-eye hog wire is the cheapest and most effective fencing available locally. Posts must be staked every 2 meters. Goats are fond of pounding their feet and scraping their bodies on the fences so it must be sturdily built. Barbwire fencing requires a minimum of four strands so it becomes more costly besides making goats prone to wounds.

Selection and Mating

Does selection criteria.

• Does should be purchased from a locality or area with similar climatic conditions; • Native or graded does should not be less than 25 kilograms; • Udder should be palpated for size, detection of lumps and other abnormalities; • Teats should be uniform at length and large enough for easy milking; • It must have a good appetite, possessing alert eyes and well formed pupils; and • Do not buy breeders from markets.

Bucks Selection Criteria

• One year old breeder or buck that have successfully mated once is desirable; • Acquired buck should be accompanied by pedigree records; • It must have a good producing line based from farm records; • Muck must come from doe with high twinning rate; • Buck must be active and ready to breed in-heat doe; and • Replace buck, preferably, every three (3) years.

Does reach puberty from 4 to 18 months. Best breeding age will be 10 to 12 months, depending on desired weight. Limit yearling buck services to 25 doe services/year. Older bucks can cover up to 75/year. Buck to doe ratio is 1:25.

Breeding – Reproductive Characteristics of Goats

Breeding – signs of heat or estrus.

• Mucus discharge from the vulva, causing matting of tail hair. • Uneasiness, constant urination, lack of appetite and bleating. • Seeks out or stays near the buck and lets herself be mounted.

When breeding, always introduce the doe to the buck, not to the doe herd particularly when bucks have not been used for a long time. It will be dangerous to mix the buck with an herd of pregnant does for they will breed indiscriminately. Two or four breedings during the heat period will suffice.

It is highly impractical if not economical to raise pure breed goats, unless the main purpose is to sell breeders. The preferred method will be to upgrade local native or grade does with pure bucks. Crossbreeds usually perform better than pure ones under local conditions. Infusion of two or more bloodlines into the native doe will elicit a better product due to hybrid vigor. Three-way crosses between the native, any of three Occidental breeds and the Nubian has produced a greatly superior animal than any of the three under our conditions.

Higher milk production should be the main consideration for it will not only mean bigger kid but also more milk for human consumption. A maximum infusion of 75% foreign bloodline must be observed to retain the natural resistance of the native. Never practice inbreeding unless fully knowledgeable in breeding techniques. On the other hand, intensive culling especially in milking herds, will largely be beneficial.

Dystocia is very common in crossing natives with large pure breeds due to the invariably large size of the unborn kids. Crossbreed birthweights of up to four (4) kilos for multiple births and up to six (6) kilos for single births have been observed while native birthweights reach only 2 to 4 kilos for multiple and single births, respectively. Thus, in crossbreeding, large native does with a minimum weight of 25 kilos or more and those that have given birth at least once, should be used. Providing human assistance during birth will also be of help in saving kids, but this should be done only when necessary.

Anestrus or failure to come in heat, is a common problem most particularly with high-producing does. Vitamin, mineral and other nutrient deficiencies, infections of the genital tract and hormone deficiencies are some of the various and implants and pregnant mare serum (PMS have been used with varying rates of success.

Routine administration of oxytocin right after kidding and before weaning (5 days) aids in faster expulsion of the placenta, uterine fluids and in the rapid regression of the uterus. Routine Vitamin A, D and E injections to breeding herds also contribute to reproductive well being.

Fifty percent of breeding problems can be traced to the buck used. Routine check up of the bucks’ health condition, especially of the genito-urinary tract, should be done. Preputial scraping, blood tests and sperm motility tests are some very useful procedures to follow in successful buck management. Always consult a trained veterinarian to do these tests.

Breeding – Procedures in Artificial Insemination

Keep the semen warm for it is extremely temperature sensitive and will be irrevocably damaged if improperly handled. Never allow the temperature of semen thawed in 95°F water to drop below 80°F. If at all possible, perform your insemination in a heated environment. Thoroughly pre-warm the inseminating gun before inserting the straw. If no heated facility is available, use a heating pad or hot water bottle to keep the semen and related equipment at the proper temperature before use.

Inseminate at the proper time, as most successful inseminators agree that conception rates are generally highest when breeding during the later third of standing heat. In our experience, breeding a doe approximately 6 – 10 hours before she goes out of standing heat has yielded the best results. During the main part of the breeding season and with most does, this means breeding approximately 24-30 hours after the onset of estrus.

Always deposit semen deep intracervically by measuring the depth of penetration of the breeding gun. After passing through several cervical rings, place a clean breeding sheath in the speculum alongside the gun with its tip against the back wall of the does’ vagina. Compare the difference between the length of the two breeding sheaths. Ideal depth of penetration is approximately 1 ½ inches.

Use only one straw per breeding as research in goat production indicates that sperm cells introduced into the does’ reproductive tract tend to form “colonies” in the mucous present in the folds of the cervix. After undergoing a short maturation process, they migrate in fairly constant number from the cervix into the uterus and ultimately on to the oviduct, where union of the egg actually occurs. Quantities of viable sperm cells sufficient for adequate fertilization should remain in the reproductive tract for up to 18 hours after the first insemination.

The use of a second straw of semen later in heat can cause a disruption in the orderly migration of mature sperm cells from the colonies already established in the cervix and actually reduces the chance of conception. Avoid attempting to AI does who remain in standing heat longer than 48 hours for reasons not fully understood, does exhibiting extremely lengthy standing estrus generally fail to conceive when artificially inseminated. Abnormally long heats are more common early in the breeding season, and occur more frequently in some areas than others. Fortunately in most cases the condition is transitory and most does begin to exhibit more normal estrus behavior as the breeding season progresses.

Use of hormones to synchronize does, though successful and useful, may result in lowered conception rates. Many breeders have reported disappointing AI conception rates after having used hormones to induce estrus in goats. If it is necessary to synchronize a group of does in this way, wait until the first natural heat after the drug induced estrus before artificially inseminating. Be aware that the use of prostaglandins may cause erratic estrus behavior in some animals, which can persist for several months.

Deposit semen very slowly because rapid expulsion of semen from the breeding gun can damage sperm cells and cause irritation of the does’ reproductive tract. Count to fifteen very slowly while depressing the plunger on the breeding gun.

Don’t haul a doe in heat to have her bred via AI. If you do not have your own equipment or storage tank and must transport your does to have them bred, plan to board them several days before they are due to come into heat. It is probably preferable if you cannot breed your own does yourself to have an AI technician come to your farm to perform the insemination. You can do your own inseminating even if you do not own your own tank. Small quantities of semen can be transported and stored for a half day or longer in a stainless steel thermos bottle. Make sure that you do not screw the lid onto the thermos as possible rupture can occur as a result of nitrogen gas pressure.

For best conception rates, inseminate only does with regularly occurring heats and no history of breeding or kidding problems. Does that are difficult to settle by natural service are not good AI candidates. Proper nutritional management also pays a big role in reproductive efficiency. Does that are overly fat or thin are less than ideal prospects for AI breeding. Virgin does should present no problem so long as they weigh at least 75 lbs.

Don’t attempt to AI a doe on her first heat cycle of the season – the first heat cycle of the year is often infertile and is frequently followed by a second heat 5 to 8 days later. Conception rates will usually be higher if you wait until the second or later heats to do your breeding. Likewise, conception rates may drop off if you attempt AI towards the very end of the normal breeding season.

Watch your does carefully 17 to 22 days after breeding them by AI for some reason that some does who conceive by AI experience a false heat three weeks later. Although they may exhibit otherwise typical estrus behavior, such does will seldom allow a buck to mount them. If in doubt, submit a milk or blood sample to a testing laboratory for a progesterone assay.

Keep detailed records of your AI breeding. Note such factors as color and consistency of cervical mucous, depth and relative difficulty or cervical penetration, length of standing heat both before and after inseminating, weather conditions, time required to complete the insemination, and other pertinent information. These records will often be of great help in explaining why some does settle and others did not.

Know your does. Chart the heat cycles of each of your animals on a calendar. Observe them at least three times daily during the breeding seasons for signs of estrus behavior. Note the number of hours that each does remains in standing heat, and the relative intensity of estrus activities such as flagging, fighting and mounting other does.

Observe proper sanitary procedures. Specula should be thoroughly washed and sanitized between use. Scrub the doe’s external genitalia with soap and water and dry completely before inserting the speculum. Do not use iodine-based products, as iodine is spermicidal. Take care not to touch the part of the speculum or breeding sheath which is inserted in the doe’s vagina.

Attend an AI school. Attendance at an AI school taught by a competent and knowledgeable instructor can increase your chances of success with AI. As with any other acquired skill, hands-on experience is the best way to develop the confidence and correct techniques necessary to use AI effectively.

Do your homework. Artificial insemination is only a tool, albeit a powerful one. To be really successful with AI, you have to do more than just put kids on the ground. Only through intelligent selection of sires compatible with the objectives of a carefully thought out breeding program can AI benefit you, the breeder, or the meat and dairy goat industry.

Care and Health Practices

Care of dry and pregnant doe.

If the doe is being milked, dry (stop milking) at least 1 to 2 months before kidding date. This will give her enough reserve for the next lactation.

Put all dry does in one compartment. One week before kidding, place her in a separate kidding pen. This can be predicted by swelling and discharge from the vulva, engorgement and waxing of the teats and constant laying down of the doe.

Avoid any form of noise in the kidding area. Sometimes it is necessary to help the pregnant doe during kidding, especially native does bred with pure bucks, because the kids are bigger. Dystocia or difficult delivery is common in these cases. Be sure that the presentation is right before attempting to pullout the kid. In anterior presentation, both front legs and heads are presented and in posterior presentation, both hind limbs come out at the same time. Oversized kids should be pulled out with an even, continuous pressure. In difficult cases, it is best a practicing veterinarian.

Care of the Lactating Doe and Newborn Kids

Immediately after delivery, wipe the kid’s mouth, nose and body with a clean, dry cloth and massage the thoracic area to initiate breathing.

Normally, the mother does this, but sometimes the mother is too weak to do it. Be sure no mucus is clogging the airways. The kids must be able to suck within one hour. For very weak kids, feeding colostrum through a stomach tube usually produces dramatic results.

First time mother some time are reluctant to suckle their young due to udder pain caused by over engorgement of milk. Restraining the doe for the first suckling will usually relieve udder pain. If colostrum in the udder is not fully consumed by the kid, stripping (manually milking out excess) will be necessary to prevent mastitis. The placenta must come out within 24 hours from expulsion of the fetus.

Tie the umbilical cord with a sterile string and apply disinfectant. Allow the kids to suckle for the first 4 to 5 days.

If the doe is to be milked, separate the kids from the mother and start feeding using a baby bottle (8 oz. size) and refer to feeding guide for dosage.

If the doe is not to be milked, the doe can be taken out of the pen for feeding and returned to the kid three times a day and the whole night. This method will ensure greater livability to the kid by not exposing it to the elements, and proper feeding of the doe. Does weaned early (4 to 5 days) usually return to heat after 1 to 2 months.

When the doe comes into heat, introduce it to the buck, not vice-versa. Two services a day for two days is an optimum. If the doe does not conceive, heat may return in 8 to 12 days. Higher conception is accomplished in the secondary heat. If breeding is successful, milk production drops after one month and the right side of the abdomen starts to fill up.

Milking periods must be established and strictly adhered. If milking is done twice a day, e.g. 6 AM and 6 PM, the process should not be delayed or advanced. Possibly, same personnel should be used. Goats can withhold milk, so unnecessary changes in the routine should be avoided

Milk quickly and continuously

Milk let down can be initiated by washing the udder with lukewarm water and wiping with a clean towel. All milking utensils, especially the milkers’ hands must be thoroughly cleaned.

Feed concentrates during milking

This serves as incentive to the goats for them to enjoy and look forward. Contrary to popular belief, properly drawn and processed goat milk have no offending smell. During milking, the buck should not be near the doe to avoid transfer of the typical goat smell to the milk.

Care of the Weanling and the Growing Kids

Place all weaned kids in a separate pen, and if possible, according to size. If male kids are to be raised for meat, castrate as early as possible, preferably within the first month. If females are to be raised for milking, check for excess teats and have them removed. Horn buds usually appear within the first to third month. De-horn when buds reach the size of a fingernail. Separate males and females at the age of four months. Goats sometimes reach puberty at this age.

Start breeding females at 8 to 10 months. Bucks can start breeding at the same age.

Care of the Breeding Buck

The breeding buck must always be confined separately but always visible to the does. The buck is the source of the typical goat smell such that direct contact with the doe must be avoided. Provide a loafing area. One to two years old buck can make 25 to 50 doe services a year, an older buck more.

References:

Livestock Development Council (LDC)

Sources: dti.gov.ph, bar.gov.ph Photo: alaminosgoatfarm.com

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i am ineterested in starting a goat farm business, i already have an excisiting land located in tarlac. thanks

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I used this company to backup my cocoa beans export business each time my business is running down.

You can visit and register with the company website here http://www.virtatrade.com to raise the fund you need now to go into your goat farm business.

sir, Im interested in raising goat but i need to go for seminar and training, where i can register in Mindanao. Thanks for the info and guidance.

Good more sir: I want to procure breeders. Where can I purchase here in La Union, Region 1?

Hello friends, you have shown ROI (%) as follows : ROI (%) 67 60 60

does this mean :

13% 12% 12% per annum for five years???

pls explain thanks.

Hello. you have shown ROI (%) as : ROI (%) 67 60 60 for five years. Does this work out to 13% 12% 12% respectively per year? I am confused. thanks and regards.

we would like to start goat farming in samal island, davao. Can you assist us on having the latest feasibility study/ Thanks

Very much interested, any related seminar or training near Rizal Province?

lot of information for a new one who want to start a goat farm business. thanks a lot for this information.

i'm retiring soon and willing to start goat farming, where i can attent seminar for goat ang native pig farming

Where can we buy breeders?

Thank you so much for this… I am more than willing to undergo livelihood seminar on how to raise goats. God bless.

Waaaaa ohhhhhh great teaches, kindly send me a copy of sample on feasibility study on goat particular on cost, expenses, projected gross and net income for two years, thank you,I want to set up a farm in nigeria,[email protected]

this is very educational, infformative article…can your office provide seminars?

Nice guide can l undergo for seminar

I'm planning on raising some goats for our backyard. Do we have Nigerian Drarf breed here in the Philippines? Thanks.

Once again thanks may God bless you for being friendly.

Your tips about raising goats for business increase my desire to set up the farm after retiring from service

nice procedure

daghang kaayong salamat. Good karma to you who provided this info…

Great! Big help for me to enhance my knowledge for every visitors inquires in our office DA Palawan i had enough ideas to share with……

wow, complete paper for goat production.

Mine also we are planning to raised goat and sell them kindly send me a copy of your feasibility study on goat raising. [email protected] or contact me at 09228161131.  Many Thanks Jowell Villanueva

kindly send me a copy of sample on feasibility study on goat particular on cost, expenses, projected gross and net income for two years, thank you…

kindly send me a copy of this page in my yahoo account,thank you..

i like to raise goat farm after my retirement in 2 years time.

raising goats are good business. kindly send us a complete educational or raising goats manual.

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Ultimate Guide: How to Start a Goat Farm in the Philippines 

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Disclosure: Small Business Philippines strives to provide relevant and accurate information in all its articles. However, some information in our articles may differ or might be outdated from what you can see or read directly from the establishments’ or businesses’ websites. Please get in touch with us directly for any discrepancies.

The Philippines offers favorable conditions for goat farming due to its tropical climate and diverse vegetation. Additionally, the increasing demand for goat products, coupled with the government’s support for agricultural development, makes it an ideal time to start a goat farm in the country.

When is the Right Time to Start a Goat Farm?

Where to establish your goat farm, 1. determine your objectives, 2. research goat breeds, 3. plan your farm infrastructure, 4. arrange for financing, 5. procure goats, 6. provide proper nutrition and healthcare, 7. manage breeding and reproduction, 8. implement sound record-keeping, 1. build a strong network, 2. continuous learning, 3. market your products effectively, 4. prioritize animal welfare, key takeaways.

The timing of starting a goat farm depends on several factors, including market demand, availability of resources, and personal readiness. It is essential to conduct market research to determine the demand for goat products and identify any seasonal fluctuations. Furthermore, it is crucial to ensure that you have adequate financial resources and sufficient time and commitment to dedicate to your goat farm.

Selecting the right location for your goat farm is vital for its success . In the Philippines, consider regions with suitable climatic conditions and ample grazing lands. It is advisable to choose an area that is easily accessible for transportation and has a good supply of clean water and quality feed. Consulting local agricultural authorities or goat farming associations can provide valuable insights into the best locations for goat farming.

How to Start a Goat Farm: Step-by-Step Guide

Clearly define your goals and objectives for starting a goat farm. Consider the purpose of your farm, whether it is for meat, milk, fiber, or a combination of these. This will help you make informed decisions throughout the process.

Explore different goat breeds and select the ones that align with your objectives and suit the local climate and market demand. Popular goat breeds in the Philippines include Boer, Anglo-Nubian, Saanen, and Toggenburg.

Design and plan your farm infrastructure, including goat housing, fencing, feeding areas, and milking facilities. Ensure adequate space for the goats to roam and graze comfortably.

Evaluate the financial requirements for starting a goat farm and secure adequate financing . Consider costs such as purchasing goats, infrastructure development, veterinary care, feed, and marketing expenses.

Source your goats from reputable breeders or auctions. Ensure the goats are healthy, free from diseases, and have the necessary vaccination records. Start with a small herd and gradually expand as you gain experience.

Develop a feeding plan based on the nutritional needs of your goats. Ensure access to clean drinking water, quality forage, and balanced supplementary feed. Establish a routine healthcare program, including vaccinations, deworming, and regular check-ups.

Implement an efficient breeding program to ensure a continuous supply of goats. Familiarize yourself with breeding techniques, gestation periods, and care for pregnant does. Consider natural breeding or artificial insemination depending on your farm’s requirements.

Maintain detailed records of your goat farm, including breeding, health, vaccinations, purchases, and sales. Good record-keeping allows you to track performance, identify areas for improvement, and make informed business decisions.

Tips for Success in Goat Farming

Connect with other goat farmers, industry experts, and local agricultural organizations to gain valuable insights, support, and potential business opportunities.

Stay updated with the latest advancements and best practices in goat farming through workshops, seminars, and online resources. Knowledge is key to adapting to changing market trends and improving your farm’s efficiency.

Develop a marketing strategy to promote your goat products. Consider establishing partnerships with local restaurants, supermarkets, and direct-to-consumer sales channels. Leverage social media platforms and create a website to showcase your farm and its offerings.

Provide proper care and attention to your goats, ensuring they have a clean and comfortable living environment. This not only promotes their well-being but also contributes to the production of high-quality products.

Starting a goat farm in the Philippines in 2023 can be a rewarding venture with careful planning and execution. Consider market demand, choose suitable breeds, develop robust farm infrastructure, and prioritize the well-being of your goats. By implementing effective management practices and staying informed about the industry, you can establish a successful and sustainable goat-farming business .

Remember, starting a goat farm requires dedication, hard work, and continuous learning. With the right approach, you can enjoy the benefits of a thriving goat farm while contributing to the growing demand for goat products in the Philippines .

Ready to embark on your goat farming journey? Take the first step today and turn your entrepreneurial dreams into a reality!

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Agriculture, Livestock, Poultry, and Food Production

Goat Farming in the Philippines: How to Raise Goats

Goat farming in the Philippines is one of the most profitable farming businesses if properly managed. Goat meat is one of the most delicious meats I have ever tasted. Apart from its tasty and tender meat, it is also healthy to eat, because of the type of food it eats, such as grass, and plant leaves. This is why many people are interested in taking care of goats.

Do you want to have a goat? If yes, you need to know the proper care of the goat.

Different Kinds of Goats

The domesticated goat is a subspecies of the stray goats of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. Domestic goats are one of the oldest domesticated animal species.

goat farming

For thousands of years, people cared for them for their milk, meat, fur, and skin for leather. Over the past century, they have also become popular as pets. There are so many types of goats around the world, and each of them has its characteristics and advantages.

Usually, these types are the main source of meat and milk. Here are the different types of goats and their characteristics.

Most Common Breeds for Goat Farming

This breed is strong, has a long life, and eats well. It has white stripes on the face of the ear and white marks on the legs and thighs. It can provide four liters of milk daily.

  • Anglo-Nubian

This foreign breed is large and weighs 120 kilograms. The knees are round and straight, brown or black or spotted. Of the breeds from other countries, this is the most adaptable here in the Philippines. It can provide 2-3 liters of milk daily.

  • French Alpine

This is a goat known for its superb ability to produce milk. They have no color set or markings. They have horns, erect posture, and erect ears.

It is a foreign breed of goat that is also suitable here in the Philippines. Its usual color is white or cream and without a beard. The adult hen weighs 50 -60 kilos and the hen weighs 65 -100 kilos.

Its female can produce milk for the longest time and can get each hen three liters of milk daily. The females of this breed of goat are called the “Queen of Goat’s Milk”.

  • Indian Lumina Pari (Jamnapari)

It has a strong physique and is adaptable to the hot climates of the Philippines. There’s white color and there’s black. Its production is two liters of milk a day. Those are just a few of the many types of goats that are already here in the Philippines. Now that you know the different breeds of goats, let’s learn how to properly care for goats.

The Boer goat is a breed of goat that was developed in South Africa in the early 1900s and is a popular breed for meat production. Their name is derived from the Afrikaans word Boer, meaning farmer.

Goat Housing

Goat farming needs investment and one of these is used on reliable and comfortable goat houses.

  • For building the house, use local materials such as sedge, nipa, coconut husk, and bamboo.
  • Old galvanized iron can also be used for the roof. No need to spend too much on housing.
  • Find a place to build a house that is not flooded. Also, make sure it is exposed to the sun and there should be good ventilation.
  • As for the design of the house, the goat house should be raised on the ground by at least one meter.
  • It is also necessary to make a hole in the floor that will serve as a deposit of goat dung and urine. This is important to keep the goat clean.
  • Give each goat one square meter of space so that it can move smoothly.

Proper Feeding and Drinking Water for Goats

It is very important for pet goats they have proper nutrition.

Place a proper grass rack on the side or wall of the housing.

The wall must have an opening of the right size so that the goat’s head can come out properly when it is eaten.

Goats need to be properly watered. Use a bucket or container that can be filled with water. The water they drink must be clean.

As for salt, it helps the goats as an appetizer. Melt and mix it with their drink.

Pet goats care

Purge the goats twice a year depending on the number of its worms.

Give laxatives before the rainy season or at the height of the rainy season to make the laxatives more effective.

Transfer of goats and pasturing

It is important to move the goat to the pasture. This way they can move more smoothly and breathe fresh air.

They can also eat fresh herbs and plants. Moving goats to the pasture requires proper supervision.

Controlling goat worms and deworming

It is important to take care of the health of pet goats because their lives depend on it.

A healthy body will improve weight and prevent goat death, especially for young goats, and newborn goats.

To control worms in goats, experts advise consulting veterinarians to give the goat the correct and adequate medication.

More tips on how to care for goats

It’s nice to have your goat, especially when it’s handled well.

Caring for a goat is not that difficult. Compared to other domesticated animals, goats are more gentle and adaptable to those around them. In addition, they have many sources of food, so they do not need to spend a lot of money to take care of it. Just like the ones I mentioned above, goat care only requires proper supervision.

There are so many benefits of raising a goat for humans, there is its meat, milk, and hair that can be used as tools to make clothes and so on. If having a goat is one of my dreams, maybe you are too! The goat business only requires a small investment, but the return is huge profits.

According to research, an investment of up to 400,000 can earn five million in just five years, of which five million comes only from the sale of goats and does not include the sale of milk.

This is what emerged in the study of our agriculturists. This has proven to be a really good goat or goat care business.

Questions related to Goat Farming in the Philippines

Is goat farming profitable in the philippines.

Goat raising is highly profitable. With a minimal initial capital investment of P67,250 for 25 doe level; P174,500 for 50 doe level; or P349,000 for 100 doe level, positive net income and return on investment (ROI) are realized, even as early as the first year.

How much does a goat cost in the Philippines?

Philippines Farmgate Price: Livestock: Goat data was reported at 136.730 PHP/kg in Sep 2018. For live goats, the price depends on the seller, type of goat, and size. Breeders always cost more than those intended for slaughter.

Where is the best province to start a goat farm in the Philippines?

Central Visayas has the highest number of goats, accounting for 15 percent of the total, according to the University of Asia and the Pacific. Goats require low maintenance since they consume tree leaves, weeds, grasses, and agricultural by-products.

How do you raise goats in the Philippines?

A Goat house must be built to provide shelter. Goathouse must be well-ventilated and drained, and easy to clean. Flooring must be provided and elevated at least 15 degrees to facilitate cleaning and drainage. Separate pens must be provided for lactating and dry dogs, kids, growers, and bucks.

How much investment do you need for goat farming?

The capital needed to start goat farming depends on the number of goats you want to start with. If you are planning to start with 10 goats or 8 females and 2 males, prepare at least P100,000. This includes goat housing expenses.

Are goats a good investment?

The fact of the matter is that farming meat goats can be and is very profitable. Meat goats are far more profitable than sheep or cattle. Remember that goats can be worth up to $380 per kilo on average, whereas cattle go for much less.

What is the most profitable goat to raise?

For commercial goat farming, the Saanen goat would be the best option for rearing. They are highly adaptable in cold regions and ideal for producing milk. Saanen goat breeds are a good option for starting a goat farming business on a small scale level.

Which is more profitable poultry or goat farming?

Goat rearing is becoming the favorite occupation of farmers. Because of this low cost and high profit, goat farming has seen a lot of growth in the last few years. Since poultry farming requires more care and medicines. Poultry farming is also more prone to many diseases like bird flu.

How many goats can you keep in one hectare?

Goats are similar to sheep in that you can support up to 30 goats in one hectare free range. If you have a goat house, 1 hectare of land can house up to 120 goats. Because goats are browsers, not grazers, it will be important that the land you have will supply them with the sort of forage they like to eat.

FAQ in Tagalog

  • Ano-ano ang mga dapat ihanda sa pagsisimula ng pag-aalaga ng kambing – kailangan may alam, feeds, bahay, lugar kung saan sila makakagala, patubigan, at natural na pagkain kagaya ng damo.
  • Pampataba ng kambing – commercial feeds ng baboy, copra o sariwang niyog, dahon ng ipil-ipil, ipa ng mais, at iba pa.
  • Anu-ano ang limang (5) pangangailangan sa pag-aalaga ng kambing – Bahay, feeds, lugar na pwede nilang galaan, experience, tubig, at natutal na pahkain kagaya ng damo.
  • Pagkain ng kambing – Maliban sa damo, ang kambing ay pwedeng pakainin ng ipa, soya, mais, copra, kamuting-kahoy, at iba pang sangkap ng feeds. Ang ipil-ipil at azolla at pwede ring ipakain.
  • Mga bawal kainin ng kambing – ang kambing ay isa s apinakamatalinong hayop at alam nito ang hindi dapat kainin. Ngunit, kung nasa loob ng kulungan, hindi dapat sila bigyan ng dahon ng gabi, at karamihan sa mga plantita kagaya ng cactus, furtune plants, at iba pang ornamental plants
  • Quail Farming: How to Raise Quails for Eggs & Meet
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  • 10 of the Most Beautiful & Colorful Chicken Breeds
  • Onion Farming: How to Plant and Grow Sibuyas
  • Industrial vs organic and farm eggs – what’s the difference?

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Goat Farming Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

goat farm business plan

Goat Farming Business Plan

Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 500 entrepreneurs and goat farmers create business plans to start and grow their goat farms. We have the experience, resources, and knowledge to help you create a great business plan.

In this article, you will learn some background information on why business planning is important. Then, you will learn how to write a goat farming business plan step-by-step so you can create your plan today.

Download our Ultimate Business Plan Template here >

What Is a Business Plan?

A business plan provides a snapshot of your commercial goat farming business as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategies for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.

Why You Need a Business Plan

If you’re looking to start a goat busienss or grow your existing goat farm, you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your goat business to improve your chances of success. Your goat farming business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes.

Sources of Funding for Goat Farms

With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a goat farming business are personal savings, credit cards, bank loans, and angel investors. When it comes to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to ensure that your financials are reasonable, but they will also want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business. Personal savings and bank loans are the most common funding paths for goat farms.

    Finish Your Business Plan Today!

How to write a business plan for a commercial goat farm.

If you want to start a goat farming business or expand your current one, you need a business plan. The guide below details the necessary information for how to write each essential component of your goat farming business plan.  

Executive Summary

Your executive summary provides an introduction to your business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.

The goal of your executive summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the kind of commercial goat farming business you are running and the status. For example, are you a startup, do you have a goat farming business that you would like to grow, or are you operating an established goat farming business that you would like to sell?

Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan.

  • Give a brief overview of the goat farming industry.
  • Discuss the type of goat farming business you are operating.
  • Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers.
  • Provide a snapshot of your marketing strategy. Identify the key members of your team.
  • Offer an overview of your financial plan.

Company Overview

In your company overview, you will detail the type of goat business you are operating.

For example, you might specialize in one of the following types of commercial goat farming businesses:

  • Milk and dairy production: Involves raising dairy goats for their goat milk and other dairy products such as cheese and yogurt.
  • Meat production: Involves raising and selling goats for their goat meat.
  • Fleece farm: Involves raising goats for their fur to be spun into yarn.
  • Miniature goat farm: Involves raising goats to be sold as pets.

In addition to explaining the type of goat farming business you will operate, the company overview needs to provide background on the business.

Include answers to questions such as:

  • When and why did you start the business?
  • What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include the number of customers served, the number of goats sold, and reaching $X amount in revenue, etc.
  • Your legal business Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.

Industry Analysis

In your industry or market analysis, you need to provide an overview of the goat farming industry. While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.

First, researching the goat farming industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating.

Secondly, market research can improve your marketing strategy, particularly if your analysis identifies market trends.

The third reason is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.

The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section of your goat farm business plan:

  • How big is the commercial goat farming industry (in dollars)?
  • Is the market declining or increasing?
  • Who are the key competitors in the market?
  • Who are the key suppliers in the market?
  • What trends are affecting the industry?
  • What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
  • What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential target market for your goat farm? You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your local population.

Customer Analysis

The customer analysis section of your goat farm business plan must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.

The following are examples of customer segments: individuals, schools, families, and corporations.

As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of goat farm you operate. Clearly, individuals would respond to different marketing promotions than corporations, for example.

Try to break out your target customers in terms of their demographic and psychographic profiles. With regards to demographics, including a discussion of the ages, genders, locations, and income levels of the potential customers you seek to serve.

Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can recognize and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.  

Finish Your Goat Farm Business Plan in 1 Day!

Don’t you wish there was a faster, easier way to finish your business plan?

With Growthink’s Ultimate Business Plan Template you can finish your plan in just 8 hours or less!

Competitive Analysis

Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.

Direct competitors are other goat farms.

Indirect competitors are other options that customers have to purchase from that aren’t directly competing with your product or service. This may include other types of meat farms, meat and dairy alternatives, pet stores, or other types of fibers depending on which type of goat farm you decide to operate. You need to mention such competition as well.

For each such competitor, provide an overview of their business and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as

  • What types of customers do they serve?
  • What type of goat farm are they?
  • What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
  • What are they good at?
  • What are their weaknesses?

With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.

The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:

  • Will you make it easier for your customers to acquire your products?
  • Will you offer products or services that your competition doesn’t?
  • Will you provide better customer service?
  • Will you offer better pricing?

Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.  

Marketing Plan

Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a commercial goat farming business, your marketing strategy should include the following:

Product : In the product section, you should reiterate the type of goat farm that you documented in your company overview. Then, detail the specific products or services you will be offering. For example, will you sell milk, cheese, meat, fibers, or goats?

Price : Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your plan, you are presenting the products and/or services you offer and their prices.

Place : Place refers to the site of your goat farm. Document where your company is situated and mention how the site will impact your success. For example, is your goat farm business located in a rural area with access to a highway, in a suburb near your target customer base, or in your backyard? Discuss how your site might be the ideal location for your customers.

Promotions : The final part of your goat farming marketing plan is where you will document how you will drive potential customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:

  • Advertise in local papers, radio stations and/or magazines
  • Reach out to websites
  • Distribute flyers
  • Engage in email marketing
  • Advertise on social media platforms
  • Improve the SEO (search engine optimization) on your website for targeted keywords

Operations Plan

While the earlier sections of your business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.

Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your goat farm, including answering calls, caring for your goats, meeting with customers, billing and collecting payments, etc.

Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect to acquire your Xth customer, or when you hope to reach $X in revenue. It could also be when you expect to expand your commercial goat farming business to a new region.  

Management Team

To demonstrate your goat farm’s potential to succeed, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company.

Ideally, you and/or your team members have direct experience in managing goat farms. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.

If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act as mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in managing a goat farm or successfully running a farm.

Financial Plan

Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statements.  

Income Statement

An income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenue and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.

In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you have 30 goats on your farm, and will each goat produce an average of 3 quarts of milk per day? And will sales grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.  

Balance Sheets

Balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. While balance sheets can include much information, try to simplify them to the key items you need to know about. For instance, if you spend $50,000 on building out your goat farm, this will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a lender writes you a check for $50,000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.  

Cash Flow Statement

Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and ensure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and goat farmers don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt.

When creating your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a goat farming business:

  • Cost of farming equipment and supplies
  • Payroll or salaries paid to staff
  • Business insurance
  • Other start-up expenses (if you’re a new business) like legal expenses, permits, computer software, and equipment

Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your farm location lease or photos of your farm and goats.  

Writing a business plan for your goat farm is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. You will understand the goat farming industry, your competition, and your customers. You will develop a marketing strategy and will understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful goat farming business.  

Goat Farming Business Plan Template FAQs

What is the easiest way to complete my goat farming business plan.

Growthink's Ultimate Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily write your goat farming business plan.

Where Can I Download a Goat Farming Business Plan PDF?

You can download our Goat Farming business plan PDF  here. This is a business plan template you can use in PDF format.

How Do You Start a Goat Farming Business?

Starting a goat farming business is easy with these 14 steps:

  • Choose the Name for Your Goat Farming Business
  • Create Your Goat Farming Business Plan
  • Choose the Legal Structure for Your Goat Farming Business
  • Secure Startup Funding for Your Goat Farming Business (If Needed)
  • Secure a Location for Your Business
  • Register Your Goat Farming Business with the IRS
  • Open a Business Bank Account
  • Get a Business Credit Card
  • Get the Required Business Licenses and Permits
  • Get Business Insurance for Your Goat Farming Business
  • Buy or Lease the Right Goat Farming Business Equipment
  • Develop Your Goat Farming Business Marketing Materials
  • Purchase and Setup the Software Needed to Run Your Goat Farming Business
  • Open for Business

Finish Your Goat Farming Business Plan in 1 Day!

Or, let us develop your plan for you.

Since 1999, Growthink has developed business plans for thousands of companies who have gone on to achieve tremendous success.

Click here to hire someone to write a business plan for you from Growthink’s team.  

Other Helpful Business Plan Articles & Templates

Business Plan Template For Small Businesses & Entrepreneurs

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How To Start A Goat Farming Business In Philippines

Guide To Start A Goat Farming Business In Philippines [Beginners Tips]

goat farming business plan philippines

To start a goat farming business in the Philippines, you need startup capital, a good piece of land, quality information on goat management principles, quality feeding plans, and hire farmworkers if you are farming extensively.

Philippines venture more into livestock farming compare to crop cultivation, here is a step-by-step guide on how to start a Goat farming business In the Philippines, and all you need to know.

Guide To Start A Goat Farming Business In the Philippines [Beginners Tips]

Table of Contents

How to start goat farming

Here are guides to starting a goat farming business in the Philippines;

Step 1: Get quality education ON goat farming management

So, the first thing you need to do to start a goat farming business is to get yourself acquitted with the norms and practices to raise quality goats on your farm.

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You can do this by searching for a nearby goat farm in your area and seeking further information from the farmer in charge of the farm. Alternatively, you can watch the video we attached at the end of this post.

Step 2: Raise Capital to start your business

How To Start A Goat Farming Business In Philippines

Another thing you need to do is to look for capital to fund your goat farm. There are various ways to go about thee, we have taken the time to list out three major ways you can get funds to run your goat farm in the Philippines and they are;

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Use Commercial Banks for Soft Loans: 

If your firm is successful and you have good credit, you may apply for a commercial bank loan, which will speed things along.

Fund From Family:

Families, friends, and other close associates can all provide financial support if asked.

Start your goat farming business by sending out social media updates to a huge audience. At the very least, one or two of them will answer.

Agriculture-related grants and loans:

Agricultural loans and grants from your state’s agricultural department may be available to novice goat farmers in order to get their businesses up and running.

Read Also:  How To Start Goat Farm Business In Uganda [Beginners Guide]

Step 3: Buy farmland or Rent farmland to rear your goat

If you are not planning to keep a backyard goat business in the Philippines which entails rearing goats at the back of your house. You may need to buy farmland maybe an acre or more to start raising your goats.

This step is considered important because, without a conducive environment for your goat, you may have a problem raising your goats properly.

Step 4: Mount Barricade In Your Farm

You need to raise a barricade to prevent your goat from escaping from your farmland and roaming the street.

There are laws in place to keep in check goats that gaze around or farmers that graze goats around. To mount a barricade on your farm, you can use barb wire, fence, wood, and others.

Step 5: Construct House For Your Goat

You need to build a conducive goat pen for your goat. To shelter your goat against rain, sunny weather, and other unfavorable climatic condition, you will need to raise shelter for your goats.

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Step 6: Buy Quality Goat Breed

To have better results on your goat farm, seek out goats with quality breeds. Look for a goat that can give birth to 3 or more kids at a time.

Look out for goats that have better feed conversion, checkout for goats that have high resistance to disease. You can get to know all of these by studying the goat parent history.

Step 7: Draw the Feeding formula for your goat farm

One aspect you need to take cognizance of is the feeding aspect of your goat farm. If you need productive goats and better yield, then you need to consider feeding your goat with correct meals.

You can feed your goat with cassava, yam peels from yams and cassava, pastures, and many eatable goat foods.

Step 8: Scout For Farm Workers

If you are not practicing backyard goat farming, then you will need more hands-on your goat farm. You will need those who will help in cleaning the goat feces, and urines, and feeding them on daily basis.

Step 9: Register with a Vet

You need to keep appointments with a Vet clinic to come to check on your farm regularly. This is important because there are some goats that when affected can transmit the diseases to other goats on your farm quickly.

But a regular check by a vet can keep problems at bay.

Benefits of Goat farming business In the Philippines

  • They can be kept alongside other livestock because goats are social.
  • Goats’ meat, milk, and skin are just a few of the many uses for this versatile animal.
  • A goat farm in Phillippines requires less capital than a dairy or poultry farm.
  • In both domestic and international markets, goat meat is highly sought after for its high nutritional content.
  • Goats are tough, resilient animals that can withstand a wide range of diseases.
  • Women and the elderly can easily handle the day-to-day responsibilities of goat farming in the Philippines.
  • Dairy goat farming in the Philippines can bring in a substantial profit due to the superiority of goat milk over cow milk.
  • Aids Philippinesi farmers in need while also providing employment opportunities for others.
  • A single litter of goats can produce as many as double the number of goats currently on the farm.
  • Even in small backyards, goats can be raised.
  • Goats can eat weeds, grass, and pasture to clear a field.
  • Goat dung can be utilized to grow a variety of different crops and plants.
  • High-quality goatskin from the Philippines is in high demand.
  • Goats have no problem adapting to their surroundings.
  • It takes less time for goats to bear a child because of their early breeding habits.
  • Goat farming is a unique and lucrative business in the Philippines.
  • Goat farming in the Philippines is a lot easier than milking cows or raising chickens.
  • Grooming goats in the Philippines is far simpler than starting a cattle ranch or a sheep farm.
  • Compared to goats, cattle occupy a larger area.

Is goat farming in the Philippines profitable?

Starting a goat business in the Philippines is one of the most profitable and lucrative businesses to venture into in agriculture.

How much does a goat cost in the Philippines?

A goat cost about 150 Philippine pesos.

How much does it cost to start goat farming?

To start a goat farming business in the Philippines, it will cost you about 50,000 to 100,000 Philippine pesos.

How do you raise a goat in the Philippines?

To raise a goat in the Philippines, you need startup capital, a good piece of land, quality information on goat management principles, quality feeding plans, and hiring farmworkers if you are farming extensively.

What do you feed goats Philippines?

So, to start a goat Business in the Philippines, you need startup capital, a good piece of land, quality information on goat management principles, quality feeding plans, and hire farmworkers if you are farming extensively.

If you are in quest of other information, do drop your comment in the section below.

goat farming business plan philippines

Author: Adewebs

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4 replies to “ guide to start a goat farming business in philippines [beginners tips] ”.

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Hi, thank you for all the information shared in this blog. Can I please ask if I still need to get Environmental Compliance Compliance Certificate to have a commercial size let’s say 500 heads of goat? If so, any other business permit required please? Thank you so much and I hope to hear from you soon.

Hi! I’m glad you found the information in this blog helpful. Regarding your question, I can provide some general guidance, but please keep in mind that regulations and requirements may vary depending on your specific location.

It’s always best to consult with local authorities or a business attorney to ensure compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.

In many jurisdictions, including the Philippines where Environmental Compliance Certificates (ECCs) are commonly required, obtaining an ECC is necessary for certain activities that may have an environmental impact, such as operating a commercial livestock farm. Raising 500 heads of goats would likely fall into this category.

The ECC is issued by the environmental management bureau or a similar agency and serves as proof that your business complies with environmental regulations.

I hope this helps, and I wish you success with your goat farming venture!

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Goat husbandry in India is essentially an endeavor of millions of smallholders who rear animals on crop residues and common property resources. The smallholders produce milk, meat, fiber, skin, etc., for the community with no capital, resource, or formal training. More often, goats are reared for meat production, but they also serve as a ready source of milk to meet the family’s requirements.

Sustainable Goat Farming

Thins to remember.

Goats must be healthy and lively. However, before procuring, it is better to check with the local government about regulations. While procuring, it is advisable to get two goats. Goats are social animals and need company. They would try to escape if kept in solitary confinement. Hence at least two goats must be kept in enclosures.

Goats are of three types: (i) Females or does, (ii) Uncastrated males or bucks, (iii) Castrated males or wethers. For milk production, it is not necessary that bucks must impregnate the does. Ideally, one buck to every 30 does is a healthy ratio for goat farms.

Younger goats around eight weeks old are cheaper and friendlier to procure than older goats. However, these younger goats need care for about a year or two. Following this period, they can be bred, sold as meat, or used for milk production.

The goat breeds available in India are numerous. However, it is important to note that not all goats are suitable for commercial production. India has some goat breeds that are highly productive and suitable for commercial farming.

In case you missed it: How to Care for Dairy Goats: Shelter/Housing, Fencing, Feeding, and Disease Control

Goat Farm Fencing

  • Jamunapari Goat: India’s native goat breed is the Jamunapari goat. This goat produces a lot of milk and meat. But they are raised mainly for their high milk production capacity. A female goat can produce about 2-3 liters of milk daily. An adult male weighs about 65-90 kg, and a female goat weighs about 40-60 kg.
  • Boer Goat: Boer goats are South African breeds that can be farmed in India. Their meat production makes them a good breed for meat producers. An adult Boer goat weighs about 110-115 kg, and a female goat weighs about 90-100 kg.
  • Black Bengal Goat: The Black Bengal goat is native to Bangladesh. Bangladesh considers this goat breed to be an important small livestock breed. They are excellent for producing meat, milk, skin, and fiber. This goat breed can adapt to almost all types of climate. There is a great demand for their meat and milk because they are very tasty.
  • Beetal Goat: The beetal goat is a native Indian breed of goat. They are a highly milk-productive goat breed. Also suitable for high meat production. They can produce about 2.5-4 liters of milk daily. An adult male goat weighs about 65 kg, and a female about 45 kg.
  • Saanen Goat: Swiss Saanen goats are dairy goats. However, it is suitable for commercial milk production in India. Like Jamunapari and Alpine goats, they can produce a large amount of milk. Their daily milk production is about 3.8 liters. An adult male Saanen goat weighs between 70 and 90 kilograms, while a female weighs between 60 and 70 kilograms. Breeds such as Malabari, Black Bengal, Jamunapuri, Osmanabadi, and others, produce very rich milk and meat. Therefore, both milk and meat are produced from them. It is very common to raise breeds like Cashmere or Angora for their hair since it is used as a fabric.

In case you missed it: Contract Goat Farming in India: How to Earn an Extra Income from this Long-Term Investment

Baby Goats

In India, goat farming costs are determined by how you start your goat farming project. It all depends on what your goat-farming business plan is. Depending on how many goats you want to start with, determining the cost of the goat farming project is also a factor. As a beginner, you may choose to start with ten female goats, or you may choose to start with 100 female goats; it is entirely up to you.

  • Step 1: First, think about how much money you have; otherwise, you can apply for a goat farming loan. Government is very serious about enhancing farmers’ conditions and giving loans easily based on your land.
  • Step 2: Make a shed for the number of goats you are planning for and also plan for their upcoming kids.
  • Step 3: The best way to provide green fodder to your farm is to grow it nearby so you can easily provide it. It is good for goats to eat a variety of green fodders. Therefore, growing two or three types of green fodder is a good idea.
  • Step 4: The number of goats you plan should be under goats under 50 is the best number for beginners.
  • Step 5: After coming goats on the farm, vaccinate them properly to prevent their upcoming disease.

In case you missed it: Common Goat Diseases, Symptoms, and Treatment: Check How this Guide Helps Goat Farmers

Goat Farming

A house’s primary purpose is to protect the animal from the sun, wind, and rain. There must be a certain elevation at which the house will be built so that there will not be any problems with water logging in the future. For the construction of houses, local materials such as elephant grass, paddy straw, bamboo, wood, etc., are used that can be found locally. Small units do not require elaborate housing arrangements to meet their needs. There must be a good amount of ventilation in the goat sheds.

The slope should be designed so that water can easily drain away from it and that it is easy to clean the area. If the doe is housed in a group, then 1.8 square meters of floor space must be provided for does, while for the bucks, 2.4 square meters of floor space must be provided. A design area of 1.8 X 1.8 sq mt will be sufficient to accommodate ten kids. There is, however, a need to avoid overstocking to avoid cramped spaces and a sense of suffocation due to overcrowding. Since diseases spread easily among goats, it is extremely important to quarantine sick animals as soon as possible.

When goats are fed a well-balanced and nutritious diet, they will be able to grow well and produce as much as possible. There is always a need to ensure that the food they consume contains all the necessary ingredients. To be successful in raising goats today, most successful goat farmers feed their goats 12% to 18% protein-containing feeds. There should be a proper ratio between vitamins, minerals, and other ingredients necessary for the recipe.

In case you missed it: Tips to Start a Goat Farming Business: Check How this Guide Helps Beginners  

Fencing for Goat Farm

Make sure there is a sufficient supply of green grasses or other green foods available at all times. Food that is contaminated or expired should never be fed to them. It is important to make a place for grazing or pasture for the animals to produce more. Assuring that enough clean and fresh water is available for the goat daily and providing good food is crucial. Goats are undoubtedly meticulous eaters and are more tolerant of bitter tastes than other animals.

This way, they can survive on agricultural waste, by-products, and other materials. Further, they are also stronger than other roofing materials and, as a result, can withstand all kinds of weather conditions. In addition to their tongues being adapted for grazing, their upper lips are also movable. This allows them to graze on extremely short grasses, bushes, shrubs, and extremely short trees.

In addition to grains like lentils, wheat, and maize, goats should also be fed leguminous fodder and grains such as pulses, wheat, and corn. Leguminous crops such as oats, barley, rye, and ryegrass are generally preferred over straw or maize silage as fodder. Further, they require a feed that contains at least 14-15% protein and high levels of minerals, such as iodized salt, bone meal, zinc oxide, ferrous carbonate, high-grade limestone, copper sulfate, and vitamins.

A grower will receive 100 grams of concentrate mixture every day, while a buck, doe, and adult does will receive 200-250 grams of concentrate mixture every day. On average, each goat consumes 5 to 7 kg of green fodder and a liter of water per day. Statistically speaking, one acre of fodder will feed 35 goats for the entire year.

It is important for a commercial goat farming business to access veterinary services in India to establish a sustainable business. It is, therefore, important to ensure that your goats receive proper veterinary care. Ensure that you always maintain all the necessary vaccines and medicines on your farm. You will be able to address any problems if anything goes wrong and maximize your production from commercial goat farming in India. 

  • A minimum of once a month, the sheds must be thoroughly washed and disinfected to prevent disease. 
  • In order to keep the food and water managers clean, they must be cleaned regularly. 
  • There is a high risk of goats becoming infected with endoparasites. As a result, deworming must be done every six months to prevent parasites from spreading.
  • During the breeding season, does are dewormed just before breeding, while kids are dewormed every month. 
  • To avoid lice, ticks, mites, etc., animals must be regularly sprayed with ectoparasitic drugs like acaricides to eliminate them. 
  • Regular vaccinations are necessary to prevent diseases such as goat pox, plague, FMD, etc., from spreading. Salmonellosis and brucellosis are zoonotic diseases that must be prevented since they are infectious and can easily spread.
  • Stray animals mustn’t be allowed to enter the farm to prevent the spreading of infectious diseases. Whenever a sick goat is detected, it must be isolated as soon as possible and proper medication must be administered as soon as possible.

In case you missed it: Common Sheep Diseases, Symptoms, and Treatment: Check How this Guide Helps Sheep Farmers

Goat Shelter

In any commercial goat farming operation, the choice of goat breed is the key source of profit and loss. Select goats capable of multiple kidding and have a short gestation period. Commercial goat farming requires one male goat for every 20 female goats. Bring a healthy and robust male for breeding purposes. At the age of 18-20 months, the majority of female goats begin to conceive. In 24 months, goats breed three times.

  • Goat farming requires little initial investment compared to dairy farming.
  • A herd of 6-10 goats is unnecessary when starting a farm. You can start a goat farm with just one goat and gradually grow it into a herd or a large commercial operation.
  • In comparison to other animals, goats are more tolerant of bitter tastes. Consequently, they consume almost every plant that other animals do not.
  • Due to their careful eating habits, they can live in almost any climate. There are small fat globules in goat milk that are easily digestible. As a result, goat milk is medically recommended for seniors and infants.
  • Phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium are abundant in goat droppings. Therefore, it is an excellent organic manure. Organic farming requires a lot of goat manure.
  • In general, goats begin milking at 16-17 months of age.
  • It is common for them to produce twins within two years, making them productive breeders. As a result of all the above advantages, goats can be said to yield good economic returns in a short time.

In case you missed it: Common Poultry/Chicken Diseases, Symptoms, and Treatment: Check How this Guide Helps Poultry Farmers

Sustainable Goat Farming7

Commercial goat farming has emerged as an important driver of agricultural growth in India. Commercial goat farming has a huge opportunity in rural development as goat has the potential for export of products, capital storage, household income, and employment. Compared with cows and other livestock, goats are relatively easy to maintain, especially if you have a couple. In any drought condition, the goats can sustain. Goat farming in India is always a profitable business.

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17 goat raising ideas: backyard goat farming for beginners.

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goat farming business plan philippines

In the context of a pandemic that restricted the movement of people, goat raising, just like any other backyard cottage industries may be the way to go for folks wondering how to cultivate available land in the neighborhood.

Table of Contents

Why Invest in Goat Raising

Unlike its livestock peers, raising goats is better suited to a typical Filipino community setting. They require less investment, they multiply faster and fit a limited area not suited to raising cows or deal with diseases normally associated with pigs . While supply chains may face constraints due to restrictions, goat production can serve the needs of nearby communities for meat requirements for daily consumption or parties as well as occasions of cultural importance such as fiestas and big family gatherings. Also, goat milk provides a dairy alternative for people who suffer certain allergies such as cow milk allergies and gastrointestinal disorders. Goats are very popular among Filipinos because they require low initial capital investment, fit the smallholder farm conditions, and multiply fast. Culturally, goats are integral to every special occasion such as birthdays, baptisms, weddings, and fiestas. Hence, they command a higher price compared with other meats in the market. Goats require low maintenance because they eat tree leaves, weeds, grasses, and agricultural by-products. They are not only a source of proteins for Filipinos but they also provide much-needed income. In fact, goats provide a livelihood to about 15 million Filipinos across the country. As goat production requires low initial investment and low risk compared to other livestock species, it is thus an attractive undertaking among resource-poor families. Women and children can raise the species, making it a sound option to augment other government programs on livelihood.

Sample projected income statement based on number of does  

Types of goat raising businesses and corresponding products and markets. But before you enter into such an enterprise you must ask yourself one important question: will running dairy goats suit your lifestyle?

Challenges of Goat Raising

Although goats are very rewarding animals to work with, looking after them can be a challenging task.

  • Limited feed resource. Heavy land utilization that causes depleting feed sources reduces available grazing land for goats.
  • Climatic variations. This includes low water supply during the dry season, flood or lightning strike can pose hazards to goats.
  • High kid mortality rate. This can be due to colibacillosis, starvation, extreme climatic condition, death of the mother due to parasitic infestation.
  • Lack of available vet services. Adequate vet services are not available in some areas so goats don’t get proper treatment once they become sick or ill.
  • Inadequate knowledge. Farmers may have a limited understanding of scientific feeding practices and feeding management especially if technical assistance is inaccessible.
  • Predator problems. Feral pigs or wild dogs can target goats if their regular food supply is disrupted.
  • Risk of crop damage. Goats thrive when allowed to roam freely, but they can also cause damage when they munch carrots, celery, squash, and other fruits and vegetables.
  • Theft. Goats can be easily stolen given their relatively smaller size compared to their livestock cousins.

Goat Feed Requirements

Food and hydration are essential not only for goat survival but also for good milk production and healthy offspring. When determining feed rations, those rich in energy and protein are the most important elements to consider. Lack of energy sources from feeds is the most common problem affecting production and protein is essential for growth, pregnancy, and milk production. Feed analysis can be a valuable tool in determining what nutrients your feed may lack. In the context of Philippine goat production, feeds are abundant during the wet season but can be in scarce supply during the dry season, exacerbated by the effects of climate change. But researchers from the Central Luzon State University are developing pellet feeds that contain ingredients such as ipil-ipil, kakawate, and rensonii; concentrates; and mineral supplements that supply the energy and protein needs of the goat herd. Pelletized feeds provide better feed nutrition value that leads to a faster growth rate, efficiency in the feeding process for animal raisers as pellets can be stored at room temperature and require less storage space. Feed budgeting should be carried out throughout the year and take into account pasture supply and other sources of feed if needed. Also, regular blood and tissue testing of goats is essential to ensure that copper), selenium, and cobalt levels are adequate and that levels of copper and selenium, which are toxic, do not overdose. A month before mating, the doe should be gaining weight so that they are in good condition during mating and to help them meet the extra demands of the fetus and milk production. A goat fed with poor feed quality can be susceptible to hypocalcaemia (milk fever – low levels of calcium in the blood) or pregnancy toxaemia (sleepy sickness – glucose deficiency).

Common breeds of goats in the Philippines

The most common goat breeds in the Philippines are:

  • Native – This breed is small, stocky, and low-set. Colors range from red, white or black, or a combination of these colors. Milk production is just enough for its kids. It weighs 20 to 30 kilograms at a mature age.
  • Anglo Nubians – Its distinguishing features include drooping and pendulous ears, and brown hair or a combination of brown and black color. It usually weighs 70-90 kilograms at a mature age and produces 1-2 liters of milk daily.
  • Boer – This is a meat-type breed with distinct white body color and usually black or reddish-brown from rear legs to the head. The goat weighs an average of 90 kilograms at a mature age.
  • Saanen – This breed originated from Switzerland, and is characterized by pure white to off-white in color. It holds the distinction as the highest milk producer at 1.8 liters daily and an average adult weight of 70 kilograms.
  • Toggenburg – This breed has distinct white markings on the face, legs, and tail and erect ears like the Saanen. Milk production averages 1.5 liters daily, and also originated from Switzerland.
  • Alpine – It is of European breed has a color that ranges from off-white to red, to black. An alert breed of medium to large size, it weighs 70 kilograms at a mature age. It posses upright ears and a straight face, the breed produces 1.5 liters of milk daily.

How to select does (a female goat) to raise

  • Female goats (does) should be purchased from a locality or area with similar climatic conditions so they can adapt to surroundings better.
  • Although notably smaller than other breeds, native or graded does should weigh more than 25 kilograms.
  • Goat udder, or the organ formed of the mammary glands of does, should be palpated for size, detection of lumps, and other abnormalities.
  • Teats should be uniform at length and large enough for easy milking.
  • Each individual doe must have a good appetite, possessing alert eyes, and have well-formed pupils.

How to select bucks (a male goat) to raise

  • One-year-old breeder or buck that has successfully mated once is desirable.
  • The acquired buck should be accompanied by pedigree records.
  • Bucks must have a good producing line based on-farm records.
  • Buck must come from a doe with a high twinning rate.
  • Buck must be active and ready to breed in-heat doe.
  • Replace buck, preferably, every three years.

How to manage and care for goats

goat farming business plan philippines

Fencing Guide for Goats

Nine-eye hog wire is the cheapest and most effective fencing available in the Philippines. Posts must be staked every 2 meters. Goats are fond of pounding their feet and scraping their bodies on the fences so it must be sturdily built. Barbwire fencing requires a minimum of four strands so it becomes more costly besides making goats prone to wounds.

goat raising business

A well-developed/improved pasture can carry up to 15 heads per hectare. When a combined grazing confinement method is observed, provision of a developed 3 hectares per 50 goat heads. Pasture divided into 9 paddocks will be desirable. Separate pasture paddocks should be provided for the dry doe, buck kids, and growers. Pasturing during the cool times of the day is commonly due.

Care of Dry and Pregnant Doe

If the doe is being milked, dry (stop milking) at least 1 Y2 to 2 months before the kidding date. This will give her enough reserve for the next lactation. Put all dry does in one compartment. One week before kidding, place her in a separate kidding pen. This can be predicted by swelling and discharge from the vulva, engorgement, and waxing of the teats, and constant lying down of the doe. Avoid any form of noise in the kidding area. Sometimes it is necessary to help the pregnant doe during the kidding, especially to native does breed with pure bucks because the kids are bigger. Dystocia, or difficult delivery, is common in these cases. Be sure that the presentation is right before attempting to pull out the kid. In the anterior presentation, both front legs and head are presented and in posterior presentation, both hind limbs come out at the same time. Over-sized kids should be pulled out with even, continuous pressure. In difficult cases, it is best to see a practicing veterinarian.

Care of the Lactating Doe and Newborn Kids

Immediately after delivery, wipe the kid’s mouth, nose, and body with a clean, dry cloth and massage the thoracic area to initiate breathing. Normally, the mother does this, but sometimes the mother is too weak to do it. Be sure no mucus is clogging the airways. The kids must be able to suck within one hour. For very weak kids, feeding colostrum through a stomach tube usually produces dramatic results. A first-time mother sometimes is reluctant to suckle the young due to udder pain caused by over engorgement of milk. Restraining the doe for the first suckling will usually relieve udder pain. If colostrum in the udder is not fully consumed by the kid, stripping (manually milking out excess) will be necessary to prevent mastitis. The placenta must come out within 24 hours from the expulsion of the fetus. Tie the umbilical cord with a sterile string and apply disinfectant. Allow the kids to suckle for the first 4 to. S days. If the doe is to be milked, separate the kids from the mother and start feeding using a baby bottle (8 oz. Size), (refer to feeding guide for dosage). If the doe is not to be milked, the doe can be taken out of the pen for feeding and returned to the kid three times a day and the whole night. This method will ensure greater livability to the kid by not exposing it to the elements and proper feeding of the doe. Does wean early (4 to 5 days) usually return to heat after 1 to 2 months? When the doe comes into heat, introduce it to the buck, not vice-versa. Two services a day for two days is an optimum. If the doe does not conceive, heat may return in 8 to 12 days. Higher conception is accomplished in the secondary heat. If breeding is successful, milk production drops after one month and the right side of the abdomen starts to fill up.

How to Practice Efficient Goat Milking

Goats are generally docile animals, which makes milking them relatively easy. However, milking periods must be established and strictly adhered to. If milking is done twice a day, e.g. 6 AM and 6 PM, the process should not be delayed or advanced. Possibly, the same person should be used. Goats can withhold milk, so unnecessary changes in the routine should be avoided.

  • Milk quickly and continuously

Milk let down can be initiated by washing the udder with lukewarm water and wiping with a clean towel. All milking utensils, especially the milkers’ hands, must be thoroughly cleaned.

  • Feed concentrates during milking

This serves as an incentive to the goats for them to enjoy and look forward to. Contrary to popular belief, properly drawn and processed goat milk have no offending smell. During milking, the buck should not be near the doe to avoid the transfer of the typical goat smell to the milk.

Care of Weanling and Growing Kids

Place all weaned kids in a separate pan, and if possible, according to size. If male kids are to be raised for meat, castrate as early as possible, preferably within the first month. If females are to be raised for milking, check for excess teats and have them removed. Horn buds usually appear within the first to the third month. De-horn when buds reach the size of a fingernail. Separate males from females at the age of four months. Goats sometimes reach puberty at this age. Start breeding females at 8 to 10 months. Bucks can start breeding at the same age.

Care of the Breeding Buck

The breeding buck must always be confined separately but always visible to the does. The buck is the source of the typical goat smell such that direct contact with the doe must be avoided. Provide a loafing area. One to two-year-old buck can make 25 to 50 doe services a year, an older buck more.

Best Goat Raising Practices

Does reach puberty from 4 to 18 months. The best breeding age will be 10 to 12 months, depending on desired weight. Limit yearling buck services to 25 doe services/year. Older bucks can cover up to 75 per year. Buck to doe ratio is 1:25.

Signs of Heat or Estrus:

1. Mucus discharge from the vulva, causing matting of tail hair. 2. Uneasiness, constant urination, lack of appetite, and bleating. 3. Seeks out or stays near the buck and lets herself be mounted. When breeding, always introduce the doe to the buck, not to the doe herd. Particularly when bucks have not been used for a long time, it will be dangerous to mix it with a herd of pregnant does for they will likely breed indiscriminately. Two to four breedings during the heat period will suffice. It is highly impractical if not economical to raise pure breed goats unless the main purpose is to sell breeders. The preferred method will be to upgrade local native or grade does with pure bucks. Crossbreeds usually perform better than pure ones under local conditions. Infusion of two or more bloodlines into the native doe will elicit a better product due to hybrid vigor. Three-way crosses between the native, any of three Occidental breeds, and the Nubian has produced a greatly superior animal than any of the three under our conditions. Higher milk production should be the main consideration for it will not only mean bigger kids but also more milk for human consumption. A maximum infusion of75% foreign bloodline must be observed to retain the natural resistance of the native. Never practice inbreeding unless fully knowledgeable in breeding techniques. On the other hand, intensive culling, especially in milking herds, will largely be beneficial. Dystocia is very common in crossing natives with large pure breeds due to the invariably large size of the unborn kids. Crossbreed birth weights of up to four kilos for multiple births and up to six kilos for single births have been observed while native birth weights reach only 2 and 4 kilos for multiple and single births, respectively. Thus, in crossbreeding, large native does with a minimum weight of 25 kilos or more and those that have given birth at least once should be used. Providing human assistance during birth will also be of help in saving kids, but this should be done only when necessary. Anestrus, or failure to come in heat, is a common problem most particularly with high-producing does. Vitamin, mineral, and other nutrient deficiencies, infections of the genital tract, and hormone deficiencies are some of the various causes. Several hormones, like prostaglandin, progesterone sponges and implants, and pregnant mare serum (PMS) have been used with varying rates of success. Routine administration of oxytocin right after kidding and before weaning (5 days) aids in faster expulsion of the placenta, uterine fluids, and rapid regression of the uterus. Routine Vitamin A, D & E injections to breeding herds also contribute to reproductive well-being. Fifty percent of breeding problems can be traced to the buck used. Routine check-up of the bucks’ health condition, especially of the genito-urinary tract, should be done. Preputial scraping, blood tests and, sperm motility tests are some very useful procedures to follow in, successful buck management. Always consult a trained veterinarian to do these tests.

Other Goat Raising Management Best Practices

1. HoofTrimming – Goats’ hooves under confinement are usually overgrown. Trimming is then required. A rose pruner and a small curved knife are adequate tools. Cut excess hoof until level with the frog (white-centerpart). Untrimmed hooves will cause lameness and make it prone to footrot. Bucks refuse to mount when having sore feet. 2. Dehorning – Especially in milking herds, dehorning is essential. A dehorned animal is more docile than a horned one. It will also eliminate unnecessary wounds due to fighting. Dehorn when horn buds appear (2 to 4 mos.) using hot iron cautery. A Y2 inch GI pipe is an effective and cheap material for cauterizing. Chemical cautery is not preferred because kids tend to lick one another and may therefore lead to cauterized or burned tongues. 3. Castration – Castration of unwanted male goats is preferable within the first month of age. The testicles at this age are still not developed. thus there is lesser bleeding and stress. Castrated males grow faster than uncastrated males and are free of the goaty male odor. 4. Tattooing, Ear Notching, and Other Forms of Identification – In order to keep track of individual animals, positive identification is needed. No recording is possible without this. Ear notching is done more commonly because of permanence and easy identification. Refrain from using plastic bags. Tattooing causes no deformities but requires special tools that may be costly. 5. Recording – For a good breeding herd program, a proper and well-kept recording system is necessary. The record reflects all the essential data of individual animals. If you wish to pursue a training course on goat production, the Agricultural Training Institute of the Department of Agriculture offers training for farmers and goat raisers. For further details about this activity, kindly contact: Florita G. Lozada Project Officer 0930-8208661 Or download a PDF copy of the goat raising guide from the Department of Trade and Industry

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How to start a goat farming business.

Goat farming business or goat raising is one of the ideal business ideas to start. This farm animal easily multiplies and can fit in a small farm condition, not to mention the low investment requirements.

It is easy to find a market for goat raising business because Filipinos by culture love to cook and serve goat meat during special occasions. With this, it entails higher price than other meats sold in the market.

Tips-on-How-to-Start-a-Goat-Raising-Business

Raising this livestock is attractive among less fortunate families. The good news is that the government and other Non-government agencies are providing livelihood programs about goat production. This helps augment the living of millions of Filipinos.

Things to Consider When Starting a Goat Raising Business

For backyard operation 

If you’re planning to raise goats in your backyard, you need to invest building a goat farm house and breeding stock. For the operating expenses, you need to invest for the vaccines of the goats, veterinary medicines, concentrates and other feed supplements.

For large-scale operation

This type of goat raising operation would require you big amount of investment as you’ll need to buy a land that can accommodate the goat house and has enough space as pasture area. Other fixed investment includes fences, water pump, feeding trough, ropes, wheelbarrow and spade.

Read also:  Guide on How to Start Raising a Chicken Poultry Business

You’ll also need to secure breeding bucks and breeding does. In terms of the operating expenses, you’ll need to spend for the veterinary medicines, vaccines and drugs, feed supplements, maintenance and repair of the goat house, equipment, pasture and fences.

How much will it take to start the goat farming business?

Starting a goat raising business is profitable, yet it requires minimal capital investment depending on the doe requirements. A rough estimate of initial investment for 25 does is approximately Php67,250. You can expect for good return on investment within the first year operation of your business.

Goat raising is very common among small farmers who can raise livestock in the backyard. If you’re interested to start this business, you can start at least 5 to 10 does. Make sure you have idea about the best way to house the goats.

Keep in mind that like humans, they also need proper shelter and feeding for them to live healthier and longer.

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How to Start Goat Farming in the Philippines: Business Plan, Requirements, and Management

Table of contents, benefits of goat farming in the philippines, challenges/problems of goat farming in the philippines, key considerations for starting a goat farming business in the philippines, steps for starting a goat farming business in the philippines.

Goats are adaptable animals that require minimal resources to raise and can produce multiple offspring in a single pregnancy, making them an attractive option for farmers. However, starting and running a successful goat farming business in the Philippines requires careful planning, management, and attention to detail.

How to Start Goat Farming in the Philippines

This article will provide a more detailed overview of goat farming in the Philippines, including the goat farming business plan in the Philippines, benefits, challenges, and key considerations for starting and running a successful goat farming business.

How to Start Goat Farming in the Philippines

There are several benefits to goat farming in the Philippines. Firstly, goats are low-maintenance animals that require minimal resources to raise. They adapt to different environments and thrive in rural and urban areas. Goats are also known for their hardiness, which means they can withstand extreme temperatures and harsh weather conditions. This makes them an ideal choice for farmers who live in areas with fluctuating weather patterns.

Secondly, goat meat and milk are in high demand in local and international markets. Goat meat is popular due to its lean and tender texture and unique flavor. Goat milk is also highly sought after due to its nutritional value, similar to cow’s milk but with lower levels of lactose. Thirdly, goats are prolific breeders, which means they can produce multiple offspring in a single pregnancy. This allows for a high reproduction rate and faster herd growth. This, in turn, allows farmers to expand their business and increase their profitability quickly.

Goat farming has numerous advantages, but there are also certain difficulties that farmers may encounter. One of the main challenges is disease management. Goats are susceptible to various diseases, including pneumonia, foot and mouth disease, and parasitic infections. Farmers need to have a strong understanding of disease management and prevention to ensure the health and well-being of their animals.

This includes regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and good hygiene practices. Another challenge is marketing and distribution. While there is high demand for goat meat and milk, farmers may struggle to find product buyers or distributors. Farmers must have a strong marketing strategy to ensure profitability and success. This may involve building relationships with local markets and distributors or developing an online presence to reach a wider audience.

Several key considerations exist for starting a successful goat farming business in the Philippines. Firstly, farmers should carefully consider the location of their farms. Goats require ample grazing land and access to clean water, so farmers should select a location that meets these requirements. The area’s terrain and climate should also be considered, as this can affect the health and well-being of the animals.

In case you missed it: Anglo-Nubian Goat Facts: Origin, Physical Characteristics, Pros, and Cons

Goats Behind Fencing

Secondly, farmers should choose the right breed of goat for their farm. Different breeds of goats have different characteristics and are suited for different purposes, such as meat production, milk production, or fiber production. Farmers should research different breeds and choose the one best suits their needs and goals. It is also important to consider the availability of the breed in the local market and the demand for the products they produce.

Thirdly, farmers should have a strong business plan in place. This should contain a disease management and preventive plan, as well as financial estimates and a marketing strategy. The business plan should also include a timeline for when the farm is expected to become profitable and contingency plans for unexpected events or setbacks.

  • If you are interested in starting a goat farming business in the Philippines, there are several steps that you should follow. These include:
  • Research different goat breeds and select the one best suits your needs and goals. Consider the availability of the breed in the local market and the demand for the products they produce.
  • Determine the location of your farm and ensure that it meets the requirements for grazing land and access to clean water. The terrain and climate of the area should also be taken into consideration.
  • Develop a strong business plan that includes a marketing strategy, financial projections, and a disease management and prevention plan. The business plan should also include a timeline for when the farm is expected to become profitable and contingency plans for unexpected events or setbacks.
  • Acquire the necessary permits and licenses from the relevant government agencies. This may include business registration, environmental clearance, and animal health permits.
  • Purchase your initial herd of goats from a reputable breeder. It is important to choose healthy goats that are free from diseases and parasites.
  • Ensure your goats have adequate food, water, and shelter. Goats require a varied diet that includes roughage, grass and hay, and concentrates, such as grains and legumes. They also require access to clean water at all times.
  • Implement a disease management and prevention plan, including regular veterinary check-ups and vaccinations. Maintaining good hygiene practices, such as cleaning and disinfecting equipment and facilities, is important to prevent the spread of diseases.
  • Develop a marketing strategy and identify potential buyers or distributors for your products. This may involve building relationships with local markets and distributors or developing an online presence to reach a wider audience.
  • Continuously monitor and evaluate the performance of your herd, and make adjustments to your business plan as necessary. This may involve adjusting your breeding program, changing your feeding regimen, or implementing new marketing strategies.

In case you missed it: Nigerian Dwarf Goat Facts: Origin, Physical Characteristics, Pros, and Cons

Feeding Goats

In conclusion, goat farming is a lucrative and rewarding business in the Philippines. While there are several challenges that farmers may face, with proper planning and management, goat farming can be a highly profitable and sustainable venture.

Farmers can start and run a successful goat-farming business that meets their needs by carefully considering the key factors outlined in this article. Remember that raising goats is a work of passion that demands your undivided attention and care. However, goat farming can be a fulfilling and profitable career choice in the Philippines with the right resources and support.

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Goat Farming In The Philippines – Goat Breeds

Goat farming in the philippines.

Goat Farming In The Philippines – Goat Breeds

Hello friends, today we are with a new topic called ” Goat Farming in the Philippines”. In the Philippines, more and more people are raising Goats in their farms, in their backyards, and even in their ranches. Goats require less feed than cows and carabaos. Goats have always been considered useful animals. Goat’s success mostly depends on its excellent adaptability to the difficult mountain conditions, extreme weather conditions, versatile habits, and high production considering its size. The Goat is considered a vital livelihood component among the smallholder and the landless or marginal farmers in the Philippines. Economic and social benefits are also attached to the animal. Though, records from the PCARRD (Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development) showed the number of Goats will increase consistently in the Philippines. 

In the Philippines, Goat has always a place in most of the farming systems. It could have a minor role, but their importance in rural life had long been recognized so that the condition in which they are kept must be assessed.

Philippine farmers raise native Goats because the farmers believed they are cheaper to raise compared to purebreds. About 10 native Goats can be fed on the feedstuffs sufficient for 1 cattle. And about 6 to 7 purebred dairy Goats can be fed on the feedstuffs adequate for one dairy cow.  Although a Goat is small, she can produce as much as 4 liters of milk a day if she is purebred and is given a ration to meet all of her nutritional requirements.

There are many advantages of raising Goats on the farm or backyard.  To begin with, you need a small starting capital to start a Goat project.  More Goats can be raised per hectare compared to cattle, and also they multiply faster than cattle or carabaos. Goat farming in the Philippines requires low initial investment and small risks compared to other livestock animals and it is an attractive undertaking among resource-poor families.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Goat Farming In The Philippines, Goat Breeds, and Business Plan

Most efforts to improve dairy Goat management designed to provide more and better milk. These efforts include;

  • Breeding and selecting to produce more milk.
  • Better feeding and pasturing practices.
  • Better housing for extremes of weather and climate conditions.
  • Improved sanitation of milk and milk products.
  • Control of internal parasitic diseases in Goats that lead to poor health and decreased milk production.
  • Improved marketing of dairy Goat products.
  • Development of information and research services.

Advantages of Goat Farming in the Philippines

goat farming business plan philippines

  • Compare to other livestock farming, Goat farming doesn’t require massive investment. You don’t have given much effort to the Goat farming business.
  • Goats need smaller capital investment than cattle.
  • Goats multiply faster than cattle or carabaos. Before a Goat is 3 years old, she can give birth to as many as five kids.
  • Usually, they are multiplied fast by breeding, which helps you not buy Goats in the future.
  • The most valuable part of the Goat farming business is its food. Goats are eating almost everything and Goat eats all kinds of grass, including weeds.
  • Also, Goats help us to destroy natural weed and produce natural manure. This is mostly used in organic farming, and by selling this fertilizer, you can earn extra income.
  • Goats are a low maintenance animal, you have to raise Goats with less effort compared to other animals.
  • Although a Goat is small, she can produce as much as 4 liters of milk every day if she is pure-bred and is given a ration to meet all of the nutritional requirements.
  • Goats require fewer feds compared to cows and carabaos. About 10 native Goats can be feed on the feedstuffs sufficient for one cow. And about 6 to 7 purebred dairy Goats can be fed on the feedstuff sufficient for one dairy cow.
  • Goat is usually docile and can be raised by anyone.
  • Goats are friendly and intelligent.
  • Goats are clean animals. Goats do not thrive in filthy places and they do not eat rotten or spoiled feeds.
  • Also, Goats provide manure for fishponds, farms, and gardens.
  • A family milk Goat can provide the right amount of milk for the farm family at an economic price.

Philippine Goat Breeds

Usually, there are two varieties of Philippine goats raised for meat production. Then, the coarse-haired type is a cream, tan, or light brown color and generally polled. The fine hair variety is black or brown color and has a white belt. The fine hair variety Goats are thought to have originated from the Katjang breed.

The Goat population in the Philippines consists of native and exotic breeds.

  • Some of the native Goat breeds in the Philippines are the Dadiangas strain and the common Goats (found all over the country).
  • Exotic breeds of Goats in the Philippines include the Anglo Nubian, Boer, Saanen, French Alpine, and Toggenburg, all of which are found in commercial and institutional farms, and the La Mancha, available in a very limited population. Crosses and upgrades of native Goats are widely available in the country. In the Philippines, both the native and exotic breeds of Goats are raised primarily for meat. However, few dairy-type Goats are also used for milk production in some institutional and private commercial farms.

Breeds of Goats

  • Anglo Nubians = 70-90 kgs (and 1 to 21 liters of milk daily)
  • Boer = 80-90 kgs average
  • Saanen = 60-70 kgs it gives 1.8 liters of milk daily
  • Toggenburg = 50-60 kgs it gives 1.5 liters of mild daily
  • Alpine = 50-60 kgs it gives 1.5 liters of mild daily
  • Common Goat or Philippine Goat = 20-30 kgs
  • Didiangas Goat = 40-50 kgs

Some Available Breeds to Raise in the Philippines

There are many Goat breeds worldwide but the available Goat breeds in the Philippines are;

Anglo Nubians – It is a tropical breed that was successfully adapted in western countries. Its distinguishing features are drooping and pendulous ears, and brown color hair or a combination of brown and black. It has a long body that usually weighs about 70 to 90 kilograms at a mature age and produces about 1 to 2 liters of milk daily.

Boer – It is a meat-type breed with distinct white body color and black or reddish-brown color from rear legs to the head. The Goat weighs an average of about 90 kilograms at a mature age.

goat farming business plan philippines

Saanen – It is originated from Switzerland, is pure white to off-white. And, it holds the distinction as the highest milk producer about 1.8 liters daily. That weighs an average of about 70 kilograms.

Toggenburg – It is from Switzerland, has distinct white markings on the face, legs, and tail, and erects ears like the Saanen. Milk production averages about 1.5 liters daily.

Alpine – Alpine is a European breed that has a color that ranges from off-white to red, to black. It weighs about 70 kilograms at a mature age. It poses upright ears and a straight face, the Alpine breed produces about 1.5 liters of milk daily.

Native – The Native breed is small, stocky, and low-set. It has different colors range from red, white or black or a combination of these colors. Milk production is just enough for its kids and it weighs about 20 to 30 kilograms at a mature age.

Housing Requirement for Goat Farming in the Philippines

Adequate housing provides conditions for good health and comfort of animal’s high reproduction and efficient management. A good housing system is cheap, and it can protect from strong winds, heavy rains, and attacks by predatory animals. Also, it must be well ventilated, well-drained, and easy to clean.

For a good drainage system, locate a Goat-house on a slight slope or sandy soils and near the feed source. The Goat housing must be oriented that the greatest amount of sunshine enters the house.

A Goat house must be built to provide shelter. Goathouse must be well ventilated and drained, and easy to clean. Flooring must be provided and elevated at least 15 degrees to facilitate cleaning and drainage. Separate pens must be provided for lactating and dry does, kids, growers, and bucks.

The flooring of the area should be cemented to facilitate drying. The majority of pneumonia cases can be traced to excessively warm and humid interior and sudden changes in temperature levels. Allow a 0.5 to 1 ft clearance between floor to wall and wall to beam to make an adequate circulation and to lower draft. It is desirable to maintain an interior temperature level of 28 to 30°C. Then, it has been established that above 30°C ruminants are inhibited from eating. Lighting may be provided in the barns during the night. Goats consume up to about 30% of the day’s intake during the night when light is provided.

Nine-eye hog wire is the cheapest and effective fencing available locally. Posts should be staked every 2 meters. Barbwire fencing needs a minimum of four strands so it becomes more costly besides making Goats prone to wounds.

Backyard Goat Production in the Philippines

In the Philippines, backyard Goat farming accounts for more than 99% of the animal inventory. Goat is a popular farm animal as it requires simple management as compared to swine and poultry. Goat subsists on crop residues, agro-industrial by-products, or any locally obtainable forage sources.

About 99% of the country’s total small ruminants are raised in small hold or backyard farm units. Goats raised under this system are normally tethered near or around vacant croplands. Tethering of Goats under coconuts and other types of plantation tree crops is also common. Backyard Goat farmers with access to grazing areas either open grasslands or under coconut allow their animals to graze. At night, Goats that are tethered during the day are secured near or underneath the farmer’s house, though those that are allowed to graze are provided with a shed where these animals are confined at night.

Feed supplementation is rarely practiced. Occasionally, some farmers would give legumes and farm by-products. In recent years, deworming is gaining popularity among small-hold Goat raisers. Goats are raised for home consumption especially during holidays and other special occasions, as well as a source of additional income. Also, it provides the small rural farmer with cash in cases of emergency. Goats from backyard farms are sold for slaughter to roving traders or in open flea markets in the locality. Some Goat raisers keep Goats for religious and/or cultural ceremonies. Goats raised in backyard production are of native breeds or their upgrades. Unlike Goats, sheep are kept as a status symbol.

Limitations to Goat Farming

Sociological Constraints

Cultural constraints and traditional beliefs, i.e. the Goat contribute to land desertification, destroys plants, and compacts the soil, etc., need enlightenment. The sociological and cultural implications of Goat development must be examined so that there shall be no dislocation of cultural, traditional, or sociological development.

Nutrition and Feeding

There are different nutritional requirements of native, upgrade, and purebred Goats in the country. Similarly, needs feeding materials, feeding behavior, and grazing habits of Goats.

Goat production thrust should be coupled with a marketing program. Lack of market infrastructures, market information, market facilities, and also product processing establishments serves to stall efforts on production.

Management and Husbandry

There is inadequate data on the most profitable economies of scale from the smallholder to the highly commercial operation. Similarly, different management levels of production from grazing to pure confinement need further evaluation.

Advantages of Nubian Goats in the Philippines

Nubian Goats

goat farming business plan philippines

Nubian Goat is a dual-purpose breed for meat and dairy purposes. Unlike other dairy-type Goat breeds such as Saanen, Toggenburg, and Alpine which are temperate (cold climate) breeds; and the Nubian breed has Asian, Middle Eastern, and Western blood in them. Perhaps, this is the main reason why Nubian is the most adaptable dairy-type Goat in the Philippines. Philippines Goat raisers who were raising purebred Saanen Goats for milk production are now crossing them to purebred Nubians.

The average mature weight of a Nubian doe (female) is about 65 kilograms, while the buck (male) is 80 kilograms. Their meat to bone ratio is higher (more meat) compared to other types of dairy- breeds. They are bigger than native and cross, and milkier compared to Boers. Not all purebred Nubian Goats are equal, genetics and selection are very important. Nubian is becoming popular in the Philippines nowadays. 

Feeding and Water Selection for Goat Farming in the Philippines

Like other animals, Goats require easy access to clean water. Besides that, Goats eat many things, but it is a myth that they eat everything. You should keep in mind these two aspects before you planning to start a Goat farm. The feeding process is a crucial part and 4 times a day would be the ideal time to gain proper muscle for the Goat. And the place of food serving must be a minimum of about 1.5 inches higher from the main floor. On the other hand, during feeding, food must be used properly.

Supplementary food helps to gain more weight. Farmers should use natural food to work as a cure for several diseases and not so much costly. It takes a little bit of time to gain weight than feeding supplementary food, but the feeding procedure is different for pregnant Goats. As Goats eat almost everything, you must ensure no harmful plants or poisonous vines on your Goat farm. Food management suggests giving food for the expected and desired growth in several ages and different seasons.

Different types of food are ideal food for Goats, which are given below;

  • Oats, crash corns, and the black seed of sunflower are the best mixes and natural processes to make weight gain. Because it contains so much protein, fiber, carbo hydride, oils, and other essential things.
  • That helps to get a healthy shape. It accommodates to digest appropriately and quickly.
  • Barley and field pea can be ideal food, but two of those things should soak at least 2 days.
  • Then it will ready as food, and livestock grasses know them as the best food for Goats.
  • Even minerals are a vital element for Goats mainly for female Goats.

Classification of Common Feed Ingredients for Goats                

  • Roughages – These feeds containing large amounts of fiber or digestible material.
  • Concentrates – These feeds have a comparatively high digestibility.
  • Feed Additives – These feeds are chemical compounds that are included in animal rations but do not supply nutrients to the animals.
  • Minerals Supplements – The function of mineral elements in Goats is to give structural support for the body.
  • Vitamins Supplements – The dietary vitamin requirements of ruminants like Goats are simple due to the nature of feeds they ordinarily consume.

Importance of Goat Farming in the Philippines

Goats in the Philippines have generated considerable interest as a potentially profitable component of one-commodity and multi-commodity fanning systems. Though, the government, through the Bureau of Animal Husbandry, has investigated small ruminant development as a source of meat and milk, a livelihood activity, and possible export potential and dollar earner. The Goat is a small ruminant with a high reproductive rate and several uses, finds its place best in the present farming systems of the smallholder (1-3 ha) economy in the Philippines.

The vast majority of Goats are raised by small farmers or people who own no land, As people are not able to develop the industry nor to stimulate improved production and living standards, government policy is directed to research priorities that emphasize;

(a) Improved breeding, nutrition, health, housing, and management;

(b) Development of technology packages at the farmer level;

(c) Integration of Goat raising with use of crops;

(d) Improvement of processing Goat products; and

(e) Studies of socioeconomic aspects of Goat raising.

To service these general needs, six project areas have been identified, they are breeding; herd management, nutrition and health; product utilization and marketing; socioeconomic studies on-farm trials; and Goat farm modular system.

Commercial Goat production is accomplished either by semi- or by complete confinement in elevated sheds or Goat houses. Under the semi-confinement system, the animals are allowed to graze in either open grasslands, bushlands, or under plantation crops. Goats raised under complete confinement, on the other hand, are kept in sheds or barns (generally elevated with slotted floors) all the time. Completely confined Goats are stall-fed with a combination of grasses, legumes, and feed concentrates. Also, appropriate health care and biosecurity measures are provided to maintain the good health status of these animals.

In farms where Goats are being raised, both species are allowed to graze together in open grasslands and under plantation tree crops during the day. At night, Goats are confined separately in different sheds. Goats raised in commercial farms are sold mainly as breeders. Though, culled animals are also sold for slaughter in local public markets. Goats are also utilized commercially as dairy animals, while milk from Goats represents only about 1% of the country’s total milk production. A large majority of Goats raised in commercial farms are of exotic breeds, while upgraded native Goats may be found in commercial farms.

Veterinarian Importance in Goat farming

Easy access to a veterinarian plays an important role in Goat farming. When starting a Goat farm, there are chances animal’s contract diseases. Therefore, a veterinarian can help in disease control and management to avoid losses. They also help you diagnose diseases or recommend vitamins and supplements to keep animals in good health especially during stressful situations like weaning.

Prevention and Control of Disease in Goat Farming in the Philippines

Health problems have become a major impediment to Goat production. Mortality rates in confined and semi-confined rearing reached a high level of about 40%. The mortality rate is similarly high in smallholder Goat production. Identified predominant diseases in Goats are internal or external parasitism, pneumonia, blood parasitism, and haemorrhagic septicacmia.

Although considered one of the healthiest of all domesticated animals, Goats are susceptible to the same diseases that affect cattle and sheep. The disease occurrence can be affected by locality, amount of space given to each Goat, the feeding program, and housing, as well as the health of the individual Goats and the amount of exposure to infected animals.

In many parts of the tropics vaccinations against Goat pox, rinderpest, and foot-and-mouth disease are advised. In addition, Goats are tested routinely for brucellosis, tuberculosis, and mastitis. Diarrhea is caused by bacterial infections, viruses, or coccidia, which can also be troublesome. In addition to infectious diseases, Goats sometimes suffer from such noncontagious ailments as pneumonia, wound infections, milk fever (parturient paresis), bloat, external and internal parasites, and plant poisoning.

Ideally, the diagnosis and treatment of Goat diseases must be left to a veterinarian. Then, the importance of an accurate diagnosis cannot be over-emphasized as the treatment is determined by the cause of the ailment. Though, veterinary services are often too costly for people who keep Goats, except in the most urgent cases. Fortunately, most Goat keepers can acquire enough basic knowledge to cope with basic problems.

It is always better to prevent Goat disease than to have to treat infected animals. Some important precautions required to maintain Goat health are listed below;

  • Avoid involvement in Goat trading or trafficking.
  • Isolate a Goat that becomes sick.
  • Get an accurate diagnosis from a qualified veterinarian.
  • Use medications only when necessary.
  • Also, keep the Goatherd separated from sheep and cattle.
  • Use good business ethics and do not sell diseased Goats to an unsuspecting buyer and keep the Goat-house clean and dry.
  • Trim hooves at least four times yearly. Brush Goats when required to remove loose hair and dirt that might contaminate the milk.
  • Keep feces out of the feed and water and keep Goats’ feet out of hay racks and keep feed and water containers above tail level.
  • Keep fresh water available and uncontaminated.

Goat Farming Programs in the Philippines

Commodity Loan or Dispersal

This is a regular program and it involves the selection and screening of interested village farmers having feed resources, housing, and the labor required for Goat production. About 1 to 3 female Goats is loaned to the farmer after completion of training. The farmer is obligated to give 2 heads of offspring to the government after which the original animal becomes his property. A pocket of 10-30 heads does usually go to a village (barangay).

Supporting the dispersal program is the Barangay Buck Loan Scheme whereby a purebred buck is loaned for 3 to 12 months. The buck loan is for 3 months, with a condition of renewal. A minimal fee is charged for maintaining the buck, and for the caretaker.

Village Goat Program

The program is a package scheme through the rural banking system in the countryside with support services for animal health, pasture development, training, and other technical needs.

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Pinoy Bisnes Ideas

Goat Farming Business

  • Livestock Business

Goats require low maintenance because they eat tree leaves, weeds, grasses, and agricultural by- products. They are not only a source of protein for Filipinos, but they also provide the much- needed income. In fact goats provide livelihood to about 15 million Filipinos across the country today.

As goat production requires low initial investment and small risks compared to other livestock species, it is thus an attractive undertaking among resource- poor families. Moreover, women and children can raise the species, making it a sound option to augment the country’s programs on livelihood.

At the moment, there is an increase in demand for goats. Although total goat inventory in the country is steadily increasing at 2% per year, still there is not enough supply to meet current demands. It is expected that this increased demand will last to 2020, the year when supply is projected to meet demand.

Considering these, goat production is indeed a promising venture and anyone interested to go into this business is expected to reap positive rewards.

How do I start my goat business?

To start a profitable goat business, one has to have the following production inputs:

For backyard operation: a) Investment – Goat house – Breeding stock b) Operating Expenses – Veterinary Medicines – Vaccines – Concentrates – Additional feed supplements

For commercial or large- scale operation a) Fixed Investment – Land – Goat house – Fences – Pasture area – Water pump – Feeding trough – Spade – Wheelbarrow – Ropes b) Stocks – Breeding does – Breeding bucks c) Operating Expenses – Veterinary medicines, drugs and vaccines – Feed supplements and goat rations – Labor: fixed and seasonal – Repair and Maintenance of goat house, fences, equipment, and pasture.

How much initial investment is needed and how much profit will I get?

Goat raising is highly profitable. With minimal initial capital investment of P67,250 for 25 doe level; P174,500 for 50 doe level; or P349,000 for 100 doe level, positive net income and return on investment (ROI) are realized, even as early as the first year. The ROI for 5 years is 67% from a 25 doe level operation semi-confinement scheme and 60% from 50- and 100- doe level operations under pure confinement system. Payback period is 2 years.

The projected income statement by the type of operation is plotted below:

1 Under semi- confinement scheme 2 Under pure- confinement scheme Note: Figures used in this material are based on 2006 data

Before investing on the enterprise, we advise to visit an actual goat farm near you.

For more information, please contact: Dr. Patricio S. Faylon Executive Director PCARRD, Los Banos, Laguna Tel Nos: (049) 536-0014 to 20; 536-5907 Fax Nos: (049)536-0016 / 536-7922 Email: [email protected] Website: http://www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph

Source and photo: dti.gov.ph

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Strategic R&D

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Halal Goat S&T Program

The potential of producing authentic halal goat is a niche that Region 12 capitalized on when it developed the halal...

goat farming business plan philippines

Signature goat for Cagayan Valley

To establish a functional slaughter goat breed for Region 2 that over time can be called the Cagayan Valley Signature...

goat farming business plan philippines

Goat AI Delivery System: improving the stocks without a buck

Enhancing goat farm production performance is critical for raisers in the countryside to increase their production volume and income. To...

goat farming business plan philippines

The FLS-GEM: an effective tech-transfer modality for improving goat farm productivity

Photo Credits: SRC-CLSU A notable project that brought the science of goat raising back to the consciousness of small and...

Technologies

Products, equipment, and protocols or process innovations developed to improve productivity, efficiency, quality, and profitability in the agriculture and aquatic industries, and to achieve sustainable utilization and management of natural resources.

goat farming business plan philippines

SemEx: a semen extender mixture for use with artificial insemination

SemEx is a powdered semen extender formulation that is used in AI. It provides nutrients for the spermatozoa that a buck has ejaculated and buffers against changes in pH, provides...

goat farming business plan philippines

PregKit: Non-invasive pregnancy diagnostic kit for goat

To enhance productivity and upgrade goats in the countryside, DOST-PCAARRD in recent years has invested in the promotion of goat AI as an alternative to natural breeding.  To ensure that...

goat farming business plan philippines

Development of a Wearable Goat Peak Estrus Sensor

One critical control point that contributed to low conception rates among artificially inseminated goats is the timing of insemination. Usually, breeders rely on behavioral changes used during natural breeding but...

goat farming business plan philippines

Non-invasive heat induction techniques for goats

In the Philippines, female goats generally come to heat when the weather is cool and the days are short, that is, from September to February. The long period of anestrus...

Technology Transfer Initiatives

Technology transfer initiatives ensure that the outputs of r&d and innovations are transformed into viable and applicable technologies that help intended users.

goat farming business plan philippines

ISU IP-TBM Phase II: Patent Mining of Goat through Strengthened Isabela State University Intellectual Property and Technology Business Management Office

The project was implemented for 2 years (January 1, 2021 – December 31, 2022) by ISU, with a total PCAARRD-GIA funding of Php 2,489,249.64. The project conducted a Virtual Technology...

Establishment of Forage Production Modules for Slaughter Goats in Bongabon and Lupao, Nueva Ecija: A S&T Community-based Approach

Forage seedlings in nursery in Bongabon, Nueva Ecija

Capacity Building

Capacity building efforts of dost-pcaarrd seek to develop and enhance the r&d capabilities of researchers and academic or research institutions through graduate assistantships & non-degree trainings and development and/or upgrading of research facilities, infrastructure development.

goat farming business plan philippines

Manpower Development

goat farming business plan philippines

Policy Research & Advocacy

Analysis of policy concerns and advocacy of science-informed policies ensures that the aanr policy environment is conducive for s&t development and investments.

goat farming business plan philippines

Competitiveness of Philippine Slaughter Goat Industry under the ASEAN Economic Community

The Philippines slaughter goat meat production was found to be competitive in both export trade and import substitution scenarios. As competitive in the export trade, exporting Philippine slaughter goat meat can contribute to foreign exchange earnings of the country. Producing slaughter goat domestically was also found to be cheaper and can compete with imported slaughter goat meat, hence Philippine slaughter goat meat is competitive in the import substitution scenario.

Andal, E. G., Lapiña, G. F., Manalo, N. Q., Dorado, R. A. Valientes, R. M., & Cruz, M. B. (2017). ASEAN Economic Community: Opportunities and Challenges for the Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Sectors. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development – (Project Report)

Goat Farming – Top 17 Steps To Start A Profitable Business

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Goat farming is a very common and popular business in many countries throughout the world. It is not a new business idea, rather it is a traditional business and people are raising goats from the ancient time. Commercial goat rearing is a profitable business and rural people have been raising these small farm animals mainly for earning money.

Both commercial and small scale goat farming has become a profitable business in many areas. Goat production requires a very low investment, because goats are cheap as compared to other large livestock animals. Goats are known for their multi-functional utility. Commercial goat farming business is contributing greatly to the economy and nutrition demand.

Goats are multi-functional animals. You can produce a wide variety of products from goats, such as milk, meat, fiber, manure etc. Goat’s milk is used for producing full cream goat powder, skimmed goat milk powder, goat butter, goat milk cream, fresh goat milk etc.

Goat meat is a great source of animal protein which is very popular, tasty, nutritious and also highly priced. Goat wool is being used in many purposes, and skin of goat plays a vital role in leather industry.

Global population is increasing gradually, and total food demand is also increasing. Commercial goat production can help to fight the food scarcity. Along with making profits, goat farming is a good way of employment and people can easily start this business.

Table of Contents

What is Goat Farming?

Before discussing more about this business, we need to know about what is goat farming . Goat farming means ‘ raising and breeding domestic goats for the purpose of meat, milk, fiber and skin production’.

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Why Goat Farming is a Good Business for Farmer?

Goat farming is a very good business for farmers for many reasons. Goats are smaller sized animals , and they require relatively less space , food and other caring and management . But goat products have good demand and value in the market.

Among the goat products, goat meat has high demand and value in both local and international market. In the United States, meat goat farming is very popular and found all over the country. But most of the meat goat production occurs in the Southeast, and Texas is the primary producer of meat goats in the United States.

However, starting a commercial goat farming business is relatively easy and simple. It requires less investment, less labor, less food and relatively less caring and other management as compared to other livestock farming business. But goat products have very high demand and value in the market. So, it can be a great business for the farmers for making good profits.

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Essential Steps for Starting and Making Goat Farming a Highly Profitable Business

Starting a goat farming business is relatively easy and simple. Even the beginners can also raise some goats. Although, we recommend having practical knowledge and completing training on goat farming system before starting this business commercially.

For starting and maintaining a profitable and successful business, you must have to make a proper and effective goat farming business plan and do everything according to the plan. Here we are shortly describing the necessary steps for starting goat farming business .

Step 1: Try to Learn Practically

First of all, we are recommending you to learn more about goat farming business practically by visiting some farms within your area. Having practical knowledge is very important for managing your goat farm perfectly .

So, try to visit as many farms as you can within your area, and learn more about this business. Talk with the existing farmers and ask them important questions related to this business. Don’t ignore this part, because doing this is very important .

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Step 2: Complete Training

Starting a small scale goat production business doesn’t require any training. But for commercial production, we always recommend completing a short or full training. Learning from existing farmers is also a very good option. Actually practical experience is much more important than book knowledge.

Today, there are many government or private NGO available throughout the world who are providing training facilities and other supports for starting and operating this business. You can also contact your local agriculture extension office to learn more about the availability of goat farming training in your area.

Step 3: Check Local Zoning Regulations

You can’t start a goat production business if there are any local zoning regulations, especially if you live in an urban area. So, you have to check your local zoning regulations by contacting the nearest zoning board, building inspector, or other regional government office.

Check whether there are any limits for the farmers to certain goat breeds, ban only uncastrated male goats, or any other limitations.

You may need to obtain permits and licenses to start your goat farming business in some areas. Regulations and requirements may vary by state and country, so it’s essential to research and comply with local laws and regulations.

Step 4: Make a Good and Effective Business Plan

Making an effecting business plan is very important for successful goat farming business. A viable business plan helps to run the farm smoothly and also ensures maximum profits from your production business.

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You can ask for help from an expert for making an excellent goat farming business plan. Try to include everything in your business plan from starting to marketing.

Step 5: Select a Good Location For Your Goat Farm

Good location selection is also very important. Always try to select a suitable farm land/area for your business that has all required facilities for successful goat farming business. The necessary facilities for goat farming business includes the followings.

  • Great source of fresh and clean water supply.
  • Availability of all types of equipment.
  • Easily available food source.
  • Fertile field for crop, grasses and other green plant production. Feeding green food keeps the animal healthy, productive and reduces feeding costs.
  • Availability of full time labor.
  • Good transportation and veterinary service.
  • A market near the farm land so that you can sell your products easily and buy necessary commodities.

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Step 6: Determine the Products You Want to Produce From Your Goat Farm

Goats are raised for many different purposes. For example, they are raised for meat, milk, fiber and skin production. And also for producing fancy goats for raising as pets. So, determine your production purpose first, before starting this business. A good and clear plan will help you later.

Step 7: Select Right Goat Breed

After determining the products you want to produce from your goat farm, you have to choose the right goat breeds for your specific production type.

There are actually different types of goat breeds available around the world for rearing in the goat farm like Pygmy goats , Dwarf goats of Nigeria, Cashmere goats, Black Bengal goat , Mountain goats, Boer goats  etc.

Some of the available goat breeds are famous for tasty and nutritious meat and some breeds are famous for milk production. Some Indian goats are also highly meat and milk productive.

Pygmy goats originated in Africa. They are good as pets and mainly used in the program and goat show. A lot of people rear them as pet instead of meat and milk production.

Nigerian dwarf goats and pygmy goats are of the same origin. Dwarf goats are of different colors like black, chocolate, gold, color, etc. Wide variety of colors is a major factor that makes them so popular.

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Dairy goats are raised mainly for commercial milk production or for family milk consumption. They can also be displayed at trade shows. According to the association of dairy goats Nubians, Lamanchas, Alper, Oberhasli, Saanen and Togenburgs are the world famous dairy goat breed .

Cashmere goats are popular for wool production. Mountain goats are blunt, square looking covered with soft white, woolly, dense undercoat.

Boer goats originated in South Africa and suitable for highly meat production. Some studies say that Boer goats are very expensive and demand exceeds supply which attracts investors.

However, choosing the right breeds for commercial goat farming will ensure high profit. Choose proper breed according to your desired production and geographical location.

You can also visit some of your nearest goat farm or livestock training center to learn more about the suitable goat breeds in your area.

Step 8: Purchase Good Quality Animals

Good quality animals ensure good growth and maximum production. So, you have to purchase good quality and healthy animals for starting your farm from reputable breeders. You should always consider purchasing goats from your local suppliers.

Check for detailed breeding history, breed specific traits and current health conditions. You can ask for help from an expert for purchasing good quality animals, especially if you are a beginner in this business.

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Step 9: Purchase All Required Equipment

Like many other livestock farming business, you need some equipment and basic supplies for starting and operating your goat farm successfully. Here is a complete list of equipment required for commercial goat farming business :

  • Hay storage
  • Catching panels
  • Hoof trimmers
  • Milking equipment
  • Wheelbarrow
  • First-aid kit and
  • Record-keeping tools

Step 10: Make a Good House/Shelter for Your Goats

Housing is an important factor for profitable goat farming business. Small scale farmer generally keep their goats with their other livestock animals.

But for commercial production, a good quality goat housing  system is highly recommended for better production. A good house not only give shelter and protects the goats from predators but also prevent them from various types of goat diseases .

Always keep the house neat, clean and dry. Make proper ventilation and drainage system inside the house. Also ensure the availability of sufficient fresh air and light inside the house. Housing and goat farm design are of various types according to the production type and breed.

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Step 11: Ensure Good Fencing

Goats are notorious escape artists, and they need a well-constructed fence to prevent them from wandering off. So, make a sturdy fence and it should be at least four feet high and free of gaps and sharp edges that could harm the animals. Electric fencing is also an effective way of keeping goats within a designated area.

Ensure availability of enough space inside the fence to move around and exercise. Overcrowding can lead to stress, disease, and other health problems. Generally, each adult goat require at least 15 to 20 square feet of space. Kid goats and pregnant goats may need more space.

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Step 12: Feed Your Goats With High Quality and Nutritious Food

This is another most important part of a successful goat farm. Well goat feed management is very essential for commercial goat farming business. So, you have to ensure good and nutritious food for your goats for their good health and better production.

Usually goats prefer to eat grasses, plants, shrubs, weeds and herbs. Besides those feeds, goat also need energy, portion, vitamins, fiber and water for proper growth and for making better profits from this business. It will be better if you have sufficient knowledge about what to feed goats .

Along with good quality and nutritious feeding, goats also require lots of clean and fresh drinking water. So, ensure the availability of enough clean and fresh water.

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Step 13: Keep Good Ratio of Does and Bucks for Successful Goat Breeding

Goats are naturally very good breeders. So, you don’t have to worry much about breeding your goats. Your goats will breed easily and will produce kids if you keep good ratio of bucks and does in your flock. Generally one mature buck is enough for breeding 25 to 30 does.

Breeding season vary depending on the variety or breeds. Some goat breed breed and produce kids throughout the world. And some breed produce kids once a year.

Step 14: Always Try to Take Good Care of Your Goats

Always try to take good care of your goats. Never feed them contaminated food or polluted water. Keep their house as much  neat and clean as possible. And clean their house on a regular basis.

For commercial production, keep kids, bucks and does separated for each other. Take extra care to the breeding bucks, kids and pregnant does. Keep the kids with their mother for several weeks after their birth.

Avoid using same buck for mating with numerous does at same day. Artificial insemination is also a great way for breeding your does.

Vaccinate them timely, for keeping them free from all types of diseases and health problems. If possible, stock some necessary vaccines and medicines and keep good relation with a veterinary doctor.

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Step 15: Learn About Different Goat Diseases and Their Prevention

Goats are hardy animals, but they are still susceptible to various diseases that can affect their health and productivity. As a goat farmer, you have to understand the different types of goat diseases that can affect your herd and how to prevent them to keep them healthy.

  • Pneumonia: One of the most common goat diseases is pneumonia, which is caused by a bacterial infection that affects the respiratory system. Pneumonia can be prevented by ensuring that your goats are kept in a well-ventilated area and by vaccinating them against the disease.
  • Foot Rot: Another common disease that affects goats is foot rot, which is caused by bacteria that thrive in wet and muddy conditions. To prevent foot rot, make sure that your goats have access to clean and dry bedding and avoid keeping them in areas with muddy conditions.
  • Contagious Ecthyma or Goatpox: One of the most serious diseases that can affect goats is contagious ecthyma, also known as goatpox . This viral infection is highly contagious and can cause severe illness and even death. It can be prevented by vaccinating your goats and ensuring that they are kept in clean and hygienic conditions.
  • Mastitis: Other common goat diseases include mastitis, which is an infection of the udder, and coccidiosis, which is caused by a parasite that affects the intestinal tract. These diseases can be prevented by maintaining good hygiene practices, providing clean water and feed, and ensuring that your goats receive regular veterinary care.

It is also important to recognize the symptoms of diseases or illness in your goats. Some common signs of illness include loss of appetite, lethargy, diarrhea, and respiratory distress. If you notice any of these symptoms in your goats, it is important to consult with a veterinarian as soon as possible.

Step 16: Vaccinate Your Goats Timely

Various types of viral diseases like PPR, goat pox, foot and mouth diseases and bacterial diseases like anthrax, brucelosis etc. are very harmful for goats. So, proper vaccination is a must to prevent this types of diseases.

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The does which was not vaccinated PPR, goat pox, brucellosis vaccines previously, vaccinate them at the fifth month of gestation period.

Vaccinate the kids PPR vaccine when they reach 5 months of age. Always take good care of your animals and vaccinate them timely to prevent unwanted health hazard and diseases. See the chart below.

Step 17: Determine Your Marketing Strategies

Determining the marketing strategies for selling your products. Actually, marketing is the most important but easiest step of goat farming business. Goat products like meat and milk has a huge local and global demand and popularity. Almost all types of people like goat milk and meat.

So, a good market is already available in almost every place of the world. You can easily sell your products in your nearest market. Commercial producers can target the international market and export the products in foreign countries.

These are the common steps and ways for starting and operating a successful goat farming business. Hope this detailed guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

There are many questions people often ask which are related to goat farming. Here we are trying to list the common questions about goat farming business. We hope you will find answers to your questions. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What is goat farming?

Goat farming is the practice of rearing goats for their meat, milk, fiber, and/or for sale as breeding animals.

What are the advantages of goat farming business?

There are many advantages of goat farming business. You can also raise goats along with your other livestock animals. Goats have been considered as poor man’s cow (mini cow) for the poor people, because of their immense contribution in rural economy and national income.

Goat products like milk and meat is not only nutritious and easily digestible food but also a great source of regular income for the poor, landless and marginal farmers.

As goats are small sized animal , so they are easily maintained. Even they are easily maintained and cared by women and children. For successful goat farming business, you need to do some common tasks such as feeding, milking and caring.

What are some disadvantages goat rearing business?

Like any other farming activity, goat rearing also has some disadvantages that you need to be aware of. One of the primary disadvantages of goat farming is the high initial investment needed to start the business.

Goats also require proper care and management, and farmers need to have adequate knowledge and experience to raise them successfully. Goats are also susceptible to various diseases, which can be expensive to treat, and they need proper vaccination to prevent disease outbreaks.

It can be time-consuming process, as goats require daily feeding, cleaning, and monitoring. Additionally, marketing goat products can be challenging, and some farmers may struggle to find reliable buyers.

How to start goat farming business?

Starting a goat farming business is relatively easy. First of all select a good farm area, make a good business plan, choose the right breed, feed your goats with good quality and nutritious food and always try to take good care of your goats.

Is goat farming really a profitable business?

Yes, sure! Goats are highly efficient for converting low quality foods into high quality meat. Commercial production of goat is more profitable than small scale production.

Which breed of goat is most profitable?

It’s actually depends on your production purpose. If you go for meat production, then Boer, Black Bengal, Kalahari Red, Kiko, Fainting, Nubian, Rangeland, Sirohi, Spanish and Verata goats will be very good for you.

But if you go for milk production, then Alpine, Saanen, LaMancha, Jamunapari, Toggenburg, Nubian, Oberhasli, Golden Guernsey, Sable and Nigerian Dwarf goats will be good for you!

How much profit do you make on goat?

It’s not possible to tell the exact amount, because it depends on numerous factors. Ask an expert in your area for more accurate information regarding profits.

How much money is required for goat farming?

Once again, it’s not possible to tell the exact amount. It depends on numerous factors. The more number of goats you start with, the more costs will be.

Which is more profitable goats or cows?

Both production are profitable. Cow farming require high investment, on the other hand goat farming require relatively less money. Goat farming is highly profitable.

It’s not possible to tell the exact amount. Because it depends on numerous factors. But profits from goats are much higher than other farm animals.

Can I get loan for goat farming?

Yes! You can get a loan for starting goat farming. Most of the government and private banks will provide loan for a goat farming project.

How long does it take for a goat to grow?

Depends on the goat breed and your production purpose. For example, if you raise Boer goat for meat production purpose, then it will take about 3 months for a goat to reach around 50 lbs.

How many times a year do goats give birth?

The average gestation period of a goat is 150 days. So a mamma goat can have to deliveries per year. Although, it is not same for all goat breeds. Some goat breeds give birth of kids only once a year.

How long are goats pregnant in months?

5 months. 140 to 150 days average gestation period.

What is the lifespan of a goat?

Average lifespan of a goat is between 15 and 18 years. Although, farm goats are able to enjoy such lifespan. They are often slaughtered within their 2-3 years of age.

At what age can female goats get pregnant?

A young female goat or doeling generally reach maturity or puberty as early as 6-9 months of age. However, there is a huge variation of when she will actually come into heat and potentially become pregnant.

How many years can a goat produce milk?

Generally 2 years, but some have reported going as long as seven. But remember ‘your does must have kids to get milk’.

Can you breed father and daughter goats?

Breeding father and daughter goats is not ideal, and it’s called inter-breeding.

Can you breed brother and sister goats?

Full-sibling breeding is not recommended. Rather use bucks from someone else’s flock for breeding your female goats.

Can goats survive on grass alone?

Yes, goats can survive on grass alone.

Is goat milk better than cow milk?

Goat milk has more protein per serving as compared to standard cow milk, soy milk, or nut milks.

Do I have to milk a goat every day?

YES! You have to milk your dairy goat every day in order to keep her udder from getting too full.

Which is the best goat breed for beginners?

Pygmy and Nubian goats are considered best for the beginners. Both of these goat breeds require less caring and other management.

How often do goats come in heat?

Female goats come in heat after about every 18-22 days.

How many goats can you have per acre?

Mo ore than 10, if your goats depends mostly on pasture.

What is the best food for goats?

Pasture grass, plant leaves, grass and alfalfa long-stemmed forage or pellets, and grain are the great sources of calories for goats.

What are the goat housing requirements?

Goats generally require a clean, well ventilated and dry housing system.

How many times should you feed a goat?

Twice a day is ideal.

Any goat farming near me?

Contact your nearest agriculture extension office to learn more.

How to make profit from goat farming?

Feed your goats with good quality food and always try to take good care of them. And thus you can make good profits from goat farming?

What is a male goat called?

A male goat is called a buck .

What is a female goat called?

A female goat is called a doe .

What is a baby goat called?

A baby goat is called a kid .

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4 thoughts on “goat farming – top 17 steps to start a profitable business”.

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I wanted to start goat business, but I do not have enough funds. Furnish me with more governmental loans knowledge. I wanted to start big.

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Where are you from? Governmental loans are available in many countries for starting commercial goat farming business. Thank you!

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Thanks for the great information. I am interested in beginning with high milking goats that do not have distinct flavor/smell in the milk. I also want to keep them on zero grazing, and keep very few like three for i have no land for pasture, stay in urban area in Uganda.

Need support on which milking goat can suit Uganda- central region climate please recommend a bleed that will give me high milk yield and survive the tropical hot climate, How do I get the goat, do you know any farmer from my country

Please consult your local farmer. Or contact with your local livestock department. Good luck!

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Alpha Agventure Farms

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Goat Farming Seminar

WHY REGISTER TO ALPHA AGVENTURE FARMS’ GOAT FARMING SEMINAR?

There are free goat farming seminars available on YouTube, and occasionally, the Philippine government, in collaboration with the Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry, and Local Government Units, conducts similar seminars. Considering these resources, you might wonder why you should register in Alpha Agventure Farms’ online goat farming seminar (video on-demand).

There are two modules you can choose from. In Module 1, you’ll learn our CULTURAL MANAGEMENT in raising goats. This is composed of various programs, such as Goat Housing Program, Scales of Goat Farming, Goat Production Managements, Breeder Selection Program, Goat Breeding Program, Causes, Effects, and Prevention of Congenital Defects, Understanding the Goat’s Digestive System, Feeding Program, Silage-Making Program, Health Management Program, and Common Diseases and Treatment.

In Module 2, you’ll learn our tried-and-tested marketing strategies, such as Search Engine Marketing, Video Marketing, Social Media Marketing, and Referral Marketing.

Through our online goat farming seminar, you won’t just be a goat farmer; you’ll emerge as an agripreneur!

WHO'S THE SPEAKER?

I am Jaycee de Guzman, the patriarch of Alpha Agventure Farms. My experience in livestock farming is rooted back in the early 90s.

I am a computer scientist by trade and a self-taught digital marketing strategist, equity analyst, and agriculturist. I am the founder and chief executive officer of a digital marketing company and a stock market consultancy firm. I have been in these industries for more than 20 years.

Alpha Agventure Farms was born in 2019. Together with my immediate family, we raise various breeds of chickens, ducks, geese, guinea fowls, rabbits, turkeys, goats, sheep, and cattle, among others.

My science-based, experience-driven, and technology-oriented practices in agribusiness are what makes Alpha Agventure Farms the number one backyard farm in the Philippines.

Goat Farming Seminar

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  • MODULE 1 (CULTURAL MANAGEMENT) – P1,000.00 – Goat Housing Program, Scales of Goat Farming, Goat Production Managements, Breeder Selection Program, Goat Breeding Program, Causes, Effects, and Prevention of Congenital Defects, Understanding the Goat’s Digestive System, Feeding Program, Silage-Making Program, Health Management Program, Common Diseases and Treatment
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I recorded this video for my Filipino audience. So, I used a combination of Filipino (Tagalog) and English. If you’re an expat or a native English speaker, I can conduct an exclusive seminar for you, your family, and/or farm staff.  Click here to see the fees and terms for an exclusive seminar.

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My goat farming seminar is for everyone interested in leveling up their game in goat farming, regardless of whether you’re new to or experienced in goat raising.

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Boer Goat Profit Guide

Goat Farming Business Plan: Plans for Starting a Meat Goat or Dairy Goat Farm

Marc MacDonald

goat farming business plan philippines

About Marc MacDonald

I’ve been raising goats for nearly 20 years now. Over those years, I accumulated a lot of information about goats and what works and what doesn’t.

Learn more about Marc

Affiliate Disclaimer

As an affiliate, we may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website from Amazon and other third parties.

Goat Farming Business Plan

Every good thing starts with a plan.  For your goat farm this means you will need to have a goat farming business plan .  

Why should you have a business plan, you ask?

A business plan will help you visualize the steps you need to take to get you to your successful goat farm while avoiding missteps along the way.  And, if you have to get a loan, the majority of banks  will require that you show them a thorough business plan before they lend you any money.  

This guide will give you examples of goat farm business plans as well as tips for creating your own!

Table of contents

Goat farming business plan for beginners.

  • ​Meat Goat Farming Business Plan
  • ​Goat Dairy Business Plan
  • ​Small Goat Dairy Business Plan
  • ​Goat Cheese Farming Business Plan
  • ​Goat Grazing Business Plan
  • ​Small Goat Farm Business Plan
  • ​Writing a Goat Business Plan – Tips for Creating a Good Business Plan for Raising Goats

​Presenting Your Business Plan to Lenders – How to Impress Lenders and Get Your Financing

Wrapping up.

So, if a business plan is so important, what does it need to look like?  

For starters, you will need to have a spreadsheet that goes through all your potential and essential expenditures  along with your income.  

You will also need a market analysis  along with the products you intend to produce, a description of how your business will be run, and your marketing plan.  

The United States Small Business Administration gives a great overview of how to make a successful business plan on their Write Your Business Plan page.  Reading this may help you understand what a business plan is supposed to look like so you can start writing your own or edit your business plan to improve it.

​ Meat Goat Farming Business Plan

Goat Farming Business Plan

A meat goat farm business plan should be simple in theory.  

You would think that all you need to have is a bunch of does and one buck, then a couple months later you have a bunch of kids and in comes the money.  While this is partially true, it is only a small glimpse of what your meat goat farming business plan needs to entail.  

Oklahoma State University has a good chapter from their Oklahoma Basic Meat Goat Manual that you can read that details the many considerations you need to look at when creating your own meat goat farm business plan in their Chapter 1: So You Want to be a Goat Rancher .  Reading this chapter will help you understand the market demand for goat meat, the different types of meat goat operations, along with a sample budget of a meat goat operation.

​ Goat Dairy Business Plan

Goat Farming Business Plan

All you need for a goat dairy farm is does in milk.  Right?

If only that were true!  

Your goat dairy business plan will reflect many other things that you need to take into consideration.  People will not just buy your goat milk because they are your friends – marketing, sanitary measures, and more will need to be put into place before you sell your first bottle of goat milk.   Goat Milk may need to be fortified with Vitamin D by a processor. Check local regulations. Since it is likely that you and your family will be consuming more goat milk, you probably also need to be sure that neither you nor anyone in your immediate family has a goat milk allergy .

Starting a Dairy Goat Business: A Guide for Farmers  by the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture and Trade and Consumer Protection, is an exceptional piece of literature that you can read before or while you are beginning your goat dairy farm.  Pages 50-59 outline how to write your own goat dairy business plan.  This outline gives you a template to follow as well as how to effectively write your business plan.  

Using this plan will make sure that you are being very thorough and writing your plan with the utmost thought and knowledge going into it.

​ Small Goat Dairy Business Plan

If you don’t want your goat dairy to be massive, you can keep it small.  All you have to do is downscale a large goat dairy business plan or create one of your own by using others as inspiration.  

You can also use the Starting a Dairy Goat Business: A Guide for Farmers manual on pages 50-59 to create your small goat dairy business plan.  When using this plan, you can adjust the size of your dairy to fit your wants and needs, making it extremely versatile.

​ Goat Cheese Farming Business Plan

Goat Farming Business Plan

Cheese is a very versatile ingredient, as well as a popular snack.  By producing goat cheese, you can branch out on the products you provide to your consumers.  

Making cheese takes more equipment, but also gives more chances for profit.  You can follow the Starting a Dairy Goat Business: A Guide for Farmers manual on pages 50-59 to make your goat cheese farm business plan.  This guide is very versatile for any type of goat dairy since it offers many places in it to individualize the plan for your specific needs.  

Prairie Farm Report has a Goat Cheese Farm video that you can watch for inspiration and knowledge while you make your plan.

​ Goat Grazing Business Plan

Goat Farming Business Plan

Goat grazing is becoming increasingly popular.  Not only is it eco-friendly, it also gets rid of noxious weeds for your customers.  People like using goats to clear land because of the benefits they bring to the table along with being able to see live animals.  

You can read the Ecological Grazing Enterprise Business Plan Guidance by the Hiawatha Valley Resource Conservation and Development to help you write your goat grazing business plan.  This article will help walk you through the many things you need to consider before writing your business plan along with a template to use while writing your business plan.

​ Small Goat Farm Business Plan

If you want to keep your goat farm small, there is a business plan for you.  Since you will not need as much capital to start a small farm you may not need to talk with a lender.  That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t make a business plan though.  You will still want to know what your goals are as well as your financial plan.  

Hobby Farms has a good Goat Farming Business Plan that you can follow to make a business plan for your small goat farm.  This plan will accommodate your individual goals as well as keeping your focused.

​ Writing a Goat Business Plan – Tips for Creating a Good Business Plan for Raising Goats

When you’re writing your goat business plan you will need to use a few simple tips and tricks to write a successful business plan:

  • The first is to be very specific in your financial plan
  • Next, have a clear goal and route you will take to get you to your goal  
  • You will also need to document all the parts of your business
  • Also, have a clear marketing plan set in place

Young Entrepreneurs Forum also has a good How to Write Your Business Plan to Start Your Own Business  video with many other rules to help you succeed.  

By following these tips and tricks, you will be able to accomplish the goals of your business plan, which are to convince others that your business is viable and keep you focused.

A huge part of getting a loan is your presentation.  Once you have written a quality business plan, you will need to get ready to present it to lenders.  

  • The first thing you will need to do is know your business plan and any of the weak points it may have
  • The next thing you will need to do is prepare the presentation part of it.  Lauren Berger made a great How To Create Your 30 Second Elevator Pitch video that shows different things you should do and other things that you should avoid doing during your presentation to potential lenders
  • The biggest thing for your presentation is to stay calm and confident.  By preparing yourself in this way you will have a better chance of securing a loan for your budding goat farm business.

There are many things to consider when making your goat farm business plan.  Some people may be tempted to skip over the business plan and go straight to making the business or going to the bank for a loan.  Doing this does not do you or anybody else any favors.  

By having a quality business plan for your goat farm, you can help keep yourself on track as well as being able to show potential lenders the viability of your business and why they should invest in your goat farm.

References:

  • Frost, J. (2015, December 21). Goat Farming Business Plan. Retrieved July 23, 2020,
  • Hiawatha Valley Resource Conservation and Development. (2018, March 1). Ecological Grazing Enterprise Business Plan Guidance. Retrieved July 23, 2020
  • Jones, J. J. (n.d.). Chapter 1: So You Want to be a Goat Rancher. In Oklahoma State University (Ed.), Oklahoma Basic Meat Goat Manual (pp. 1-4).
  • Macdonald, M. (n.d.). Boer Goat Profits Guide: How to Run and Operate a Profitable Boer Goat Business . Retrieved July 23, 2020
  • U.S. Small Business Administration. (2020). Writing Your Business Plan. Retrieved July 23, 2020
  • Wisconsin Department of Agriculture and Trade and Consumer Protection. (2008). Starting a Dairy Goat Business: A Guide for Farmers . Madison, WI. Retrieved July 23, 2020

Further Reading:

  • Goats Milk Cottage Cheese: Health Benefits and Delicious Recipes
  • Goats Milk Cheese Recipe: Easy Homemade Delight
  • Goat Milk Cheese: Exploring Its Unique Features and Benefits
  • Raising Goats for Profit: Complete Beginner’s Guide to Meat Goats & Dairy Goats
  • Goats Milk Cream Cheese: Nutritious and Delicious Alternative
  • Goat Milk: Uses, Nutrition, and Comparison to Cow’s Milk

About the author

goat farming business plan philippines

I’ve been raising goats for nearly 20 years now. Over those years, I accumulated a lot of information about raising goats. I started this site to share as much information as I can about these fascinating little critters called Boer goats.

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StartupBiz Global

Starting Goat Farming Business Plan (PDF)

Goat Farming Business Plan

Starting a goat farming business is a lucrative and rewarding venture. As the global population continues to expand, so does the appetite for lean and flavorful goat meat, presenting a compelling opportunity for entrepreneurs to enter this business. This trend, coupled with the perception of goat meat as a healthy and sustainable protein source, positions goat farming as a lucrative industry ready to be tapped into. Additionally, goats are hardy animals that can thrive in diverse climates and require relatively modest resources, thus lowering the operating expenses of the business hence increasing its profitability. This is due to the remarkable resilience of goats, which enables them to thrive even in the most challenging conditions, whether it be limited access to food or adverse weather conditions. Goats are known for their ability to flourish with minimalistic and cost-effective housing setups, making them an ideal choice for resource-conscious farmers. To build a sustainable, profitable goat farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently raise the goats, good business management skills, and a good goat production business plan. This article will outline how to start the goat rearing business, and the goat farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

Market Research

Market research is a crucial step before you start a goat farming business. Start by examining the prevailing prices of goat meat in your target market to gauge market competitiveness and establish competitive pricing strategies. Identify potential customers and their preferences to tailor your offerings effectively, whether it’s local consumers, butcheries, restaurants, or other businesses. Additionally, take into account the seasonality of goat prices, as fluctuations throughout the year can influence your production and pricing decisions, ultimately enabling you to make informed choices that maximize profitability and meet consumer demands.

Financial projections serve as a critical aspect of your market research when venturing into goat farming business. These projections encompass not only revenue and profitability estimations but also help you determine crucial elements such as startup costs and ongoing operational expenses. By meticulously forecasting your financial requirements, you can create a well-structured budget that guides your allocation of resources and ensures effective financial management throughout the journey of establishing and running your goat farming business. This proactive approach to financial planning is instrumental in achieving your business goals, securing necessary funding, and maintaining the long-term sustainability and success of your venture.

Selecting the right goat breed is a pivotal decision for your goat farming business. Extensive research is required to make an informed choice, taking into account several crucial factors. Firstly, consider the availability of goat breeds in your region, as some breeds may be more prevalent than others, which can impact accessibility and procurement costs. Secondly, assess the feed conversion efficiency of potential goat breeds, as this directly influences your operational expenses and overall profitability. Thirdly, weigh the cost of purchasing different breeds against your budget constraints, ensuring that your choice aligns with your financial capacity. Lastly, align your breed selection with the specific needs and preferences of your target market, as different breeds can cater to varying consumer demands.

Selecting Land for Goat Farming Business

You obviously require land for the goat farming business.  There are some factors that you have to consider when selecting land for goat production business. A large enough area must be available for erecting the necessary goat pens. It is advisable to locate the project nearer to good roads as that will help minimize costs. This will also enable the farmer have easy access to and from the goat farming project. Does the location offer proximity to a reliable source of clean and fresh water? Your choice of land must also factor in the presence of a favourable climate. Is the land space easy to fence right round to ensure the goats are secure? This is important for two main things. One, goats are adventurous and tend to easily escape when they figure out a loophole. Two, if improperly fenced, goats become vulnerable to predators. Being able to escape also makes them vulnerable to predators. Fencing is strategic in that it provides an additional layer of security for your goat farming business. The assumption is that you would have setup secure housing for the goats. During the day when the goats are roaming around the fence will be keeping them secure. When indoors (usually overnight), the goat housing and the fence essentially become two layers of security.

Water logging or flooding is not good for the goats. You need to pick a land space that enables easy runoff. The ease of fencing also depends on the nature of the terrain in question. That is why it is imperative that you should choose a land space characterised by a flat to gentle slope. You must consider the availability of pastures – goats require pasture to graze on. Ideally you want a land space big enough to be segmented. This segmentation will be essential for having a goat rotational grazing regiment.  You should divide the pasture into different parts. To avoid over usage of pasture and the growth of less desirable forage, you should rotate the pastures where your goats graze on. This means that you should allow your goats to graze on one pasture while the other pasture is resting. The pasture should have various types of pasture plants or grasses. This will increase the food value and help to meetup all types of necessary nutrient requirements for goats, leading to profitability of your goat farming business plan. Your goat farming business plan should take into account the cost of purchasing or leasing the land.

Housing For Goat Farming Project

Goats are so hardy that they can thrive whilst staying in the open day and night. However, in order to build a successful goat farming business you must house them. Housing for goats serves two core purposes namely, security and protection from extreme weather conditions. The location of your goat housing must be elevated and be where dryness can be maintained all the time. This is all central to ensuring flooding is not possible since it is not good for the goats. Any build-up of water or moisture increases the chances of disease breakouts. That same elevation is also pertinent in protecting the goats from predators. The floor or bed of the goat housing must also be maintained dry at all times. Ventilation and adequate natural lighting is important for your goats so factor that in when designing your housing. The goat shelter  must be well-ventilated, and should be easy to clean. Poor ventilation is bad to the health and performance of your goats. Extreme temperatures can reduce the productivity of goats. Poor ventilation may also lead to circulation of harmful gases which can cause respiratory problems to the goats. This also implies the housing must be big enough to allow free goat movement inside.

Materials that can be used for construction of goat housing include wooden poles, bamboo poles, bricks, cement and concrete. You can always figure out how to blend these together depending on what you have. In principle of course the aim is to use cost-effective yet robust materials. You must also segment your goats as well. Have separate goat housing units or spaces for pregnant goats, nursing goats, weaned goats, diseased goats, and the rest of the goats. You just have to bear in mind that you must allow more space for bigger goats. The bigger the goat, the bigger the living space it needs. The costs of constructing the housing should be included in the goat production business plan.

Equipment For Goat Production Business

Goat farming requires both basic and specialized equipment. It is obvious you need feed and water equipment. Your feeders can be according to the type of feed in question. For example, you can have separate feeders for hay, grains, and so on. Water trough or containers can be makeshift or commercial ones. You will also need other handy implements such as forks, wheelbarrows, pallets, buckets, shovels, scales, thermometers, and the like. Depending on the nature of your goat farming operations you may need specialized equipment. Examples of these are castrators, drenchers, and hoof trimmers. The goat farming business plan should include the costs of acquiring the equipment.

Breeding Stock For the Goat Farming Business

To start keeping goats for profit, you require breeding stock. The breeding stock consists of male goats which are known as bucks, and female goats which are known as does. When choosing breeding stock for goat farming business, you should be very careful of the health history of the goats. It’s advisable to purchase the breeding stock from goat farmers who have a good reputation in the goat production business. The goats which you select should be strong with an overall appearance of good health. Request to see the records of the breeding stock which you want to purchase. The growth potential of your kids will depend on the nature and quality of the parent stock. Thus it is of great importance to buy a good goat breeding stock from reliable goat farmers. The goat farming business plan should take into consideration the cost of buying the breeding stock.

Breeds of Goats

Goat breeds have different meat characteristics. There are goats that are best for meat production, milk production, or both. Focus on purebreds, request for comprehensive records, and physically inspect the goats when buying. Some of the important attributes to look for are high reproductive rates, good maternal ability, zero physical defects, good feed efficiency, and disease resistance. There are various breeds of goats which are used in commercial goat farming operations. The popular breeds for goat meat production include the Boer goats, Spanish breed, Black Bengal, Kalahari Red, Rangeland among others. The Boer Goat is a highly productive meat breed and considered a superior breed.  This type of breed is originally from the Eastern Cape in South Africa and it’s more expensive compared to other breeds.  A good Boer buck that is between 6-12 months can service 25 does while a full-grown buck that is 13 months old can service 50 does in a year. The Boer Goat is considered superior because it has a good bone structure, large body size, grows fast, heavy weight and can easily adapt to a wide range of pastures. Some farmers cross breed an superior breed e.g. the Boer Goat with indigenous breeds. This is in order to get the right quality of offspring with good meat quality, resistant to diseases, health and adaptable to various pastures.

Boer Goat

Feed for the Goats

Feed is the largest cost of running a goat farming project. The most economical source of nutrients for meat goats are browse and pasture. In some cases, pasture and browse will be sufficient to meet the nutritional requirements required by meat goats. Goats are versatile, inquistive and energetic in their feeding habits. Goats can adapt to different environments. They can consume over 80 different kinds of plants. Goats are browsers by nature, they are not grazers. However, they will also eat grass. A suitable area for the goat farming project should ideally have low bushes. Goats enjoy browse materials like trees, bushes, twigs and leaves.

Even though goats will browse and feed on pasture, you will have to give them supplementary feed for you to be profitable in your goat farming business. Enough pasture might not be available throughout the year due to seasonal changes. To enable goats to grow fast and reach their full growth potential in a short time, you will have to give them supplementary feed. There are various kinds of supplementary feed you can give to your goats including hay (lucernes), grains (e.g. wheat, oats, maize , sorghum, barley etc), commercial goat feed, minerals and salts. The goats also require sufficient water. The goat farming business plan should take into consideration the feed costs.

Pastures and hay tend to make the biggest chunk of a goat’s diet. Grains should not be a major part of the diet of young goats. This is because bloating can occur due to indigestion. As goats grow older though, it becomes essential to include grains in their daily diet. The grain component in the total diet should range from roughly 10 percent to 16 percent. As for garden or home residues, make sure they are not rotten or too sugary. Concentrates are a common part of the supplementary feeding of goats. Their composition varies and your choice would depend on the nutrients your goats are lacking.

Health & Disease Management in Goat Farming

When doing goat farming, the health and well-being of your animals are foundational to the success of your operation. A comprehensive health and disease management program is not only vital for the welfare of your goats but also crucial for the profitability of your venture. It begins with a proactive approach encompassing preventive care, such as vaccinations, deworming, and regular veterinary check-ups. Tailoring a vaccination schedule to the specific diseases prevalent in your region is paramount to safeguarding your herd.

Ensuring proper nutrition is equally essential, with a focus on providing a well-balanced diet tailored to the age, breed, and purpose of your goats. Adequate access to clean water is fundamental. The management of your goat’s environment plays a pivotal role, with clean, well-ventilated, and dry shelters reducing the risk of infections. Regular sanitation practices, including manure removal, are vital. Monitoring your goats for signs of illness and implementing quarantine and isolation protocols for new arrivals or sick individuals are crucial components of disease prevention. Maintaining meticulous records and having an emergency response plan in place adds an extra layer of protection. Continuous education and staying updated on evolving health challenges within the industry ensure that you can adapt to changing circumstances effectively.

Goat Farming Business Model

The goat farming business model revolves around a simple yet effective process that begins with acquiring both male and female breeding goats. These goats serve as the foundation of your operation, with the primary goal being the breeding of kids. As the goats reproduce, you nurture and care for the young goats until they reach the desired market age. At this point, you strategically sell them to the market, generating revenue. One of the key considerations in this business model is the management of feed, which constitutes a significant portion of the expenses.

Despite the expense associated with feeding, the revenue generated from selling the fully grown goats far exceeds the feeding costs and other operating expenses. This revenue surplus translates into a healthy profit margin. The beauty of this model lies in its repeatability, as you can cycle through this process multiple times throughout the year. This consistent breeding and selling strategy ensure a steady and predictable stream of income, making the goat farming business a financially sustainable and rewarding venture in the long term.

Capital for a Commercial Goat Farming Project

Starting a goat farming business requires capital. The capital is required for constructing the goat housings, purchasing the breeding stock, purchasing supplementary feeds and other costs associated with running a goat farming business. The amount of capital you need for your goat rearing business will depend on the size of your goat farming project.  Your goat farming business plan should clearly outline the money required to start and operate a goat meat production business.

You can get a loan from the bank, or funding from investors, to use as capital to start your goat farming business. If you plan to raise capital from investors and a loan from the bank, you need a good goat farming business plan. If you don’t have access to investors and bank loan, you can use your personal savings and start small, and grow your business overtime. Goat farming is very profitable, so if you reinvest the profits you get, you can quickly grow. Even if you are not planning to get a loan, you should still get a goat farming business plan to guide you in starting and operating the business. It is essential for you to have a goat farming business plan before you venture into the goat farming business, so that you know all the costs involved and you make an informed decision.

Management And Labour for a Goat Farm

The number of employees you require for your goat farming project will depend on the size of your goat farming project. You will need goat keepers who will be responsible for f eeding the goats,  cleaning and disinfecting the goat housings,  and other duties. There may also be need for finance and marketing team, depending on the size of your goat production business. Your goat farming business plan should take into account the salary costs for all the people you are going to employ. 

Marketing Plan

Developing a comprehensive marketing plan is a critical component of ensuring the success and profitability of your goat farming business. While the quality of your goat meat is undoubtedly crucial, effective marketing is equally vital in reaching your intended audience and maximizing sales. To create a tailored marketing strategy, you must first understand your target market. Identify your ideal customers, whether they are individual consumers, local markets, butcheries, restaurants, or other businesses. Gain insights into their preferences, needs, and buying behaviors, as this knowledge will form the foundation of your marketing approach.

Develop compelling promotional strategies to increase brand visibility and entice potential customers. This might involve offering special discounts, limited-time deals, or collaborating with local businesses to cross-promote your products. In today’s digital era, establishing a strong online presence is a must. Create a user-friendly website that not only displays your products but also communicates your farming practices and contact information. Additionally, leverage social media platforms to engage with your target audience, sharing valuable content about your goat farming journey. Invest in online advertising campaigns to reach a wider audience and consider participating in local events or farmers’ markets to showcase your offerings.

Carefully selecting the right distribution channels is equally pivotal. Consider the various options available, such as direct sales, farmers’ markets, abattoirs, butcheries, local retailers, or restaurant partnerships. Each channel offers unique advantages and considerations. Direct sales might involve setting up an online store, while farmers’ markets provide face-to-face interactions with customers. Local retailers can extend your reach to a broader audience, abattoirs & butcheries may buy in bulky, and collaborating with restaurants can give your product a premium positioning. Analyze your target market and business model to determine the most effective distribution channels that align with your goals.

The market for goat meat is very huge and is ever increasing. The annual global demand of goat meat is 5 million tonnes. That’s a lot! You can supply goat meat to abattoirs, local butcher shops, retailers, hotels, supermarkets, restaurants, wholesalers and individual consumers.  Goat meat has to be sold whilst it’s still fresh, thus you should locate your goat farm close to your market. The goat production business plan ought to include a proper marketing plan to use in your goat business.

Goats can be kept for meat, milk, hair and fiber uses. This article and business plan is for goat meat production. The export market for goats is very huge! As you grow your goat farming business you will be able to export the goat meat to other countries.  The largest importers of goat meat include United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, United States of America, Caribbean, South Korea, Angola,  Taiwan, China, India, Middle East, European Union, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei.

How to start goat farming business plan

Keys To Profitability in Goat Farming

Achieving profitability in your goat farming venture hinges on a strategic approach that encompasses a multitude of crucial factors. First and foremost, breed selection is fundamental. Choose goat breeds that align with your production purpose and cater to local demand and environmental conditions. The quality and marketability of your goats are significantly influenced by your breed choices.

Efficient management practices play a pivotal role in optimizing resource utilization. This includes careful attention to feeding, housing, and sanitation. Minimizing waste and maximizing feed conversion efficiency can substantially impact operational costs. Moreover, a comprehensive disease management strategy is essential to maintain the health of your herd, reducing losses and veterinary expenses, ultimately contributing to higher profitability.

Crafting an effective marketing strategy tailored to your target market is equally vital. Whether you opt for direct-to-consumer sales, local markets, restaurants, or wholesale distribution channels, robust branding, packaging, and promotion can help you capture market share and maximize revenue. Cost control measures, especially in the realm of feed expenses, should be a consistent focus, with exploration of affordable and high-quality feed sourcing options. Additionally, maintaining meticulous records, planning for scalability, engaging in continuous learning, adept financial management, and embracing adaptability are all part of the blueprint for long-term profitability in the dynamic world of goat farming. Incorporating these key factors into your business model can help you build a sustainable and profitable goat farming operation poised for success.

Why You Need A Goat Farming Business Plan

A comprehensive business plan serves as a vital tool for gaining a deep understanding of the profitability of your goat farming business and the myriad factors that impact it. It provides a financial roadmap, helping you estimate initial investments, operational costs, and potential revenue streams. More importantly, it prompts you to identify and assess various factors that can influence profitability, such as pricing strategies, feed and healthcare costs. Additionally, a well-structured business plan allows for sensitivity analysis, enabling you to assess how changes in these key variables can impact your bottom line. This forward-thinking approach not only helps you anticipate potential risks but also equips you with the knowledge and strategies necessary to optimize profitability and ensure the long-term success of your goat farming venture.

A well-crafted business plan is a powerful tool in securing funding for your goat farming venture. It provides potential investors, lenders, or financial institutions with a comprehensive overview of your business goals, strategies, and financial projections. By showcasing your market research, operational plans, and financial forecasts, the business plan demonstrates that you have thoroughly assessed the risks and potential rewards of your goat farming business. This level of preparation and professionalism not only instills confidence in potential stakeholders but also serves as evidence of your commitment to the success of your endeavor. As a result, a strong business plan significantly enhances your credibility and increases the likelihood of securing the necessary funding to launch, expand, or sustain your goat farming operation.

Pre-Written Goat Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel): Comprehensive Version, Short Funding/Bank Loan Version and Automated Financial Statements

For an in-depth analysis of the goat farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive goats business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the goat meat production business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the goats business, how to keep the goats, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.

The StartupBiz Global goat farming business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your goat meat business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the goat farming business.

Uses of the Goat Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The goat farming business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your goat production business
  • As a goat farming business proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the goat meat production business
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

Contents of the Goat Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The goat farming business plan include, but not limited to:

  • Marketing Strategy
  • Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
  • Risk Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • Market Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to keep and rear the goats, feed requirements etc)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some people in goat farming business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your goat farming business

The Pre-written goat farming business plan package consist of 4 files

  • Goat Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive Version – 84 Pages)
  • Goat Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive Version – 84 Pages)
  • Goat Farming Business Plan Funding/Bank Loan Version- Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan/funding – 39 pages)
  • Goat Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel File)

The business plan can be used in any country and can be easily edited. The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of goats, selling price of  the goats etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change.

Click below to download the Contents Page of the Goat Meat Production Business Plan (PDF)

Goat Farming Business Plan PDF

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Get the Goat Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

Click Buy Now  below to purchase using Paypal, Credit Card, or Debit Card. After you have purchased, you will immediately see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. You will also immediately get an email with the business plan download link. The Pre-written business plan package (PDF, Word, and Excel) costs $30 only!

Goat Farming Business Plan Download

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The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on [email protected] and we will assist you.

We wish you the best in your goat farming business! Check out our collection of business plans  , and more business ideas .

Goat Farming Business Frequently Asked Questions

How do i start goat farming business.

You start the goat farming business by purchasing breeding stock (male & female goats). You also require goat housing, equipment and feed. A good goat farming business plan is also required.

How do goat farmers make money?

Goat farmers make money by selling goats for meat. Other goat farmers can also make money by raising goats for milk and wool. Our goat farming business plan is only for meat production.

What is the goat farming business model?

The goat farming business model is based on purchasing male and female goats. The goats will breed to produce kids which you then feed and raise up to maturity. After the goats mature, you then sell them for a profit. This is how goat producers make money.

Is goat farming a profitable business?

Yes, goat farming is a very profitable business. To attain profitability in the goat production business, you should select a good breed of goats, adequately feed them with cost-efficient feed, and have a ready market which you can sell to at a good price. Our goat farming business plan has financial statements that will show you the profitability of the business.

Can goat farming make you rich?

Yes, goat farming business can make you rich over time. However this is not a get-rich quick scheme. You have to be patient, have good business management skills and reinvest some of your profits into the business. After a few years following good business practices, goat farming can make you rich.

Which goat breed is more profitable?

The boer goat is one of the most profitable goat breeds as it is very efficient at meat production. Boer goats are superior breeds which grow fast with a heavy weight and good bone structure making them good for business profitability. Other profitable meat goat breeds include Kalahari Red goat, Nubian goat, Rangeland goat and Barbari Goat.

Can I get a loan for goat farming?

Yes, you can get a loan or funding for goat farming business. Banks often provides loans to goat farmers. Governments also provide loans and grants for goat farming business. You can also approach other funding organisations and NGOs to seek for funding. However they all require a good goat production business plan before they can give you a loan.

Are goats more profitable than cattle?

It depends. However under normal conditions, goats are more profitable than cattle. Also you get money from goats quickly as compared to cattle as goats reproduce faster.

Are goats a good investment?

Yes, goats are a good business investment, however you need to adequately take care of them and have a good market for them. A good goat farming business plan is also required to guide you in your business and ensure that you get a good return for your investment.

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Goat Farming In The Philippines – Goat Breeds

Table of contents, advantages of goat farming in the philippines, philippine goat breeds, some available breeds to raise in the philippines, housing requirement for goat farming in the philippines, backyard goat production in the philippines, limitations to goat farming, advantages of nubian goats in the philippines, feeding and water selection for goat farming in the philippines, classification of common feed ingredients for goats                , importance of goat farming in the philippines, veterinarian importance in goat farming, prevention and control of disease in goat farming in the philippines, goat farming programs in the philippines.

Goat Farming in the Philippines

Hello friends, today we are with a new topic called ” Goat Farming in the Philippines”. In the Philippines, more and more people are raising Goats in their farms, in their backyards, and even in their ranches. Goats require less feed than cows and carabaos. Goats have always been considered useful animals. Goat’s success mostly depends on its excellent adaptability to the difficult mountain conditions, extreme weather conditions, versatile habits, and high production considering its size. The Goat is considered a vital livelihood component among the smallholder and the landless or marginal farmers in the Philippines. Economic and social benefits are also attached to the animal. Though, records from the PCARRD (Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development) showed the number of Goats will increase consistently in the Philippines. 

In the Philippines, Goat has always a place in most of the farming systems. It could have a minor role, but their importance in rural life had long been recognized so that the condition in which they are kept must be assessed.

Philippine farmers raise native Goats because the farmers believed they are cheaper to raise compared to purebreds. About 10 native Goats can be fed on the feedstuffs sufficient for 1 cattle. And about 6 to 7 purebred dairy Goats can be fed on the feedstuffs adequate for one dairy cow.  Although a Goat is small, she can produce as much as 4 liters of milk a day if she is purebred and is given a ration to meet all of her nutritional requirements.

There are many advantages of raising Goats on the farm or backyard.  To begin with, you need a small starting capital to start a Goat project.  More Goats can be raised per hectare compared to cattle, and also they multiply faster than cattle or carabaos. Goat farming in the Philippines requires low initial investment and small risks compared to other livestock animals and it is an attractive undertaking among resource-poor families.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Goat Farming In The Philippines, Goat Breeds, and Business Plan

Most efforts to improve dairy Goat management designed to provide more and better milk. These efforts include;

1. Breeding and selecting to produce more milk.

2. Better feeding and pasturing practices.

3. Better housing for extremes of weather and climate conditions.

4. Improved sanitation of milk and milk products.

5. Control of internal parasitic diseases in Goats that lead to poor health and decreased milk production.

6. Improved marketing of dairy Goat products.

7. Development of information and research services.

Advantages of Goat Farming in the Philippines

  • Compare to other livestock farming, Goat farming doesn’t require massive investment. You don’t have given much effort to the Goat farming business.
  • Goats need smaller capital investment than cattle.
  • Goats multiply faster than cattle or carabaos. Before a Goat is 3 years old, she can give birth to as many as five kids.
  • Usually, they are multiplied fast by breeding, which helps you not buy Goats in the future.
  • The most valuable part of the Goat farming business is its food. Goats are eating almost everything and Goat eats all kinds of grass, including weeds.
  • Also, Goats help us to destroy natural weed and produce natural manure. This is mostly used in organic farming, and by selling this fertilizer, you can earn extra income.
  • Goats are a low maintenance animal, you have to raise Goats with less effort compared to other animals.
  • Although a Goat is small, she can produce as much as 4 liters of milk every day if she is pure-bred and is given a ration to meet all of the nutritional requirements.
  • Goats require fewer feds compared to cows and carabaos. About 10 native Goats can be feed on the feedstuffs sufficient for one cow. And about 6 to 7 purebred dairy Goats can be fed on the feedstuff sufficient for one dairy cow.
  • Goat is usually docile and can be raised by anyone.
  • Goats are friendly and intelligent.
  • Goats are clean animals. Goats do not thrive in filthy places and they do not eat rotten or spoiled feeds.
  • Also, Goats provide manure for fishponds, farms, and gardens.
  • A family milk Goat can provide the right amount of milk for the farm family at an economic price.

Usually, there are two varieties of Philippine goats raised for meat production. Then, the coarse-haired type is a cream, tan, or light brown color and generally polled. The fine hair variety is black or brown color and has a white belt. The fine hair variety Goats are thought to have originated from the Katjang breed.

The Goat population in the Philippines consists of native and exotic breeds.

  • Some of the native Goat breeds in the Philippines are the Dadiangas strain and the common Goats (found all over the country).
  • Exotic breeds of Goats in the Philippines include the Anglo Nubian, Boer, Saanen, French Alpine, and Toggenburg, all of which are found in commercial and institutional farms, and the La Mancha, available in a very limited population. Crosses and upgrades of native Goats are widely available in the country. In the Philippines, both the native and exotic breeds of Goats are raised primarily for meat. However, few dairy-type Goats are also used for milk production in some institutional and private commercial farms.

Breeds of Goats

1. Anglo Nubians = 70-90 kgs (and 1 to 21 liters of milk daily)

2. Boer = 80-90 kgs average

3. Saanen = 60-70 kgs it gives 1.8 liters of milk daily

4. Toggenburg = 50-60 kgs it gives 1.5 liters of mild daily

5. Alpine = 50-60 kgs it gives 1.5 liters of mild daily

6. Common Goat or Philippine Goat = 20-30 kgs

7. Didiangas Goat = 40-50 kgs

There are many Goat breeds worldwide but the available Goat breeds in the Philippines are;

Anglo Nubians – It is a tropical breed that was successfully adapted in western countries. Its distinguishing features are drooping and pendulous ears, and brown color hair or a combination of brown and black. It has a long body that usually weighs about 70 to 90 kilograms at a mature age and produces about 1 to 2 liters of milk daily.

Boer – It is a meat-type breed with distinct white body color and black or reddish-brown color from rear legs to the head. The Goat weighs an average of about 90 kilograms at a mature age.

In case if you miss this: Growing Vegetables In Summer .

Boer Goat

Saanen – It is originated from Switzerland, is pure white to off-white. And, it holds the distinction as the highest milk producer about 1.8 liters daily. That weighs an average of about 70 kilograms.

Toggenburg – It is from Switzerland, has distinct white markings on the face, legs, and tail, and erects ears like the Saanen. Milk production averages about 1.5 liters daily.

Alpine – Alpine is a European breed that has a color that ranges from off-white to red, to black. It weighs about 70 kilograms at a mature age. It poses upright ears and a straight face, the Alpine breed produces about 1.5 liters of milk daily.

Native – The Native breed is small, stocky, and low-set. It has different colors range from red, white or black or a combination of these colors. Milk production is just enough for its kids and it weighs about 20 to 30 kilograms at a mature age.

Adequate housing provides conditions for good health and comfort of animal’s high reproduction and efficient management. A good housing system is cheap, and it can protect from strong winds, heavy rains, and attacks by predatory animals. Also, it must be well ventilated, well-drained, and easy to clean.

For a good drainage system, locate a Goat-house on a slight slope or sandy soils and near the feed source. The Goat housing must be oriented that the greatest amount of sunshine enters the house.

A Goat house must be built to provide shelter. Goathouse must be well ventilated and drained, and easy to clean. Flooring must be provided and elevated at least 15 degrees to facilitate cleaning and drainage. Separate pens must be provided for lactating and dry does, kids, growers, and bucks.

The flooring of the area should be cemented to facilitate drying. The majority of pneumonia cases can be traced to excessively warm and humid interior and sudden changes in temperature levels. Allow a 0.5 to 1 ft clearance between floor to wall and wall to beam to make an adequate circulation and to lower draft. It is desirable to maintain an interior temperature level of 28 to 30°C. Then, it has been established that above 30°C ruminants are inhibited from eating. Lighting may be provided in the barns during the night. Goats consume up to about 30% of the day’s intake during the night when light is provided.

Nine-eye hog wire is the cheapest and effective fencing available locally. Posts should be staked every 2 meters. Barbwire fencing needs a minimum of four strands so it becomes more costly besides making Goats prone to wounds.

In the Philippines, backyard Goat farming accounts for more than 99% of the animal inventory. Goat is a popular farm animal as it requires simple management as compared to swine and poultry. Goat subsists on crop residues, agro-industrial by-products, or any locally obtainable forage sources.

About 99% of the country’s total small ruminants are raised in small hold or backyard farm units. Goats raised under this system are normally tethered near or around vacant croplands. Tethering of Goats under coconuts and other types of plantation tree crops is also common. Backyard Goat farmers with access to grazing areas either open grasslands or under coconut allow their animals to graze. At night, Goats that are tethered during the day are secured near or underneath the farmer’s house, though those that are allowed to graze are provided with a shed where these animals are confined at night.

Feed supplementation is rarely practiced. Occasionally, some farmers would give legumes and farm by-products. In recent years, deworming is gaining popularity among small-hold Goat raisers. Goats are raised for home consumption especially during holidays and other special occasions, as well as a source of additional income. Also, it provides the small rural farmer with cash in cases of emergency. Goats from backyard farms are sold for slaughter to roving traders or in open flea markets in the locality. Some Goat raisers keep Goats for religious and/or cultural ceremonies. Goats raised in backyard production are of native breeds or their upgrades. Unlike Goats, sheep are kept as a status symbol.

Sociological Constraints

Cultural constraints and traditional beliefs, i.e. the Goat contribute to land desertification, destroys plants, and compacts the soil, etc., need enlightenment. The sociological and cultural implications of Goat development must be examined so that there shall be no dislocation of cultural, traditional, or sociological development.

Nutrition and Feeding

There are different nutritional requirements of native, upgrade, and purebred Goats in the country. Similarly, needs feeding materials, feeding behavior, and grazing habits of Goats.

Goat production thrust should be coupled with a marketing program. Lack of market infrastructures, market information, market facilities, and also product processing establishments serves to stall efforts on production.

Management and Husbandry

There is inadequate data on the most profitable economies of scale from the smallholder to the highly commercial operation. Similarly, different management levels of production from grazing to pure confinement need further evaluation.

You may also check this: Goat Fencing, Types, Building .

Nubian Goats

Nubian Goat is a dual-purpose breed for meat and dairy purposes. Unlike other dairy-type Goat breeds such as Saanen, Toggenburg, and Alpine which are temperate (cold climate) breeds; and the Nubian breed has Asian, Middle Eastern, and Western blood in them. Perhaps, this is the main reason why Nubian is the most adaptable dairy-type Goat in the Philippines. Philippines Goat raisers who were raising purebred Saanen Goats for milk production are now crossing them to purebred Nubians.

The average mature weight of a Nubian doe (female) is about 65 kilograms, while the buck (male) is 80 kilograms. Their meat to bone ratio is higher (more meat) compared to other types of dairy- breeds. They are bigger than native and cross, and milkier compared to Boers. Not all purebred Nubian Goats are equal, genetics and selection are very important. Nubian is becoming popular in the Philippines nowadays. 

Like other animals, Goats require easy access to clean water. Besides that, Goats eat many things, but it is a myth that they eat everything. You should keep in mind these two aspects before you planning to start a Goat farm. The feeding process is a crucial part and 4 times a day would be the ideal time to gain proper muscle for the Goat. And the place of food serving must be a minimum of about 1.5 inches higher from the main floor. On the other hand, during feeding, food must be used properly.

Supplementary food helps to gain more weight. Farmers should use natural food to work as a cure for several diseases and not so much costly. It takes a little bit of time to gain weight than feeding supplementary food, but the feeding procedure is different for pregnant Goats. As Goats eat almost everything, you must ensure no harmful plants or poisonous vines on your Goat farm. Food management suggests giving food for the expected and desired growth in several ages and different seasons.

Different types of food are ideal food for Goats, which are given below;

  • Oats, crash corns, and the black seed of sunflower are the best mixes and natural processes to make weight gain. Because it contains so much protein, fiber, carbo hydride, oils, and other essential things.
  • That helps to get a healthy shape. It accommodates to digest appropriately and quickly.
  • Barley and field pea can be ideal food, but two of those things should soak at least 2 days.
  • Then it will ready as food, and livestock grasses know them as the best food for Goats.
  • Even minerals are a vital element for Goats mainly for female Goats.

1. Roughages – These feeds containing large amounts of fiber or digestible material.

2. Concentrates – These feeds have a comparatively high digestibility.

3. Feed Additives – These feeds are chemical compounds that are included in animal rations but do not supply nutrients to the animals.

4. Minerals Supplements – The function of mineral elements in Goats is to give structural support for the body.

5. Vitamins Supplements – The dietary vitamin requirements of ruminants like Goats are simple due to the nature of feeds they ordinarily consume.

Goats in the Philippines have generated considerable interest as a potentially profitable component of one-commodity and multi-commodity fanning systems. Though, the government, through the Bureau of Animal Husbandry, has investigated small ruminant development as a source of meat and milk, a livelihood activity, and possible export potential and dollar earner. The Goat is a small ruminant with a high reproductive rate and several uses, finds its place best in the present farming systems of the smallholder (1-3 ha) economy in the Philippines.

The vast majority of Goats are raised by small farmers or people who own no land, As people are not able to develop the industry nor to stimulate improved production and living standards, government policy is directed to research priorities that emphasize;

(a) Improved breeding, nutrition, health, housing, and management;

(b) Development of technology packages at the farmer level;

(c) Integration of Goat raising with use of crops;

(d) Improvement of processing Goat products; and

(e) Studies of socioeconomic aspects of Goat raising.

To service these general needs, six project areas have been identified, they are breeding; herd management, nutrition and health; product utilization and marketing; socioeconomic studies on-farm trials; and Goat farm modular system.

Commercial Goat production is accomplished either by semi- or by complete confinement in elevated sheds or Goat houses. Under the semi-confinement system, the animals are allowed to graze in either open grasslands, bushlands, or under plantation crops. Goats raised under complete confinement, on the other hand, are kept in sheds or barns (generally elevated with slotted floors) all the time. Completely confined Goats are stall-fed with a combination of grasses, legumes, and feed concentrates. Also, appropriate health care and biosecurity measures are provided to maintain the good health status of these animals.

In farms where Goats are being raised, both species are allowed to graze together in open grasslands and under plantation tree crops during the day. At night, Goats are confined separately in different sheds. Goats raised in commercial farms are sold mainly as breeders. Though, culled animals are also sold for slaughter in local public markets. Goats are also utilized commercially as dairy animals, while milk from Goats represents only about 1% of the country’s total milk production. A large majority of Goats raised in commercial farms are of exotic breeds, while upgraded native Goats may be found in commercial farms.

Easy access to a veterinarian plays an important role in Goat farming. When starting a Goat farm, there are chances animal’s contract diseases. Therefore, a veterinarian can help in disease control and management to avoid losses. They also help you diagnose diseases or recommend vitamins and supplements to keep animals in good health especially during stressful situations like weaning.

Health problems have become a major impediment to Goat production. Mortality rates in confined and semi-confined rearing reached a high level of about 40%. The mortality rate is similarly high in smallholder Goat production. Identified predominant diseases in Goats are internal or external parasitism, pneumonia, blood parasitism, and haemorrhagic septicacmia.

Although considered one of the healthiest of all domesticated animals, Goats are susceptible to the same diseases that affect cattle and sheep. The disease occurrence can be affected by locality, amount of space given to each Goat, the feeding program, and housing, as well as the health of the individual Goats and the amount of exposure to infected animals.

In many parts of the tropics vaccinations against Goat pox, rinderpest, and foot-and-mouth disease are advised. In addition, Goats are tested routinely for brucellosis, tuberculosis, and mastitis. Diarrhea is caused by bacterial infections, viruses, or coccidia, which can also be troublesome. In addition to infectious diseases, Goats sometimes suffer from such noncontagious ailments as pneumonia, wound infections, milk fever (parturient paresis), bloat, external and internal parasites, and plant poisoning.

Ideally, the diagnosis and treatment of Goat diseases must be left to a veterinarian. Then, the importance of an accurate diagnosis cannot be over-emphasized as the treatment is determined by the cause of the ailment. Though, veterinary services are often too costly for people who keep Goats, except in the most urgent cases. Fortunately, most Goat keepers can acquire enough basic knowledge to cope with basic problems.

It is always better to prevent Goat disease than to have to treat infected animals. Some important precautions required to maintain Goat health are listed below;

  • Avoid involvement in Goat trading or trafficking.
  • Isolate a Goat that becomes sick.
  • Get an accurate diagnosis from a qualified veterinarian.
  • Use medications only when necessary.
  • Also, keep the Goatherd separated from sheep and cattle.
  • Use good business ethics and do not sell diseased Goats to an unsuspecting buyer and keep the Goat-house clean and dry.
  • Trim hooves at least four times yearly. Brush Goats when required to remove loose hair and dirt that might contaminate the milk.
  • Keep feces out of the feed and water and keep Goats’ feet out of hay racks and keep feed and water containers above tail level.
  • Keep fresh water available and uncontaminated.

Commodity Loan or Dispersal

This is a regular program and it involves the selection and screening of interested village farmers having feed resources, housing, and the labor required for Goat production. About 1 to 3 female Goats is loaned to the farmer after completion of training. The farmer is obligated to give 2 heads of offspring to the government after which the original animal becomes his property. A pocket of 10-30 heads does usually go to a village (barangay).

Supporting the dispersal program is the Barangay Buck Loan Scheme whereby a purebred buck is loaned for 3 to 12 months. The buck loan is for 3 months, with a condition of renewal. A minimal fee is charged for maintaining the buck, and for the caretaker.

Village Goat Program

The program is a package scheme through the rural banking system in the countryside with support services for animal health, pasture development, training, and other technical needs.

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Good day ma’am/sir. Do you have a pdf copy of this article titled Goat Farming in the Philippines- Goat Breeds? If ever, can I have a copy. AgriFarming provides information only and does not sell any products.

Looking forward for more info about goat farming…

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IMAGES

  1. How to Start Goat Farming in the Philippines: Business Plan

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  2. 4th Dec 2019, Goat farming in Philippines

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  3. Goat Farming Business Plan (2020): Plans for Starting a Meat Goat or

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  4. Here is a sample business plan for starting a goat farm and a free

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  5. Goat Farming Business Plan: Plans for Starting a Meat Goat or Dairy

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  6. Goat Farming Business Plan: Plans for Starting a Meat Goat or Dairy

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VIDEO

  1. Village Low budget big Successful goat farming business Idea2023/Pa:03

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  3. How does the Dairy Goat Industry PROFITABLE in the Philippines / CARA INTEGRATED FARM BARILI CEBU

  4. Low budget big Successful goat farming business Idea 2023/pa:31

  5. Goat Farming Business Plan 2023 !! Goats 🐐 Farming Process

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COMMENTS

  1. Goat Farming in the Philippines; A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

    Goat Farming in the Philippines: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners Table of Contents Housing and Fencing Requirement for Goat Farming in the Philippines Purchase Required Equipment for Starting a Goat Farming Goat Breeds Available in the Philippines How to Raise Goats in the Philippines? Most Profitable Tips for Raising Goats in the Philippines

  2. How To Start A Goat Raising Business

    To start a profitable goat raising business, one has to have the following production inputs: For backyard operation:

  3. Ultimate Guide: How to Start a Goat Farm in the Philippines

    1. Determine Your Objectives Clearly define your goals and objectives for starting a goat farm. Consider the purpose of your farm, whether it is for meat, milk, fiber, or a combination of these. This will help you make informed decisions throughout the process. 2. Research Goat Breeds

  4. Goat Farming in the Philippines: How to Raise Goats

    French Alpine This is a goat known for its superb ability to produce milk. They have no color set or markings. They have horns, erect posture, and erect ears. Saanane It is a foreign breed of goat that is also suitable here in the Philippines. Its usual color is white or cream and without a beard.

  5. Goat Farming Business Plan Template & Guide [Updated 2024]

    Your goat farming business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes. Sources of Funding for Goat Farms With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a goat farming business are personal savings, credit cards, bank loans, and angel investors.

  6. Guide To Start A Goat Farming Business In Philippines ...

    Step 1: Get quality education ON goat farming management So, the first thing you need to do to start a goat farming business is to get yourself acquitted with the norms and practices to raise quality goats on your farm. Read Also: How To Start Poultry Farming Business In Philippines [Beginners Guide]

  7. Goat Raising Guide

    06 Dec 2019 Goat Raising Guide PB Livestock Business 6 The optimum potential of goat as one of the main sources of milk and meat has not been fully tapped in 'the Philippines. The goat is popularly known as the poor man's cow because children and old folks who can not afford cow's milk prefer drinking goat's milk.

  8. How to Start Goat Farming in Philippines: Goat Breeds and Check How

    Castration Feeding process in goat farming Provide an adequate amount of water Health management for productive goat farming Diseases, vaccination, and veterinarian importance Clostridial disease Footrot Mineral supplements Marketing your products Profits of raising goats in the Philippines Single goat cost in the Philippines Conclusion

  9. Sustainable Goat Farming: Business Plan, Benefits, and Requirements

    Step 4: The number of goats you plan should be under goats under 50 is the best number for beginners. Step 5: After coming goats on the farm, vaccinate them properly to prevent their upcoming disease. In case you missed it: Common Goat Diseases, Symptoms, and Treatment: Check How this Guide Helps Goat Farmers.

  10. 17 Goat Raising Ideas: Backyard Goat Farming For Beginners

    Processed meats like "tapa", "tocino" or "satey kambing". Meat vendors in the wet market. Kambingan restaurants, hotels, supermarkets. Buck for hire. Pure or upgraded buck. Buck service (P50 - P150 per service. Goat raisers in the village. Sale of products from goat's milk.

  11. How to Start a Goat Farming Business

    3458 Goat farming business or goat raising is one of the ideal business ideas to start. This farm animal easily multiplies and can fit in a small farm condition, not to mention the low investment requirements.

  12. How to Start Goat Farming in the Philippines: Business Plan

    Schemes/Subsidies/Loans. Success Stories. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>. How to Start Goat Farming in the Philippines, Business Plan, Requirements, and Management, Benefits of Goat Farming in the Philippines and More.

  13. Goat Farming Business Plan for Beginners (Top 11 Steps)

    A goat farming business plan is a detailed document for people or businesses who want to raise goats, especially for the beginners. It shows what they want to do and how to do it. This plan talks about money things, like how much they might spend and make.

  14. Goat Farming In The Philippines

    Goat farming in the Philippines requires low initial investment and small risks compared to other livestock animals and it is an attractive undertaking among resource-poor families. A Step-by-Step Guide to Goat Farming In The Philippines, Goat Breeds, and Business Plan

  15. Goat Farming Business

    To start a profitable goat business, one has to have the following production inputs: For backyard operation: a) Investment - Goat house - Breeding stock b) Operating Expenses - Veterinary Medicines - Vaccines - Concentrates - Additional feed supplements. For commercial or large- scale operation a) Fixed Investment - Land - Goat ...

  16. Slaughter Goat

    The goat inventory in the Philippines reached 3.87 million in 2021, as reported by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). Central Visayas is the top goat producer, comprising 13.7% of the total. This is followed by the Ilocos Region with 12.7%, and Central Luzon and Northern Mindanao with around 10% each.

  17. Goat Farming

    Global population is increasing gradually, and total food demand is also increasing. Commercial goat production can help to fight the food scarcity. Along with making profits, goat farming is a good way of employment and people can easily start this business. Table of Contents What is Goat Farming?

  18. PDF A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO GOAT FARMING AND MANAGEMENT by

    Goat Farming Manual www.livestocking.net 10 | P a g e CHAPTER 2 2 HOUSING IN GOAT FARMING Goats are kept in varying climates. Within each climatic zone many more, smaller zones can be distinguished which can differ greatly. Some are dry others are wet. Sometimes this is combined with heat, or in other places with cold. The conditions

  19. Goat Farming Seminar Philippines

    Together with my immediate family, we raise various breeds of chickens, ducks, geese, guinea fowls, rabbits, turkeys, goats, sheep, and cattle, among others. My science-based, experience-driven, and technology-oriented practices in agribusiness are what makes Alpha Agventure Farms the number one backyard farm in the Philippines. MODULE 1 ...

  20. Goat Farming Business Plan: Plans for Starting a Meat Goat or Dairy

    Goat Farming Business Plan: Plans for Starting a Meat Goat or Dairy Goat Farm Author: Marc MacDonald Published: August 7, 2020 Updated: July 1, 2023 About Marc MacDonald I've been raising goats for nearly 20 years now. Over those years, I accumulated a lot of information about goats and what works and what doesn't. Learn more about Marc

  21. Goat Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]

    1. Industry Overview The agricultural industry of which livestock farming or better still goat farming is a subset of is no doubt among the leading industry in most countries of the world; it is the industry that produces food for the populace and raw materials for industries.

  22. Starting Goat Farming Business Plan (PDF)

    To build a sustainable, profitable goat farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently raise the goats, good business management skills, and a good goat production business plan. This article will outline how to start the goat rearing business, and the goat farming business plan - PDF, Word and Excel. Market Research

  23. Goat Farming In The Philippines

    A Step-by-Step Guide to Goat Farming In The Philippines, Goat Breeds, and Business Plan Advantages of Goat Farming in the Philippines Philippine Goat Breeds Some Available Breeds to Raise in the Philippines Housing Requirement for Goat Farming in the Philippines Backyard Goat Production in the Philippines Limitations to Goat Farming