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Hour of Code

Computer programming, computers and the internet, ap®︎/college computer science principles, computer science, pixar in a box.

Top 13 Easy Computer Projects for Beginners (Videos Included)

Top 13 Easy Computer Projects for Beginners (Videos Included)

Computer Science has undoubtedly been a dominating branch to date and will definitely further experience an exponential rise. It provides an excellent platform for students mastering at coding to expand their learning and to other students who crave to explore more in the world of knowledge. From simple static programs to complex, dynamic applications, all involve a major role in the field. Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, IoT and other related fields are sub-branches of Computer Science which are amazing too and include a wide scope for coding. Besides providing such wonderful opportunities, Computer Science also provides very good exposure to students. Various Computer Science based projects are available for ready reference and students can take full advantage of these. Apart from this, engineers can also be a part of some outstanding project ideas to have a deep surf through Computer Science.

Keep reading and further you will learn lots of exciting things sooner or later here.

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1. Surveillance Robot

2. Machine Learning (Career Building Course)

3. Sixth Sense Robot

4. Fraud Detection using Machine Learning

5. Machine Learning using Python

6. Movie Recommendation using ML

7. 3 Computer Vision Projects (Combo Course)

8. Computer Vision - Text Scanner

9. Computer Vision Based Mouse

10. Handwritten Digits Recognition using ML

11. Computer Vision Based Smart Selfie

12. Automation with Python

13. Python for Data Science

14. Python for Image Processing

15. Home Automation System using IoT & Raspberry Pi

Explore more about computer science projects

What are the domains in Computer Science Engineering?

Computer Science with growing time is providing us with more advanced technology and smart ways to get our work done in no time. Being a core base of several applications, it is the backbone of today’s technology. Not only this, it comprises other domains as well that are considered equally important for the development of any new program. It is quite a flexible field that allows you to develop and work in many areas simultaneously. It has also led to many other sub-branches as discussed above. These are named as follows:

These fields are as exciting as they sound to be. With so much to grow and learn in, these should surely be a part of your career building. You can find cool and interesting concepts that are not only going to increase your practical knowledge but are also going to give a good hands-on experience.

Learn more about computer science projects

Latest projects on Python

Want to develop practical skills on Python? Checkout our latest projects and start learning for free

How can you choose a project topic in Computer Science?

To answer this question, browse through the web and get to know about maximum sub-areas of Computer Science. Surf more and take a glance at what these different areas provide you with. Compare and find the best-suited choice for yourself. Set up your mind and select the branch that thrills you the most. You might find many options that will appear interesting but proceeding gradually and step by step is important.

Discover more about computer science projects

How do you come up with a coding project?

Coding is a logical way to build programs, as you all might know it. You can use any available computer language and build the same program. Programming languages like C, C++, Java, Python, HTML, XML are some finest of them that you can make use of. These are user-friendly and very easy to learn. With a thorough practice, you can master them all! Well, where it’s all about logic, it is also about how smartly and efficiently you build your project. For this, as mentioned earlier you can access the great facility of learning these languages online where you are taught every smallest of thing.

Next, after picking up a project topic (if you learn at Skyfi Labs), you can work on it with the help of mentors who will teach you about how to go with the project. Wherever you get stuck, you might as well take the help of online course material that serves you with the absolute right guidance. Another benefit is that you don’t have to run after people to teach you.

These coding projects involve a lot of conceptual understanding and practical implication thus building up your confidence and helping you stand apart. So, it is recommended that you must take up a coding project.

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Easy Computer science project list for beginners

This is the most interesting part of the article. Here you will find the latest CSE projects that you will surely love to be a part of. Have a look:

1. Movie Recommendation using machine learning : With this computer science project you can develop a machine learning model to recommend movie titles based on the user’s viewing history. This is very similar to the one that you experience on Netflix.

Learn more about this project

2. Fraud detection using machine learning: It helps to develop a machine learning project to detect credit card fraudulent transactions.

3. Handwritten digits recognition using machine learning: With this computer science project you can develop a machine learning model to predict the handwritten manuscripts using the MNIST data. This project will be your gateway to the application of machine learning on computer vision.

4. IoT using Raspberry Pi Online Project-based Course: In this computer science project, you will learn to develop an electronic device that streams temperature and humidity with the help of the internet. The main job of this device is to send notifications if in case the temperature exceeds a certain limit. You will also learn about various concepts and data analyses with the cloud platform.

5. Surveillance Robot: Making use of Raspberry Pi and Python Programming, this computer science project helps you develop a robot that possesses the quality of transmitting live video footage. The main principles that come alongside are working of DC motors and motor driver circuit and Raspberry Pi Architecture and programming.

6. Surveillance Camera using IoT: This computer science project involves Image processing and its algorithms, Matplotib and Splitting Image Channels. This application revolves around IoT which is just another flawless technology. Here, in this project, you get to develop a camera using IoT that can be used to monitor your things.

7. Text Scanner: As the name suggests, in this computer science project you will learn how to develop a computer that can extract text from images or other 3D models and can display it on your screens. This project involves learning about Optical Character Recognition, image thresholding, and processed algorithms and related perspective transformation.

8. Credit Card Reader with Face Recognition based on Webcam

9. Recognition of Hand Movement for Paralytic persons based on Neural Network

10. Speech Stress Analysis based Cheap Lie Detector for Loyalty Test

11. Authentication and Adaptive Security for DNS System

12. Multidimensional and Colour Imaging Projections

13. Design and Implementation E-secure Transaction

Hope this article was of some use to you.

On having any difficulties, you can always feel free to contact our team at Skyfi Labs and discuss your queries with mentors and guides and have a clear vision ahead or you can even leave your doubt in the comment section below.

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12 Interesting Computer Science Project Ideas & Topics For Beginners [Latest 2023]

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Table of Contents

In this article, you will learn 12 Interesting Computer Science Project Ideas & Topics For Beginners (2023).

Read the full article to know more.

Computer Science Project Ideas

Computer Science skills are a highly sought-after skillset in IT/ITeS and STEM-related job roles. Some of the most coveted Computer Science skills in the modern industry include coding, computation, data processing, network information security, web architecture, algorithm design, storage systems & management, and mobile development. Learning these skills opens up new and exciting employment opportunities in the present and future workforce. So, if you are a computer science beginner, the best thing you can do is work on some real-time computer science project ideas . Relevant projects not only improve your practical knowledge but also improves your resume. To gain more weight, consider our free courses developed to increase your skills in a short duration.

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We, here at upGrad, believe in a practical approach as theoretical knowledge alone won’t be of help in a real-time work environment. In this article, we will be exploring some interesting computer science project ideas which beginners can work on to put their Python knowledge to the test. In this article, you will find top computer science project ideas for beginners and mini-project topics for CSE 3rd year to get hands-on experience.

But first, let’s address the more pertinent question that must be lurking in your mind: why build computer science projects?

project on computer basics

When it comes to careers in software development, it is a must for aspiring developers to work on their own projects. Developing real-world projects is the best way to hone your skills and materialize your theoretical knowledge into practical experience. But if you want to step up your game and learn real-life industry projects, assignments and case studies check out our Advanced Certificate Programme in DevOps where you can showcase your expertise and skills to potential employers using an e-portfolio.

You will need to acquaint yourself with new tools and technologies while working on a computer science project. The more you learn about cutting-edge development tools, environments, and libraries, the broader will be your scope for experimentation with your projects. The more you experiment with different computer science project ideas, and mini-project topics for CSE 3rd year, the more knowledge you gain.

Computer Science study encompasses programming , design, analysis, and theory. Hence, Computer Science project ideas involve designing and developing various application-based software products and solutions. So, if you wish to know about a few exciting Computer Science project ideas, this article is just what you need! But, if you want to accomplish more, and gain superiority, consider pursuing our Advanced Certificate Programme in Cyber Security designed for working professionals and provides 1:1 high-performance coaching.

Traditionally, different specialization fields opted for a theoretical and instructions-oriented approach. However, today, most job roles demand professionals who have hands-on industry experience. Computer Science is one such discipline where academic learning does not suffice – students need to undertake practical training through real-world Computer Science projects and assignments. It aims to impart students with practical knowledge of operating computer systems. 

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So, here are a few computer science projects for beginners can work on:

Top 12 Computer Science Project Ideas

This list of computer science project ideas for students is suited for beginners, and those just starting out with Python or Data Science in general or final year project topics for computer engineering in diploma .  These computer science project ideas will get you going with all the practicalities you need to succeed in your career as a software developer.

Further, if you’re looking for computer science project ideas for the final year, this list should get you going. So, without further ado, let’s jump straight into some computer science project ideas that will strengthen your base and allow you to climb up the ladder.

1.  Face detection

project on computer basics

It is of high importance and it serves various purposes in many fields. Most importantly, the technology of face detection has increased the surveillance efforts of the authorities. 

Face detection coupled with the technology of biometrics and security has helped to identify people’s faces which has resulted in various processes such as starting an app, security, or guiding what the next action steps of the application would be.

The technology of face detection uses facial algorithms to identify the reach of facial prints. The technology can adapt and recognize which facial features to detect and which ones to ignore.

One of the best ideas to start experimenting with your hands-on computer science projects for students is face detection software. This project focuses on building face detection software using the OpenCV library. The face detection program will be modeled in a way that it can detect faces in live stream videos from a webcam or video files stored in a PC’s local storage. The software uses pre-trained XML classifiers to detect faces in real time and track them. You can also use different classifiers to identify various objects through this detection program.

To run this program, you need to install the OpenCV library on your local machine. Also, it would be best if you created appropriate paths for the XML classifier files before executing the program. 

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2.  Online auction system

project on computer basics

The online auction allows the users to procure the benefits of the auction from any geographical location. The sellers can showcase their products or services to buyers across the locations. This helps in wider reachability and a huge expansion of the business. 

Another useful feature of online auctions is the instant feedback feature that allows the bidders to track the price increase due to higher bidding. 

The bidders or buyers from across the globe can log in at any time of the day to track or bid. This way they do not lose out on the opportunity due to different geographical timelines.

In an online auction, buyers and sellers engage in transactional business, wherein buyers purchase items through price bidding. Here, the bids have a starting price and an ending time. Potential buyers who place the highest bidding price for an item are declared the winners and owners of particular items. 

In this project, you will create a secure online auction system using the fraud detection method with binary classification. If a user wants to buy a product through an online auction, they must provide their identification details like PAN number, email address, license number, etc. The system will then screen the users, authenticate, and authorize them. Only authorized users can bid in the auction. The system will be designed to predict fraudulent users in the early stages, thereby eliminating the risk of online fraud and scams. These beginner-level computer science projects will help build a strong foundation for fundamental programming concepts.

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3.  evaluation of academic performance.

project on computer basics

Evaluation of academic performance allows the institutions to track the student’s performance. This not only helps in enhancing the student’s performance but also improves the teaching techniques and teacher’s performance.

The teachers could chart out teaching objectives that help them in achieving those objectives. This way, the teachers can adopt the successful pedagogy and ignore those pedagogies that do not add value to the student’s performance.

This project involves the creation of an evaluation system that can analyze the academic performance of students by utilizing the fuzzy logic method. In the fuzzy logic method, you will consider three parameters, namely, attendance, internal marks, and external marks, to evaluate the final academic performance of students of an institution. The fuzzy inference system is much more accurate than conventional techniques.

While developing this Computer Science project, make sure that the student information uploaded is correct (devoid of errors). Faulty data entry may lead to inaccurate results. 

4.  e-Authentication system 

There are various types of authentication systems such as OTP, password, biometrics, etc.

The authentication system allows for a better user experience without having the need for multiple setups. It is also useful for tightening security. The enhanced security features pave the way for more number of users to adopt the technology.

The e-authentication has seen wider adaptability. It is used to access government services, transactional processes, online platforms, and more. The users can secure their identity with the means of an e-authentication system, thus providing scope for higher security.

This project focuses on building an e-Authentication system using a combination of QR code and OTP for enhanced security. The e-Authentication system is designed to avoid the hacking of accounts through shoulder surfing and misuse of login credentials. To be able to use the system, a user has to first register in the system by entering the basic registration details (name, address, zip code, etc.).

Once the registration is complete, the user can access the login module to authenticate the account by entering the email id and password combination they used during registration. Then, the user can proceed to the next authentication step using either of the two options – QR (Quick Response) code or OTP (Time Password). As per the option selected by the user, the system will generate a QR Code or an OTP. While the QR code will be sent to the user’s mail id, the OTP will be sent via SMS to the registered mobile number of the user. 

The system randomly generates the QR Code and OTP at the time of login. It makes the login more secure. However, to use this system, one always needs an active Internet connection.

5.  Cursor movement on object motion

This is a project where you will design a cursor that can move through the desktop and perform actions based on hand gestures. The system’s object movement will be based on RGB (red, green, and blue) colour – it can detect RGB colour objects that will function as the mouse. It would help if you imported the Java AWT library to coordinate with the cursor. The system setting uses a webcam to track the movement of the red, green, and blue objects and based on the object movement patterns, accordingly trigger an event. 

The cursor movement system will acquire a single frame from the video recorded by the webcam and flip the frame for the user to see. It converts the captured image into a binary image wherein the RGB objects will become white. The system further adds a bounding box around the object that the user can move throughout the display.  

6.  Crime rate prediction

There are various benefits attached to crime rate prediction, such as taking preventive measures, tracking the culprits, advanced decision-making processes, etc.

The methodology allows the decision-makers to predict the crime and perform law- enforcement measures to mitigate the repercussions.

This way, the stakeholders can provide satisfaction, increase their lifestyle experience and most importantly identify the negative externalities and take appropriate actions to curb them.

The stakeholders can allocate the budget based on the statistic, this helps in effective resource allocation. The concerned agencies can utilize their resources to better use. The crime prediction system helps in faster justice delivery and reduces crime rates. 

This is one of the interesting computer science project ideas to create. As the name suggests, this Computer Science project involves building a prediction system that can analyze and predict the crime rate of a particular location. Naturally, the system needs to be fed with relevant data. It uses the K-means data mining algorithm to predict the crime rate. The K-means algorithm can cluster co-offenders and organized crime groups by detecting relevant crime patterns via hidden links, link prediction, and statistical analysis of crime data. 

It functions somewhat like this – the admin will feed the crime data into the system. The algorithm will analyze crime data stored in a database and extract information and patterns from it. It will then collate the crime groups based on the patterns found in the dataset. The clusters will be made based on factors like where the crime took place, which people were involved in the crime, and when the crime occurred. 

7.  Android battery saver system

project on computer basics

The battery saver project is useful for the users to track the usage of the application. The users can track which of the applications are consuming the maximum energy. 

This way the users can optimize their application management. The optimization of the application can limit the application usage, and this end up limiting the battery. 

The battery saver in the mobile phone would also allow the users to procure the list of applications in one place, the consumption rate is also accurate. 

This is of a simple computer science project yet an exciting one. The Android battery saver is designed to analyze the battery usage data from built-in classes and create a consolidated list of apps that drain the power of the Android phone. The system can also determine the battery level of the phone. In situations where the battery level is low, and numerous apps are consuming too much power, this system will trigger an alarm telling the user to force stop or close the apps that are drawing power.

While the battery saver system has no backend, it uses Android Studio as the frontend. Since the system feeds on data from an Android phone, it does not need a backend framework. The primary aim of this battery saver system is to notify users of the apps that are high on power consumption, thereby allowing them to take specific actions to stop battery drainage. 

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8.  symbol recognition .

This is one of the excellent computer science project ideas for beginners. The proposed project seeks to build a system that can recognize symbols inserted by the user. This symbol recognition system leverages an image recognition algorithm to process images and identify symbols. First, the system converts RGB objects into grayscale images which are then further converted into black-and-white images. During the process, image processing is applied to remove unwanted objects and environmental interference. The system further uses optical character recognition for recognizing the images with 60-80% accuracy. This is one of the interesting computer science projects. 

In the system, all symbol templates will be stored in a specific directory. The size of each image is fixed to allow the easy recognition of the symbols with accuracy. The templates will remain in black-and-white form, and the system will create a dataset of these templates. When a user inputs a query image into the system, it will resize the query image, compare the resized image values against the template image values in the dataset, and finally display the result in text format. So, while the system takes inputs as images, it delivers output in a textual form.

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Read: Software Engineering Project Ideas  

9.  Public news droid

There are various benefits to the public news droid, such as-

This is one of the excellent computer science projects for beginners. The public news droid is an informative software application that informs users about the trending news, occurrences, and interesting events happening in and around their locality. Thus, the idea behind creating this information system is to keep the users informed about the happenings in their vicinity. The system uses Android Studio as the front end and SQL Server as the back end. 

The system involves two modules, one for the admin and one for the user. The admin monitors the accuracy and relevancy of news and information. For instance, if the admin encounters fake news or app misuse, they can take necessary action to stop the spread of such irrelevant information. On the contrary, users can view news and informative articles only of their respective localities/towns/cities, and they can add news related to any other city. Mentioning  computer science projects can help your resume look much more interesting than others.

To use the app, users need to register into the system to use this app and add all the necessary details. Once the registration process is successful, the user can see the latest news, refresh the app, browse for more information, add new information and upload it (within 450 words), and so on. Users can also add images and titles for the news they add. 

10.  Search engine 

project on computer basics

The search engine is highly useful, it helps in bringing the visibility of the brand, target-based ads, brand awareness, performance management, increasing website traffic, and more. 

The brands can make their visibility grow by using proper keywords and using various other methodologies. Moreover, the brands can utilize the search engine to overcome the competition and grow their business. 

The more people are able to see the brand, the better its authenticity would be. It will eventually result in the revenue growth of the brand. 

This search engine is developed using web annotation. It is one of the trending computer science projects where when users enter specific words or phrases in a search engine, it automatically fetches the most relevant pages that contain those keywords. Web annotation makes it possible. Web annotation helps to make an application user-friendly. Thanks to web annotation, users can add, modify, and remove information from Web resources without altering the resource itself. 

This project uses web annotation on pages and images. When the user enters words, names, or phrases in the system, it will fetch the information and pictures having the same annotation. Then the system displays a list of results that contain the image or content matching the user input. For this search engine, you need to use an effective algorithm to generate a query result page/search result records based on users’ queries.

11.  Online eBook maker

One of the best ideas to start experimenting with your hands-on computer science projects for students is working on an online eBook maker. This online eBook maker will allow users to design and create eBooks free of cost. The system has two modules – admin login and author login. The admin can accept requests from users (authors), check and validate their details, evaluate completed eBooks, and process the request by mailing eBooks to the authors. Users can register in the system using the author login.

After filling in the necessary details, users can create new books, specify the context of books, add the title, and a number of pages, add a book cover, etc. Existing users can simply log in using their ID and password, and they can either create new books or resume editing the existing (unfinished) eBooks. Authors can keep only three incomplete eBooks at a time, of which they must complete at least one book before starting a new book. 

12.  Mobile wallet with merchant payment

project on computer basics

There are various benefits attached to the mobile wallet, such as-

This can be an interesting and useful computer science project ideas. As you can guess by the name, this is a QR code scanning application designed for handling and facilitating liquid cash transactions between sellers (merchants) and consumers. The aim of building this app is to provide a secure, reliable, and efficient platform for monetary transactions on both ends. Each time, the system generates a unique QR code ID, and all passwords are encrypted using AES Encryption Algorithm. 

There are two parts of this application – an Android application for merchants that can scan the QR code and the other part for the consumer for generating the QR Code. The front end uses Android Studio, and the back end uses SQL Server. This system functions something like this – when merchants scan the QR code generated by the app, the desired amount is transferred into their wallet which is easily transferable into their bank accounts. As for the consumers, they need to add money to their wallets via their credit/debit cards linked to their bank accounts. They can save the card details for future use. Merchants can also change their personal and bank details. And this is the perfect idea for your next computer science project!

Check out: Java Project Ideas & Topics

Some Bonus A-Level Computer Science Project Ideas

Basic Hospital Management System

The hospital management system is useful for managing resources and operating the hospital effectively. The hospital management infrastructure is useful for managing patient details, infrastructure management, drugs management, dispensary, etc.

The staff trusts the hospital management application to run the day-to-day functions. Thus, technology becomes of high importance.

The health management system facilities in better decision-making and revenue management. Apart from serving the patients, the hospitals have to take care of the revenue for acquiring talented doctors and providing decent health facilities. 

This is a programming and database management app designed as a centralized system for hospitals to digitize and handle huge data ( like patient details, appointments made, results of lab tests, patient diagnosis information, etc.). This is one of the best computer science project ideas that can add value to your resume.  

Developing a hospital management system is easy for beginners. A functional and effective hospital management system can be created with a basic knowledge of HTML and CSS. 

The system should be able to receive new entries, store them safely, and enable hospital staff and system administrators to access, and use the data. 

You should develop the hospital management system in a way that should assign a unique ID to each patient registered at the hospital. The system must include all necessary details of hospital staff besides patients in a local database.  

When the data increases, it becomes challenging for the staff and hospital administrator to find the required data of a particular patient or staff. So, it is important to have search functionality to make the search process across thousands of data much easier.  

While it is enough to use the local storage to run the hospital management, you can also use a cloud database. Both of them have their pros and cons. You must leverage the advantages and disadvantages to make computer science topics more challenging and interesting. Check out this Github project for reference.

Real-time Weather Forecasting app

This is a beginner-level web development & programming app that will serve best as a mini-project topic for CSE third-year students or a final-year project for those pursuing diplomas in Computer science. The main objective of the app is to create a web-based weather application that can provide real-time weather details (like current temperature and chances of rain) of a particular location. The app can also predict if the day will be rainy, cloudy, or sunny.  

Developing a weather forecasting app is the best way to put your coding skills to the test. To create a weather forecasting app, you will need a stronghold on the basics of web development, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. For providing the best backend performance, good knowledge of Node.js and express technologies is a must. 

It is important to know how to use API calls to scoop out weather information from other websites and display relevant information in your app.  

For the app’s best User Interface, you have to place an input text box in which the users can enter the location for which weather information is needed. As soon as the search button is hit, the weather forecast for the input location should pop out. Check out this Github project for reference.

It is an interesting app that involves application designing & development, multi-thread processing, socket programming, and networking.  

Such computer science topics aim at developing a chat application to facilitate instant messaging. Users can create personal accounts in the chat app from where messages can be sent to other chat app users. Check out this Github project for reference.

Wrapping up

These are some cool Computer Science project ideas that you can toy with! Once you finish with these simple computer science projects, and final year project topics for computer engineering in diploma , I suggest you go back, learn a few more concepts and then try the intermediate projects.

When you feel confident, you can then tackle advanced projects. If you wish to improve your python skills, you need to get your hands on these computer science project ideas . Working on real-world projects allows you to apply your knowledge and skills to practice. Also, if you can create a few of these Computer Science projects, you can add them to your resume – it will definitely help you to stand out among the crowd. I hope you will learn a lot while working on these computer science projects.

If you’re interested to learn more about Java, and full-stack software development, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s Executive PG Programme in Software Development – Specialisation in Full Stack Development  which is designed for working professionals and offers 500+ hours of rigorous training, 9+ projects, and assignments, IIIT-B Alumni status, practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms.

Read our Popular Articles related to Software Development

What is web architecture.

A web architecture is the structure of a website, including its underlying servers, databases, networks, routers, and protocols. It is the design of the system that makes up the World Wide Web. It is also the management of the software and servers used to run websites. Web architecture is an important part of any web presence. It dictates how a user navigates from one website to another and influences the overall experience. It should focus on providing a positive online experience, and should always be used to enhance the overall user experience, but it should not be confused with the design of the website itself.

How do data mining algorithms work?

Data mining algorithms are a set of software tools and algorithms used to extract information from large amounts of data. They are used to determine which data points are most relevant in a given dataset and are used in a variety-generation algorithm, which is used to generate new lines of data. Data mining algorithms are the steps used to find patterns and trends in large data sets. They are important tools helping organizations make more informed decisions and better serve their customers. Data mining algorithms are used in a wide range of applications, including business intelligence, marketing, and fraud detection. They are also used to understand the behavior of large sets of data, to identify relationships and patterns, and to make predictions.

Why is E-authentication required?

The need for effective e-authentication is due to the fact that users are increasingly using profile verification and sometimes password reset options to protect their accounts on online services, such as social networking sites, and to improve their online security more generally. The use of e-authentication is becoming a common way to prove identity when buying products or services. The process allows users to prove their identity using digital methods instead of traditional documents like ID cards. E-authentication is becoming more and more common, and there are a number of ways it is shaping our digital world.

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Computer Basics

Foundations course, introduction.

Needless to say, whilst learning to code, you’ll be spending most of your time on a computer. Hence, understanding how to work with your computer is crucial. In this lesson, we’ll introduce a resource which will quickly get you up to speed with some computer basics.

Lesson Overview

This section contains a general overview of topics that you will learn in this lesson.

Goodwill Community Foundation (GCF) resources are excellent to get you acquainted with the basics. They have accompanying videos and illustrations and are easy to read. The following readings should be sufficient, although you are welcome to explore more of GCF’s resources.

Knowledge Check

This section contains questions for you to check your understanding of this lesson on your own. If you’re having trouble answering a question, click it and review the material it links to.

Create a project

Create a project in project desktop.

In Project, you can:

Create project plans.

Build project teams and allocate resources.

See different views of task and resources.

Measure progress.

Manage budgets.

project on computer basics

This Quick Start is specific to Microsoft Project 2019, 2016, and the Microsoft 365 subscription Project Online Desktop Client. Project Online has some additional features that support online interaction.

For more detailed information about creating a new project, see Create a new project .

Create a project from a template

Open Project. Or select File > New if you're already working in a project plan.

Select a template or type in the Search for online templates box and then press Enter. Or, choose Blank Project to create a project from scratch.

When you select a template, select the options you want, and select Create .

Change the resources, tasks, and durations in the template so they are right for your project.

Note:  To create a new project from an existing project, change the project start and finish dates, and then save the project file with a new name or in a different location.

Screenshot of project plan templates in the Business category.

Add tasks to a project

Select View > Task Views > Gantt Chart .

Type a task name in the first empty Task Name field.

Press Enter.

Repeat steps 2 and 3 to enter the tasks you want.

If adding tasks one at a time starts to take too long, you can also:

Add multiple tasks at once .

Cut and paste a list from another program .

Import a tasks list from a SharePoint site .

Screenshot of automatically scheduled tasks entered in a new project plan.

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25 Python Projects for Beginners – Easy Ideas to Get Started Coding Python

The best way to learn a new programming language is to build projects with it.

I have created a list of 25 beginner friendly project tutorials in Python.

My advice for tutorials would be to watch the video, build the project, break it apart and rebuild it your own way. Experiment with adding new features or using different methods.

That will test if you have really learned the concepts or not.

You can click on any of the projects listed below to jump to that section of the article.

If you are not familiar with the basics of Python, then I would suggest watching this beginner freeCodeCamp Python tutorial .

Python Projects You Can Build

Code a Discord Bot with Python - Host for Free in the Cloud

Mad libs Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn how to get input from the user, work with f-strings, and see your results printed to the console.

This is a great starter project to get comfortable doing string concatenation in Python.

Guess the Number Game Python Project (computer)

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn how to work with Python's random module , build functions, work with while loops and conditionals, and get user input.

Guess the Number Game Python Project (user)

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will build a guessing game where the computer has to guess the correct number. You will work with Python's random module , build functions, work with while loops and conditionals, and get user input.

Rock, paper, scissors Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial , you will work with random.choice() , if statements, and getting user input. This is a great project to help you build on the fundamentals like conditionals and functions.

Hangman Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn how to work with dictionaries, lists, and nested if statements. You will also learn how to work with the string and random Python modules.

Countdown Timer Python Project

In this Code With Tomi tutorial , you will learn how to build a countdown timer using the time Python module. This is a great beginner project to get you used to working with while loops in Python.

Password Generator Python Project

In this Code With Tomi tutorial , you will learn how to build a random password generator. You will collect data from the user on the number of passwords and their lengths and output a collection of passwords with random characters.

This project will give you more practice working with for loops and the random Python module.

QR code encoder / decoder Python Project

In this Code With Tomi tutorial , you will learn how to create your own QR codes and encode/decode information from them. This project uses the qrcode library.

This is a great project for beginners to get comfortable working with and installing different Python modules.

Tic-Tac-Toe Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn how to build a tic-tac-toe game with various players in the command line. You will learn how to work with Python's time and math modules as well as get continual practice with nested if statements.

Tic-Tac-Toe AI Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn how to build a tic-tac-toe game where the computer never loses. This project utilizes the minimax algorithm which is a recursive algorithm used for decision making.

Binary Search Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn how to implement the divide and conquer algorithm called binary search. This is a common searching algorithm which comes up in job interviews, which is why it is important to know how to implement it in code.

Minesweeper Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will build the classic minesweeper game in the command line. This project focuses on recursion and classes.

Sudoku Solver Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn how to build a sudoku solver which utilizes the backtracking technique. Backtracking is a recursive technique that searches for every possible combination to help solve the problem.

Photo Manipulation in Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn how to create an image filter and change the contrast, brightness, and blur of images. Before starting the project, you will need to download the starter files .

Markov Chain Text Composer Python Project

In this Kylie Ying tutorial, you will learn about the Markov chain graph model and how it can be applied the relationship of song lyrics. This project is a great introduction into artificial intelligence in Python.

Pong Python Project

In this Christian Thompson tutorial , you will learn how to recreate the classic pong game in Python. You will be working with the os and turtle Python modules which are great for creating graphics for games.

Snake Python Project

In this Tech with Tim tutorial, you will learn how to recreate the classic snake game in Python. This project uses Object-oriented programming and Pygame which is a popular Python module for creating games.

Connect Four Python Project

In this Keith Galli tutorial, you will learn how to build the classic connect four game. This project utilizes the numpy , math , pygame and sys Python modules.

This project is great if you have already built some smaller beginner Python projects. But if you haven't built any Python projects, then I would highly suggest starting with one of the earlier projects on the list and working your way up to this one.

Tetris Python Project

In this Tech with Tim tutorial, you will learn how to recreate the classic Tetris game. This project utilizes Pygame and is great for beginner developers to take their skills to the next level.

Online Multiplayer Game Python Project

In this Tech with Tim tutorial, you will learn how to build an online multiplayer game where you can play with anyone around the world. This project is a great introduction to working with sockets, networking, and Pygame.

Web Scraping Program Python Project

In this Code With Tomi tutorial , you will learn how to ask for user input for a GitHub user link and output the profile image link through web scraping. Web scraping is a technique that collects data from a web page.

Bulk File Re-namer Python Project

In this Code With Tomi tutorial , you will learn how to build a program that can go into any folder on your computer and rename all of the files based on the conditions set in your Python code.

Weather Program Python Project

In this Code With Tomi tutorial , you will learn how to build a program that collects user data on a specific location and outputs the weather details of that provided location. This is a great project to start learning how to get data from API's.

In this Beau Carnes tutorial , you will learn how to build your own bot that works in Discord which is a platform where people can come together and chat online. This project will teach you how to work with the Discord API and Replit IDE.

After this video was released, Replit changed how you can store your environments variables in your program. Please read through this tutorial on how to properly store environment variables in Replit.  

Space Invaders Game Python Project

In this buildwithpython tutorial ,  you will learn how to build a space invaders game using Pygame. You will learn a lot of basics in game development like game loops, collision detection, key press events, and more.

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Basic Applications of Computers

In this article, we will learn what exactly a computer is, how it affects our lives, and the uses of computers in our life. 

What is a computer?

The term computer was taken from the Greek word compute means calculation and the computer was a person or device that did computation. A computer is a machine used to manipulate data or information and perform mathematical and logical operations. Modern computers perform a wide range of tasks, store retrieve, and process information. Using a computer we can create/modify documents, send/receive emails, browse information on the internet, and play video games. After the invention of computer science and technology became too advanced. Today we can not imagine growing our technology without computers. 

Components of the computer system:

The various components of the computer system are classified into two groups. 

1. Hardware: Hardware is the physical tangible component of the computer system. This type of component is touchable. CPU, Mouse, Keyboard are examples of hardware components. So, the hardware of the computer system are:

2. Software: Software is a collection of programs (set of instructions), data, and protocols. It is not in material form so we can not touch such types of components. The execution of software programs is performed by hardware. Firmware, operating systems, applications are examples of software. 

Features of Computer

Now we will discuss the features of the computer:

Speed: A computer is a time-saving device. It performs several calculations and tasks in few seconds that we take hours to solve. The speed of a computer is measure in terms of GigaHertz and MegaHertz. 

Accuracy: A calculation or task performed by a computer is accurate the chances of occurring errors are minimal. The errors occur in a computer by entering wrong data by a human being. A computer performs several tasks and calculations so quickly and accurately. 

Memory: A computer can store billions of records as per requirement and these records can easily accessible with full accuracy. The storing capacity of computer memory is measured in terms of Bytes, Kilobytes (KB), Megabytes (MB), Gigabyte(GB), and Terabyte(TB).

Versatility: A computer can perform more than one task at the same time, this feature is called versatility. For example, we can create our project using PowerPoint and Wordpad while listening to music or we can design a website while listening to music.

Automation: Today the world is moving toward AI (Artificial Intelligence) based technology. Once instructions are programmed, a computer can perform work automatically. This feature of the computer replaces thousands of workers by performing tasks automatically. 

Reliability: A computer is a reliable device. The output results never differ until the input is different. If an input is the same then output won’t be different. 

Diligence: A human can not work for several hours without taking a rest whereas a computer device never gets tired. A computer can perform millions of calculations constantly with full accuracy without taking a rest. 

Uses of Computer

Computers are used in every field of life, such as homes, businesses, educational institutions, research organizations, the medical field, government offices, entertainment, etc. Today we can not imagine growing our technology without computers. The various field where the computer is very essential are:

Role of Computer in Science: Today computer is the primary work tool in the field of science. It is the best-suited machine for collecting, analyzing, classifying, and storing data. It becomes the most essential medium to spread knowledge internally and internationally. It allows scientists from different locations to work together and share ideas on the same project. 

Role of Computer in Defense System: A computer performs a vital to control defense system. Computers are used to track airplanes, missiles, tanks, and different kinds of weapons. Once the radar system tracks a missile and artificial intelligence is programmed to target a missile and destroy it before it comes on the surface. It also used for GPS tracking, controlling defense vehicles, records of all members of the military. 

Role of Computer in Medical: The computer plays a very important role in medical science such as record patients’ information monitoring heart rate, oxygen level, and blood pressure. To conduct various surgeries junior doctors get the help of another professional doctor by web conferencing. Research is also spread with the help of computers in the health sector. 

Role of Computer in Education: Today learning becomes easy because of computers. Anyone employed or student can learn any stage of life with the help of a computer. Computers are very crucial for online classes, download study material on the internet. Computers are also used to track student attendance and learning strategies. Coaching and institutes increased their areas by audio-visual aids using computers. 

Role of Computer in Banking: A computer performs a crucial role in banking sectors, by storing several account holder details on a bank server. All transactions such as deposits and withdrawals perform by a computer. A banking company can easily monitor all ATMs and passbook printing machines. 

Role of Computer in Government Sectors: Government can easily monitor government sectors such as road services, railway, development, and other rising funds. The information of every citizen is stored on the server through the computer. 

Role of Computer in Entertainment: Today most people are so busy and they do not easily get time to fresh their mind. We can play various interesting video games using a computer. We can watch movies, TV shows, and reality shows on the computer. A computer is also used to create sarcastic memes and make us happy. 

Sample Problems

Question 1. What is a computer?

A computer is a machine used to manipulate data or information and perform mathematical and logical operations.

Question 2. Write three components of computer hardware?

These are the following three main components of computer hardware.  Input Device Output Device CPU (Central Processing Unit)

Question 3. Write three popular operating systems.

These are the following three popular operating systems. Microsoft Window Ubuntu Mac OS

Question 4. What is hardware?

Hardware is the physical tangible component of the computer system. This type of component is touchable. CPU, Mouse, Keyboard are examples of hardware components. 

Question 5. What is software?


Software is a collection of programs (set of instructions), data, and protocols. It is not in material form so we can not touch such types of components. 

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Master Java Programming - Complete Beginner to Advanced

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Python Programming Foundation -Self Paced

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Codemonkey Coding for Kids

Keren Hirschhorn

Computer basics for kids: a complete guide.

While it’s true that not every kid has a personal computer in their home at present, it is expected that at least 95% of households will have some form of internet access in a few years from now.

It’s not easy teaching your child how to use a computer, especially when they don’t have any prior experience with technology and are far more interested in playing games or streaming videos.

Learning basic computer skills will help children develop good study habits, communication skills, and an aptitude for problem-solving and technology use that will serve them well throughout their lives. 

This begs the question, what are the computer basics kids should have at their fingertips? Well, we’ve tailored this article to walk you through the following:

Alright, stay with me as we walk through all of this.  

What Are Computer Basics?

Computer basics are simply the cornerstone of computer literacy . Knowledge of its fundamentals and proper application can lead to more broad uses and processes for kids in the future.

This includes anything from knowing the different parts of the computer system (hardware and software) to understanding how to use these parts to attain a specific result. 

How Old Can Kids Start Using Computers?

Using tablets, computers, and smartphones around children will kindle their interest, and you may notice them toying with these devices when they are within easy reach.

However, do not misinterpret this as a serious interest in computers. Children around three and four are in the “button-pressing” period and will perceive computers as flashy, shiny toys.

So, at what age can children begin using computers?

For most kids, this is around age five. However, if your child has an older sibling who uses the computer regularly, he may be able to do so sooner.  

If you have more than one young child in your home, buying separate laptops for each of them is a good idea. That way, they won’t fight over which device they get to play on. 

If you buy a laptop and want your toddler to play on it occasionally with supervision, change the settings so that she can’t accidentally click on anything she shouldn’t see. She also should only be allowed to use the keyboard and mouse. 

As your child gets older, you can teach him how to use the mouse by tracing shapes on a piece of paper until he becomes comfortable touching it while sitting at a desk.

Teaching Kids How the Computer Works 

Instead of a tablet or phone, the ideal approach to introduce your kid to a computer is with a family laptop or, more preferably, a desktop.

Why? This restricts your child’s access and allows you to educate them on the fundamentals, like switching on or off the computer or opening and closing a computer software.

But first, make them realize that most devices they deal with regularly are computers. When children discover that even the candy machine at the nearby mall is a  computer, they will be more excited to learn about it.

They’ll understand that computers are more than just a fun display and need them to do practically anything. Children need to learn how to operate traditional computers with keyboards, which they will most likely use at school.

This will help kids learn hardware and software fundamentals and improve their typing and mouse skills in ways touchscreens cannot. You could also educate them about the history of computers, so they can easily grasp what computers are and how they have evolved.

It would help if you also taught children basic computer hygiene at this point, such as washing their hands before they use the computer, not clicking the keys so hard, and keeping food and liquids away from the computer and keyboard.

Basic Computer Skills for Kids

It’s never too late to learn the basics. It’s important that kids learn the basics, so they can easily improve on those skills in the future. Here are some skills they should know how to do:

1. Typing 

Good keyboard skills are essential to succeeding in school and beyond. Even if your kid doesn’t plan on being a computer scientist or an office worker, knowing how to type will come in handy for all sorts of projects, like writing emails and taking online quizzes. 

If your child already knows his ABCs on paper, teaching him to type them can take as little as ten minutes a day. You can teach your kid typing skills with the help of programs like Marvis Beacon or Typing Club. 

Your kid needs to know how to send and receive emails to communicate with teachers, family members, and friends. The easiest way to get started is by using Gmail at home or downloading the program Mail on a Mac or Windows machine. 

Once you’re comfortable with them sending and receiving messages, you can encourage your child to create her account, so she’ll have a place where she can store messages from people she trusts. 

To ensure her account is safe from strangers (or even sneaky classmates), teach her how to set up security questions.

3. Online Research

The World Wide Web is full of useful information and kid-friendly sites. Your child should learn how to locate these resources on her own and be able to evaluate them appropriately so she can spend more time having fun online. 

Teach your child how to use a search engine so he can look up words and topics he doesn’t understand. When she finds something good, ask her what she thinks about it before letting her read it. 

Show her how to follow links on different pages so she can see other articles that might interest her. You can also educate your child on how to use a bookmarking tool like Delicious or Diigo so she can save websites to revisit later. 

Try to monitor the content they research online, or you could use the parental control setting to ensure they are not viewing harmful content. 

There are some coding platforms for kids, like CodeMonkey, where they can learn fundamental programming tools like Python and Block-Based Coding . 

Kids who take the time to learn will develop key problem-solving skills and can eventually take this as a career. 

And because programming languages aren’t written down but instead told through combinations of text commands, kids don’t need to know how to read very well to use them. 

little girl with a laptop

Internet Safety for Kids 

Kids need to understand the risks of using technology and how easy it is for people they don’t know to contact them online. 

The first step in internet etiquette for kids is parental control. Keep an eye on what websites your child visits and ensure they’re safe. Some programs out there will let you do this with just one click. If your child does come across a website that looks like it might be inappropriate, make sure to talk about why that might be so without scaring them unnecessarily.

This is also a perfect time to educate them about spam, phishing, malware, and other strategies and tools used to steal personal information. As they spend more time on the internet, they will need to learn to prevent pitfalls.

Teaching internet safety gets more difficult with teenagers, who usually have their own devices and crave more privacy. You’ve hopefully set a firm foundation for safety with these kids, but keep an eye out for signals of trouble.

If your kid spends the entire night online, receives messages from strangers or unwanted gifts, refuses to talk to you about it, or switches off their computer when you enter the room, it’s time to examine their messages, search history, and limit their internet access.

Parents can adopt a variety of techniques to accomplish this. Some of them are discussing with their children their online activity.

Consider periodically co-creating with them. Keep track of your child’s favorite websites and apps. Discover how they work and what they expect from you. Let them know that their interests stimulate your attention.

Tips When Teaching Kids Computer Basics

When teaching kids computer basics, it is important to have a safe environment and help them navigate the different parts of a computer. This will allow them to explore independently once they have been taught the basics. Here are some tips for teaching kids computer basics. 

One important thing when teaching kids about computers is encouraging communication. Let them ask questions and be patient as they learn how everything works. Getting used to typing or coding and other new skills can take time. Help them out when needed, but let them do some things alone.

Teaching kids computer basics may have some rather high-priced requirements for younger children. If your kid has difficulty comprehending and applying some concepts, yelling or expressing frustration will not help. It is best to be polite and patient when teaching children.

If you are trying to teach kids basic computer skills such as coding, typing, or browsing the internet, you can use some apps tailored for kids to make the learning experience more fun.


In a nutshell, teaching your kids basic computer skills will give them a solid foundation if they decide to hone those skill sets in the future. 

There are a lot of tools and resources like CodeMonkey , and Mavis Beacon that teach these skills in a more friendly interface that grabs their attention.  

And there is no right age to start this journey – children as young as four can be taught simple steps like using the mouse and keyboard. 

Just be patient with your kid and encourage them. You’ll see them improving in the long haul.

Try CodeMonkey at home or at school!

for your school / district

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Basics of Computers Tutorial

Basics of Computers - Introduction

Being a modern-day kid you must have used, seen, or read about computers. This is because they are an integral part of our everyday existence. Be it school, banks, shops, railway stations, hospital or your own home, computers are present everywhere, making our work easier and faster for us. As they are such integral parts of our lives, we must know what they are and how they function. Let us start with defining the term computer formally.

The literal meaning of computer is a device that can calculate. However, modern computers can do a lot more than calculate. Computer is an electronic device that receives input, stores or processes the input as per user instructions and provides output in desired format.

Input-Process-Output Model

Computer input is called data and the output obtained after processing it, based on user’s instructions is called information . Raw facts and figures which can be processed using arithmetic and logical operations to obtain information are called data .


The processes that can be applied to data are of two types −

Arithmetic operations − Examples include calculations like addition, subtraction, differentials, square root, etc.

The corresponding figure for an actual computer looks something like this −

Block Diagram

The basic parts of a computer are as follows −

Input Unit − Devices like keyboard and mouse that are used to input data and instructions to the computer are called input unit.

Output Unit − Devices like printer and visual display unit that are used to provide information to the user in desired format are called output unit.

Control Unit − As the name suggests, this unit controls all the functions of the computer. All devices or parts of computer interact through the control unit.

Arithmetic Logic Unit − This is the brain of the computer where all arithmetic operations and logical operations take place.

Memory − All input data, instructions and data interim to the processes are stored in the memory. Memory is of two types – primary memory and secondary memory . Primary memory resides within the CPU whereas secondary memory is external to it.

Control unit, arithmetic logic unit and memory are together called the central processing unit or CPU . Computer devices like keyboard, mouse, printer, etc. that we can see and touch are the hardware components of a computer. The set of instructions or programs that make the computer function using these hardware parts are called software . We cannot see or touch software. Both hardware and software are necessary for working of a computer.

Characteristics of Computer

To understand why computers are such an important part of our lives, let us look at some of its characteristics −

Speed − Typically, a computer can carry out 3-4 million instructions per second.

Accuracy − Computers exhibit a very high degree of accuracy. Errors that may occur are usually due to inaccurate data, wrong instructions or bug in chips – all human errors.

Reliability − Computers can carry out same type of work repeatedly without throwing up errors due to tiredness or boredom, which are very common among humans.

Versatility − Computers can carry out a wide range of work from data entry and ticket booking to complex mathematical calculations and continuous astronomical observations. If you can input the necessary data with correct instructions, computer will do the processing.

Storage Capacity − Computers can store a very large amount of data at a fraction of cost of traditional storage of files. Also, data is safe from normal wear and tear associated with paper.

Advantages of Using Computer

Now that we know the characteristics of computers, we can see the advantages that computers offer−

Computers can do the same task repetitively with same accuracy.

Computers do not get tired or bored.

Computers can take up routine tasks while releasing human resource for more intelligent functions.

Disadvantages of Using Computer

Despite so many advantages, computers have some disadvantages of their own −

Computers have no intelligence; they follow the instructions blindly without considering the outcome.

Regular electric supply is necessary to make computers work, which could prove difficult everywhere especially in developing nations.

Starting a computer or a computer-embedded device is called booting . Booting takes place in two steps −

The first program or set of instructions that run when the computer is switched on is called BIOS or Basic Input Output System . BIOS is a firmware , i.e. a piece of software permanently programmed into the hardware.

If a system is already running but needs to be restarted, it is called rebooting . Rebooting may be required if a software or hardware has been installed or system is unusually slow.

There are two types of booting −

Cold Booting − When the system is started by switching on the power supply it is called cold booting. The next step in cold booting is loading of BIOS.

Warm Booting − When the system is already running and needs to be restarted or rebooted, it is called warm booting. Warm booting is faster than cold booting because BIOS is not reloaded.

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15 Computer Visions Projects You Can Do Right Now

Computer vision deals with how computers extract meaningful information from images or videos. It has a wide range of applications, including reverse engineering, security inspections, image editing and processing, computer animation, autonomous navigation, and robotics. 

In this article, we’re going to explore 15 great OpenCV projects, from beginner-level to expert-level . For each project, you’ll see the essential guides, source codes, and datasets, so you can get straight to work on them if you want.

Top Tools to Run a Computer Vision Project

What is Computer Vision?

Computer vision is about helping machines interpret images and videos. It’s the science of interacting with an object through a digital medium and using sensors to analyze and understand what it sees. It’s a broad discipline that’s useful for machine translation, pattern recognition, robotic positioning, 3D reconstruction, driverless cars, and much more.

The field of computer vision keeps evolving and becoming more impactful thanks to constant technological innovations. As time goes by, it will offer increasingly powerful tools for researchers, businesses, and eventually consumers.

Computer Vision today

Computer vision has become a relatively standard technology in recent years due to the advancement of AI. Many companies use it for product development, sales operations, marketing campaigns, access control, security, and more. 

Computer vision today

Computer vision has plenty of applications in healthcare (including pathology), industrial automation, military use, cybersecurity, automotive engineering, drone navigation—the list goes on.

How does Computer Vision work?

Machine learning finds patterns by learning from its mistakes. The training data makes a model, which guesses and predicts things. Real-world images are broken down into simple patterns. The computer recognizes patterns in images using a neural network built with many layers.  

The first layer takes pixel value and tries to identify the edges . The next few layers will try to detect simple shapes with the help of edges . In the end, all of it is put together to understand the image.

Computer vision how it works

It can take thousands, sometimes millions of images, to train a computer vision application. Sometimes even that’s not enough—some facial recognition applications can’t detect people of different skin colors because they’re trained on white people. Sometimes the application might not be able to find the difference between a dog and a bagel. Ultimately, the algorithm will only ever be as good as the data that was used for training it. 

OK, enough introduction! Let’s get into the projects.

Computer Vision projects for all experience levels

Beginner level computer vision projects .

If you’re new or learning computer vision, these projects will help you learn a lot.

1. Edge & Contour Detection 

If you’re new to computer vision, this project is a great start. CV applications detect edges first and then collect other information. There are many edge detection algorithms, and the most popular is the Canny edge detector because it’s pretty effective compared to others. It’s also a complex edge-detection technique. Below are the steps for Canny edge detection:

project on computer basics

Code for Canny edge detection:

Contours are lines joining all the continuous objects or points (along the boundary), having the same color or intensity. For example, it detects the shape of a leaf based on its parameters or border. Contours are an important tool for shape and object detection. The contours of an object are the boundary lines that make up the shape of an object as it is. Contours are also called outline, edges, or structure, for a very good reason: they’re a way to mark changes in depth.

Contour detection - computer vision

Code to find contours:

Recommended reading & source code: 

2. Colour Detection & Invisibility Cloak

This project is about detecting color in images. You can use it to edit and recognize colors from images or videos. The most popular project that uses the color detection technique is the invisibility cloak. In movies, invisibility works by doing tasks on a green screen, but here we’ll be doing it by removing the foreground layer. The invisibility cloak process is this:

It works on HSV (Hue Saturation Value). HSV is one of the three ways that Lightroom lets us change color ranges in photographs. It’s particularly useful for introducing or removing certain colors from an image or scene, such as changing night-time shots to day-time shots (or vice versa). It’s the color portion, identified from 0 to 360. Reducing this component toward zero introduces more grey and produces a faded effect. 

Value (brightness) works in conjunction with saturation. It describes the brightness or intensity of the color, from 0–100%. So 0 is completely black, and 100 is the brightest and reveals the most color.

3. Text Recognition using OpenCV and Tesseract (OCR)

Here, you use OpenCV and OCR (Optical Character Recognition) on your image to identify each letter and convert them into text. It’s perfect for anyone looking to take information from an image or video and turn it into text-based data. Many apps use OCR, like Google Lens, PDF Scanner, and more.

Ways to detect text from images:

Text recognition - computer vision

Text Classification: All Tips and Tricks from 5 Kaggle Competitions

Text Detection using OpenCV

Sample code after processing the image and contour detection:

Text Detection with Tesseract

It’s an open-source application that can recognize text in 100+ languages, and it’s backed by Google. You can also train this application to recognize many other languages. 

Code to detect text using tesseract: 

Recommended reading & datasets: 

4. Face Recognition with Python and OpenCV

It’s been just over a decade since the American television show CSI: Crime Scene Investigation first aired. During that time, facial recognition software has become increasingly sophisticated. Present-day software isn’t limited by superficial features like skin or hair color—instead, it identifies faces based on facial features that are more stable through changes in appearance, like eye shape and distance between eyes. This type of facial recognition is called “template matching”. You can use OpenCV, Deep learning, or a custom database to create facial recognition systems/applications. 

Process of detecting a face from an image:

Face recognition - computer vision

How to Choose a Loss Function for Face Recognition Create a Face Recognition Application Using Swift, Core ML, and TuriCreate

Below is the full code for recognizing faces from images:

Code to recognize faces from webcam or live camera:

5. Object Detection

Object detection is the automatic inference of what an object is in a given image or video frame. It’s used in self-driving cars, tracking, face detection, pose detection, and a lot more. There are 3 major types of object detection – using OpenCV, a machine learning-based approach, and a deep learning-based approach.

Object detection - computer vision

May interest you

Below is the full code to detect objects:

Intermediate level Computer Vision projects 

We’re taking things to the next level with a few intermediate-level projects. These projects will probably be more fun than beginner projects, but also more challenging.

6. Hand Gesture Recognition

In this project, you need to detect hand gestures. After detecting the gesture, we’ll assign commands to them. You can even play games with multiple commands using hand gesture recognition.

How gesture recognition works:

Full code to play the dino game with hand gestures: 

7. Human Pose Detection

Many applications use human pose detection to see how a player plays in a specific game (for example – baseball). The ultimate goal is to locate landmarks in the body .  Human pose detection is used in many real-life videos and image-based applications, including physical exercise, sign language detection, dance, yoga, and much more. 

Pose detection - computer vision

Pose detection 2 - computer vision

8. Road Lane Detection in Autonomous Vehicles

If you want to get into self-driving cars, this project will be a good start. You’ll detect lanes, edges of the road, and a lot more. Lane detection works like this:

Road detection - computer vision

9. Pathology Classification

Computer vision is emerging in healthcare. The amount of data that pathologists analyze in a day can be too much to handle. Luckily, deep learning algorithms can identify patterns in large amounts of data that humans wouldn’t notice otherwise. As more images are entered and categorized into groups, the accuracy of these algorithms becomes better and better over time.

It can detect various diseases in plants, animals, and humans. For this application, the goal is to get datasets from Kaggle OCT and classify data into different sections. The dataset has around 85000 images. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging medical technology for performing high-resolution cross-sectional imaging. Optical coherence tomography uses light waves to look inside a living human body. It can be used to evaluate thinning skin, broken blood vessels, heart diseases, and many other medical problems.

Over time, it’s gained the trust of doctors around the globe as a quick and effective way of diagnosing more quality patients than traditional methods. It can also be used to examine tattoo pigments or assess different layers of a skin graft that’s placed on a burn patient.

Pathology classification - computer vision

Code for Gradcam library used for classification:

10. Fashion MNIST for Image Classification

One of the most used MNIST datasets was a database of handwritten images, which contains around 60,000 train and 10,000 test images of handwritten digits from 0 to 9. Inspired by this, they created Fashion MNIST, which classifies clothes. As a result of the large database and all the resources provided by MNIST, you get a high accuracy range from 96-99%.

This is a complex dataset containing 60,000 training images of clothes (35 categories) from online shops like ASOS or H&M. These images are divided into two subsets, one with clothes similar to the fashion industry, and the other with clothes belonging to the general public. The dataset contains 1.2 million samples (clothes and prices) for each category.

Fashion mnist - computer vision

Advanced level Computer Vision projects 

Once you’re an expert in computer vision, you can develop projects from your own ideas. Below are a few advanced-level fun projects you can work with if you have enough skills and knowledge. 

11. Image Deblurring using Generative Adversarial Networks

Image deblurring is an interesting technology with plenty of applications. Here, a generative adversarial network (GAN) automatically trains a generative model, like Image DeBlur’s AI algorithm. Before looking into this project, let’s understand what GANs are and how they work.

Understanding GAN Loss Functions 6 GAN Architectures You Really Should Know

Generative Adversarial Networks is a new deep-learning approach that has shown unprecedented success in various computer vision tasks, such as image super-resolution. However, it remains an open problem how best to train these networks. A Generative Adversarial Network can be thought of as two networks competing with one another; just like humans compete against each other on game shows like Jeopardy or Survivor. Both parties have tasks and need to come up with strategies based on their opponent’s appearance or moves throughout the game, while also trying not to be eliminated first. There are 3 major steps involved in training for deblurring:

12. Image Transformation 

With this project, you can transform any image into different forms. For example, you can change a real image into a graphical one. This is kind of a creative and fun project to do. When we use the standard GAN method, it becomes difficult to transform the images, but for this project, most people use Cycle GAN. 

What Image Processing Techniques Are Actually Used in the ML Industry?

The idea is that you train two competing neural networks against each other. One network creates new data samples, called the “generator,” while the other network judges whether it’s real or fake. The generator alters its parameters to try to fool the judge by producing more realistic samples. In this way, both networks improve with time and continue to improve indefinitely – this makes GANs an ongoing project rather than a one-off assignment. This is a different type of GAN, it’s an extension of GAN architecture. What Cycle Gan does is create a cycle of generating the input. Let’s say you’re using Google Translate, you translate English to German, you open a new tab, copy the german output and translate German to English—the goal here is to get the original input you had. Below is an example of how transforming images to artwork works.

Image transformation - computer vision

13. Automatic Colorization of Photos using Deep Neural Networks

When it comes to coloring black and white images, machines have never been able to do an adequate job. They can’t understand the boundary between grey and white, leading to a range of monochromatic hues that seem unrealistic. To overcome this issue, scientists from UC Berkeley, along with colleagues at Microsoft Research, developed a new algorithm that automatically colorizes photographs by using deep neural networks.

Deep neural networks are a very promising technique for image classification because they can learn the composition of an image by looking at many pictures. Densely connected convolutional neural networks (CNN) have been used to classify images in this study. CNN’s are trained with large amounts of labeled data, and output a score corresponding to the associated class label for any input image. They can be thought of as feature detectors that are applied to the original input image.

Colourization is the process of adding color to a black and white photo. It can be accomplished by hand, but it’s a tedious process that takes hours or days, depending on the level of detail in the photo. Recently, there’s been an explosion in deep neural networks for image recognition tasks such as facial recognition and text detection. In simple terms, it’s the process of adding colors to grayscale images or videos. However, with the rapid advance of deep learning in recent years, a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) can colorize black and white images by predicting what the colors should be on a per-pixel basis. This project helps to colorize old photos. As you can see in the image below, it can even properly predict the color of coca-cola, because of the large number of datasets.

Automatic colorization - computer vision

Recommended reading & guide: 

14. Vehicle Counting and Classification

Nowadays, many places are equipped with surveillance systems that combine AI with cameras, from government organizations to private facilities. These AI-based cameras help in many ways, and one of the main features is to count the number of vehicles. It can be used to count the number of vehicles passing by or entering any particular place. This project can be used in many areas like crowd counting, traffic management, vehicle number plate, sports, and many more.  The process is simple:

And finally, vehicle counting:

15. Vehicle license plate scanners

A vehicle license plate scanner in computer vision is a type of computer vision application that can be used to identify plates and read their numbers. This technology is used for a variety of purposes, including law enforcement, identifying stolen vehicles, and tracking down fugitives.

A more sophisticated vehicle license plate scanner in computer vision can scan, read and identify hundreds, even thousands of cars per minute with 99% accuracy from distances up to half a mile away in heavy traffic conditions on highways and city streets. This project is very useful in many cases. 

The goal is to first detect the license plate and then scan the numbers and text written on it. It’s also referred to as an automatic number plate detection system. The process is simple:

Plate scanner - computer vision


And that’s it! Hope you liked the computer vision projects. As a cherry on top, I’ll leave you with several extra projects that you might also be interested in.

Extra projects 

Additional research and recommended reading

Harshil Patel

Building ml platform in retail and ecommerce, how to build etl data pipeline in ml, how to save trained model in python, how to build an end-to-end ml pipeline, contact with us.

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project on computer basics

10 Best Computer Science Projects To Hone Your Skills

Computer science is that branch of science, which deals with the study, development, and maintenance of computers and computer systems. It is also a diverse field that is the superset of data science, information technology, networking, programming, web development, and a galore of other full-fledged research and interest areas.

The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has disrupted the traditional way of pursuing education. As such, more and more people prefer to enroll online for distant and virtual modes of learning; if you’re also looking for a suitable computer science degree that you can complete without going out, check out these best online computer science degree programs .

Learning computer science demands developing and building a lot of skills. What could be better than a project to learn - and/or assess your ability that you’ve developed up until now in - computer science! Now, where to get the best computer science projects? Right here! But wait?

Still thinking, “why I need a computer science project to learn/assess my ability in the same?” Let’s answer that first:

Students often tumble over the question of what benefit they will get by working and developing projects in computer science, data science, or programming.

Also, if they are also, somehow, bothered thinking why they should give their best when working on computer science projects, then don’t worry because we are going to make things clear.

Most computer science courses' curriculum focuses on developing various skills, namely web development, programming, data analysis, content management, and more, but the implementation of these skills is something that students have to take care of themselves.

By working on a computer science project, candidates can also carve an opportunity for themselves to implement and test what they have learned. They can develop multiple computer science projects during the process and add them later to their portfolio, which will eventually help them land a good job, or, maybe, champion a college major or some specialization.

So, if anyone wants their future as an IT professional to be bright, they must work on one, or more, of the most popular computer science projects listed here. Much said already! Without wasting - any more - time, let’s get started with our pick of the top 10 computer science projects.

1. Real-Time Weather Forecasting App

Type - Application Development, Programming, Web development Expected Time to Complete - 1 to 3 days Level - Beginner


Project Overview

If you do not have any prior experience working on computer science projects, it’s better to get going with a project idea that is simple and effective.

The development of a weather application, which provides weather data for a particular location, would be a great way to test your coding skills.

To develop a weather application, all you need is the basic knowledge of the trifecta of web development, i.e., HTML, CSS, and Javascript. For creating a proper back-end of the app server in JavaScript, you will have to get familiar with Node.js and Express technologies.

It would be best to learn how to use API calls to get weather data from another website (like weatherstack.com) and display selective data right inside your webapp.

For the weather application’s UI, you need to conjure an input text box where users can enter the name of a location for which they wish to check the weather. As soon as the user hits the search button - most likely to be adjacent to the text box, but you are free to get creative as per your liking - the weather forecast for the entered location should be displayed.

Reference Free Projects @GitHub:

2. Basic Hospital Management System

Type - Application Development, Database Management, Programming Expected Time to Complete - 2 to 4 days Level - Beginner

Developing a basic hospital management system is quite easy, even if you are a beginner. You can develop a functional hospital management system leveraging basic forms of HTML and CSS.

The developed system should get new data entries, store them, and let hospital officials and/or a system administrator(s) access and view data.

You need to design the hospital management system, so it automatically assigns a unique ID to each patient registered at the said hospital. Other than the patients, the system should also store information about the staff members, all in a local database.

When the database grows, it might become difficult for the hospital staff or the system administrator to find data related to a particular patient or staff member. So, it’ll be a good idea to add search functionality to make it easier to find specific details across hundreds - or even thousands - of stored records.

While you can use the local storage of the machine that runs the hospital management system, it is also possible to use a cloud database. Both have their distinct advantages over one another. You must figure them out on your own to make the project more challenging.

P.S. - Want more computer science projects focusing on HTML? Try these best HTML projects .

Related Course

Computer Science 101: Master the Theory Behind Programming

3. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) System

Type - Algorithm Design, Image Processing, Optical Recognition, Programming, System Development Expected Time to Complete - 4 to 6 days Level - Intermediate

To accomplish this project, you need to work with an algorithm that makes image recognition possible. This algorithm will enable the processing of images and search for characters in them.

Before working on the OCR system development, you must get a clear idea of how optical recognition technology works. Make sure that you build a good understanding of all the underlying concepts beforehand.

The two most popular technologies to develop a character recognition system are Python and MATLAB. It is advisable to select that particular technology which you want to use more frequently in the future.

While planning the project development work, you may need to set some accuracy level for your OCR system to achieve at the end of the project. Remember, the more accurate your OCR system in processing and identifying the characters in an image, the better.

4. News Feed Application

Type - Application Designing, Application Development, Programming Expected Time to Complete - 3 to 6 days Level - Intermediate

Building a news feed application is a great way to boost your app development skills as a computer science student. You can either create a web-based news feed application that runs inside browsers or a dedicated mobile app for smartphone users or both; the choice is completely yours.

The biggest challenge you need to tackle while developing the news app is ensuring that the app loads in the minimal time while delivering robust performance. The app should be capable of handling multiple requests from different users at the same time without crashing.

To get the latest and trending news, you can use free news APIs offered by various providers, like Bloomberg , Guardian, and Financial Times. Just keep in mind that the freely-available news APIs offer a limited number of API calls on a daily or monthly basis.

You need to create the front-end and the back-end of the app and thus require both front-end and back-end development technologies. The app can be easily created using any popular programming language, like JavaScript, Python, Java, etc.

5. Library Management System

Type - Database Management, Database Manipulation, Programming, System Design, System Development Expected Time to Complete - 4 to 7 days Level - Intermediate

Developing a library management system will help you become well-versed in database management and data manipulation. The library management system intends to bring automation and eliminate traditional paperwork.

To work on this project, you need to step-up your knowledge about database management (SQL and/or NoSQL database), UI design, and back-end logic development.

The library management system should allow students to create personal accounts that they can use to view the list of available books and initiate requests for issuing the same. Also, the system needs to have separate administrator access for library officials to update the availability of books, review book issue requests, and maintain a list of defaulters.

Additionally, it can also track the fine levied on unreturned or overdue books. It is also possible to add some more advanced features to the library management system, such as issuing ebooks and sending automated SMS notifications to students regarding the due dates for returning the books.

6. Virtual Private Network

Type - Application Development, Data Security, Networking, Programming Expected Time to Complete - 5 to 8 days Level - Intermediate

If you are interested in computer networks and the internet, creating a virtual private network (VPN) system would be something that is going to help you boost your knowledge and skills in this particular niche of computer science.

The VPN system proposed in this project will let users add a secure extension to their public networks. But first, you should know that there are two different approaches for creating a VPN, namely  IPSec (Internet Protocol Security) and SSL (Secure Socket Layer). Although both are good options, SSL is the better choice for developing a VPN.

The project will help you get familiar with various principles and technologies associated with computer networks such as authentication, public-key infrastructure (PKI), et cetera.

7. e-Authentication System

Type - Authentication, Information Security, Programming, System Development Expected Time to Complete - 4 to 7 days Level - Intermediate

For any website or application where users can create and log in to their accounts, it is essential to rule out the possibility of unauthorized access. To accomplish the same, you can develop an e-Authentication system that uses QR code and OTP to ensure secure user login.

Once a user registers or creates an account on a website/app using a set of credentials, usually the email and password, the e-Authentication System will be put into work when the same user will log into their account.

After entering the email id and password for logging in, the user will then be asked to authenticate themselves using either a QR code or an OTP.

If the user selects and proceeds with the QR authentication method, a random QR code will be generated by the e-Authentication system and sent to the user’s registered email id. On the other hand, while opting for the OTP authentication method, the user will receive an OTP code on the registered email or phone number.

The user will only be logged into their account if they complete the authentication process initiated by the e-Authentication system.

8. Real-Time Web Search Engine

Type - AI, Machine Learning, Programming, Web Annotation Expected Time to Complete - 6 to 10 days Level - Master/Expert

If you have prior experience working on smaller or entry-level computer science projects and want to move a step further, then working on developing a web search engine is a good idea.

For crafting a search engine, you need to use web annotation to allow your search engine to access web pages and other online resources. Like a typical search engine, you need to provide a text box in which users can type their queries and hit the search button or hit enter to get relevant results.

The results displayed by the search engine needs to be arranged in the form of a list. Also, you can limit the number of search items displayed on a page to 10 or 15. This way, the search engine needs to have multiple search result pages.

For search suggestions and ensuring that the most relevant results are displayed, you can use AI and machine learning. However, incorporating such advanced technologies in your search engine will make the project more complex, more time-consuming, but yes, more fascinating too.

9. Task Management Application

Type - Application Design, Application Development, Authentication, Database Management, Programming Expected Time to Complete - 5 to 9 days Level - Master/Expert

This is yet another project that will test your technical knowledge and coding skills to a greater extent. The task app needs to have an intuitive interface that will make it easier for users to interact with the app and manage their tasks.

The task app must allow users to create distinct accounts and start managing their everyday tasks effectively. A user's data should only be accessible to him/her, and an authentication system needs to be in place to safeguard the account from unauthorized access or accidental login.

As for the app, the user should add individual tasks or organize multiple tasks under a single task list. Also, the user should have the flexibility to create multiple task lists and manage several tasks altogether. Once completed, users can mark a task as completed.

For successfully developing the task, you need to have the knowledge and prior experience of working with full-stack development technologies such as MEAN stack (JavaScript) and LAMP stack.

10. Chat App

Type - Application Development, Application Designing, Multi-thread Processing, Networking, Socket Programming Expected Time to Complete - 5 to 10 days Level - Master/Expert

The project is about developing a chat application using Python. Users can sign up to create their accounts and send instant text messages. The project largely focuses on utilizing concepts of socket programming and multi-thread processing.

The project is a little tricky to work with. You need to understand how sockets work and understand various principles related to computer networks.

You need to set up a server to handle user requests to connect and exchange messages in real-time. The chat app functionality can be extended by allowing users to exchange files along with normal text messages.

That wraps up our list of the best 10 computer science projects. Working on these projects will allow you to successfully prepare yourself for embarking on a professional journey in the lucrative field of computer science and IT or, at the very least, to assess your abilities in the same.

What’s important is that you gain something from these, which you will definitely, if you work on these computer science projects with pure dedication. If that’s done, then that fulfills the purpose of this write-up. Best of wishes! Stay safe, keep learning, and keep growing.

Computer science is a complex, interdisciplinary field of study. In addition to programming, web development, networking, et cetera, computer science succeeding also requires good mathematical abilities. Try these best computer science mathematics tutorials to enhance the same.

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project on computer basics

A Computer Science graduate interested in mixing up imagination and knowledge into enticing words. Been in the big bad world of content writing since 2014. In his free time, Akhil likes to play cards, do guitar jam, and write weird fiction.

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