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How to Write a Research Paper
Writing a research paper is a bit more difficult that a standard high school essay. You need to site sources, use academic data and show scientific examples. Before beginning, you’ll need guidelines for how to write a research paper.
Start the Research Process
Before you begin writing the research paper, you must do your research. It is important that you understand the subject matter, formulate the ideas of your paper, create your thesis statement and learn how to speak about your given topic in an authoritative manner. You’ll be looking through online databases, encyclopedias, almanacs, periodicals, books, newspapers, government publications, reports, guides and scholarly resources. Take notes as you discover new information about your given topic. Also keep track of the references you use so you can build your bibliography later and cite your resources.
Develop Your Thesis Statement
When organizing your research paper, the thesis statement is where you explain to your readers what they can expect, present your claims, answer any questions that you were asked or explain your interpretation of the subject matter you’re researching. Therefore, the thesis statement must be strong and easy to understand. Your thesis statement must also be precise. It should answer the question you were assigned, and there should be an opportunity for your position to be opposed or disputed. The body of your manuscript should support your thesis, and it should be more than a generic fact.
Create an Outline
Many professors require outlines during the research paper writing process. You’ll find that they want outlines set up with a title page, abstract, introduction, research paper body and reference section. The title page is typically made up of the student’s name, the name of the college, the name of the class and the date of the paper. The abstract is a summary of the paper. An introduction typically consists of one or two pages and comments on the subject matter of the research paper. In the body of the research paper, you’ll be breaking it down into materials and methods, results and discussions. Your references are in your bibliography. Use a research paper example to help you with your outline if necessary.
Organize Your Notes
When writing your first draft, you’re going to have to work on organizing your notes first. During this process, you’ll be deciding which references you’ll be putting in your bibliography and which will work best as in-text citations. You’ll be working on this more as you develop your working drafts and look at more white paper examples to help guide you through the process.
Write Your Final Draft
After you’ve written a first and second draft and received corrections from your professor, it’s time to write your final copy. By now, you should have seen an example of a research paper layout and know how to put your paper together. You’ll have your title page, abstract, introduction, thesis statement, in-text citations, footnotes and bibliography complete. Be sure to check with your professor to ensure if you’re writing in APA style, or if you’re using another style guide.
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7 Steps in Writing a Research Paper: Enjoy Your Student Life
Are you staring at the blank page on your screen and have no idea how to approach your challenging research paper? Research papers are complex and time-consuming assignments and what is really important they make up a large part of student’s grade in all classes. It’s not a secret that academic writing is hard but written communication skills are essential for your success in college, graduate school, and in your future career. That’s why you should work hard to master the art of paper writing.
If you are not sure where to start, read this article with the top 7 steps in writing a research paper to learn about effective strategies that make this process as painless as possible.
How to Write an APA Research Paper
We’ll break down the writing process into easy steps to help you understand how to write a research paper fast no matter how long it must be.
Step 1. Choose a Topic
Sometimes college students are assigned with their research paper topics , but if you are fortunate enough to have such an option, the first step to writing a research paper is to choose your topic wisely. First of all, think about choosing a challenging topic you are interested in. Then, you won’t be bored when doing the research because you are sure to discover something new and you’ll enjoy the writing process. Don’t select subjects that are too technical or general.
If your topic is too broad, your research paper is unlikely to be successful because it will look like a general overview. You should narrow your topic down to a certain aspect, concept or idea and make it specific and manageable. For example, if your topic is “ Global Warming ”, you should narrow it to “ Causes of Global Warming ”, “Impact of Global Warming on Human Health” or something like that.
Step 2. Write a Working Thesis Statement
When writing a research paper, p repare a working thesis before you actually organize your research because it will guide your investigation and will help you stay focused on your subject. Your thesis statement should be concise and reflect the type of paper you are writing. All research papers can be divided into 3 categories:
- argumentative or persuasive if you are arguing the conclusion;
- expository when you explain information;
- analytical when you present your analysis of certain information.
You have to devote enough of your precious time to creating a good strong thesis statement so that your project has a clear purpose. Your thesis should be debatable and narrow because your claims should be supported by evidence. If your claim is broad, you will need more evidence to convince your readers that you are right. Here is an example of a debatable thesis statement to use for a research writing :
Climate change is the most pressing challenge facing the world today.
Step 3. Do Research on Your Topic
You should find enough secondary and primary credible sources on the subject of your paper, carefully read all of them, and find relevant evidence to support your thesis. It is recommended to approach a reputed research paper writing service and ask experts to provide a list of trusted resources. At this stage, you should evaluate your sources, take notes, and start documenting your sources according to a citation style specified by your instructor (APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, etc.)
Make sure you use the latest edition of a specific style guide. You will use your notes about references later when writing your paper and building your bibliography. It’s crucial to cite all sources that you used for quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing to avoid plagiarism.
Step 4. Make a Good Outline
Your research has given you tons of great ideas. Now you have to organize them for your impressive presentation. Don’t skip this vital step because without it, your project will lack focus and you will need more time for revising your draft trying to make sense of your jumbled thoughts. That’s why you need an outline. You have to finalize your thesis and create a working outline that you plan to cover and that will serve you as a roadmap and keep you focused.
Think about key points that you’ll need to develop to support your thesis statement. You can use them as subheadings for the body of your paper. Look through your notes and organize the information under each sub-heading. Make sure you include only relevant information that fits under your sub-headings and directly supports your thesis.
You should resist the temptation to include any information that doesn’t fit into your outline no matter how interesting it is. We’d strongly recommend approaching online writing experts for research paper writing help to see what info should be included in a research project.
When writing an outline, you should keep in mind a typical research paper structure that commonly includes:
- a title page;
- an abstract;
- an introduction;
- a methodology section;
But if your research paper is not long, its format may include an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. In any case, you should follow specific guidelines provided by your instructor.
Step 5. Create the First Draft
This is the middle of the process. You have a clear direction and it’s time to create the first draft with a title, in-text citations, and a reference page.
The title is very important if you want to make a good impression on your readers because it’s the first thing that they see. It forms their view on what exactly they should expect in your paper. You should list the keywords that present the topic of your paper, methods you used, and results that you achieved. Now create a sentence that includes all the keywords that you have listed and delete the unnecessary words. After that, you need to link the remaining ones. Finally, you have to delete non-essential info and organize the remaining words in the logical order. You can also include the subtitle. Make sure that your title is concise.
Afterwards, you need to write an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. These are the main parts of your paper so let us provide you with some details on how to do it right.
How to Write an Introduction for a Research Paper
Start writing an intro. The introductory paragraph should begin with an attention grabber that may be:
★ a provocative question;
★ an anecdote;
★ unusual facts, etc.
You are writing an academic paper but that doesn’t mean you have to be boring. Next, you need to provide the background information, explain your goals, and how you plan to approach your research paper topic. You should finish your introduction with your thesis statement or research question. This section of your paper is not long so you are sure to finish it fast.
How to Write Body Paragraphs
Your outline will help you to complete this part of your paper. But you shouldn’t think that you must strictly follow it. It may evolve and you are free to revise it and make changes. The key thing is to stay on your track and focus on your thesis. You should provide your points and support your main idea.
Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence and provide arguments and relevant evidence to support it. You should write as many body paragraphs as you have the key points.
How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper
How to make conclusion in research project? Most research papers end with restarting their thesis statements. You can also do it but you shouldn’t repeat it word for word. Paraphrase it or summarize the key points of your paper. You may emphasize the significance of your findings as well. A good idea is to provide some recommendations based on the results of your investigation or suggest some directions for further research.
Your rough draft is ready. Wondering what to do next? Go on reading to find some tips on how to revise your research paper.
How to Make Your Paper Perfect
No one can write their first draft perfectly. So, if you want to make a good impression on your professor and earn a high grade, you should revise your draft to make sure that your project is on point. Be ready that you may need to revise your project more than once because it is really worth doing.
Step 6. Revise, Edit and Proofread
You have to make large-scale changes and check the logic, flow, transitions, make changes in the structure and order of your paragraphs. You should make sure that all your ideas are fully developed and all the claims are supported by credible evidence. You may need to add some section headings.
The next stage is editing. You have to check and eliminate filler words and phrases, improve word choice, and correct mistakes in punctuation and grammar if you find any. You should look for:
- incomplete sentences;
- dangling modifiers;
- easily confused words (such as to, too, and two);
- spelling mistakes;
- apostrophes for possessives and plurals;
- quotation rules obeyed;
- eliminate contractions.
You will need to re-read your paper several times. A good strategy is to read your paper backwards. In this way, you will feel a little disoriented and will be able to catch more mistakes. You should start reading the last sentence, then check the second to the last one and continue doing it until you get to your first sentence.
You should ask your friends or family members to review your research paper and express their opinion about it. They should evaluate your argument, transitions, and the balance and look for any inconsistencies with usage, grammar or mechanics. Ask your friends to provide their feedback and make suggested changes if you think they make sense. Finally, you may print your paper and proofread it to eliminate minor mistakes or typos and ensure that your amazing research paper is flawless.
Step 7. Rely on Our Academic Custom Writing Service
You can use our easy guide to craft winning research papers fast, get better grades, and enjoy your life in college. Alternatively, you can address our specialists at any other credible term paper service to write research paper for you . As a result, you’ll spend less time but get more pleasure from studying at university.
- What is research paper?
A research paper is a formal and structured academic work that presents the findings and thorough investigation or study on a particular topic. As a rule, the document includes an introduction, a comprehensive review of existing literature, a detailed methodology, data analysis, and a conclusion that sums up the results and implications of the research.
- What should a research paper include?
A properly structured research paper includes an intro that outlines the research objectives/question and gives context for the study. The piece also comprises an in-depth literature review that helps identify existing gaps in a particular niche. The main body presents a detailed methodology, the data analysis, and a discussion of all the findings supported by evidence. Finally, a professionally written research project includes a logical conclusion – the summarising of the key results and CTA if needed.
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Author: Patricia Jenkins
Patricia Jenkins is the senior writing advisor at FastEssay blog for international students that seek quick paper assistance. In her blog, Patricia shares useful tips on productivity, writing, research, references. Sometimes Patricia goes off topic by sharing her personal experience peppered with lively humor and healthy irony. View all posts by Patricia Jenkins
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5 Simple steps to write a good research paper title
Title, Abstract & keywords
The first thing journal editors and reviewers will see upon receiving your research paper is the title, and will immediately form a view on what they should expect in your research paper. Moreover, the tile of your research paper is the only aspect that will be freely available to readers through search engines or indexing databases. It is therefore imperative that you write a clear, persuasive title that leads readers to know more about your research.
In a hurry? We have just the thing for you -- The following 3-minute interactive video will give you a quick summary of the 5 simple steps to follow while writing an effective research paper title.
You can also go on to read the rest of the article to deepen your understanding of which best practices to follow while writing a captivating, yet informative title for your research paper.
The following example will help you understand how you can go about writing a good title for your research paper in 5 simple steps:
Ask yourself these questions and make note of the answers:
- What is my paper about?
My paper studies whether X therapy improves the cognitive function of patients suffering from dementia.
- What techniques/ designs were used?
It was a randomized trial.
- Who/what is studied?
I studied 40 cases from six cities in Japan.
- What were the results?
There was an improvement in the cognitive function of patients.
Use your answers to list key words.
- Randomized trial
- 6 Japanese cities
- Improved cognitive function
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Create a sentence that includes the key words you listed.
This study is a randomized trial that investigates whether X therapy improved cognitive function in 40 dementia patients from 6 cities in Japan; it reports improved cognitive function.
(Current length: 28 words)
Delete all unnecessary/ repetitive words and link the remaining.
This study is a randomized trial that investigates whether X therapy improved cognitive function in 40 dementia patients from 6 cities in Japan; it reports improved cognitive function Randomized trial of X therapy for improving cognitive function in 40 dementia patients from 6 cities in Japan
(Length of revised title: 18 words)
Delete non-essential information and reword the title.
Randomized trial of X therapy for improving cognitive function in 40 dementia patients from 6 cities in Japan reports improved cognitive function
Randomized trial of X therapy for improving cognitive function in 40 dementia patients
(Length of finalized title: 13 words)
Include a subtitle
X therapy improves cognitive function in 40 dementia patients: A randomized trial
(Title length: 12 words) Following the steps outlined above will help you arrive at an effective title for your research paper. Learn in depth how you can write a persuasive title for your manuscript with this course designed exclusively for researchers: How and how not to title your research paper - A handbook for authors
Related reading: The complete guide to writing a brilliant research paper
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Published on: Nov 18, 2014
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- Statement of the problem
- Background of study
- Scope of the study
- Types of qualitative research
- Rationale of the study
- Concept paper
- Literature review
- Introduction in research
- Under "Editor Evaluation"
- Ethics in research
- Review paper
- Responding to reviewer comments
- Predatory publishers
- Scope and delimitations
- Open access
- Plagiarism in research
- Journal selection tips
- Editor assigned
- Types of articles
- "Reject and Resubmit" status
- Decision in process
- Conflict of interest
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- Learn How to Write Jumbled Sentences with Fun Examples
Rearranging Sentences - Rules and Exercises
Jumbled sentences are made up of a sequence of mismanaged or untied sentences that have been written in random order. Our job is to read and comprehend all of these sentences and then reassemble or rearrange them in a logical manner that makes sense.
Jumbled sentences are presented in the question format for students to arrange the sentence or rearrange the sentence. This is a very common way to learn how to form a correct sentence. In such questions, certain words that when combined rightly can translate to a meaningful sentence are presented in a disorderly way.
Jumbled Sentences Examples
Students should comprehend the possibility of a meaningful sentence and answer the jumbled sentences. This can be presented in a paragraph form where multiple sentences are jumbled and one has to rearrange. Let us look at some English jumbled words with answers.
For example, the sentence can be
‘I am going to a birthday party today with my friend Meena.’
While the question presented can be in the following way,
The question can also be in a different form where the students will be presented with simple jumbled sentences with answers and they just have to rearrange them correctly. Let us look at an example.
Here are some other solved jumbled words examples.
Rules to Solve Jumbled Sentences
One can answer such questions with ease, if they have the knowledge of certain rules to form a sentence with jumbled words, which are as follows:
Try to figure out what the theme of the paragraph or sentence is. This can be accomplished by looking for words that appear frequently throughout the sentence.
Other relative pronouns like who, whom, that, what, and which, and indefinite pronouns like everybody, anybody, no one, nobody, both, one, some, other none can be the first word in a sentence.
If there are articles like ‘a’, ‘an’, and ‘the’ at the beginning of a sentence, most of the time they are placed at the starting of the paragraph.
Now with awareness of certain rules on how to answer, let's see a jumble words example. These jumbled sentences with answers will help you have a better understanding.
Easy Jumble Words Exercise
1. Rearrange and write the correct sentences.
2. Unscramble the words and form a correct sentence.
3. Put the following sentences in a logical and coherent order.
Initially, it did start with a rumour.
Adish and Tara kept denying it.
Even though the entire nation was talking about it.
Finally, the announcement of the new film was made.
4. Write the following correctly:
FAQs on Learn How to Write Jumbled Sentences with Fun Examples
1. How do you put sentences together?
The rule to remember is that the subject comes before the verb, and the verb comes before the object. Also, this is for the sentences that just contain a subject, a verb and an object.
2. What do para jumbles mean?
Jumbled paragraphs are what para jumbles are. Candidates are given a group of connected sentences that are not placed in any particular order in the para jumbles questions. Candidates must read each statement and arrange them in the correct order.
3. What's the best way to decipher jumbled sentences?
Here are a few tips to decipher jumbled sentences.
Identify the sentence construction to solve jumbled sentence questions.
Read through all of the alternatives carefully.
Look for the first sentence in the paragraph.
Try to identify a link between the sentences.
Pay attention to the pronouns.
The last sentence in the paragraph should be conclusive.