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## Issue129 Research in Vedic Mathematics

Vedic Mathematics Newsletter No. 129

A warm welcome to our new subscribers.

Answers to the puzzles from the previous newsletter are: 2021 = 43 × 47; 2491 (=47×53); 119, 120

Four events are announced below.

Exploring ancient Indian mathematics: From zero to infinity Prajakti Gokhale

Further talks will be announced on our website.

10 th , 11 th , 17 th , 18 th April

International Vedic Maths Olympiad (IVMO 2021)

https://www.vedicmaths.org/resources/journal-of-vedic-mathematics

VE DIC MATHEMATICS ACADEMY COURSES

The Advanced Diploma course starts on 29 th March 2021.

The next Teacher Training Course is scheduled for 24 th May 2021.

For details of these and the several other courses offered by the VM Academy please see:

https://courses.vedicmaths.org/

THE ORIGINAL VEDIC MATHEMATICS BOOK

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Make sure there are no errors; it gives a poor impression when an article has mistakes.

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Your comments about this Newsletter are invited.

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## Newsletter Indexes

- Issue129 - Research in Vedic Mathematics
- Issue130 - Structures in the Vedic Mathematics Sutras
- Issue131 - Validity of the Vedic Formulae

Usage of this website is covered by the Terms and Conditions set out in our Site Policy

## Research Papers

- Applications of Vedic Maths Sutras
- Vedic Maths in education
- Vedic Maths in digital technology
- History and Philosophy of Mathematics in india

## Click on any paper to view or download

Vedic Mathematics: Sources & Reality

The Analysis of Four Fundamental Mathematical Operations in Ancient Sanskrit Text

Exposition of the Chakrawal Method: A Gen of Bhaskara’s Algebra

History of Multiplication: Classical Period in Indian Mathematics

Prabha S.Rastogi, Sandhya Nitin

Squaring a Circle and Vice Versa Made Easy Up To Any Desired Approximation

Two Approximations of the Sine Function: A Comparison

Anant Vyawahare, Sanjay Deshpade

Study of Applications of Graph Theory in ancient Indian shlokas (scripts)

Prakash R, Aashish M, Raghavendra Prasad, Srinivasan G.N

Chhanda Shastra of Pingalacharya

Shaifali Joshi, Anant Vyawahare

Myths and Facts about the Inventions by Ancient Scholars in the Vedic Mathematics Arena

Indispensability of Numbers and Numerals of Indian Intellectual Traditions and their Scientific Role

Contributions of Kerala to Mathematics

Lilavati and Vedic Mathematics

Relevance of Shulbasutras of the Yajurveda : Modern Context

The Side of a Regular Polygon – Lilawati Method

Dr. A.W. Vyawahare, Sanjay M. Deshpande

Contribution of Indian Mathematics to the World

Multiplication Techniques: Ancient Indian Methods vis-à-vis Tirthaji’s Methods in Vedic Maths

Application of Vedic Mathematics in High Speed Systems – A Survey

Designing of Digital Circuits using Vedic Mathematics for Engineering Applications

Design and implementation of 64-bit Vedic Multiplier for DSP Application

AP Chavan, Divya H, A.Prathibha

Optimization of Total Reversible Logic Implementation Cost using Vedic mathematics

Comparative study of adders used in designing High speed Vedic Multipliers for VLSI applications

A Survey on Implementation of Vedic Mathematics Sutras in Information Technology

Ethnomathematics – An effective pedagogical tool to enrich math teaching

A Fuzzy Model for Analysing Vedic Mathematics

Vedic Maths – A Merit in management of competitive Examinations

Vedic Mathematics as a part of school curriculum- a Controversy

Vedic Mathematics: Its impact on Children with Special Needs

G. Sankaranarayanan, A. Subramaniam

Teaching Vedic Math to Non-Traditional Audiences

Impact of Vedic Mathematics in Education

Deeper Reasons Why Students Find Vedic Mathematics So Enjoyable

Challenges to Assimilating Vedic Maths in the Maths Classroom

Vedic Maths as a Pedagogic Tool

James Glover, Kenneth Williams

Converting a Number to a Palindromic Number

Factorisation and Differential Calculus

Evaluation of Permutations and Combinations

The Use of Vedic Mathematics in Modular Arithmetic and Prime Factorisation

Binomial Expansions and the “Naughty” Calculus

Building Polynomials from Separate Roots: An Ultimate Vindication of Vertically and Crosswise

Multiplication by Nines and its Astronomical Applications

Connection of Paravartya Sutra with Vedic and Non-Vedic Mathematics

Divisibility Checks using Osculation

Advaita and the Sutras of Vedic Mathematics

A New Approach to Solving Linear Equations

Connection of Vedic Mathematics to Modular Arithmetic

A Novel Approach to Squaring Technique using Vedic Mathematics applied with EdSIM51

Finding Sums of Powers of Roots of Polynomials

Application of Vedic Sutras in Binary Arithmetic and Binary Logic

Totally Self-Reliant Trigonometry

Reverse Osculation Process for Even Divisors

Geeta Ghormade, Anant Vyawahare

A Deeper Look into Tirthji’s Methods for Generating Recurring Decimal Strings

Innovative Method of Multiplication (Advancement of Ekadhikena Purvena Sutra)

Finding Cube Roots: Nepali and Vedic Method

Calculating Compound Interest Mentally

A Prime Number Investigation using Binary Strings Generated by using the Ekadhikena Sutra

Solution of Right-Angled Triangles using Vertically and Crosswise

Vedic Mathematics Devices for Squaring

Implementing Vedic Maths into the Binary Number System

A New Approach to the Teaching of Coordinate Geometry

Marianne Fletcher, James Glover

A Novel Approach of Multiplying Five Numbers near a Base

Pavitdeep Singh, Jatinder Kaur

A Novel Approach of Multiplying Four Numbers near a Base

Bharati Krishna’s Special Cases

Algebraic Patterns associated with Vedic Mathematics to Shorten Integration of Quadratic Formulae

Vyashti Samashti – A Sutra from Sankaracarya Bharati Krishna Tirtha

The Psychology of Vedic Mathematics –Examples of Universal Thought Patterns

Extending the Application of Vedic Maths Sutras

## vedic mathematics Recently Published Documents

## Elementary Algebra on Vedic Mathematics

## Report on Cryptographic Hardware Design using Vedic Mathematics

## VLSI Design Based Delay and Power Performance Comparison and Analysis of Multipliers

## Design of High Performance ALU Using Vedic Mathematics

A review on ieee-754 standard floating point multiplier using vedic mathematics.

## Vedic Mathematics

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## Study of mathematics through indian veda's : A review

Tarunika Sharma 1 , Rashi Khubnani 1 and Chitiralla Subramanyam 1

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1 Department of Mathematics, New Horizon College of Engineering Bangalore, India

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Vedic Mathematics a method of conceptual calculation also reasoning. It has 16 sutras (formulas) and 13 sub-sutras(corollary). Vedic Mathematics formulas, which are mathematical concepts founded proceeding antediluvian Indian scripts called Veda meaning, knowledge reiterated by SWAMI SRI BHARATI KRISNA TIRTHAJI MAHARAJA. Due to its versatile nature and speed, it applies to many fields. This paper is an array of growth and development in the field of Vedic mathematics with a special focus on the structure of Vedic multipliers and Vedic algorithms like Urdhva Tiriyagbhyam and Nikhilam algorithms. Further an over view of Vedic Mathematics with NEP2020 is deliberated.

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Main site VedicMaths.Org Conferences home page

Online Vedic Mathematics Conference

12th - 13th March 2016

Day 2: Vedic Mathematics Research Outlines of Research Papers sent to the Conference organisers These papers will be available to conference participants prior to the conference 1. A NOVEL APPROACH OF MULTIPLYING THREE NUMBERS NEARING DIFFERENT BASES - Jatinder Kaur and Pavitdeep Singh 2. SINGLE DIGIT ADDITIONS - Saee Vitthal Pallavi Patil (III std.) Documented by Pallavi Patil, Pune, India. 3. Starring at the 9 - Giuliano Mandotti 4. Improvements in Final Exam Results after teaching 11th and 12th Grade Mathematics using a combination of Vedic Mathematics and Visual Aids - Alex Hankey, Vasant V Shastri and Bhawna Sharma 5. Evaluation of Trigonometric Functions and Their Inverses - Kenneth Williams 6. The sutras of VM in Geometry - James Glover 7 . EFFICACY OF VEDIC MATHEMATICS AND YOGIC BREATHING IN SCHOOL CHILDREN - A PILOT RCT STUDY - Vasant V. Shastri, Alex Hankey, Bhawna Sharma, Sanjib Patra 8. THREE BOOKS AND A PAPER: A GEOMETRY PROJECT - Andrew Nicholas 9. Swami Tirtha's Crowning Gem - Kenneth Williams 10. Teaching Calculus - Kenneth Williams 11 . A pathway for people with perceived learning difficulties to embrace and succeed with studies in Vedic Mathematics. - Vera Stevens Note these last three papers will be available here but the author's presentation will not be given at this conference. A NOVEL APPROACH OF MULTIPLYING THREE NUMBERS NEARING DIFFERENT BASES Jatinder Kaur and Pavitdeep Singh Abstract Multiplication is one of the most fundamental operation in mathematics. Conventional method of performing multiplication is quite cumbersome and increases with complexity as the numbers participating in the calculation rises. Vedic maths is one such science which permits to think for different ways to solve a mathematical problem. Currently, there are few techniques for multiplication of three numbers eg. Product of three numbers near a base, general method for three numbers. In this paper, we present a novel approach to perform multiplication of three numbers close to different bases (eg. multiplying 205*694*893). The technique makes use of the algebraic equation in solving three numbers near different bases which can be considered as a special case for multiplication. Additionally, the technique can be applied successfully on three number near different bases (eg. 34*51*69 or 2006*5993*7998). Different examples will be provided along with proof of the derived approach to facilitate people in learning the new approach. Starring a the 9 Giuliano Mandotti Vedic mathematics has one of the most powerful function needed by a student and a person in general: the flexibility to develop strategy skills in problem solving. There are some operation that we can have to face in our every day life in which we can use an undiscovered power of the wonderful magic number 9. When you have to face operations like 21-12, or 53-35 and so on the common approach is to follow the conventional rules of subtraction, sometimes is simple, sometimes not. But if we look at this operation in a Vedic Maths framework point of view you'll try to solve in a more efficient, simple and mental way: starring at the 9. Extract the 9 and multiply it by the unsigned subtraction from the 2 operands digits and you obtain the correct result! A quick example: 53-35 = 9*(5-3) = 18. This paper provides my simple discovery on this VM strategy, with examples showing the properties with a first level of detail, and some other level of detail to where i came , 3-number subtraction, sum, multiplication, division, special cases, connection with 11-multiplication and other sutras, till ending with some question to open your mind. Improvements in Final Exam Results after teaching 11th and 12th Grade Mathematics using a combination of Vedic Mathematics and Visual Aids Vasant V Shastri, Alex Hankey and Bhawna Sharma ABSTRACT: Background: Many countries wish to avoid problems associated with large working populations in manufacturing industries by becoming knowledge based societies, where GDP is generated by such means as IT and technical innovation. Good grades in mathematics are required for training in sciences, engineering and business. Colleges teaching 11th and 12th grades must train students to obtain top maths grades for them to enter preferred training programs. Here we present 2010-2015 final exam results at a college in Karnataka. 2014 and 2015 final year classes received Vedic Mathematics training and visual aids teaching, e.g. Geogebra and PowerPoint as cognitive tools in courses on algebra, trigonometry, co-ordinate geometry, vectors, 3D geometry and calculus. Methods: School examination results were inspected; years 2010 to 2013 without use of Vedic Mathematics and Visual Aids were compared with years 2014 and 2015 where those methods had been employed. Statistical Analysis: used SPSS 19.0 Results: 2014 and 2015 grades improved significantly on years 2010-2013, +17.05%, p < 0.001. Discussion: This is the first study to estimate quantitative effects of using Vedic Mathematics, despite it having long been in wide-spread use around the world. Previous informal accounts of its methods’ teaching successes have been substantiate demonstrating that their use together with visual aids may significantly improve grades on career-oriented professional examinations. Such methods may be an imperative in all countries wishing to become knowledge based societies. Geometry – An Holistic Approach James Glover During the last fifty years or so geometry in education has diminished both in quantity and in quality and yet the pedagogic use and applications remain as important now as they were then. A new and holistic set of principles provides a simple approach to the fundamentals as well as to the vast array of applications. Since the sutras of Vedic Maths apply to all areas of mathematics it seems reasonable to suppose that they also apply to geometry. One of the hallmarks of the sutras is that they include the human experience. One example is Vilokanam, By Observation. Accepting both the mathematical and psychological nature of the sutras leads to a new orientation within geometry. This paper looks at nine sutras which provide general principles. Each sutra expresses a simple concept that has a broad range of applications. Evaluation of Trigonometric Functions and Their Inverses Kenneth Williams Abstract This paper shows that finding trig functions without a calculator is entirely possible especially when high accuracy is not needed. For educational reasons we focus here on the case where the angle is in degrees rather than radians. Through the use of a simple diagram and a special number it is shown that we can estimate the cosine of an angle with ease and that this process is reversible. Any required accuracy can be obtained for the cosine and other functions can be found from this cosine value. This means that teaching evaluation of these functions in the classroom is entirely possible. EFFICACY OF VEDIC MATHEMATICS AND YOGIC BREATHING IN SCHOOL CHILDREN - A PILOT RCT STUDY Vasant V. Shastri, Alex Hankey, Bhawna Sharma, Sanjib Patra ABSTRACT We report an RCT study comparing effects of Vedic Mathematics and Yogic Breathing practices on working memory, math-anxiety and cognitive flexibility in school children. Methods Subjects: 40 higher secondary (8th-10th grade) residential students at Sai Angels School, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, India, were randomly assigned to Vedic Mathematics, Yogic Breathing, and Jogging groups, containing 14, 13 and 13 children, respectively. Inclusion / Exclusion Criteria: School children who study Mathematics in their curriculum and having normal vision or corrected to normal vision were included. Children undergoing any psychiatric treatment; having neurological disorders and colour blindness were excluded. Intervention: Children in Yoga Breathing and Vedic Maths groups attended seven days’ workshop on Pranayama and Vedic Mathematics respectively. Controls went jogging daily. Assessments: Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale, STROOP test, Children’s Cognitive Assessment Questionnaire and Digit Span Test were administered pre and post the intervention. Analysis: SPSS-17 was used to make non-parametric pre-post comparison tests (Wilcoxon) and group comparisons tests (Mann-Whitney). Results: Math-anxiety decreased most in Vedic Maths (-11.77�10.47; p<0.01). Others: YB (-4.08�4.99; p<0.05); JG, (-3.75�16.94). VM improved most in cognitive flexibility and reaction to cognitive stress (+9.77�5; p<0.001); YB (+5.38�5.38; p<0.01) and JG (+8.58�9.91; p<0.05). Changes in self-defeating cognition scores associated with test anxiety and performance were YB (-1.77�1.83; p<0.01); VM (-1.38�3.2), JG (+0.67�1.44). Changes in digit span scores were similar in all three groups. Discussion: The first two groups showed improvement in cognitive skills and decreased math-anxiety compared to controls. This suggests that Vedic Mathematics decreased math-anxiety by improving mathematical abilities which may have helped enhance cognitive skills. Calming effects of pranayama practice is the probable cause for Yoga Breathing group improvements. Keywords: Vedic Maths, Math Anxiety, Pranayama, Cognitive Skills, School Children THREE BOOKS AND A PAPER: A GEOMETRY PROJECT Andrew Nicholas ABSTRACT The aim of the project was to produce a sort of miniature Vedic mathematics version of Euclid's 'Elements', covering much less ground than the 'Elements' and doing so with greater speed and ease than Euclid achieved. This task occupies three books; they are: 'Geometry for an Oral Tradition', 'The Circle Revelation' & 'Eight Essays on Geometry for an Oral Tradition'. This last book will hopefully be available later in 2016, free online The paper 'A Much-needed Innovation in Geometry' is included because it shows how a Vedic approach helped formulate the foundations of 'Geometry for an Oral Tradition'. A difficulty in the project was that for some one and a half centuries it has been known that the foundations of Euclid's 'Elements' are flawed. Putting this right is a major contribution of the project. Reformulation of the foundations of geometry is done in two stages. First there is the 'Geometry for an Oral Tradition' (provisional) version, which makes use of a single axiom where Euclid needed ten. Then, in the 'Eight Essays on Geometry for an Oral Tradition', the sole 'Geometry for an Oral Tradition' axiom is proved using two principles. The result is demonstrably rock-solid foundations for geometry. Two matters conclude the paper: (1) a statement of the foundations of geometry, and (2) Euclid's proof of one his theorems is contrasted with the far, far briefer proof of the same theorem in 'The Circle Revelation'. NOTE The book 'Eight Essays on Geometry for an Oral Tradition' will hopefully be available later in 2016, free online KEYWORDS: GEOMETRY, VEDIC MATHEMATICS, FOUNDATIONS OF GEOMETRY TEACHING CALCULUS Kenneth Williams Abstract: Calculus comes under the Calana Kalanābhyām Sutra of Vedic Mathematics. Though it is a subject usually taught later in the school career, Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji tells us that in the Vedic system ‘Calculus comes in at a very early stage’. This paper aims to show how Calculus may be taught to quite young children. Gradients of curves can be found without ‘differentiation’ in the usual sense, and areas under curves can be found without the usual integration process. Furthermore this approach uses a similar method for both thereby unifying these two aspects of Calculus. After the idea of a limit is introduced, in a simple way, and with a little algebra and geometry, we arrive at an easy technique that gives exact gradients of curves and areas under curves. There is no need for the complex notation that is normally associated with this subject and which adds to its perceived difficulty in school (though this notation can be introduced at the teacher’s discretion). Swami Tirtha’s Crowning Gem Kenneth Williams Abstract In his book Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji describes a division technique which he calls the “Crowning Gem” of Vedic Mathematics, the essential feature being that the first digit of the divisor is used to provide all subsequent digits when combined appropriately with the other digits involved. He then goes on to find square and cube roots in which the first digit of the answer is used in a similar way. The main Sutra in use for this is Ūrdhva Tiryagbhyām: Vertically and Crosswise. This approach can be developed considerably, so that powers and roots of numbers and polynomial expressions can be found, and polynomial equations can be solved to any accuracy, using the Vertically and Crosswise pattern. This paper describes this pattern, initially expressed as a formula. The operation of this pattern is then demonstrated in finding powers, and then used in reverse to find roots and solutions to polynomial equations. A Pathway for People with Perceived learning difficulties to embrace and succeed with studies in Vedic Mathematics Vera Stevens Introduction Until now people who do not have a natural aptitude with the four operations in arithmetic have not had an opportunity to enter the world of Vedic Mathematics. These people include Dyslexics, certain people on the autism spectrum, children who have missed schooling in the early years due to illness, family trauma etc., and those who are primarily visual, kinaesthetic, tactile or auditory learners and for whom the standard school approach in teaching arithmetic is a failure.

## Research Paper on Vedic Maths

Free vedic maths research paper:.

It is believed that the foundations of modern mathematics – its geometric part – were laid by Euclid, and the foundations of differential calculus – the basis of modern mathematical analysis – were presented in the writings of Newton and Leibniz. There is, however, a number of works that are unknown to wide range of readers, which address a mathematical knowledge contained in the Vedas – the ancient monument of human culture, which is, at least for a few thousand years, older than all famous ancient Greek writings.

The Vedas (from Sanskrit – source of knowledge), according to Indian beliefs, contain all the knowledge, both scientific and ethical, initially given to humankind. The Vedas, originally written in Sanskrit in the form of short sayings (sutras), do not contain theorems and mathematical calculations.

We can write a Custom Research Paper about Vedic Maths for you!

Instead, there are operating instructions – rules for resolving certain tasks. The interpretation of the instruction requires both a deep knowledge of Vedic culture and professional mathematical training.

Vedic maths legacy was adapted by an eminent Indian philosopher Shankaracharya Sri Krishna Tirtha Barati (1884-1960). After profound studying the Vedic knowledge, he planned to write 16 volumes on Vedic mathematics, including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, the theory of conic sections, astronomical calculations, differential, and integral calculus. Unfortunately, during his lifetime he had time to prepare only the first two volumes, which included elements of arithmetic, algebra of polynomials, and geometry. Vedic maths presented by Sri Shankaracharya, though reduced theorems well-known to the Western reader, contains so convenient methods of their applications, which often appears to be almost a miracle. Thus, it is possible to perform the instant multiplication of seven-digit numbers in mind using a well-known properties of the polynomial algebra. The Shankaracharya’s lectures on Vedic mathematics were met with enthusiasm in U.S. universities and India.

In their research proposals on Vedic maths, student mst indicate that the Vedas are considered one of the most ancient scriptures in the world. According to the modern science of Indology, the Vedas were composed during the period, which lasted for about a thousand years. It began by composing a “Rig-Veda” in about the XVI century BC and reached its climax with the creation of various Shakhas in northern India. It was completed in the time of Buddha and Panini in the V century BC. Most scientists agree on the fact that before the Vedas was put on paper, for centuries existed a tradition of their oral transmission.

If you need some help in writing your research project on Vedic maths, there is nothing to be ashamed about. The best way to get help is to study a couple of free research paper topics on different subjects. They will allow you to understand the foundations of the research paper preparing and composing.

EffectivePapers.com is professional writing service which is committed to write top-quality custom research papers, proposals, term papers, essays, thesis papers and dissertations. All custom papers are written by qualified Master’s and PhD writers. Just order a custom written research paper on Vedic Maths at our website and we will write your research paper at affordable prices. We are available 24/7 to help students with writing research papers for high school, college and university.

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## UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023: Check Topics, Pattern, PDF Download

Candidates must check the UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus and exam pattern to excel in the exam. Check out the latest UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus and Exam Pattern here!

UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023 : The UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023 has been released by the exam conducting body on the official website. In order to plan the best UGC NET Paper 1 preparation strategy, candidates should first analyze the official syllabus to identify topics important from the exam perspective. There are two papers in the UGC NET Paper 1 exam i.e. Paper A and Paper B. Paper A is a common general aptitude paper for all the subjects whereas Paper B carries questions related to Paper 1 topics.

UGC-NET exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) twice a year to determine the eligibility of deserving candidates for ‘Assistant Professor’ and ‘Junior Research Fellowship Assistant Professor’ in Indian Universities and Colleges. The UGC NET paper 1 is conducted to assess the teaching and research aptitude as well.

Thus, it is important for the aspirants to possess and exhibit cognitive abilities including comprehension, analysis, evaluation, understanding the structure of arguments, and deductive and inductive reasoning. With this, they should also have a general awareness of teaching and learning processes in the higher education system. Further, they should be familiar with the interaction between people, the environment, natural resources and their impact on the quality of life. To cover all these aspects of paper 1, it is important to be thorough with the UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus. As per the previous year's exam analysis, the overall difficulty level of the UGC NET Paper 1 question was moderate.

In this article, we have shared the UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus along with the exam pattern, preparation tips, and best books in detail.

## UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023 PDF

## UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023-Important Topics

## Unit-III Comprehension

## Unit-V Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude

Unit-vi logical reasoning, unit-vii data interpretation.

- Unit-VIII Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
- Unit-IX People, Development, and Environment
- Unit-X Higher Education System

## UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023- Section Wise

## Unit-I Teaching Aptitude

- Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.
- Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.
- Factors affecting teaching related to: Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.
- Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner centred methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).
- Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.
- Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

## Unit-II Research Aptitude

- Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivistic approach to research.
- Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative methods.
- Steps of Research.
- Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.
- Application of ICT in research.
- Research ethics.

A passage of text be given. Questions be asked from the passage to be answered.

## Unit-IV Communication

- Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.
- Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.
- Barriers to effective communication.
- Mass-Media and Society.
- Types of reasoning.
- Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.
- Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).
- Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.
- Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
- Venn diagram: Simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments.
- Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.
- Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).
- Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).
- Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.
- Quantitative and Qualitative Data.
- Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.
- Data Interpretation.
- Data and Governance.

## Unit-VIII Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

- ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.
- Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.
- Digital initiatives in higher education.
- ICT and Governance.

## Unit-IX People, Development and Environment

- Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.
- Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on environment.
- Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.
- Impacts of pollutants on human health.
- Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.
- Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.
- Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

## Unit-X Higher Education System

- Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.
- Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.
- Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.
- Professional, Technical and Skill Based education.
- Value education and environmental education.
- Policies, Governance, and Administration.

## UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023 In Hindi

- यूनिट- I टीचिंग एप्टीट्यूड
- यूनिट- II अनुसंधान योग्यता
- यूनिट- III समझ
- यूनिट- IV संचार
- यूनिट-वी गणितीय तर्क और योग्यता
- इकाई-VI तार्किक तर्क
- यूनिट-VII डेटा इंटरप्रिटेशन
- इकाई-VIII सूचना और संचार प्रौद्योगिकी (आईसीटी)
- यूनिट-IX लोग, विकास और पर्यावरण
- यूनिट-X उच्च शिक्षा प्रणाली

## Weightage for UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus

## How do I prepare for UGC NET Paper 1?

- Go through the UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus and exam pattern before starting the exam preparation in order to prepare only exam-relevant topics.
- Pick the right books and study material suggested by experts and previous toppers in order to learn the basic concepts easily.
- Attempt previous year's question papers, UGC NET sample papers, and mock tests to improve the speed of solving questions, accuracy, and overall preparation.
- Create short notes for all the important topics as this would be helpful in quick revision before the exam.
- Revise all the covered topics regularly to retain the concepts longer.

## Best Books for UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus

- Trueman’s UGC NET /SET General Paper 1 by M. Gagan & Sajit Kumar
- UGC NET/JRF/SLET General Paper-1 Teaching & Research Aptitude by Arihant Experts
- NTA UGC NET/SET/JRF Paper 1- Teaching and Research Aptitude by KVS Madaan (Pearson Education)
- UGC NET/JRF/SLET General Paper-1 Teaching & Research Aptitude General Paper-1 by Upkar Prakashan

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Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on VEDIC MATHEMATICS. Find methods information, sources, references or conduct a literature review on ...

The term Vedic mathematics usually refers to a set of sixteen word formulas, or sutras, along with their corollaries, that have origin in the Vedas. The Vedas are ancient holy texts from India...

13th March Exploring ancient Indian mathematics: From zero to infinity Prajakti Gokhale In this session, we will explore the journey of ancient Indian mathematics from Indian subcontinent to Europe. We will understand the timeline of ancient Indian texts and important contributions by Indian mathematicians.

... Vedic Mathematics is an ancient Indian system of mathematical calculations or operations techniques with 16-word formulae and some subformulae. In the Vedic system, difficult problems or...

Vedic Mathematics: Sources & Reality Dandapani Gautam 2020 The Analysis of Four Fundamental Mathematical Operations in Ancient Sanskrit Text Daya Tiwari 2020 Exposition of the Chakrawal Method: A Gen of Bhaskara's Algebra Ravi Asrani 2020 History of Multiplication: Classical Period in Indian Mathematics Prabha S.Rastogi, Sandhya Nitin 2020

vedic mathematics Latest Research Papers | ScienceGate vedic mathematics Recently Published Documents TOTAL DOCUMENTS 202 (FIVE YEARS 74) H-INDEX 11 (FIVE YEARS 2) Latest Documents Most Cited Documents Contributed Authors Related Sources Related Keywords Elementary Algebra on Vedic Mathematics Mathematics Education Forum Chitwan

Vedic Journey of Indian Mathematics from Vedic Era Authors: Nidhi Handa Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidyalaya Enlargement of Vedis in the Śulbasūtras Article Jan 2010 Indian J Hist Sci Padmavati...

This paper introduced about Indian ancient Vedic mathematics is involved to clear those problems. Sixteen sutras among the Vedic mathematics the one sutra that is widely used and implemented is ...

Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Vedic Mathematics -Methods ... Vedic Mathematics -Methods. Pavani Reddy. The Sutras apply to and cover almost every branch of Mathematics. They apply even to complex problems involving a large number of mathematical operations. Application of the Sutras saves a lot of time and ...

Vedic maths is one such science which permits to think for different ways to solve a mathematical problem. ... In this paper, we present a novel approach to perform multiplication of three numbers ...

What is Vedic Mathematics? Nine Features of Vedic Maths History The Life of Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji Audio recording of Tirthaji Vedic Mathematics Book Index The Vedic Numerical Code and pi Tutorials Fun With Figures The Natural Calculator Tables Practise Original Tutorials (Java Based) Guide to Tutorials Guide to Tutorials

This research paper aims to explore the ancient Indian mathematical system of Vedic Mathematics and its approach to finding the Highest Common Factor (HCF) of two or more numbers. Vedic Mathematics is a unique system of mathematical principles and techniques that simplify complex problems, and the method for finding HCF is one of

Due to its versatile nature and speed, it applies to many fields. This paper is an array of growth and development in the field of Vedic mathematics with a special focus on the structure of Vedic multipliers and Vedic algorithms like Urdhva Tiriyagbhyam and Nikhilam algorithms. Further an over view of Vedic Mathematics with NEP2020 is deliberated.

1. INTRODUCTION The most common definition of Veda is "knowledge". It is both the earliest layer of Ancient Indian culture and the oldest texts of Hinduism. The Vedas are regarded divine in origin and are believed to be divine revelations from God. The four Vedas are the Yajur-veda, Rig-Veda, Athar-vaveda, and Samaveda.

... Gaur et al. (2018), discussed an Indian vedic mathematics based complex multiplier design which could be employed for complex mathematical circuits performing at high speed. The Vedic...

Volume 65, 2023 - Issue 1 Free access 418 Views 0 CrossRef citations to date 0 Altmetric Listen Book Reviews Vedic Mathematics: A Mathematical Tale from the Ancient Veda to Modern Times by Giuseppe Dattoli, Silvia Licciardi, and Marcello Artioli, World Scientific, 2021, 232 pp., $68 (HB), ISBN 9789811221552. Firdous Ahmad Mala

This paper could able to find that Vedic method significantly improves the speed of calculations while performing some basic mathematical operations. Wish this paper could play an active and supportive role in actual research of Vedic mathematics and techniques to improve the speed of calculations

Day 2: Vedic Mathematics Research Outlines of Research Papers sent to the Conference organisers These papers will be available to conference participants prior to the conference ... EFFICACY OF VEDIC MATHEMATICS AND YOGIC BREATHING IN SCHOOL CHILDREN - A PILOT RCT STUDY - Vasant V. Shastri, Alex Hankey, Bhawna Sharma, Sanjib Patra . 8. THREE ...

May 20, 2013 Free Vedic Maths Research Paper: It is believed that the foundations of modern mathematics - its geometric part - were laid by Euclid, and the foundations of differential calculus - the basis of modern mathematical analysis - were presented in the writings of Newton and Leibniz.

Vedic mathematics is a methodology of arithmetic rules that allow more efficient speed implementation. The technologies like ANN & Vedic mathematics (multiplier) are the two main technologies which can increase the processing speed.

UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023-Important Topics. The UGC NET syllabus comprises two papers and the exam will be conducted online mode i.e. computer-based test.